Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography

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The Pulitzer Prize for Biography is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished biography, autobiography or memoir[1] by an American author or co-authors, published during the preceding calendar year. Thus it is one of the original Pulitzers, for the program was inaugurated in 1917 with seven prizes, four of which were awarded that year.[2]


In its first 97 years to 2013, the Biography Pulitzer was awarded 97 times. Two were given in 1938, none in 1962.[3]









Entries from this point on include the finalists listed after the winner for each year.





Repeat winners[edit]

Ten people have won the Pulitzer for Biography or Autobiography twice:

W. A. Swanberg was selected by the Pulitzer board in 1962 and 1973; however, the trustees of Columbia University (then responsible for conferral of the awards) overturned the proposed 1962 prize for Citizen Hearst.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Biography: Prize Winners by Category". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  2. ^ "1917 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved December 19, 2013.
  3. ^ "Biography or Autobiography". The Pulitzer Prizes (pulitzer.org). Retrieved October 1, 2008.
  4. ^ a b In 1962 the Pulitzer board awarded the prize to W.A. Swanberg for Citizen Hearst. The trustees of Columbia University, who administer the prize, overturned the award, refusing to honor a book that took a critical look at William Randolph Hearst. McDowell, Edwin (May 11, 1984). "Publishing: Pulitzer Controversies". The New York Times. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  5. ^ "Biography or Autobiography". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  6. ^ "Biography or Autobiography". Retrieved April 11, 2017.
  7. ^ "2018 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org.
  8. ^ "2019 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org.
  9. ^ "2020 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org.
  10. ^ "2021 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org.
  11. ^ "2022 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org.

External links[edit]