Sal languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sal
Jingpho–Konyak–Bodo
Geographic
distribution
India, Bangladesh, Burma
Linguistic classification Sino-Tibetan
  • Sal
Subdivisions
Glottolog brah1260

The Sal languages are a family of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in eastern India, parts of Bangladesh, and Burma.

Classification[edit]

Benedict (1972:7) noted that the Bodo–Garo, Konyak, and Jingpho (Kachin) languages, as well as the extinct Chairel language, shared distinctive roots for "sun" and "fire". Burling (1983) proposed a grouping of the Bodo–Garo, Koch, Konyak (Northern Naga) and Jingpho languages, characterized by several shared lexical innovations, including:

  • *sal "sun"
  • *war "fire"
  • *s-raŋ "sky"
  • *wa "father"
  • *nu "mother"

He called the proposed group Sal, after the words sal, san and jan for "sun" in various of these languages.

Northeastern states of India

The family is generally presented with three branches (Burling 2003:175, Thurgood 2003:11):

Shafer had grouped the first two as his Baric division, and Bradley (1997:20) also combines them as a subbranch. Bradley considers Pyu and Kuki-Chin–Naga to be possibly related to Sal, but is uncertain about this.

Ethnologue calls the family simply "Jingpho–Konyak–Bodo".

The Brahmaputran branch of van Driem has three variants:

The smallest is his most recent, and the one he considers a well-established low-level group of Sino-Tibetan.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van Driem (2014)
  2. ^ a b van Driem (2001:397–398, 403)
  3. ^ van Driem, George L. (2011), "Tibeto-Burman subgroups and historical grammar", Himalayan Linguistics Journal, 10 (1): 37. 

Bibliography[edit]