1918 in literature
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1918.
- January 1 – Popular British novelist and wartime propagandist Hall Caine is made a KBE.
- January 2 – Popular British novelist Marie Corelli is convicted under wartime legislation for hoarding food.
- January 23 – Robert Graves marries the painter Nancy Nicholson in London. Wedding guests include Wilfred Owen, whose first nationally published poem appears 3 days later ("Miners" in The Nation) and who will be killed by the end of the year.
- The Telemachus episode of James Joyce's Ulysses is published (in serialised form) in the American journal The Little Review.
- English novelist Alec Waugh is made a prisoner of war; he will be incarcerated in Mainz Citadel with monologuist J. Milton Hayes (also taken prisoner this year) and Hugh Kingsmill.
- Hu Shih, chief advocate of the use of the vernacular in Chinese literature at this time, publishes an essay, "Constructive Literary Revolution – A Literature of National Speech" in the magazine New Youth (Xin Qingnian) proposing a four-point reform program.
- English writer 'May Sinclair' first uses the term "Stream of consciousness" to describe a narrative mode, in a discussion of Dorothy Richardson's novel sequence Pilgrimage in The Egoist.
- May 3 – Katherine Mansfield marries her long-time partner John Middleton Murry at Kensington register office in London.
- June – English poet Basil Bunting is imprisoned as a conscientious objector.
- August 17 – Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon meet for the last time, in London, and spend what Sassoon later describes as "the whole of a hot cloudless afternoon together."
- October 3 – Siegfried Sassoon visits his mentor Robbie Ross for the last time. Sassoon later writes that Ross, in saying goodbye, gave him a "presentiment of final farewell."
- November 4 – Wilfred Owen is killed in action, aged 25, at the Sambre–Oise Canal with only five of his poems published. News of his death reaches his parents in Shrewsbury a week later on Armistice Day. He is awarded a posthumous Military Cross a year later.
- December – The Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins (d. 1889; including The Wreck of the Deutschland, 1875/6) are published by Robert Bridges; few were published in Hopkins's lifetime, so this presents his innovative sprung rhythm and imagery to many readers for the first time.
- December 28 – Emperor Khải Định of Vietnam declares the traditional Chữ nôm script for writing the Vietnamese language to be abolished in favour of the Latin script Vietnamese alphabet.
- Winter – Parisian farceur Georges Feydeau contracts tertiary syphilis.
- The 2nd annual Pulitzer Prizes are awarded in the United States, including the first award for a novel.
- Ryūnosuke Akutagawa – "Hell Screen" (地獄変, Jigokuhen; short story)
- Arnold Bennett – The Roll-Call
- Willa Cather – My Ántonia
- Blaise Cendrars
- I Have Killed (J'ai tué)
- The Severed Hand (La main coupée)
- Marie Corelli – The Young Diana
- Alfred Döblin – Wadzeks Kampf mit der Dampfturbine (Wadzek's Struggle with the Steam Turbine)
- Sarah Lee Brown Fleming – Hope's Highway
- Mary E. Wilkins Freeman – Edgewater People
- August Gailit – Muinasmaa
- Owen Gregory – Meccania the Super-State
- Thea von Harbou – Das indische Grabmal
- Herbert George Jenkins – Patricia Brent, Spinster
- Wyndham Lewis – Tarr (in book form)
- Compton Mackenzie – The Early Life and Adventures of Sylvia Scarlett
- Brinsley MacNamara (John Weldon writing as Oliver Blyth) – The Valley of the Squinting Windows
- Heinrich Mann – Der Untertan
- Frans Masereel – 25 Images of a Man's Passion (wordless novel)
- André Maurois – Les Silences du Colonel Bramble
- George Moore – A Story-Teller's Holiday
- Baroness Orczy
- Flower o' the Lily
- The Man in Grey
- Leo Perutz – From Nine to Nine (Zwischen neun und neun, originally Freiheit)
- Romain Rolland – Colas Breugnon
- Junichiro Tanizaki (谷崎 潤一郎) – Gold and Silver (金と銀)
- Booth Tarkington – The Magnificent Ambersons
- Mary Augusta Ward – The War and Elizabeth
- Rebecca West – The Return of the Soldier
- Edith Wharton – The Marne
Children and young people
- Edgar Rice Burroughs – Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar
- Johnny Gruelle – Raggedy Ann Stories
- Norman Lindsay – The Magic Pudding: Being The Adventures of Bunyip Bluegum and his friends Bill Barnacle and Sam Sawnoff
- Ferenc Móra – Kincskereső kisködmön (A Fortune-Hunting Little Frock Coat)
- Bertolt Brecht – Baal (written)
- John Drinkwater – Abraham Lincoln
- Marcel Gerbidon and Paul Armont – School for Coquettes (L'École des cocottes)
- Susan Glaspell – Tickless Time
- Hugo von Hofmannsthal – The Difficult Man
- James Joyce – Exiles
- Georg Kaiser – Gas
- Alice Dunbar Nelson – Mine Eyes Have Seen
- Gregorio Martínez Sierra – Sueño de Una Noche de Agosto (Dream of an August Night)
- Vladimir Mayakovsky – Mystery-Bouffe («Мистерия-Буфф», Misteriya-Buff)
- Emma Orczy (Baroness Orczy) – The Legion of Honour (adaptation of A Sheaf of Bluebells)
- Luigi Pirandello
Main article: 1918 in poetry
- Guillaume Apollinaire – Calligrammes: Poems of Peace and War, 1913-1916
- Laurence Binyon – The New World: Poems
- Vera Brittain – Verses of a VAD
- Toirdhealbhach Mac Suibhne (Terence MacSwiney) – Battle-cries
- Walter de la Mare – The Marionettes
- Siegfried Sassoon – Counter-Attack and Other Poems
- Edward Thomas (posthumous) – Last Poems
- Tristan Tzara – Vingt-cinq poèmes
- Henry Adams – The Education of Henry Adams
- Enid Bagnold – A Diary Without Dates
- Clive Bell – Pot-boilers
- Laurence Binyon – For Dauntless France
- William Inge – The Philosophy of Plotinus
- Daniel Jones – An Outline of English Phonetics
- Federico García Lorca – Impressiones y Paisajes (Impressions and Landscapes)
- Walther Rathenau – An Deutschlands Jugend
- Oswald Spengler – The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes)
- Dr Marie Stopes
- Married Love
- Wise Parenthood
- Lytton Strachey – Eminent Victorians
- Mary Augusta Ward – A Writer's Recollections
- January 16
- February 1 – Muriel Spark, Scottish novelist (died 2006)
- February 6 – Lothar-Günther Buchheim, German novelist, war correspondent and painter (died 2007)
- March 9 – Mickey Spillane, American mystery writer (died 2006)
- March 10 – Theodore Cogswell, American science fiction author (died 1987)
- March 15 – Richard Ellmann, American literary biographer (died 1987)
- April 23
- May 16 – Juan Rulfo, Mexican author (died 1986)
- July 9 – John Heath-Stubbs, English poet and translator (died 2006)
- July 14 – Arthur Laurents, American novelist and screenwriter (died 2011)
- August 9 – Robert Aldrich, American writer and filmmaker (died 1983)
- August 20 – Jacqueline Susann, American novelist (died 1974)
- September 19 – Penelope Mortimer, Welsh-born English novelist and biographer (died 1999)
- October 19 – Louis Althusser, French Marxist philosopher (died 1990)
- October 29 – Ștefan Baciu, Romanian and Brazilian poet, novelist and literary promoter (died 1993)
- November 2 – Roger Lancelyn Green, English biographer (died 1987)
- November 16 – Nicholas Moore, English poet (died 1986)
- November 20 – Naomi Frankel, German-born Israeli novelist (died 2009)
- November 25 – Peter Opie, English writer on children's literature and lore (died 1982)
- November 29 – Madeleine L'Engle, American writer for children and teens (died 2007)
- December 11 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist (died 2008)
- December 30 – Al Purdy, Canadian poet (died 2000)
- January 1 – William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet (born 1860)
- January 6 – Dora Sigerson Shorter, Irish poet, novelist and sculptor (born 1866)
- January 28 – John McCrae, Canadian military surgeon and war poet (pneumonia, born 1872)
- April 1 – Isaac Rosenberg, English poet and artist (killed in action, born 1890)
- April – William Hope Hodgson, English author and essayist (killed in action, born 1877)
- May 8 – Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, Austrian writer and traveler (born 1851)
- May 27 – Francis George Fowler, English grammarian (tuberculosis contracted on military service, born 1871)
- June 10 – Arrigo Boito (Tobia Gorio), Italian poet and composer (born 1842)
- June 26 – Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet (born 1843)
- June 28 – Alexander Turnbull, New Zealand bibliophile (born 1868)
- July 30 – Joyce Kilmer, American poet (killed in action, born 1886)
- October 5 – Robbie Ross, journalist (heart failure, born 1869)
- November 4
- November 9 – Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet, dramatist, novelist and critic (influenza, born 1880)
- November 24 – Annie Hall Cudlip, English novelist, journalist and editor (born 1838)
- December 1 – Margit Kaffka, Hungarian novelist, short story writer and poet (born 1880)
- December 2 – Edmond Rostand, French poet and dramatist (influenza, born 1868)
- December 15 – Salvatore Farina, Italian novelist (born 1846)
- Nobel Prize for Literature: not awarded
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Jesse Lynch Williams, Why Marry?
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Sara Teasdale: Love Songs
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Ernest Poole – His Family
- The following novels relate to the end of World War I:
- R. C. Sherriff's drama Journey's End (1928) is set on the Western Front (World War I) March 18–21
- Sjón's novel Moonstone – The Boy Who Never Was (Mánasteinn – drengurinn sem aldrei var til, 2013) is set this autumn, referencing the 1918 flu pandemic and eruption of the Katla volcano
- According to Stephenie Meyer's novel Twilight (2005), Edward Cullen is turned into a vampire to prevent him from dying in the 1918 flu pandemic in Chicago
- "Miss Marie Corelli's Food Supply: £50 Fine for Hoarding". The Times (41677). London. 1918-01-03. p. 3.
- Sassoon, Siegfried (1945). Siegfried's Journey, 1916-1920. London: Faber. pp. 71–84.
- March, Jessica. "Shorter, Dora Sigerson". Dictionary of Irish Biography. Cambridge University Press; Royal Irish Academy. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- Holt, Tonie; Valmai (1996). "Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae". Poets of the Great War. Barnsley: Leo Cooper (Reprinted 1999). pp. 54-62. ISBN 978-0-85052-706-3.
- "Francis George Fowler". The Dover War Memorial Project. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
- Baxter, John (2009-02-10). Carnal Knowledge: Baxter's Concise Encyclopedia of Modern Sex. HarperCollins. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-06-087434-6.