Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ratnakaranda Shravakachara)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra
Ratnakaranda Shravakachara
English translation of the Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra (1917) by Champat Rai Jain
Information
Religion Jainism
Author Samantbhadra
Language Sanskrit

Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra is a Jain text composed by Samantbhadra, an acharya of the Digambara sect of Jainism. Samantbhadra was originally from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra is the earliest and one of the best-known śrāvakācāra.

A śrāvakācāra discusses the conduct of a Śrāvaka or Jain lay practitioner.

Overview[edit]

First verse of the Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra is dedicated to Vardhamāna Mahāvīra, the 24th Tirthankara:[1]

Namāh śri Vardhamāna-e nirdhutakalilātmane
Sālokānāma trilokānāma yadā-vidyā darpanāyate! (1-1)

Tr.- I bow to Śri Vardhamāna Mahāvīra who has washed off [all] the impurities of karmic filth from His Soul, [and] In Whose Perception scintillate the three Worlds and the infinity of Space, as in a mirror !

Chapters[edit]

Seven chapters or parts of the Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra are:

  1. Right Faith
  2. Characteristics of Right Knowledge
  3. Anuvrata
  4. Guņa vratas
  5. Śikşā vratas
  6. Sallekhanā
  7. Eleven Pratimas

Translation[edit]

Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra was first translated in English language in 1917 by Champat Rai Jain. It was named "The Householder's Dharma" which means the conduct of a householder.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jain 1917, p. 1.

References[edit]

  • Jain, Champat Rai (1917), The Ratna Karanda Sravakachara, The Central Jaina Publishing House 
  • P. S. Jaini, Reviewed work(s): Jaina Yoga: A Survey of the Mediaeval Śrāvakācāras by R. Williams, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 27, No. 3 (1964)
  • Jaina yoga: a survey of the mediaeval śrāvakācāras, Volume 1 of Lala Sunder Lal Jain research series, Author R. Williams, Edition 3, Publisher Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1991
  • RATNAKARANDA SRAVAKACARA (Sanskrit-Hindi) By Acarya Samantbhadra Translated into Hindi with 2 Appendices by Dr. Jaykumar Jalaj Preface by Dr. Paul Dundas Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 3

External links[edit]