Sak language

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For the Kadu languages of east Africa, see Kadu languages.
Native to Burma, China
Region Northwestern Rakhine State
Ethnicity Kadu
Native speakers
40,000  (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kdvinclusive code
Individual codes:
zkd – Kadu
zkn – Kanan
ckh – Chak
lba – Lui (old generic name)
Glottolog sakk1239[2]

Sak is a Sino-Tibetan language of the Sal branch spoken in Burma and China. The various varieties are generally considered separate Sak or Luish languages: Kado (Settaw, Mawkhwin, and Mawteik [extinct] dialects; 30,000 speakers), and Kanan (Nanza; 9,000 speakers). Andro and Sengmai are extinct and known only from a glossary recorded in 1859, their speakers having switched to Meithei.[3][4] The Kado/Kanan speak Burmese and Chakma Bengali. There are also various unattested varieties of Lui or Loi mentioned in nineteenth-century accounts that appear to have been the same language.

The ancient Pyu language may belong here.[2]


  1. ^ Sak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kadu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kanan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Chak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Lui (old generic name) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ a b Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Sak". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Burling, Robbins (2003). "The Tibeto-Burman languages of northeast India". In Thurgood, Graham; LaPolla, Randy J. Sino-Tibetan Languages. London: Routledge. pp. 169–191. ISBN 978-0-7007-1129-1. 
  4. ^ McCulloch, W. (1859). Account of the Valley of Munnipore and of the Hill tribes with a comparative vocabulary of the Munnipore and other languages. Calcutta: Bengal Printing Company. 

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