Mondzish languages

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ChineseVietnamese border
Linguistic classification: Sino-Tibetan
Proto-language: Man
Glottolog: mond1269[1]

Mondzish (Mangish) is a small group of languages that constitute the most divergent branch of the Lolo–Burmese languages in the classification of Lama (2012), who identifies them as the descendents of the Man people (Nánmán).

Mondzish languages are spoken in Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan, China and across the border in Hà Giang Province, Vietnam. According to Hsiu (2014), Kathu is related.


Hsiu (2014:73) classifies the Mondzish languages as follows.

Sound changes[edit]

Lama (2012) lists the following sound changes from Proto-Loloish as Mondzish innovations.

  • *tsʰ- > s-
  • *ɣr- > ʐ-
  • *ɣʷ- > b-


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mondzish". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.