13-[(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid β-D-glucopyranosyl ester
3D model (JSmol)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Stevioside is the main sweetener with rebaudioside A, found in the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana, a plant originating in South America. Dried leaves, as well as aqueous extracts, have been used for decades as a sweetener in many countries, notably in Latin America and Asia (Japan, China). Stevioside was discovered in 1931 by French chemists who gave it its name. The sweetening power of stevioside was estimated to be about 300 times stronger than cane sugar.
- Ceunen S, Geuns JM (June 2013). "Steviol glycosides: chemical diversity, metabolism, and function". Journal of Natural Products. 76 (6): 1201–28. doi:10.1021/np400203b. PMID 23713723.
- Azad MB, Abou-Setta AM, Chauhan BF, Rabbani R, Lys J, Copstein L, et al. (July 2017). "Nonnutritive sweeteners and cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies". CMAJ. 189 (28): E929–E939. doi:10.1503/cmaj.161390. PMC 5515645. PMID 28716847.
- Scientific Committee on Food (17 June 1999). "Opinion On Stevioside as a Sweetener" (PDF). The European Commission.