The latest Super Mario series logo as of 2018[update]
Nintendo EAD (1985–2016)|
Nintendo EPD (2016–present)
|Platform of origin||Nintendo Entertainment System|
Super Mario Bros.|
September 13, 1985
Super Mario Odyssey|
October 27, 2017
Luigi series |
Mario Kart series
Mario Party series
Super Mario (Japanese: スーパーマリオ Hepburn: Sūpā Mario) is a series of fantasy platform games created by Nintendo featuring their mascot, Mario. Alternatively called the Super Mario Bros.[a] series or simply the Mario (マリオ) series, it is the central series of the greater Mario franchise. At least one Super Mario game has been released for every major Nintendo video game console.
The Super Mario games follow Mario's adventures, typically in the fictional Mushroom Kingdom with Mario as the player character. He is often joined by his brother, Luigi, and occasionally by other members of the Mario cast. As in platform video games, the player runs and jumps across platforms and atop enemies in themed levels. The games have simple plots, typically with Mario rescuing the kidnapped Princess Peach from the primary antagonist, Bowser. The first title in the series, Super Mario Bros., released for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) in 1985, established gameplay concepts and elements prevalent in nearly every Super Mario game since. These include a multitude of power-ups and items that give Mario special magic powers such as fireball-throwing and size-changing into giant and miniature sizes.
The Super Mario series is part of the greater Mario franchise. This includes other video game genres as well as media such as film, television, printed media and merchandise. Over 310 million copies of games in the Super Mario series have been sold worldwide, as of September 2015, making it the best-selling video game series in history.
- 1 Games
- 1.1 Super Mario Bros.
- 1.2 Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels
- 1.3 Super Mario Bros. 2/Super Mario USA
- 1.4 Super Mario Bros. 3
- 1.5 Super Mario Land
- 1.6 Super Mario World
- 1.7 Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins
- 1.8 Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
- 1.9 Super Mario 64
- 1.10 Super Mario Sunshine
- 1.11 New Super Mario Bros.
- 1.12 Super Mario Galaxy
- 1.13 New Super Mario Bros. Wii
- 1.14 Super Mario Galaxy 2
- 1.15 Super Mario 3D Land
- 1.16 New Super Mario Bros. 2
- 1.17 New Super Mario Bros. U
- 1.18 Super Mario 3D World
- 1.19 Super Mario Maker
- 1.20 Super Mario Run
- 1.21 Super Mario Odyssey
- 2 Releases
- 3 Common elements
- 4 Settings
- 5 Development and history
- 6 Reception
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
|1985||Super Mario Bros.|
|1986||Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels|
|1988||Super Mario Bros. 2|
|Super Mario Bros. 3|
|1989||Super Mario Land|
|1990||Super Mario World|
|1992||Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins|
|1995||Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island|
|1996||Super Mario 64|
|1999||Super Mario Bros. Deluxe|
|2002||Super Mario Sunshine|
|2004||Super Mario 64 DS|
|2006||New Super Mario Bros.|
|2007||Super Mario Galaxy|
|2009||New Super Mario Bros. Wii|
|2010||Super Mario Galaxy 2|
|2011||Super Mario 3D Land|
|2012||New Super Mario Bros. 2|
|New Super Mario Bros. U|
|2013||New Super Luigi U|
|Super Mario 3D World|
|2015||Super Mario Maker|
|2016||Super Mario Run|
|2017||Super Mario Odyssey|
Super Mario Bros.
Super Mario Bros. was released for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) and is the first side-scrolling 2D platform game to feature Mario. It established many core Mario gameplay concepts. The brothers Mario and Luigi live in the Mushroom Kingdom, where they must rescue Princess Toadstool (later called Princess Peach) from Bowser. The game consists of eight worlds, each with four sub-levels. Though the worlds differ in themes, the fourth sub-level is always a fortress or castle that ends with a fight against Bowser (or one of his minions disguised as him). The game was successful, and is one of the best-selling video games of all time.
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels is the sequel to the original Super Mario Bros. and was released as Super Mario Bros. 2 in Japan. It uses the original Super Mario Bros. engine with additions such as weather, character movements, and more complex levels, altogether yielding a much higher difficulty. The game follows the same style of level progression as Super Mario Bros., with eight initial worlds each with four levels. The last levels of the eight worlds is a lava-filled castle that culminates in a battle against Bowser. This sequel was not released outside Japan in this time period, because Nintendo of America did not want the Mario series to be known for frustrating difficulty, to be inaccessible to a steadily broadening market of American video game players, nor to be stylistically outdated by the time the Japanese Super Mario Bros. 2 could be eventually delivered to America. The game later debuted outside Japan in 1993, as "Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels" in the compilation titled Super Mario All-Stars for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES). The original Famicom version was released for the Wii's Virtual Console service in September 2007, listed as "Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels" outside Japan. A later Super Mario All-Stars Wii port, titled Super Mario All-Stars 25th Anniversary Edition, features the SNES gameplay and adds Wii Remote, Classic Controller, and GameCube controller compatibility.
Super Mario Bros. 2/Super Mario USA
Super Mario Bros. 2 was known in Japan as Super Mario USA. In it, Mario and his companions are out to stop the evil frog Wart in the Subcon dreamland. Based on a discarded prototype, the game was instead originally released as Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic in Japan, and was ultimately converted into a Mario game for the rest of the world as Super Mario Bros. 2, before being named in Japan as Super Mario USA as part of Super Mario All-Stars. One of the game's most defining aspects is the ability to pluck vegetables from the ground to throw at enemies. This is also the first Super Mario game to use a life meter, which allows Mario and the other playable characters to be hit up to four times before dying.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Super Mario Bros. 3 is divided into eight themed worlds, each with 6–10 levels and several bonus stages displayed as locations on a mapped overworld. These locations are not necessarily in a linear order, and the player is occasionally permitted to skip levels or play the game out of order. Completed levels cannot be replayed. A world's final level is a boss stage. The penultimate boss stage is a side-scrolling level atop an airship ("Doom Ship") with a fight against one of Bowser's seven Koopalings. The game introduced a diverse array of new power-ups, including flight as Raccoon Mario after grabbing the Super Leaf Power-up. Bowser is again the final boss.
Super Mario Land
Super Mario Land was the first handheld Super Mario title after the Game & Watch port of Super Mario Bros., and was released for the Game Boy. As with other games in the series, it is a sidescrolling platformer in which Mario sets out to save Princess Daisy by defeating the a mysterious spaceman named Tatanga. The game consists of twelve levels split across four worlds.
Super Mario World
Super Mario World was released for the SNES and consists of nine worlds displayed via a world map overworld. Most of the 72 levels have one exit, though some have hidden second exits. Mario's new moves include a spin jump and the rideable Yoshi who can eat enemies and either swallow or spit them out. Power-ups include the returning Super Mushroom, Fire Flower and Super Star, and the new Cape Feather, based on Super Mario Bros. 3's Super Leaf, which lets Mario and Luigi fly with a cape.
Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins
Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins introduces Mario's rival, Wario, who had taken over Mario's castle during the events of Super Mario Land and forces Mario to collect the six golden coins to reclaim his castle. While its predecessor is similar to the original Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Land 2 has more in common with later games. The player is no longer restricted to moving towards the right. A bell at each level's end activates a minigame, where the player can try to get extra lives. There are 32 levels, based on several themed worlds each with its own boss. Three power-ups return: the Super Mushroom, Fire Flower, and Super Star. The game introduces the Carrot power-up, which gives Mario large rabbit ears that let him glide when falling for a limited time. Its story was continued in Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3, which would retroactively become the first of a spin-off series, Wario Land.
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island is considered by Miyamoto to be part of the Super Mario series with its sequels forming a spin-off series. In the game, Yoshi carries Baby Mario across Yoshi's Island to find Luigi. It is considered a prequel to all other Super Mario games, portraying the birth of the Mario Bros. The primary goal is delivering Baby Mario safely to the end of each level, where he is transferred to the back of another Yoshi, who does the same. When Yoshi is struck by an enemy, Baby Mario is ejected from Yoshi's back and floats around in a bubble while crying as a timer counts down until Yoshi pops the bubble. If the time counts down to zero, Baby Bowser's minions fly on screen and kidnap Baby Mario, resetting the level. The game has a childlike aesthetic, with environments stylised like crayon drawings. Yoshi's Island has received sequels that have spun off from the Super Mario series, including Yoshi's Story, Yoshi's Island DS, and Yoshi's New Island.
Super Mario 64
Super Mario 64 was the first 3D and open world game in the series, and a launch title for the Nintendo 64 home console. Each level, or course, is an enclosed environment where the player is free to explore in all directions without time limits. The player collects Power Stars that appear after completing tasks to unlock later courses and areas. The Nintendo 64's analog stick makes an extensive repertoire of precise movements in all directions possible. The game introduced moves such as punching, triple jumping, and using a Wing Cap to fly. It is the first Super Mario series game to feature Charles Martinet's voice acting for Mario. Mario must once again save Princess Peach from Bowser, and collect up to 120 Power Stars from the paintings and return them to her castle, the overworld. There are a total of 105 Power Stars in the paintings, with 15 hidden in the castle. The game's power-ups differ from previous games, instead of as three different hats with temporary powers: the Wing Cap, allowing Mario to fly; the Metal Cap, turning him into metal; and the Vanish Cap, allowing him to walk through obstacles.
Super Mario Sunshine
Super Mario Sunshine, the second 3D Super Mario title, was released on the GameCube. In it, Mario and Peach travel to Isle Delfino for a vacation when a Mario doppelgänger appears and vandalizes the entire island. Mario is sentenced to clean the island with a water-squirting accessory, F.L.U.D.D. Super Mario Sunshine shares many similar gameplay elements with its predecessor, Super Mario 64, but also introduces moves, like spinning while jumping, and other actions through the use of F.L.U.D.D. The game contains a number of independent levels, which can be reached from the hub, Delfino Plaza. Mario collects Shine Sprites by completing tasks in the levels, which unlock levels in Delfino Plaza by way of abilities and plot-related events. Sunshine introduces Bowser's only child, Bowser Jr. as an antagonist. Yoshi also appears again for Mario to ride in certain sections.
New Super Mario Bros.
New Super Mario Bros. was released on the Nintendo DS. In it, Mario and Luigi set out to save Peach from Bowser Jr. The gameplay is 2D, but most of the characters and objects are 3D on two-dimensional backgrounds, resulting in a 2.5D effect. The game uses an overworld map similar to that of Super Mario Bros. 3 and Super Mario World. Some levels have multiple exits. The classic power-ups (Super Mushroom, Fire Flower, and Super Star) return alongside the Mega Mushroom, Blue Shell, and Mini Mushroom. The Mega Mushroom briefly turns Mario (or Luigi) into an invincible giant that destroys everything in his path, the Blue Shell protects Mario from harm and allows him to slide (depending on speed), and the Mini Mushroom shrinks Mario to very small size, which allows him to fit through tight spaces.
Super Mario Galaxy
Super Mario Galaxy is set in outer space, where Mario travels between "galaxies" to collect Power Stars, earned by completing quests or defeating enemies. Each galaxy contains a number of planets and other space objects for the player to explore. The game's physics system gives each celestial object its own gravitational force, which lets the player circumnavigate rounded or irregular planetoids by walking sideways or upside down. The player is usually able to jump from one independent object and fall towards another close object. Though the main gameplay and physics are in 3D, there are several points in the game in which the player's movements are restricted to a 2D axis. Several new power-ups appear, and many of these return in its sequel, Super Mario Galaxy 2.
New Super Mario Bros. Wii
In New Super Mario Bros. Wii, Peach is captured by Bowser Jr. and the Koopalings during her birthday party in her castle, and Mario, Luigi, and two Toads (blue and yellow) spring into action to save her. The game features 4-player co-op and new power-ups: the Propeller Mushroom, the Ice Flower, and the Penguin Suit. The Propeller Mushroom launches the player into the air by shaking the Wii Remote. The Penguin Suit enhances traction of sliding and speed and agility of swimming abilities, in addition to the ice ball projectiles that are provisioned by the Ice Flower. Players can ride Yoshi. Like in its predecessor, there are three hidden Star Coins to find in each level, which can be used to unlock movies with gameplay tips. It was released in November 2009 and was a commercial success and won several awards.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
Super Mario Galaxy 2, the sequel to Super Mario Galaxy, was initially developed as an expansion pack to the latter, although was eventually developed into its own game, being released on May 23, 2010. It retains the basic premise of its predecessor and includes items and power-ups. These include the Cloud Flower, which allows Mario to create platforms in mid-air, and the Rock Mushroom, which turns Mario into a rolling boulder. Also, Mario can ride Yoshi. It was released to widespread critical acclaim.
Super Mario 3D Land
Super Mario 3D Land was released for the Nintendo 3DS in November and December 2011. It is the first original 3D Super Mario title on a handheld console. It was an attempt to translate the gameplay of the 2D games into a 3D environment, by simplifying the control scheme of the 3D games and using more linear levels. It also brought back several older gameplay features, including the Super Leaf power-up last seen in Super Mario Bros. 3. It was released to critical acclaim.
New Super Mario Bros. 2
New Super Mario Bros. 2, the direct sequel of New Super Mario Bros., released in July and August 2012 for the Nintendo 3DS. The player, as Mario or Luigi, must save Princess Peach from Bowser and the Koopalings, with the game's secondary goal is to collect one million coins. Several gameplay elements were introduced to help achieve this goal, such as the Gold Flower, a rarer variant of the Fire Flower that turns items into coins.
New Super Mario Bros. U
New Super Mario Bros. U, the Wii U follow-up to New Super Mario Bros. Wii, was released on November 18, 2012, in North America. It plays similarly to the previous New Super Mario Bros. titles, and introduces both a Flying Squirrel suit that lets the players glide through the air, and asymmetric gameplay that allows the player holding the GamePad to influence the environment. On June 20, 2013, New Super Luigi U was released as a downloadable content (DLC) package for the game, featuring shorter but more difficult levels, starring Luigi. It was subsequently released as a standalone retail game on August 25, 2013, in North America. Unlike the downloadable content version, the standalone retail version of New Super Luigi U does not require having New Super Mario Bros. U to play it.
Super Mario 3D World
Super Mario 3D World, the sequel to Super Mario 3D Land, was released for the Wii U on November 22, 2013, in North America, and utilized the same gameplay mechanics. It introduced three power-ups, the Super Bell (which turns the characters into cats to attack and scale walls), Lucky Bell, and Double Cherry (which creates a clone of the character that collects it). Like Super Mario Bros. 2, it features Princess Peach and Toad as playable characters in addition to Mario and Luigi. Rosalina from Super Mario Galaxy is also unlocked later in the game.
Super Mario Maker
Super Mario Maker is a video game creation tool released for the Wii U in September 2015 and allows players to create their own levels based on the gameplay and style of Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 3, Super Mario World, and New Super Mario Bros. U, as well as share their creations online. Despite being based on existing games, several gameplay mechanics were introduced for the game, with existing ones also available to be used together in new ways. A Nintendo 3DS version of the game called Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS, was released in December 2016. It features a few new pre-installed levels, but no online level sharing.
Super Mario Run
Super Mario Run is a side-scrolling and auto-scrolling video game released in December 2016 for the iOS platform and March 2017 for Android. It marks the first Mario game to be developed for mobile devices, and featured simplified controls, to the point that it was promoted as being playable with only one hand.
Super Mario Odyssey
Released on October 27, 2017 for Nintendo Switch, Super Mario Odyssey is a return to the open-world "sandbox" 3D style of game last seen in Super Mario Sunshine. After Mario's cap is possessed by a spirit named Cappy, he is able to use it to temporarily "capture" enemies and objects and utilize their powers. Like previous sandbox 3D games, the game's worlds contain a large variety of objectives that can be achieved in a non-linear order before progressing. Super Mario Odyssey was critically acclaimed, with many describing it as one of the greatest games of all time. This game adventures through many different kingdoms outside the Mushroom Kingdom as well as the Mushroom Kingdom itself.
Below is a table showing releases of Super Mario video games. It does not include games released on LCD systems.
|Title||NES||PC-88||Sharp X1||Arcade||Game Boy / Color||SNES||N64||GBA||GCN||Nintendo DS||Wii||New/
|Wii U||iOS||Android||Nintendo Switch|
|Super Mario Bros.||1985||No||No||No||1999[GBC]||1993[AS]||No||2004
(GBC cart compatible)
(GBA cart compatible)
(Wii disc compatible)
|Vs. Super Mario Bros.||No||No||No||1986||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2017|
|Super Mario Bros. Special||No||1986||1986||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No|
|Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels||1986[JP]||No||No||No||1999[GBC]||1993[AS]||No||2004[JP]
(GBC cart compatible)
(GBA cart compatible)
(Wii disc compatible)
|Super Mario Bros. 2||1987||No||No||No||No||1993[AS]||No||2001[SMA]||No||No
(GBA cart compatible)
(Wii disc compatible)
|Super Mario Land||No||No||No||No||1989||No||No||No
(GB cart compatible)
|Super Mario Bros. 3||1990||No||No||No||No||1993[AS]||No||2004[SMA]||No||No
(GBA cart compatible)
(Wii disc compatible)
|Super Mario World||No||No||No||No||No||1990
(GBA cart compatible)
|Super Mario Land 2||No||No||No||No||1992||No||No||No
(GB cart compatible)
|Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island||No||No||No||No||No||1995||No||2002[SMA]||No||No
(GBA cart compatible)
|Super Mario 64||No||No||No||No||No||No||1996||No||No||2004||2007||No
(DS cart compatible)
|Super Mario Sunshine||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2002||No||No
(GC disc compatible)
|New Super Mario Bros.||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2006||No||No
(DS cart compatible)
|Super Mario Galaxy||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2007||No||2015
(Wii disc compatible)
|New Super Mario Bros. Wii||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2009[JPPAL]||No||2016
(Wii disc compatible)
|Super Mario Galaxy 2||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2010||No||2015
(Wii disc compatible)
|Super Mario 3D Land||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2011||No||No||No||No|
|New Super Mario Bros. 2||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2012||No||No||No||No|
|New Super Mario Bros. U||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2012||No||No||No|
|Super Mario 3D World||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2013||No||No||No|
|Super Mario Maker||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2016||2015||No||No||No|
|Super Mario Run||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2016||2017||No|
|Super Mario Odyssey||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||2017|
^ JP Japan only.
^ JPPAL On eShop in JP and PAL regions only.
^ N64 Nintendo 64 version.
^ NES NES/Famicom version.
^ SNES SNES version. Not playable on original Nintendo 3DS.
The objective of the game is to progress through levels by defeating enemies, collecting items and solving puzzles without dying. Power-up use is integral to the series. The series has had installments featuring both two and three-dimensional gameplay. In the 2D games, the player character (usually Mario) jumps on platforms and enemies while avoiding their attacks and moving to the right of the scrolling screen. 2D Super Mario game levels have single-exit objectives, which must be reached within a time limit and lead to the next sequential level. Super Mario Bros. 3 introduced the overworld, a map of nonlinear levels that branches according to the player's choice. Super Mario World introduced levels with multiple exits.
3D installments in the series have had two subgenres: open world exploration based games and more linear 3D games with a predetermined path. Levels in the open world games, 64, Sunshine and Odyssey, allow the player to freely explore multiple enclosed environments in 360 degree movement. As the game progresses, more environments become accessible. The linear 3D games, whose titles include either "Galaxy" or "3D", feature more fixed camera angles and a predetermined path to a single goal.
Most items in the Super Mario series appear from item blocks, which originated in Super Mario Bros. and persist throughout the series, where Mario hits a block to receive either coins or power-ups.
Mushroom power-ups appear in almost every Super Mario game. The most iconic of these is the Super Mushroom. The Super Mushroom increases Mario's size, turning him into "Super Mario", and allows him to break certain blocks. When hit by an enemy, Mario reverts to his smaller size instead of losing a life. When Mario is in his "Super" form, most blocks that would contain a Super Mushroom instead offer a more powerful power-up such as the Fire Flower. The Super Mushroom is similar in appearance to the Amanita muscaria, with an ivory stalk below a most commonly red and white (originally red and orange) spotted cap. Created by chance, Shigeru Miyamoto stated in an interview that beta tests of Super Mario Bros. proved Mario too tall, so the development team implemented mushrooms to grow and shrink Mario.
The Poison Mushroom, first introduced in the Japanese Super Mario Bros. 2, is a mushroom that has the same effect as getting hit by an enemy or spike when touched. In later games, the Poison Mushroom looks almost exactly like the Super Mushroom with a red cap but has a meaner-looking face.
The Mini Mushroom is a small blue mushroom, a recurring item in the New Super Mario Bros. series, which shrinks Mario into miniature size, allowing him access areas and pipes that Mario normally cannot reach. Mini Mario also jumps higher, floats midair, bounces off enemies without hurting them except by ground pounding, and can run across the surface of the water and then jump from it as if he was on land. Mario is more vulnerable in this form and loses a life upon receiving one hit in miniature form. The Mini Mushroom in New Super Mario Bros. U lets Mario run up walls.
The Mega Mushroom, introduced in New Super Mario Bros. and further appearing in New Super Mario Bros. 2 and Super Mario 3D World, is a more recent addition to the series that grows Mario into a towering, invulnerable giant who destroys enemies and the environment by running through them. It has an orange-yellow cap with red spots, like the Super Mario Bros. Super Mushroom, but with an inflated cap. Super Mario 64 DS features an item simply called "Mushroom" that grants the same abilities as the Mega Mushroom.
In the Super Mario Galaxy franchise, the Bee Mushroom gives Mario the Bee Suit, and the Spring Mushroom puts Mario inside a metallic coil. The Mystery Mushroom in Super Mario Maker provides a "costume" based on one of many characters in addition to the abilities of the Super Mushroom.
The 1-Up is a common item shown as a green and white mushroom that gives Mario an extra life. Its appearance is similar to the Super Mushroom's. The 1-Up was introduced in Super Mario Bros., sometimes hidden in invisible item blocks, and displayed as having an orange cap with green spots. In Super Mario Land and Super Mario Land 2 (made for the original monochrome Game Boy), the 1-Up is shown as a heart. In the 3D games, 1-Ups will sometimes appear when walking in particular areas. 1-Ups can take other forms, such as the 3-Up Moon from Super Mario World and New Super Mario Bros. U.
The flower power-ups let Mario shoot projectiles. The Fire Flower, introduced in Super Mario Bros., transforms Mario into Fire Mario, who can throw bouncing fireballs at enemies. Super Mario Galaxy was the first 3D Mario platformer game to have the Fire Flower. In Super Mario Land, the Superball is a bouncing ball obtained from a Super Flower, which Mario can use to defeat enemies and collect coins. The Ice Flower transforms Mario into Ice Mario, where he can shoot balls of ice as projectiles similar to that of the Fire Flower; it freezes enemies in a block of ice, to be used as platforms or as thrown projectiles. In Super Mario Galaxy, this item turns Mario into ice and lets him walk on lava or water for a limited time by freezing the surface. In New Super Mario Bros. Wii and New Super Mario Bros. U, it instead allows Mario to throw ice projectiles that freeze enemies inside an ice cube, rendering them immobile. Mario then has the option of picking up this resulting ice cube, for use as a projectile. Lastly, New Super Mario Bros. 2's Gold Flower lets Mario turn bricks into coins and earn bonus coins for defeating enemies.
Invincibility is an effect first appearing in the three Super Mario Bros. games, where it is granted by a "Starman", an anthropomorphized, flashing star. The star has also been named the "Super Star" in the two Super Mario World games and the "Rainbow Star" in the two Super Mario Galaxy games. Picking up the star makes Mario temporarily invincible, able to resist any harm. Use of the item is accompanied by a distinctive music track that appears consistently across most of the games. The player character flickers a variety of colors — and in some titles, moves with increased speed and enhanced jumping ability — while under the Star's influence. While invincible, Mario kills any enemy upon contact with it. In Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, the star gives the normally immobile baby Mario the ability to run as well as become invincible. In Super Mario 64, invincibility is provided when Mario wears the metal cap or the vanish cap. The Mega Mushroom provides invincibility with the addition of giant size and environment destruction (see Mushrooms).
Power Stars and course tokens
The games often feature collectibles found in levels in order to progress in the overworld, most frequently with the visual motif of a star. They are typically situated in locations that are not readily found or reached, or awarded for completing stunts, or objectives given by NPCs. They include the Power Stars in Super Mario 64 and the Super Mario Galaxy games, Shine Sprites in Super Mario Sunshine, Star Coins in the New Super Mario Bros. games and Super Mario 3D Land, Green Stars in the Galaxy games and Super Mario 3D World, and Power Moons in Super Mario Odyssey. In Super Mario Land 2, there are six Golden Coin tokens that must be collected to finish the game.
Flight is a common theme throughout the series, first enabled with the magic carpet item in the international Super Mario Bros. 2. The Super Leaf and Tanooki Suit items, first appearing in Super Mario Bros. 3 provide Mario with an animal-suited tail, which in turn acts as a flight propeller. The Tanooki Suit returns in Super Mario 3D Land, and the Super Leaf returns in New Super Mario Bros. 2. In the New Super Mario Bros. games, the Spin Block and the Propeller Mushroom let Mario spin up into the air and slowly descend. In Super Mario Land, Mario pilots a yellow airplane with unlimited ammunition called the Sky Pop. Super Mario World introduces various forms of flight: the feather item provides a cape, the P Balloon puffs Mario into a floating balloon figure, and Yoshi can carry a blue Koopa shell which gives him wings. In Super Mario 64, flight that is granted by a Winged Cap. In New Super Mario Bros. U, Mario has limited flight and gliding capabilities in a Flying Squirrel suit and can also command a pink Baby Yoshi to puff up into the form of a floating balloon. In Super Mario Galaxy, Mario can obtain a special red star that transforms him into Flying Mario for a limited time. Lakitu's cloud can be commandeered in several of the side-scrolling games.
Several suits work as power-ups, many of which are based on animals. Debuting in Super Mario Bros. 3, the Raccoon Suit (provisioned by a Super Leaf) and the Tanooki Suit each provide Mario with a tail which acts as a flight propeller. In addition, the Tanooki Suit lets Mario spontaneously change into an invincible statue for about five seconds. In Super Mario 3D Land, the Raccoon Suit reappears and is accompanied by a silver-colored variation called a Statue Leaf. Super Mario Bros. 3 includes a Hammer Bros. suit, which allows Mario to throw hammers as projectiles, to defeat enemies at a distance, taking what the Hammer Bros does to Mario and turning it around. While wearing the suit and ducking, Mario is invulnerable to fire attacks. The Hammer Suit was so powerful that in later games, it was downgraded. Super Mario 3D Land features a "Boomerang Suit" which provisions long-distance boomerang projectiles. Other animal suits include the Frog Suit, Tanooki Suit, Penguin Suit, Cat Suit and Bee Suit.
Super Mario level design traditionally incorporates many distributed coins as puzzles and rewards. Most Super Mario games award the player an extra life once a certain amount of yellow coins are collected, commonly 50 or 100. Several coin variants exist, such as silver coins, dragon coins, star coins, and more.
In Super Mario 64, Super Mario Sunshine, Super Mario Galaxy, and Super Mario Galaxy 2, coins replenish health (and air, when Mario is underwater). In Super Mario 64 and Super Mario Sunshine, collecting 100 coins in a level results in a Power Star or Shine Sprite respectively. There are also stages in that game reward a Power Star for collecting eight red coins in a level, worth two normal coins each. In Super Mario 64, a blue coin is worth five normal coins. In Super Mario Sunshine, blue coins act as a side quest when brought to the Delfino Bank.
In Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2, after finishing each game once, stages unlock where Mario can collect a certain amount of purple coins to earn a Power Star. In Super Mario Galaxy 2, they can also be used to feed some hungry "Luma" characters that can turn into either an item or another planet.
Warp Pipes and Warp Cannons
The Warp Pipe is a common method of transportation used in many of the Mario series games. Warp Pipes are most often green but also appear in other colors (early games included silver pipes, newer games have introduced red, green, blue and yellow pipes), and have many uses in the series. Warp Pipes can also contain enemies, usually Piranha Plants, and sometimes launch the player into the air (most commonly seen in New Super Mario Bros.). In early Mario games such as Super Mario Bros., special, well-hidden areas known as Warp Zones contain pipes that allow players to skip several worlds (handfuls of levels) at once. In the New Super Mario Bros. series, pipe-shaped Warp Cannons work similarly to the Warp Zones of the earlier games and are unlocked by finding secret exits in levels. Cannons appear in most of the 3D games in the series starting with Super Mario 64. Mario uses the cannon by jumping into the barrel, aiming himself and being fired at a distant target. This allows Mario to progress through a level or reach an otherwise inaccessible area.
Mario's dinosaur friend Yoshi has appeared as a mount to the player character in several Super Mario games since Super Mario World. In the sequel, Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, a tribe of Yoshi's finds Mario and helps him to save Baby Luigi. In this game and Super Mario 64 DS, instead of the player merely riding on Yoshi's back, Yoshi is the player character. Yoshis generally have abilities including eating enemies, flying, and breathing fire. Miyamoto had originally wished for Mario to be able to ride a dinosaur in Super Mario Bros., but this wasn't possible due to the technical restraints of the system.
- The Mushroom Kingdom (キノコ王国 Kinoko Ōkoku) is the primary Super Mario series setting, having been introduced in Super Mario Bros. The Mushroom Kingdom is also the setting for the Japanese Super Mario Bros. 2, the New Super Mario Bros. games, Super Mario 3D Land and Super Mario Run. It is a monarchy and its heir is Princess Peach. Though Princess Peach, Mario and Luigi are human, most citizens of this area are the mushroom-like Toads. While the main characters of the series reside in the Mushroom Kingdom, their adventures have extended to other settings.
- Super Mario Bros. 2 introduced Subcon, a mysterious world from Mario's dream. It was taken over by the frog king Wart.
- Super Mario Bros. 3 is set in the Mushroom World, a collection of eight kingdoms. Seven of these are "Mushroom Kingdoms", ruled by independent Mushroom Kings. The different kingdoms are Grass Land (a plains kingdom), Desert Hill (a desert kingdom), Ocean Side (an ocean kingdom), Big Island (a kingdom where everything is larger), The Sky (a kingdom which consists of the ground level and the sky level), Iced Land (an arctic kingdom), and Pipe Maze (a small island kingdom filled with a maze of Warp Pipes). The eighth world is referred to as "Dark Land" and is ruled by Bowser: King of the Koopas. The instruction manual for the game states Bowser had taken over the Mushroom Kingdom, and the Mushroom Kingdom is a gateway to the Mushroom World. This is never elaborated upon in Super Mario Bros. 3, but Super Mario Galaxy reveals that the Mushroom World is a planet.
- Super Mario Land takes place in Sarasaland. It is ruled by Princess Daisy. The species in Sarasaland are range from tiki monsters to aliens to gigantic sphinxes, as well as enemies similar to enemies from other games in the series. The kingdoms that make up Sarasaland include Birabuto (an Ancient Egypt-like kingdom), Muda (an ocean kingdom), Easton (an Easter Island-like kingdom), and Chai (an Ancient China-like kingdom).
- Super Mario World introduced Dinosaur Land, a separate continent where Mario, Luigi, and Princess Toadstool vacation after the events of Super Mario Bros. 3. Yoshi's Island, the setting of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, is located within Dinosaur Land. The other areas consist of Donut Plains, Vanilla Dome, Twin Bridges, Forest of Illusion, Chocolate Island, Valley of Bowser, Star World, and Special World.
- Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins introduced Mario Land, a region which belongs to Mario.
- Super Mario 64 introduced Peach's Castle, which serves as a hub world. The worlds in the game are reached by jumping into paintings, which are portals to imaginary worlds created by Bowser. As such, the game is largely not set in the Mushroom Kingdom. However, Peach's Castle itself is located in the Mushroom Kingdom as shown in games like Super Mario Galaxy and its sequel.
- Super Mario Sunshine introduced Isle Delfino, a tropical island somewhere outside the Mushroom Kingdom. It contains several harbors, beaches, hotels, parks, and villages. Instead of Toads or humans, most of the residents on Isle Delfino are tropical creatures called Nokis and Piantas. Its main village Delfino Plaza serves as the central hub world in Super Mario Sunshine. Different areas of the island can be accessed through portals created by spray paint in different parts of the plaza. Besides Delfino Plaza, the different locations of Delfino Island are Delfino Airstrip, Bianco Hills, Ricco Harbor, Gelato Beach, Pinna Park, Sirena Beach, Noki Bay, Pianta Village, and Corona Mountain. While Isle Delfino has only appeared in one game in the Super Mario series, it has been commonly used in Mario spin-off games, including the Mario Kart series.
- Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2 are set in outer space and contain various galaxies.
- Super Mario 3D World takes place in the Sprixie Kingdom, where the Sprixies live.
- Super Mario Odyssey has Mario traveling across the globe in a hat-shaped airship called the Odyssey; thus, several new regions known as "kingdoms" are introduced in the game, including a New York-inspired urban area called the Metro Kingdom, a dry desert land called the Sand Kingdom, and a food-filled world called the Luncheon Kingdom.
Development and history
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2014)
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2013)
Much of the original Super Mario Bros. music and sound effects have become iconic to the series and incorporated into modern games. The original Super Mario Bros. theme, composed by Koji Kondo, has become well known around the world. The theme from the underwater levels of Super Mario Bros. frequently appears as title screen music in the series, including in Super Mario Sunshine, the main intros and titles of all four Super Mario Advance titles, and the Super Mario All-Stars versions of the four NES games.
The Super Mario series is critically acclaimed and a financial success. The series was ranked as the best game franchise by IGN in 2006. In 1996 Next Generation ranked the series as number 5 on their "Top 100 Games of All Time",[b] additionally ranking Super Mario 64 at number 1 despite their stated rule that series of games be confined to a single entry. The original Super Mario Bros. was awarded the top spot on Electronic Gaming Monthly's greatest 200 games of their time list and IGN's top 100 games of all-time list twice (in 2005 and 2007). Super Mario Bros. popularized side-scrolling video games and provided the basic concept and mechanics that would persist throughout the rest of the series. Super Mario Bros. sold 40.24 million copies, making it the best-selling video game of the whole series.
Super Mario Bros. 3 is often regarded as one of the Nintendo Entertainment System's greatest games; Nintendo Power rated the game sixth on their list of the 200 Greatest Nintendo Games. The game was 14th on Electronic Gaming Monthly's list. Super Mario World also received very positive scores, with a 94.44% aggregate review score on GameRankings. Nintendo Power ranked the game eighth best overall to be released on a Nintendo console in their Top 200 Games list.
Super Mario 64, as the first 3D platform game in the Mario series, established a new archetype for the genre, much as Super Mario Bros. did for 2D side-scrolling platformers. It is acclaimed by many critics and fans as one of the greatest and most revolutionary video games of all time. Guinness World Records reported sales of 11.8 million copies for Super Mario 64 at the end of 2007.
Super Mario Sunshine also received critical acclaim by game reviewers. IGN praised the addition of the water backpack (F.L.U.D.D.) for improving the gameplay, and GameSpy commented on the "wide variety of moves and the beautifully constructed environments". GameSpot and Computer and Video Games, however, called the game "unpolished", with the latter going so far as to insinuate that it was unfinished.
Of all the Mario games released, Super Mario Galaxy, Super Mario Galaxy 2, and Super Mario Odyssey have been the series' most highly acclaimed by both fans and professional critics. The Galaxy titles, extolled for their creativity, level design, visuals, and music, have been considered to be not only two of the best Mario games ever made but also among the greatest games of all time in general, according to sites such as IGN and TopTenReviews. Odyssey was praised for successfully reviving the sandbox-style gameplay last seen in Super Mario 64 and Sunshine and its introduction of the "capture" mechanic. GameRankings, a website that aggregates game scores and rankings from well-established video game critics, gives Super Mario Odyssey an aggregate ranking of 98.17%, making it the best-ranked game on the site.
Super Mario 3D Land was also highly commercially and critically successful, being the third-best-selling game for the Nintendo 3DS. Its sequel, Super Mario 3D World, received similar critical praise and is among the Wii U's best-selling titles.
Games in the Super Mario series have had consistently strong sales. Super Mario Bros. is the second best-selling single video game (second to Wii Sports), with 40.23 million units sold. It is also the best-selling Nintendo Entertainment System console title, with its two sequels, Super Mario Bros. 3 (18 million copies) and Super Mario Bros. 2 (10 million copies), ranking in second and third place respectively. Super Mario World is the best-selling game for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System console, selling 20 million copies. Super Mario World is also the seventh best-selling game of all time. Super Mario 64 sold the most copies for the Nintendo 64 (11 million), whereas Super Mario Sunshine is the second best-selling game (5.5 million) on the GameCube (second to Super Smash Bros. Melee). Super Mario Galaxy has sold 12.77 million units as of March 2018[update], making it the best-selling 3D title in the series and is the ninth best-selling game for the Wii. Its sequel Super Mario Galaxy 2 has sold 7.41 million units, placing in twelfth. Super Mario Odyssey has sold 11.17 million units as of June 2018, and is the best-selling game for the Nintendo Switch.
The Super Mario series also sold well on handheld consoles. Super Mario Land has sold 18.14 million copies, and is the fourth best-selling game for the Game Boy. Its sequel, Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins, sold 2.7 million copies, placing sixth. New Super Mario Bros. for the Nintendo DS sold 30.79 million units, making it the best-selling game for the console, and the best-selling portable entry.
For all console and handheld games that have not been bundled with a console, Super Mario Bros. 3 is the fourth best-selling game, whereas New Super Mario Bros. is fifth, Super Mario Land is eleventh, and Super Mario 64 is eighteenth.
- Sūpā Mario Burazāzu (スーパーマリオブラザーズ)
- The entry name is "Mario (series)", but the description as a "side-scrolling platformer" makes it clear that Next Generation meant the Super Mario series specifically.
- "Happy 30th birthday, 'Super Mario Bros.'!".
- McLaughlin, Rus (September 14, 2010). "IGN Presents The History of Super Mario Bros". IGN. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "The Secret History of Super Mario Bros. 2". wired.com. April 3, 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2011.
- Dan Ryckert (September 24, 2012). "Mario's Creators Answer Burning Questions About The Series". Game Informer. Archived from the original on January 23, 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Full Coverage — Super Mario 64". Nintendo Power. Nintendo (88): 14–23. September 1996.
- Mackie, Joe. "Super Mario Sunshine (JPN) Review". GamingWorld X. Archived from the original on July 16, 2007. Retrieved November 22, 2007.
- "IGN: New Super Mario Bros. Wii". Wii.ign.com. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- Harris, Craig (November 13, 2009). "New Super Mario Bros. Wii Review". IGN. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
- "New Super Mario Bros. 2 Hits 3DSes This August". Kotaku. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. 2 artwork, featuring SMB". Tiny Cartridge 3DS. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- Kubba, Sinan (May 17, 2013). "Super Luigi U arrives as DLC June 20, packaged standalone August 25". Joystiq. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
- "Nintendo reveals Super Mario 3D World". VentureBeat. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- "Super Mario Maker Release Date Announced at E3 2015". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- "Super Mario Odyssey". Nintendo UK. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- Nintendo Power Staff (January–February 1990). "Previews: Super Mario Bros. 3". Nintendo Power. Nintendo (10): 56–59.
- Osborn, Alex (January 13, 2017). "Miyamoto Offers a Few New Super Mario Odyssey Details". IGN. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
- "Super Mario Galaxy Central – Galaxy Information". Super Mario Galaxy Central. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved November 29, 2007.
- "The Top 11 Video Game Powerups". UGO Networks. Archived from the original on October 28, 2008.
- Li, C.; Oberlies, N. H. (December 2005). "The most widely recognized mushroom: chemistry of the genus Amanita". Life Sciences. 78 (5): 532–38. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2005.09.003. PMID 16203016.
Idealized representations of this species permeate popular culture. A. muscaria can be found [...] as a major obstacle in video games (e.g., the Smurfs and Super Mario Bros., respectively)
- O'Connell, Patricia (November 7, 2005). "Meet Mario's Papa". BusinessWeek online. Retrieved November 26, 2005.
- "It's Impossible to Hate the New New Super Mario Bros. U". Kotaku. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- Super Mario 64 DS Instruction Booklet (PAL version). Nintendo. 2005.
- "Super Mario manual" (PDF). legendsoflocalization. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Super Mario Bros. 2 Manual" (PDF). gamesdatabase. 1986. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Super Mario Bros. 3 manual" (PDF). gamesdatabase. 1990. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Super Mario World manual" (PDF). gamesdatabase. 1991. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island manual" (PDF). gamesdatabase. 1995. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Super Mario Galaxy 2 Review". GameTrailers. May 21, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- Cuddy, Luke (August 2013). The Legend of Zelda and Philosophy: I Link Therefore I Am. Open Court. ISBN 0-8126-9691-3. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- Super Mario World instruction manual
- "GDC 2007: Mario Maestro Shares His Secrets". 1UP.com. March 7, 2007. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved February 16, 2009.
- "Super Mario Bros. Deluxe Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Bros. Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Classic NES Series: Super Mario Bros. Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Classic NES Series: Super Mario Bros. Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Advance Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Bros. 2 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- "Super Mario Advance Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Bros. 3 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- "Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Land Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario World Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario 64 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario 64 DS Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario 64 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario 64 DS Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Sunshine Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Sunshine Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Galaxy Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Galaxy Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. Wii Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. Wii Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Galaxy 2 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario Galaxy 2 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario 3D Land Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario 3D Land Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. 2 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. 2 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. U Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "New Super Mario Bros. U Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Super Mario 3D World Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- "Super Mario 3D World Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- "Super Mario Maker Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- "Super Mario Maker Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- "Super Mario Run". Metacritic. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
- "Super Mario Odyssey Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- "Super Mario Odyssey Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- "The Top 25 Videogame Franchises – PS3 Feature at IGN". IGN. December 4, 2006. Archived from the original on February 28, 2008. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- "Top 100 Games of All Time". Next Generation. No. 21. Imagine Media. September 1996. pp. 36–71.
- "The Greatest 200 Videogames of Their Time: Super Mario Bros.". Electronic Gaming Monthly. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
- "IGN's Top 100 Games". IGN. 2005. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
- "Super Mario Sales Data: Historical Unit Numbers for Mario Bros on NES, SNES, N64." GameCubicle.com. Retrieved October 10, 2007.
- "NP Top 200". Nintendo Power. 200. February 2006. pp. 58–66.
- "IGN's Top 100 Games". IGN. 2003. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
- "IGN's Top 100 Games". IGN. 2005. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved February 11, 2006.
- "IGN's Top 100 Games of All Time". IGN. 2007. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
- "Top 100 Games of All Time". Game Informer. August 2001. p. 36.
- "The 100 Greatest Computer Games of All Time". Yahoo! Games. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
- "Fall 2005: 10-Year Anniversary Contest — The 10 Best Games Ever". GameFAQs. Archived from the original on July 16, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2007.
- Craig Glenday, ed. (March 11, 2008). "Hardware: Best-Sellers by Platform". Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition 2008. Guinness World Records. Guinness. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-904994-21-3.
- Mirabella III, Fran (2002). "Super Mario Sunshine review". IGN. Retrieved May 3, 2006.
- Guzman, Hector (August 26, 2002). "Super Mario Sunshine review". GameSpy. Retrieved May 3, 2006.
- Matt Wales (17 May 2006). "Super Mario Galaxy reviewed". gamesradar. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Jeff Gerstmann (August 26, 2002). "Super Mario Sunshine Review". au.gamespot.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012.
- "Reviews and News Articles". GameRankings. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- "Best-Selling Video Games". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on March 17, 2006. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- O'Malley, James (11 September 2015). "30 Best-Selling Super Mario Games of All Time on the Plumber's 30th Birthday". Gizmodo. Univision Communications. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
- "The Nintendo Years". Edge Online. Future Publishing. June 25, 2007. p. 2. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
- "All Time Top 20 Best Selling Games". May 21, 2003. Archived from the original on February 21, 2006. Retrieved December 1, 2006.
- CESA Games White Papers. Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association.
- "IR Information : Sales Data – Top Selling Software Sales Units – Nintendo DS Software". Nintendo. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "IR Information : Financial Data Wii". Nintendo. Nintendo, Co. Ltd. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
- "Top Selling Title Sales Units (Nintendo 3DS)". Nintendo. Nintendo, Co. Ltd. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
- "IR Information : Financial Data - Top Selling Title Sales Units - Wii U Software". Nintendo. Nintendo, Co. Ltd. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
- "Top-Selling Nintendo Switch Units". Nintendo. Nintendo Co., Ltd. Retrieved 31 July 2018.