Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra

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Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra
Ratnakaranda Shravakachara
English translation of the Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra (1917) by Champat Rai Jain
Information
Religion Jainism
Author Samantbhadra
Language Sanskrit
Period 2nd Century CE

Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra is a Jain text composed by Samantbhadra (second century CE), an acharya of the Digambara sect of Jainism. Samantbhadra was originally from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra is the earliest and one of the best-known śrāvakācāra.

A śrāvakācāra discusses the conduct of a Śrāvaka or Jain lay practitioner. Hiralal Shastri mentions 29 such texts from 2nd century CE to modern times.[1]

Overview[edit]

First verse of the Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra is dedicated to Vardhamāna Mahāvīra, the 24th Tirthankara:[2]

Namāh śri Vardhamāna-e nirdhutakalilātmane
Sālokānāma trilokānāma yadā-vidyā darpanāyate! (1-1)

Tr.- I bow to Śri Vardhamāna Mahāvīra who has washed off [all] the impurities of karmic filth from His Soul, [and] In Whose Perception scintillate the three Worlds and the infinity of Space, as in a mirror !

Chapters[edit]

Seven chapters or parts of the Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra are:

  1. Right Faith
  2. Characteristics of Right Knowledge
  3. Anuvrata
  4. Guņa vratas
  5. Śikşā vratas
  6. Sallekhanā
  7. Eleven Pratimas

Translation[edit]

Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra was first translated in English language in 1917 by Champat Rai Jain. It was named "The Householder's Dharma" which means the conduct of a householder.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Shravakachara Samgraha, Part 4, Pages Ka-Kha, Hiralal Shastri, Jivaraj Jain Granthmala, 1998
  2. ^ Champat Rai Jain 1917, p. 1.

References[edit]

  • Jain, Champat Rai (1917), The Ratna Karanda Sravakachara, The Central Jaina Publishing House 
  • P. S. Jaini, Reviewed work(s): Jaina Yoga: A Survey of the Mediaeval Śrāvakācāras by R. Williams, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 27, No. 3 (1964)
  • Jaina yoga: a survey of the mediaeval śrāvakācāras, Volume 1 of Lala Sunder Lal Jain research series, Author R. Williams, Edition 3, Publisher Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1991
  • RATNAKARANDA SRAVAKACARA (Sanskrit-Hindi) By Acarya Samantbhadra Translated into Hindi with 2 Appendices by Dr. Jaykumar Jalaj Preface by Dr. Paul Dundas Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 3

External links[edit]