Brooke County, West Virginia

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Brooke County, West Virginia
Map of West Virginia highlighting Brooke County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded November 30, 1797
Named for Robert Brooke
Seat Wellsburg
Largest city Follansbee
 • Total 93 sq mi (241 km2)
 • Land 89 sq mi (231 km2)
 • Water 3.4 sq mi (9 km2), 3.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 23,530
 • Density 264/sq mi (102/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Brooke County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,069.[1] Its county seat is Wellsburg.[2] The county was created in 1797 from part of Ohio County[3] and named in honor of Robert Brooke, Governor of Virginia from 1794 to 1796.[4]

Brooke County is part of the Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area.[5]


Brooke County was formed on November 30, 1796, from parts of Ohio County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 93 square miles (240 km2), of which 89 square miles (230 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (3.6%) is water.[6] It is the second-smallest county in West Virginia by area. The highest point of elevation in Brooke County is approximately 1372 ft. and located about 1.5 miles south of Franklin.[1]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 4,706
1810 5,843 24.2%
1820 6,631 13.5%
1830 7,041 6.2%
1840 7,948 12.9%
1850 5,054 −36.4%
1860 5,494 8.7%
1870 5,464 −0.5%
1880 6,013 10.0%
1890 6,660 10.8%
1900 7,219 8.4%
1910 11,098 53.7%
1920 16,527 48.9%
1930 24,663 49.2%
1940 25,513 3.4%
1950 26,904 5.5%
1960 28,940 7.6%
1970 29,685 2.6%
1980 31,117 4.8%
1990 26,992 −13.3%
2000 25,447 −5.7%
2010 24,069 −5.4%
Est. 2014 23,530 [7] −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 25,447 people, 10,396 households, and 7,152 families residing in the county. The population density was 286 people per square mile (111/km²). There were 11,150 housing units at an average density of 126 per square mile (48/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.90% White, 0.85% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 0.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,396 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.40% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,981, and the median income for a family was $39,948. Males had a median income of $34,397 versus $19,711 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,131. About 9.50% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Law and Government[edit]

Brooke County is governed by a three-member County Commission who each serve in rotating 6-year terms. The terms are designed such that one seat is up for election in even years. The County Commission annually chooses its own President. The Brooke County Commissioners in 2008 are President Bernard Kazienko, Marty Bartz, and Norma Tarr.[citation needed]

Brooke County is part of the First Judicial Circuit of West Virginia, which also includes Hancock and Ohio counties. In West Virginia, Circuit Judges are elected in partisan elections to eight-year terms. The current judges of the First Judicial Circuit are the Hon. Martin J. Gaughan, the Hon. James Mazzone, the Hon. Arthur M. Recht, and the Hon. Ronald E. Wilson. All four Circuit Court judges were re-elected in November 2008.

Brooke County is part of the First Family Court Circuit of West Virginia which also includes Hancock and Ohio Counties. In West Virginia, Family Court Judges were first elected to six-year terms beginning in 2002 and were elected to eight-year terms beginning in 2008. The current judges of the First Family Court Circuit are the Hon. Joyce Chernenko and the Hon. William Sinclair who were both elected to eight-year terms in November 2008.[citation needed]

Magistrates are elected in partisan elections serving four-year terms. Vacancies occurring in unexpired terms can be filled by a respective Circuit Court Judge. Unlike Circuit Court judges or Family Court judges, magistrates are not required to be attorneys. Brooke County currently has two magistrates: Michael H. Allman and Deborah Lunsford.[citation needed]


Brooke County is the home of Bethany College which is the oldest private college in the state.

The sole high school in the county is Brooke High School.





McKinleyville, West Virginia

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

McKinleyville, West Virginia

Miscellaneous topics[edit]

Brooke County has paid Emergency Medical Services. Brooke County EMS provides both advanced life support (ALS) and basic life support (BLS) to the majority of Brooke County 24/7/365 with Station 1 located in Wellsburg and Station 2 located in Follansbee.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "West Virginia: Individual County Chronologies". West Virginia Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2003. Retrieved August 10, 2015. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°16′N 80°35′W / 40.27°N 80.58°W / 40.27; -80.58