Marshall County, West Virginia

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Marshall County, West Virginia
Marshall County Courthouse West Virginia.jpg
Marshall County Courthouse
Map of West Virginia highlighting Marshall County
Location in the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded March 12, 1835
Seat Moundsville
Largest city Moundsville
Area
 • Total 312 sq mi (808 km2)
 • Land 305 sq mi (790 km2)
 • Water 6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 2.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 31,978
 • Density 106/sq mi (41/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.marshallcountywv.org

Marshall County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. At the 2010 census, the population was 33,107.[1] Its county seat is Moundsville.[2] With its southern border at the Mason-Dixon line, it forms the base of the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia.

Marshall County is part of the Wheeling, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Marshall County is home to the largest conical burial mound in North America, at Moundsville.[3] Marshall County was formed in 1835[4] from Ohio County by act of the Virginia Assembly. In 1852, on Christmas Eve, workers completed the Baltimore & Ohio railroad at Rosby's Rock in Marshall County.[5] It is home to the New Vrindaban community of Hare Krishnas, and Prabhupada's Palace of Gold.

History[edit]

It was named in honor of John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, who died in 1835.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 312 square miles (810 km2), of which 305 square miles (790 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (2.2%) is water.[7]

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,937
1850 10,138 46.1%
1860 12,997 28.2%
1870 14,941 15.0%
1880 18,840 26.1%
1890 20,735 10.1%
1900 26,444 27.5%
1910 32,388 22.5%
1920 33,681 4.0%
1930 39,831 18.3%
1940 40,189 0.9%
1950 36,893 −8.2%
1960 38,041 3.1%
1970 37,598 −1.2%
1980 41,608 10.7%
1990 37,356 −10.2%
2000 35,519 −4.9%
2010 33,107 −6.8%
Est. 2016 31,793 [8] −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

At the census[13] of 2000, there were 35,519 people, 14,207 households, and 10,101 families residing in the county. The population density was 116 people per square mile (45/km²). There were 15,814 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.40% White, 0.43% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,207 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,989, and the median income for a family was $39,053. Males had a median income of $31,821 versus $19,053 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,472. About 12.40% of families and 16.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.30% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over. 0% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,107 people, 13,869 households, and 9,359 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 108.4 inhabitants per square mile (41.9/km2). There were 15,918 housing units at an average density of 52.1 per square mile (20.1/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 26.2% were German, 17.6% were Irish, 13.0% were English, 9.6% were American, 7.0% were Polish, and 6.6% were Italian.[16]

Of the 13,869 households, 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, and 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 44.3 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,419 and the median income for a family was $43,482. Males had a median income of $41,193 versus $26,585 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,064. About 13.9% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 72.4% 9,666 21.9% 2,918 5.8% 767
2012 62.8% 8,135 34.6% 4,484 2.6% 341
2008 55.4% 7,759 42.8% 5,996 1.8% 246
2004 56.5% 8,516 42.7% 6,435 0.8% 121
2000 50.8% 6,859 44.5% 6,000 4.7% 639
1996 32.4% 4,460 51.1% 7,045 16.5% 2,280
1992 29.3% 4,463 48.0% 7,298 22.7% 3,458
1988 46.0% 6,793 53.5% 7,903 0.6% 83
1984 51.9% 8,615 47.8% 7,947 0.3% 54
1980 45.6% 7,252 49.2% 7,832 5.2% 832
1976 43.7% 6,705 56.3% 8,641
1972 63.2% 10,966 36.8% 6,378
1968 42.5% 7,252 49.5% 8,449 8.1% 1,379
1964 34.4% 6,175 65.6% 11,757
1960 49.9% 9,147 50.1% 9,197
1956 57.8% 10,223 42.2% 7,463
1952 51.6% 9,271 48.4% 8,689
1948 46.2% 6,986 52.8% 7,989 1.0% 147
1944 52.1% 7,800 47.9% 7,174
1940 51.2% 9,324 48.8% 8,900
1936 46.2% 7,967 53.4% 9,198 0.4% 76
1932 47.4% 7,416 51.1% 7,994 1.5% 237
1928 65.2% 9,204 33.9% 4,785 0.9% 123
1924 55.6% 7,413 35.3% 4,710 9.1% 1,219
1920 58.2% 7,208 38.9% 4,814 2.9% 358
1916 53.4% 3,699 43.3% 2,997 3.3% 229
1912 25.2% 1,610 37.7% 2,405 37.1% 2,363

Marshall County was usually Democratic between the New Deal and Bill Clinton, after having previously been a Unionist and Republican county since the Civil War. Like all of West Virginia, since 2000 it has been won by increasing margins by Republicans George W. Bush, John McCain, Mitt Romney, and Donald Trump.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/museum/GraveCreekmod.html
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2001-09-23. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  5. ^ Marshall County Historical Society. History of Marshall County, West Virginia. Marceline, Mo., Walsworth, 1984.975.416 M367m.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 200. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 39°52′N 80°40′W / 39.87°N 80.67°W / 39.87; -80.67