Randolph County, West Virginia

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Randolph County, West Virginia
Randolph County Courthouse and Jail.jpg
Randolph County Courthouse in Elkins
Map of West Virginia highlighting Randolph County
Location in the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded October 16, 1787
Named for Edmund Jennings Randolph
Seat Elkins
Largest city Elkins
Area
 • Total 1,040 sq mi (2,694 km2)
 • Land 1,040 sq mi (2,694 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 29,126
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website randolphcountycommissionwv.org

Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,405.[1] Its county seat is Elkins.[2] The county was founded in 1787 and is named for Edmund Jennings Randolph.[3]

Randolph County comprises the Elkins, West Virginia, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Wildflowers add a splash of color to grazing fields near Osceola in July.
Fall in the forest

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,040 square miles (2,700 km2), of which 1,040 square miles (2,700 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.03%) is water.[4] It is the largest county in West Virginia by area.

Rivers[edit]

Mountains[edit]

Caves and caverns[edit]

National Natural Landmarks[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 951
1800 1,826 92.0%
1810 2,854 56.3%
1820 3,357 17.6%
1830 5,000 48.9%
1840 6,208 24.2%
1850 5,243 −15.5%
1860 4,990 −4.8%
1870 5,563 11.5%
1880 8,102 45.6%
1890 11,633 43.6%
1900 17,670 51.9%
1910 26,028 47.3%
1920 26,084 0.2%
1930 25,049 −4.0%
1940 30,259 20.8%
1950 30,558 1.0%
1960 26,349 −13.8%
1970 24,596 −6.7%
1980 28,734 16.8%
1990 27,803 −3.2%
2000 28,262 1.7%
2010 29,405 4.0%
Est. 2016 29,006 [5] −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 28,262 people, 11,072 households, and 7,661 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 13,478 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.69% White, 1.07% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,072 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,299, and the median income for a family was $32,632. Males had a median income of $24,751 versus $17,819 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,918. About 13.40% of families and 18.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.30% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,405 people, 11,695 households, and 7,753 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 28.3 inhabitants per square mile (10.9/km2). There were 14,189 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 97.3% white, 1.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 15.9% were Irish, 12.0% were English, 10.2% were American, and 5.4% were Italian.[13]

Of the 11,695 households, 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 43.4 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,176 and the median income for a family was $47,071. Males had a median income of $34,903 versus $25,988 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,472. About 12.7% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results by year, showing percentage of popular vote and votes counted[15][16]
Year Republican Democrat
2016 69.51% 7,583 24.97% 2,724
2012 63.00% 6,160 34.18% 3,342
2008 55.94% 6,060 41.90% 4,539
2004 56.68% 6,512 42.58% 4,892
2000 55.00% 5,248 42.21% 4,028
1996 33.18% 3,348 54.21% 5,469
1992 34.20% 3,496 49.86% 5,097
1988 47.38% 4,746 52.24% 5,233
1984 55.64% 6,100 44.14% 4,839
1980 40.05% 4,374 54.36% 5,937
1976 39.89% 4,822 60.11% 7,265
1972 64.51% 6,923 35.49% 3,809
1968 44.77% 4,508 55.23% 5,562
1964 27.14% 2,984 72.86% 8,012
1960 41.79% 5,018 58.21% 6,989
1956 48.88% 5,448 51.12% 5,697
1952 43.87% 5,452 56.13% 6,976
1948 36.52% 3,802 63.25% 6,586
1944 36.88% 3,681 63.12% 6,299
1940 33.14% 4,196 66.86% 8,465
1936 31.34% 3,711 68.48% 8,109
1932 31.29% 3,418 67.72% 7,397
1928 46.22% 4,436 52.99% 5,085
1924 36.59% 3,526 55.14% 5,314
1920 46.11% 4,158 51.85% 4,676

Communities[edit]

View from atop Yokum Knob, Randolph County, West Virginia

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

History[edit]

Randolph County was part of Virginia until the American Civil War, in which the county was contested in the Western Virginia Campaign. The Battle of Rich Mountain was fought in the county, as was part of the Battle of Cheat Mountain.

Registered historic places[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Coordinates: 38°47′N 79°52′W / 38.78°N 79.87°W / 38.78; -79.87

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/counties/randolph.html
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  15. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-11-18. 
  16. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 494-498 ISBN 0405077114