South Carolina's 6th congressional district

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South Carolina's 6th congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Jim Clyburn
DColumbia
Population (2000)668,670
Median income$35,615[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+19[2]

The 6th congressional district of South Carolina is in central and eastern South Carolina. It includes all of Allendale, Bamberg, Clarendon, Colleton, Hampton, Jasper and Williamsburg counties and parts of Beaufort, Berkeley, Calhoun, Charleston, Dorchester, Orangeburg, Richland and Sumter counties. The district borders were shifted south in the 2012 redistricting. It lost its share of the North Carolina border, and now takes in part of the area near the South Carolina-Georgia border.

The district's current configuration dates from a deal struck in the early 1990s between state Republicans and Democrats in the South Carolina General Assembly to create a majority-black district. The rural counties of the historical black belt in South Carolina make up much of the district, but it sweeps south to include most of the majority-black precincts in and around Charleston, and sweeps west to include most of the majority-black precincts in and around Columbia. In all of its configurations, its politics have been dominated by black voters in the Columbia and Charleston areas.

Following the Reconstruction era, the white Democratic-dominated legislature passed Jim Crow laws, as well as a new constitution in 1895 that effectively disfranchised blacks, crippling the Republican Party in the state. For most of the next 60 years, South Carolina was essentially a one-party state dominated by the Democrats, and blacks were nearly excluded from the political system.

Demographic and political changes have included the Great Migration of blacks out of the state during the Jim Crow era in the first half of the 20th century. At the same time, many white Democrats felt chagrin at the national party's greater support of civil rights for blacks from the 1940s onward, and began splitting their tickets in federal elections. After successes of the Civil Rights Movement in gaining passage of federal legislation in the mid-1960s to enforce their constitutional rights and ability to vote, blacks in South Carolina supported national Democratic candidates. White conservatives began moving into the Republican Party in the 1980s.

Since the late 20th century, South Carolina politics have been very racially polarized. Republicans in South Carolina have been mostly white, and most African Americans in the state continue to support the Democrats. In the 21st century, the 6th is considered the only "safe" Democratic district in the state.

Before 1993, this district included the northeastern part of the state, from Darlington to Myrtle Beach. In this configuration, it was a classic "Yellow Dog" Democratic district; from the end of Reconstruction until 1993, it only elected two Republicans, both for a single term. In 2012, the new 7th congressional district was created; it includes much of the territory that was in the 6th for most of the 20th century.

Jim Clyburn, a Democrat and the current Majority Whip, has represented this district since first being elected in 1992.

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Result
2004 John Kerry 61 - 39%
2008 Barack Obama 70.1 - 28.9%
2012 Barack Obama 70.9 - 28.1%
2016 Hillary Clinton 66.8 - 30.3%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Name Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created in 1793
Andrew Pickens.jpg
Andrew Pickens
Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd Elected in 1793.
[data unknown/missing]
1793–1797
"Pinckney and Washington district"
Samuel Earle Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
4th Elected in 1794.
Retired.
William Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
5th Elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
1797–1803
"Washington district"
1796 election results by district
Abraham Nott Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
6th Elected in 1798.
Retired.
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
7th Elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Levi Casey Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
February 3, 1807
8th
9th
Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Died.
1803–1813
"Abbeville district"
Vacant February 3, 1807 –
June 2, 1807
Joseph Calhoun Democratic-Republican June 2, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
10th
11th
Elected to finish Casey's term.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
JohnCCalhoun.jpeg
John C. Calhoun
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
November 3, 1817
12th
13th
14th
15th
Elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War.
1813–1823
"Abbeville district"
Vacant November 3, 1817 –
January 24, 1818
Eldred Simkins Democratic-Republican January 24, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
15th
16th
Elected to finish Calhoun's term.
Re-elected in 1818.
Retired.
George-McDuffie.jpg
George McDuffie
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th Elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
John Wilson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1824.
Lost re-election.
1823–1833
"Pendleton district"
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Warren R. Davis Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
20th
21st
22nd
23rd
Elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
Died.
Nullifier March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
March 4, 1833 –
January 29, 1835
1833–1843
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant January 29, 1835 –
September 10, 1835
Waddy Thompson Jr.svg
Waddy Thompson Jr.
Anti-Jackson September 10, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th
25th
26th
[data unknown/missing]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
William Butler Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [data unknown/missing]
Isaac E. Holmes Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1851
28th
29th
30th
31st
Redistricted from the 1st district.
[data unknown/missing]
William Aiken.jpg
William Aiken Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
WilliamWatersBoyce.jpg
William W. Boyce
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
December 21, 1860
33rd
34th
35th
36th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Vacant December 21, 1860 –
March 3, 1867
Civil War - Reconstruction
District eliminated in 1867
District re-established 1883
George William Dargan.jpg
George W. Dargan
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1891
48th
49th
50th
51st
[data unknown/missing]
EliTStackhouse.jpg
Eli T. Stackhouse
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
June 14, 1892
52nd [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant June 14, 1892 –
December 5, 1892
John Lowndes McLaurin.jpg
John L. McLaurin
Democratic December 5, 1892 –
May 31, 1897
52nd
53rd
54th
55th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
Vacant May 31, 1897 –
December 6, 1897
James Norton Democratic December 6, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
55th
56th
Elected to finish McLaurin's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Robert B. Scarborough Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
57th
58th
[data unknown/missing]
J. Edwin Ellerbe.jpg
J. Edwin Ellerbe
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1913
59th
60th
61st
62nd
[data unknown/missing]
Hon. J. Willard Ragsdale (cropped).jpg
J. Willard Ragsdale
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
July 23, 1919
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant July 23, 1919 –
October 7, 1919
PhilipHStoll.jpg
Philip H. Stoll
Democratic October 7, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
66th
67th
[data unknown/missing]
AllardHGasque.jpg
Allard H. Gasque
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
June 17, 1938
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant June 17, 1938 –
September 13, 1938
Elizabeth Hawley Gasque.jpg
Elizabeth H. Gasque
Democratic September 13, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
75th [data unknown/missing]
John L. McMillan.jpg
John L. McMillan
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1973
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
[data unknown/missing]
Lost renomination.
Edward Lunn Young.jpg
Edward Lunn Young
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
93rd Elected in 1972.
Lost re-election.
1973–1983:
[data unknown/missing]
John Jenrette.png
John Jenrette
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
December 10, 1980
94th
95th
96th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election and resigned early as a result of the ABSCAM scandal.
John Light Napier.jpg
John L. Napier
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Congressman Robin Tallon.jpg
Robin Tallon
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
[data unknown/missing]
Retired when district was redistricted as a minority-majority district.
1983–1993:
[data unknown/missing]
James Clyburn, official Congressional Majority Whip photo.jpg
Jim Clyburn
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
present
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
1993–2003:
[data unknown/missing]
2003–2013:United States House of Representatives, South Carolina District 6 map.png
2013–present:
South Carolina US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=45&cd=06
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 33°18′N 80°33′W / 33.30°N 80.55°W / 33.30; -80.55