Taupō (New Zealand electorate)

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Taupō electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Taupō (before 2008 styled as Taupo with no macron) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. Taupo first existed between 1963 and 1981, and was recreated for the introduction of MMP in 1996. The current MP for Taupō is Louise Upston of the National Party. She has held this position since 2008.

Electorate profile[edit]

The Taupō electorate is based on the central North Island communities around Lake Taupō and the South Waikato District, including Turangi, Taupō, Tokoroa, Putaruru, Tirau, and Cambridge.[1]

In 2013, one quarter (24.9%) of people in the Taupō electorate belonged to the Māori ethnic group – the sixth-highest share in New Zealand. The proportions of those working in the electricity, gas, water and waste services industry (1.3%), the accommodation, cafe, and restaurant industry (7.5%), and in arts and recreation services (2.4%), were well above the national average.[1]

History[edit]

The Taupo electorate was first created for the 1963 election and it existed until 1981. The former electorate was much smaller than the current one, since it did not contain the western side of Lake Taupō, nor Cambridge, nor the Ruapehu towns. It was a marginal seat and frequently changed between National and Labour.

The current Taupō electorate was created ahead of the introduction to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. It is a merger of the old marginal seat of Tongariro with the western half of the safe National seat of Waikaremoana. Prior to the 2008 election, the electorate pulled south to take in the northern and western parts of Ruapehu District.

In the 2007 redistribution conducted after the 2006 census, the northern and western parts of Ruapehu District containing Taumarunui, Raetihi and Ohakune were assigned to Rangitīkei. At the same time, low population growth in the south-central North Island coupled with high population growth in and around Auckland has meant Cambridge moved out of the now defunct Piako electorate and into Taupō.[2] No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution.[3] No boundary changes were made in the 2014 redistribution.

Taupō has twice returned Mark Burton with a majority of around a thousand - in 1996, when Labour's post-1990 fortunes were at their lowest and New Zealand First went on to take a large bite out of their vote; and again in 2005, when National consolidated the centre-right vote, and at the same time won 2,000 more party votes than Burton's Labour party. At the intermediate two MMP elections, Burton was safely returned, thanks in part to a heavy disenchantment with the National Party among its formerly loyal voters. In the political climate in 2008, with the dominance of the National Party in Cambridge, which contributed over ten thousand new voters to the seat, Louise Upston won the seat with a majority of over 6,000.[4][5] In the 2011 election, Upston more than doubled her majority to 14,115 votes.[6] Her majority increased to 15,046 votes in the 2014 election.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

Key  National    Labour  

Election Winner
1963 election Rona Stevenson
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Jack Ridley
1975 election Ray La Varis
1978 election Jack Ridley
1981 election Roger McClay
(Electorate abolished 1984–1996;
see Tongariro and Waikaremoana)
1996 election Mark Burton
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Louise Upston
2011 election
2014 election

As of 2014 no candidates that have contested the Taupō electorate have been returned as list MPs.

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Taupō[8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Louise Upston 22,428 62.59 -1.06 20,703 56.94 +0.63
Labour Jamie Strange 7,402 20.64 -0.09 6,752 18.57 -1.71
NZ First Edwin Perry 2,310 6.44 +1.85 3,730 10.26 +1.87
Green Dave Robinson 1,934 5.39 -0.86 2,224 6.12 -1.43
Conservative Lance Gedge 891 2.48 -0.26 1,236 4.75 +1.09
Māori Claire Winitana 366 1.02 +1.02 298 0.82 +0.15
United Future Alan Simmons 143 0.40 -0.26 94 0.26 -0.66
Democrats John Pemberton 71 0.20 +0.20 29 0.08 +0.02
Ban 1080   223 0.61 +0.61
Internet Mana   190 0.52 +0.11
Legalise Cannabis   148 0.41 -0.06
ACT   91 0.25 -0.91
Civilian   13 0.03 +0.03
Independent Coalition   10 0.03 +0.03
Focus   7 0.02 +0.02
Informal votes 299 121
Total Valid votes 35,384 36,362
National hold Majority 13,951 38.37 -4.55

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Taupō[6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Louise Upston 20,934 63.65 +5.74 19,003 56.31 +2.74
Labour Frances Campbell 6,819 20.73 -18.71 6,844 20.28 -8.92
Green Zane McCarthy 2,056 6.25 +6.25 2,549 7.55 +3.05
NZ First Edwin Perry 1,508 4.59 +4.59 2,833 8.39 +3.25
Conservative Mark Breetvelt 900 2.74 +2.74 1,236 3.66 +3.66
Mana Keriana Reedy 266 0.81 +0.81 140 0.41 +0.41
United Future Alan Simmons 216 0.66 -0.42 311 0.92 +0.12
ACT Rosanne Jollands 190 0.58 +0.58 394 1.17 -2.34
Māori   226 0.67 -0.25
Legalise Cannabis   157 0.47 +0.13
Libertarianz   22 0.07 +0.03
Democrats   20 0.06 -0.01
Alliance   12 0.04 -0.02
Informal votes 721 239
Total Valid votes 32,889 33,747
National hold Majority 14,115 42.92 +24.45

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,800[9]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Taupō[5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Louise Upston 20,211 57.91 +16.84 19,001 53.57 +9.32
Labour Red XN Mark Burton 13,766 39.44 -6.06 10,359 29.20 -8.10
United Future Max Edwards 377 1.08 -0.98 284 0.80 -1.81
Independent Robbie Mac 313 0.90
Independent Martin Bloxham 236 0.68
NZ First   1,824 5.14 -2.61
Green   1,599 4.51 +0.80
ACT   1,245 3.51 +2.29
Māori   325 0.92 -0.23
Progressive   236 0.67 -0.30
Bill and Ben   199 0.56
Kiwi   133 0.37
Legalise Cannabis   119 0.34 +0.06
Family Party   61 0.17
Democrats   23 0.06 +0.01
Pacific   22 0.06
Alliance   20 0.06 +0.01
Libertarianz   13 0.04
Workers Party   6 0.02
RONZ   3 0.01
RAM   0 0.00
Informal votes 424 201
Total Valid votes 34,903 35,472
Turnout 35,937 80.15 -0.09
National gain from Labour Majority 6,445 18.47 +22.90


2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: Taupo[10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Mark Burton 13,211 45.50 -10.12 10,977 37.30 -2.30
National Weston Kirton 11,926 41.07 +12.15 13,020 44.25 +22.34
NZ First Kristin Campbell Smith 1,337 4.60 2,281 7.75 -5.59
Green John Davis 751 2.59 -2.50 1,093 3.71 -1.68
United Future Paul Check 598 2.06 -1.20 769 2.61 -2.99
Māori Billy Maea 501 1.73 338 1.15
ACT Andrew Jollands 275 0.75 -3.23 358 1.22 -5.03
Destiny Charles Te Kowhai 260 0.90 142 0.48
Progressive David Reeks 167 0.58 -0.40 285 0.97 -0.58
RONZ Debra Potroz 11 0.04 2 0.01
Legalise Cannabis   82 0.28 -0.22
Christian Heritage   24 0.08
Alliance   15 0.05 -5.49
Democrats   15 0.05
Libertarianz   12 0.04
Family Rights   5 0.02
Direct Democracy   4 0.01
99 MP   2 0.01
One NZ   2 0.01 -0.04
Informal votes 207 95
Total Valid votes 29,037 29,426
Turnout 29,722 80.24 +4.48
Labour hold Majority 1,285 4.43 -22.27

2002 election[edit]

General election, 2002: Taupo[11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Mark Burton 14,851 55.62 +6.20 10,775 39.60 +0.74
National Weston Kirton 7,723 28.92 -7.61 5,961 21.91 -11.67
Green Nicholas Fisher 1,359 5.09 +1.50 1,467 5.39 +0.37
ACT Diane Mulcock 1,062 3.98 +0.82 1,700 6.25 -0.81
United Future Denis Gilmore 871 3.26 1,523 5.60 +3.99a
Christian Heritage Donald Wishart 360 1.35 -0.74 292 1.07 -0.80
Progressive Victor Bradley 261 0.98 426 1.55
Alliance John Harré 214 0.80 -1.52 193 0.73 -4.81
NZ First   3,629 13.34 +8.81
ORNZ   1,072 3.94
Legalise Cannabis   137 0.50 -0.45
Mana Māori   19 0.07 +0.01
One NZ   13 0.05 -0.01
NMP   1 0.00 -0.03
Informal votes 371 85
Total Valid votes 26,701 27,210
Turnout 27,538 75.76
Labour hold Majority 7,128 26.70 +13.81
a United Future swing is compared to the 1999 results of United NZ and Future NZ, who merged in 2000.

1999 election[edit]

General election, 1999: Taupo[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Mark Burton 13,721 49.42 10,876 38.86
National David Steele 10,143 36.53 9,399 33.58
Green Nick Fisher 997 3.59 1,405 5.02
ACT Richard Steele 877 3.16 1,976 7.06
NZ First Ross Honeyfield 718 2.59 1,269 4.53
Alliance Wayne Morris 644 2.32 1,550 5.54
Christian Heritage John van der Zee 580 2.09 524 1.87
Mauri Pacific Rovina Anderson 51 0.18 20 0.71
Mana Wahine Makere Rangitoheriri 34 0.12
Future NZ 341 1.22
Legalise Cannabis   265 0.95
Libertarianz   111 0.40
United NZ   110 0.39
McGillicuddy Serious   41 0.15
Animals First   36 0.13
One NZ   17 0.06
Mana Māori   16 0.06
Natural Law   8 0.03
NMP   8 0.03
Freedom Movement 6 0.02
People's Choice 5 0.02
Republican   3 0.01
South Island   0 0.00
Informal votes 514 293
Total Valid votes 27,765 27,986
Labour hold Majority 3,578 12.89

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Rimutaka electorate profile". Parliamentary Library. June 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2017.  This article incorporates text by the Parliamentary Library available under the CC BY 3.0 license.
  2. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "MP keen to get cracking". Waikato Times. 10 November 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Taupō". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Taupō". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Official Count Results -- Taupō". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Official Count Results -- Taupō". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Official Count Results - Taupo". Electionresults.org.nz. Retrieved 2017-04-01. 
  11. ^ "Official Count Results - Taupo". Electionresults.govt.nz. Retrieved 2017-04-01. 
  12. ^ "1999 GENERAL ELECTION - Votes for Registered Parties by Electorate". Electionresults.org.nz. Retrieved 2017-04-01. 

External links[edit]