Dimasa language

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Dimasa
Grao-Dima /গ্ৰাউ-ডিমা
Native toIndia
RegionAssam, Nagaland
EthnicityDimasa
Native speakers
137,184 (2011 census)[1]
Eastern Nagari script, Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-3dis
Glottologdima1251[2]

The Dimasa language is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the Dimasa people in Northeastern part of India , states of Assam and Nagaland. The Dimasa language is known to Dimasas as "Grao-Dima" and it is similar to Bodo, Kokborok and Garo language of India.

Etymology[edit]

The Dimasa language is one of the oldest languages spoken in North East India, particularly in Assam. The word Dimasa etymologically translates to "Son of the big river" (Dima-river, sa-sons), the river being the mighty Brahmaputra. The Dimasa word "Di" meaning water, forms the root of the names of many of the major rivers of Assam and of North East India in general, such as Doigrung which means narrow river, Diyung which means huge river, Dikrang, which means green river, Dikhow, which means fetched water, and many others. The mighty river Brahmaputra is known as Dilao (long river) among the Dimasas even now. Many of the important towns and cities in Assam and Nagaland received their names from Dimasa words such as Diphu, Dimapur (a capital of the Dimasa Kingdom), Hojai, Khaspur, etc. In fact, the Dimasa language is one of the last languages of North East India to retain its original vocabulary without being compromised by foreign languages.[3]

Geographical distribution[edit]

Dimasa is spoken in:

Grammar[edit]

Dimasa language is a very mildly inflected language. The verbs are rarely inflected for number, but not for gender and person.

Nouns[edit]

The nouns can be proper, common, abstract, collective etc.

Proper Nouns[edit]

Deringdao(Dimasa male name), Lairingdi(Dimasa female name)

Common nouns[edit]

Miya/Mia/Mya(boy), Masainjik(girl)

Abstract nouns[edit]

Khajama(happiness), Dukhu(sadness)

Pronouns[edit]

Ang(1st person singular)
Jing (1st person plural)
Ning(2nd person singular)
Nisi(2nd person plural)
Bo(3rd person singular)
Bunsi(3rd person plural)

Adjectives[edit]

Guju- Tall, Gedé- big

Sentence syntax[edit]

Usually it is of S+O+V type. For example:
Ang (S) makham (O) jidu(V).
That means I am having food.

Another one,
Bo(S) makham jidu.
That means - He/she is having food.

Thus, we can see that the verb is rarely inflected for person and gender.

It can also be of the type O+ V+ S. For example:
Makham(O) jidu(V) ang(S).
That also means - I am having food.

Writing system[edit]

Dimasa is written using the Latin script, which has been introduced in the lower primary education system in Dima Hasao District. The main guiding force behind it is the Dimasa Lairidim Hosom, a literary apex body of the Dimasa community.[4]

The Bengali script is used in Cachar, where the Bengali people live alongside Dimasas.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Dimasa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Endle 1911, p. 4.
  4. ^ http://online.assam.gov.in/tribes_of_assam#Dimasa Kachari
  5. ^ "Index of languages by writing system". www.omniglot.com. Retrieved 18 April 2018.