Rio–São Paulo high-speed rail

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Rio-São Paulo High-speed Rail
OwnerBrazil Government of Brazil
TypeHigh-speed rail
Operator(s)TAV Brasil[1]
Rolling stock45 sets of 10/20-car high-speed trains[1]
Planned opening2032[1]
Line length378 km (235 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Operating speed330 km/h (210 mph)
Route map

Rio de Janeiro
Volta Redonda
São José dos Campos
São Paulo

The Rio–São Paulo High-Speed Rail (Portuguese: Trem de Alta Velocidade Rio-São Paulo; Abbreviation: TAV RJ-SP) is a planned high-speed rail project to connect São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.[2][3] While originally planned to be operational by 2014 in time for the 20th FIFA World Cup, to be held in Brazil[4] at a cost of $9 billion,[5] as of May 2015 formal bidding for the project had yet to start, with the Brazilian government delaying the auction by "at least" one year in August 2013,[6] pushing back hopes of completion to at least the 2020s.[7]

In 2023, TAV Brasil received authorization for the planning, construction and operation of the new high-speed line, with a redesigned project, removing the São Paulo-Campinas branch and airport stations from the project and moving the São Paulo and Rio stations from the city center.[1] Later in September, CEO of TAV Brasil stated that this change was reverted. Rio de Janeiro station returned to the old Barão de Mauá station (currently closed) and São Paulo station was moved to Água Branca station.[8]

Project history[edit]

The original project, named Expresso Bandeirantes, was to build a high-speed rail line between São Paulo and Campinas. The project was canceled in 2007 because the Brazilian government concluded that it was more viable to connect Campinas, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro with a single line 518 kilometres (322 mi) long.[9][10]

On December 7, 2009, the federal government announced the scoring criteria for bids, with 70% for the cost of building the project and 30% for ticket pricing.[11]

On July 2, 2010, it was announced that the line is now not expected to open before late 2016. It is hoped that the joint-venture, comprising the government and winning consortium, will be created during 2011.[12]

On early April, 2011, the government relented to requests from interested consortia to postpone the bid. The argument of the foreign technology suppliers was that they hadn't found interested construction contractors yet. It was then rescheduled for July 29.[13]

On July 29, 2011, no consortium submitted a proposal in the ceremony of bidding envelopes delivery. Only the foreign technology suppliers attended the event arguing that no Brazilian contractor showed interest in investing in the project of construction of the railroad, a condition of bidding documents.[14] The government then declared not to have given up on the project, with intentions to launch a new call for bids. This time the intention was to divide the bid into two parts: one for choosing the supplier of technology and one for choosing the railway constructors.[15]

On December 17, 2011, the government announced the completion of the new invitation for bids. The filing date of the new document was set for January 10, 2012, but again delayed in August 2013. There is still no date set for the new bidding session.[7][16]

In 2020, Governor of Rio de Janeiro Wilson Witzel stated that he's willing to resume the planning for the high-speed service soon.[17] Later in March, Hyperloop TT announced that the company has plans to implement a hyperloop railway line in Brazil, which may replace the current high-speed train and connect São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro in 25 minutes.[18]


Lines Terminals Stations Main Destinations Duration of Travel (min) Headway (min) Entry into Service
Rio de JaneiroSão Paulo 4 Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo Rio-SP: 1h 25min -

São Paulo–Campinas route[edit]

The proposed bullet train project was presented to the city by Helio de Oliveira Santos (PDT), mayor of Campinas, in Brasília, to be built by the Japanese consortium within five years (ready for the World Cup in 2014). Campinas is ahead in the construction because it is the first city to pave the way for the train by completing its new Multimodal Passenger Terminal in June 2008. However, the tendering procedures would not begin until February 2009, when over 28 major world manufacturers participated in a contest for related projects. The Japanese consortium presented its proposal based on the Shinkansen, which carried 340 million passengers the previous year on 2100 km of track. It is made up of the Japanese companies Mitsui, Mitsubishi, Kawasaki and Toshiba. The consortium has already submitted a preliminary proposal in Brasília and São Paulo and Rio for interested entrepreneurs.

The preliminary proposal is for five different types of rail service in which the trains would travel at speeds of up to 320 km/h. There would be three express services and two slower ones, each hourly, carrying up to 3,000 passengers. However, the competition for the building includes manufacturers from Spain, South Korea, Italy, France, Germany, Japan and China.

Rio–São Paulo route[edit]

The first stretch of high-speed train line in Brazil will be between its main cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The distance of 412 km between the two city terminals: Campo de Marte in São Paulo and the Barão de Mauá station in Rio de Janeiro will be covered in one hour and twenty-five minutes at a maximum speed of 360 km/h.

It is tentatively planned that the trains will have a capacity of 855 passengers at a headway of 15 minutes. The fare will be around R$150 to R$250 per passenger in the off-peak hours. There are several projects presented to the Brazilian government. One is the Italian design company's Italplan Engineering Environment & Transport Srl, whose proposal envisaged the high-speed train starting operations in 2015. If this target date had been met it would have served as a quick and vital link to São Paulo in time for the 2016 Summer Olympics.


  • Length: 378 kilometres (235 mi)[1]
  • Estimated cost: R$ 50 billion (US$ 9.73 billion)[1]
  • Operational line speed: 300 km/h[1]
  • Designed line speed: 330 km/h[1]
  • Time between Rio-São Paulo: ?
  • Estimated passengers: ?
  • Estimated one-way ticket price: ?
  • Gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)[1]
  • Voltage: ?

Other connecting lines[edit]

On May 13, 2008, it was reported that a high-speed line between Belo Horizonte and Curitiba would be included in the National Transport Plan.[19] It would link Belo Horizonte, Divinópolis, Varginha and Poços de Caldas (all in the state of Minas Gerais); Campinas, São Paulo, Sorocaba, Itapetininga and Apiaí (all in the state of São Paulo); and Curitiba (in the state of Paraná). The line would be around 1,150 kilometres long, about twice the length of the line between Rio de Janeiro and Campinas. The resultant network, centred on São Paulo, would serve an area containing more than half of Brazil's economic output and population. The line is scheduled to be built after the completion of the line between Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Campinas.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Meier, Ricardo (22 February 2023). "Novo trem-bala SP-Rio quer evitar regiões centrais e aeroportos". Metrô CPTM (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 February 2023.
  2. ^ Brazil to build high-speed rail linking Rio and Sao Paulo Pravda. Retrieved on 2009-06-21.
  3. ^ In Tokyo Rio governor assures high speed rail Archived 2010-10-12 at the Wayback Machine Rio 2016. Retrieved on 2009-06-21.
  4. ^ Trem-bala entre SP e Rio estará pronto para a Copa de 2014, prevê Dilma Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved on 2009-06-21. (in Portuguese)
  5. ^ Brazil eyes 2-phase high speed train tender in Feb Reuters. Retrieved on 2009-06-21.
  6. ^ "Brazil Delays High-Speed Train Project". Wall Street Journal. 13 August 2013.
  7. ^ a b "World Cup rail projects caught offside – International Railway Journal". April 28, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  8. ^ Jean Carlos (17 September 2023). "Projeto do Trem de Alta Velocidade deverá ligar Água Branca até a estação Barão de Mauá, no Rio de Janeiro". Metrô CPTM (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 17 September 2023.
  9. ^ Gigantes vão disputar trem rápido Correio Popular. Retrieved on 2008-06-18. (in Portuguese)
  10. ^ Serra “congela” processo do trem Bandeirantes Correio Popular. Retrieved on 2007-01-25. (in Portuguese)
  11. ^ "Financiamento e tarifa definirão vencedor do trem-bala -". Archived from the original on 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  12. ^ Ltd, DVV Media International. "Rio – São Paulo high speed rail bidding ready to start". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Leilão do trem-bala é adiado para julho". Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  14. ^ Brasília, João Fellet Da BBC Brasil em (11 July 2011). "Prazo para leilão do trem-bala acaba sem propostas de empreiteiras". BBC News Brasil. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Notícias – Brasil, mundo, saúde, educação, empregos e mais – R7". Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Edital do leilão do trem-bala é confirmado para janeiro – Economia". Estadão. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  17. ^ Lobo, Renato (17 February 2020). "Witzel promete remotar trem bala entre Rio e São Paulo" (in Portuguese). Via Trólebus. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  18. ^ Caetano, Rodrigo (2 March 2020). "Trem ultrarrápido que faz SP-Rio em 25 minutos pode chegar ao país em 2025" (in Portuguese). Exame. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  19. ^ Leonardo Goy (May 13, 2008). "Brasil pode ter trem-bala ligando BH a Curitiba". O Estado de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2009-12-21.

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