Social Democratic Party (Taiwan)

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Social Democratic Party

LeaderTing Yung-yan
Founded29 March 2015 (2015-03-29)
Headquarters2nd Floor, No. 70, Yanping South Road, Zhongzheng, Taipei, Taiwan
IdeologySocial democracy
Social liberalism
Political positionCentre-left
Legislative Yuan
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Local councillors
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The Social Democratic Party (SDP; Chinese: 社會民主黨) is a centre-left political party in Taiwan founded in 2015.[1][2][3] The SDP is one of Taiwan's 'Third Force' (第三勢力) parties, a collection of parties that do not self-claim to either the Pan-Green or Pan-Blue Coalitions and tend to be rooted in social movements.[4][5] In 2015, the SDP formed a coalition with the Green Party Taiwan to contest the 2016 legislative election.

Political ideology[edit]

The SDP is left wing and socially democratic, calling for a reduction in income inequality, the protection of labour rights, the abolition of the death penalty and the legalisation of same-sex marriage.[6] The party has also called for a reform to Taiwan's electioneering process, criticising the advantage given to parties with big financial backers.[7]

Electoral history[edit]

In the 2016 legislative election, the SDP ran in a coalition with the Green Party Taiwan, garnering 2.5% of the vote and winning no seats.[8]

In the 2018 local elections SDP candidate Miao Po-ya (苗博雅) won a seat on the Taipei City council.[9] She is one of the first openly gay member to serve in the local legislature.

Election Mayors &
Councils Third-level
Municipal heads
Municipal councils
Village heads
Election Leader
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Fan Yun


  1. ^ Joseph Wong (8 January 2016). "Taiwan Elections 2016: Certain Outcome, Uncertain Implications". Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada.
  2. ^ "Taiwan's new political voices want more openness on China ties". Reuters.
  3. ^ "Activists set to launch Social Democratic Party - Taipei Times".
  4. ^ "Civic groups voice support for 'third force' - Taipei Times".
  5. ^ Diplomat, Linda van der Horst, The. "The Rise of Taiwan's 'Third Force'".
  6. ^ Hioe, Brian (4 September 2015). "Interview: Jennifer Lu (呂欣潔)". New Bloom Magazine. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  7. ^ Wilson, Aaron Wytze (14 January 2016). "SDP's Chen Shang-chih Election Ads Go Viral". New Bloom Magazine. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  8. ^ Fell, Dafydd (2016) 'Small Parties in Taiwan’s 2016 National Elections: A Limited Breakthrough?'. American Journal of Chinese Studies, (23) 1, pp 41-58.
  9. ^ News, Taiwan. "Taiwan to see first-ever openly lesbian councillor". Taiwan News. Retrieved 15 December 2018.