Timeline of the Naxalite–Maoist insurgency

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  • The communists in 1965–66 already had gained grounds in the Naxalbari region. The so-called "siliguri group" launched the uprising by giving the call for initiation of armed struggle. Many peasant cells were created throughout the region.
  • On March 3, 1967, some peasants seized a plot of land in the region and started harvesting crops. By 18 March the peasants started seizing land from jotedars (ladlords landowners who owned large plots of land in the region were called jotedars).
  • The inspector of Jharugaon village was killed by peasant committee members. In retaliation the police open fired killing nine women and one child on 25 May 1967.
  • The Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) was formed by the All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (AICCCR) at a congress in Calcutta in 1969. The foundation of the party was declared by Kanu Sanyal at a mass meeting in Calcutta on 22 April (Lenin's birthday).
  • In 1975, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared Emergency due to internal trouble. Indira government fell after a huge loss in 1977 election.



  • The Communist Party of India (Maoist) was founded on 21 September 2004, through the merger of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) People's War (People's War Group), and the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI).
  • In February 2005 the CPI (Maoist) killed 7 policemen, a civilian and injured many more during a mass attack on a school building in Venkatammanahalli village, Pavgada, Tumkur, Karnataka.[3] On 17 August 2005, the government of Andhra Pradesh outlawed the Communist Party of India (Maoist) and various mass organisations close to it, and began to arrest suspected members and sympathizers days afterwards. The arrested included former emissaries at the peace talks of 2004.
  • On 13 November 2005 CPI (Maoist) fighters stunned authorities by attacking Jehanabad in Bihar, freeing 250 captured comrades and taking twenty imprisoned paramilitaries and executed their leader. They also detonated several bombs in the town.[4] A prison guard was also reported killed.
  • On 28 February 2006 the Maoists attacked several anti-Maoist protesters in Erraboru village in Chhattisgarh using landmines, killing 25 people.[5]
  • On 24 March 2006 over 500 heavily armed rebels attacked police camps in Orissa’s Udayagiri town of Gajapati district, freeing 40 prisoners from the sub-jail.[6]
  • On 16 July 2006 the Maoists attacked a relief camp in the Dantewada district where several villagers were kidnapped. The death toll was 29.[7]
  • On 18 October 2006 women belonging to the Maoist guerrilla forces blasted four government buildings in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. On the day before, over a dozen armed cadres of the group, with support from male colleagues, blocked traffic on the Antagarh-Koylibera Road in the Kanker district, near the city of Raipur. They also detonated explosives inside four buildings, including two schools, in Kanker.[8] This incident occurred two days after a major leader of the party's operations in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh, Kone Kedandam, surrendered to authorities in the town of Srikakulam.[9]
  • On 2 December 2006 the BBC reported that at least 14 Indian policemen had been killed by Maoists in a landmine ambush near the town of Bokaro, 80 miles from Ranchi, the capital of the State of Jharkhand.[10]
  • On 4 March 2007 Maoist shot dead a member of the parliament (Sunil Mahato) of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) party from Jharkhand state.[11]
  • On 5 March 2007 Maoist shot dead a local Congress leader (Komati Prakash, a member of the local Mandal Praja Parishad (MPP)) in Andhra Pradesh while he was inspecting a road construction project in Mahabubnagar district.[12] However, police reportedly believe that political rivals of Mahato, including organised criminal groups, may have been behind the assassination.[13]
  • On 15 March 2007 an attack happened in the rebel stronghold area of Dantewada, in Chhattisgarh state. Fifty-four persons, including 15 personnel of the Chhattisgarh Armed Force, were killed in an offensive by 300 to 350 CPI (Maoist) cadres on a police base camp in the Bastar region in the early hours of Thursday. The remaining victims were tribal youths of Salwa Judum, designated as Special Police Officers (SPOs) and roped in to combat the Maoists. Eleven people were injured. The attack, which lasted nearly two-and-a-half hours, was spearheaded by the "State Military Commission (Maoist)", consisting of about 100 armed Naxalites.[14]
  • On 16 February 2008 a group of 50 rebels armed with bombs and firearms, including women cadres, raided a police training school, police station and armoury in Orissa killing 12 police and leaving 4 wounded. Before launching the attack, the Naxals announced that they would not harm the public as their target was the police.[6]
  • On 29 June 2008 CPI(M) forces attacked a boat on the Balimela reservoir in Orissa carrying 4 anti-Naxalite police and 60 Greyhound commandos. The boat sunk, killing 38 troops, while 26 survived.[15][16][17] The bodies of a total of 38 Greyhound commandos and police personnel were found after a two-week-long search. They are still looking for 40 missing weapons.[18] The attack came just months after Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister YS Rajasekhara Reddy stated that the elite commando force, which is the highest paid in the entire country, should have their operations expanded throughout all affected regions and that "things are more or less under control. Every now and then, they (Maoists) indulge in high-profile attacks but that is just to show their token presence".[19]
  • On 16 July 2008 a landmine hit a police van in Malkangiri district, killing 21 policemen.[20]
  • On 13 April 2009 10 paramilitary troops were killed in eastern Orissa when Maoists attacked a bauxite mine in the Koraput district.[21]
  • On 22 May 2009 Naxalite guerrillas ambushed a police party, after luring it into the jungles of Gadchiroli district to investigate a roadblock, killing 16 policemen.[22]
  • On 10 June 2009 Nine policemen including paramilitary jawans and a CRPF officer were killed in a Naxalite attack while on routine patrol in what is considered to be a rebel-stronghold area deep in the Saranda jungle. Sudhir Kumar Jha, superintendent of police said: "As Naxalites are aware of the topography and knew that the convoy would have to return through the same spot, they had planted a powerful can-bomb and ambushed the police vehicle."[23]
  • On 13 June 2009 Naxalites launched two daylight attacks in and around a small town close to Bokaro, killing 10 policemen and injuring several others using landmines and bombs. Two Naxalite guerrillas were also injured.[24]
  • On 16 June 2009 4 policemen were killed and 2 others seriously injured when Maoists ambushed them at Beherakhand in Palamau district. Reportedly the guerrillas were waiting inside the deep jungles and started firing indiscriminately as the policemen went past them, killing four of them on the spot.[25]
  • On 16 June 2009 at least 11 police officers were killed in a landmine attack followed by shooting between police and suspected Maoist rebels. 7 rebels were also killed in the gunfire.[26]
  • On 23 June 2009 during a 48-hour Bandh orchestrated by the Naxalites in protest against intensified paramilitary activity in Langargh a group of motorcycle borne armed Naxal rebels opened fire at the Lakhisarai district court premises in Bihar and freed four of their comrades. One of the four rescued was Ghaskar Marandi, who is the zonal commander of Ranchi.[27] On the same day the Indian government banned the Communist Party of India (Maoist). Many including the Left Front oppose the ban arguing that "there is a requirement to bring all such outfits back into the mainstream politically."[28]
  • On 12 July 2009 at least 29 members of the Indian Police were killed in an ambush attack by Maoist rebels in Chhattisgarh. (see Rajnandgaon ambush)
  • On 19 September 2009, in a fierce gun battle between the CoBRA, and CRPF, against the naxals, over 50 naxals were killed and around 200 captured. 20 soldiers were reported missing.[29]
  • On 6 October 2009 the body of a policeman, kidnapped a week before by Maoist rebels in Jharkhand, was found.[30]
  • On 8 October 2009 at least 17 members of the Indian Police, including a top commander, were killed in an ambush attack by Maoist rebels in Maharashtra. The fighting started after a group of Maoists attacked a police station in Gadchiroli district.[31]
  • On 11 November 2009, India launched a massive military offensive, codenamed Operation Green Hunt, deploying 50,000 soldiers. The operation is planned to last two years, with the objectives of rooting out insurgents and bringing stability to the regions. The Operation had been planned since 9 October 2009.[32][33]



Date Event Deaths
15 February Shilda camp attack. A Naxalite attack on a para military camp in West Bengal kills 24 para military personnel, with many more reported missing. 24+
18 February The Maoists dragged a doctor out from his house and shot him dead. The Maoists then threatened the villagers with dire consequences if they inform the police.[34] 1
18 February At least 12 villagers were killed and 12 injured in indiscriminate firing by the Maoists in Jamui district of Bihar. 25 village houses were also burned down.[35][36] 12+
20 February Maoists killed a village guard by slitting his throat.[37] 1
4 April 11 policemen were killed and ten wounded when rebels blew up a police bus in Orissa's Koraput district.[38] 11
6 April Dantewada ambush. Naxalite rebels killed 75 Indian paramilitary personnel and 1 state police constable in a series of attacks on security convoys in Dantewada district in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh.[39] The attack resulted in the biggest loss of life security forces have suffered since launching a large-scale offensive against the rebels.[39] 76
30 April 2 lorry drivers were dragged out from their truck and shot dead.[40] 2
2 May A 16-year-old girl who fled the Maoist camp was allegedly raped by the Maoists.[41][42] -
8 May Eight Indian paramilitary troopers were killed when Naxalite rebels blew up a police vehicle in the central state of Chhattisgarh.[43] 8
16 May Six villagers were murdered by slitting their throats by the maoists.[44] 6
17 May 2010 Dantewada bus bombing 44
29 June 2010 Maoist attack in Narayanpur[45] 26
8–10 July Maoist rebels carried out a series of attacks, including shootings and bombings across many numerous Indian states around the country, killing eleven. Six Naxalites were also killed by police[46][47] 11


  • On 24 November, Maoist leader, Kishenji, killed by CRPF in a 30-minute encounter, alongside six other Naxals.[48]


Date Event Deaths
10 June A CRPF trooper was killed in a blast by Maoists in a forested area in Gaya.[49] 1
29 June 17 men, and one woman, suspected to be Naxalites, were killed in an encounter, and seven were arrested. 6 CRPF soldiers were injured.[50] 18
1 July 36 Maoist rebels were arrested in Visakhapatnam, including Lambayya, a Naxalite leader, with a bounty of Rs. 30,000 on his head.[51] 18 Oct Six CRPF men were killed and eight personnel, including a deputy commandant, were injured in landmine blasts and gunbattle between the cops and the Maoists that followed the explosions during an anti-Naxal operation near Barha village under the Dumaria police station in Gaya district.[52] 6



  • 28 February – : Six police personnel, including a SHO, killed in Maoist attack in Chhattisgarh.[58]
  • 11 March – 16 People including 11 CRPF Personnel, 4 Policemen and 1 Civilian killed in a deadly ambush in a thickly forested area of Gheeram Ghati in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh.[59]
  • 11 May – 7 police commandos killed in a Maoists landmine blast in the forests of Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra.[60]



  • 6 December – A CRPF trooper was killed and another wounded as Maoists set off three Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blasts and fired at separate places in Chhattisgarh's Bastar on Tuesday.[61]


  • 10 January – At least four Naxalites, including a woman and a police jawan were killed in a fierce gun battle between rebels and security forces.[62]
  • 18 January – At least two women and a minor girl were killed while four others injured when a pressure landmine, suspected to have been laid by Naxals.[63]
  • 23 January – Maoists set on fire at least 15 vehicles and machines engaged in road construction works in Chhattisgarh's Bijapur district today, police said.[64]
  • 1 February – At least eight policemen were killed in a land mine blast suspected to have been carried out by Maoist rebels in Koraput region, nearly 550 kilometers (345 miles) south of Bhubaneshwar, the capital of Orissa state.[65]
  • 8 March – Four Maoists, including a self-styled zonal commander, were killed in a fierce gunbattle with security forces in Banskatwa forest area in Bihar’s Gaya district.[66]
  • 11 March – Suspected Maoist rebels have killed 11 paramilitary commandos and injured 3 police officers in Chhattisgarh after ambushing their convoy, police said.[67]
  • 22 March -Six suspected Maoists were killed in a gunfight with security forces in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh
  • 24 April2017 Sukma attack: Suspected Maoist rebels ambushed a group of Central Reserve Police Force officers who were guarding road workers in the Sukma district of Chhattisgarh. At least 25 CRPF soldiers were killed and 7 others were critically injured in the attack, which was one of the deadliest in recent years. Maoists killed 11 soldiers in a similar ambush in the same district at the beginning of March.[68][69]
  • 26 April – An exchange of fire took place between police and Naxals in Chhattisgarh's insurgency-hit Gariaband district today. However, no casualty was reported from either side.[70]


Total Incidents: 21
94 (+1) killed
20 wounded

  • 2 January – A Central Reserve Police Force jawan was killed after receiving bullet injury in head during exchange of fire between Naxalites at hills of Chakarbandha on the border of Gaya and Aurangabad districts.[71]
  • 6 January – Naxalites gunned down the village sarpanch of Chindugarh village near Koleng in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh.[72]
  • 20 January – A policeman was injured after Naxalites triggered an improvised explosive device near a market in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Dantewada district.[73]
  • 24 January – Four police personnel, including two sub-inspectors, were killed and seven others injured in a gun-fight with Naxals in Chhattisgarh's Narayanpur district.[74]
  • 11 February – A District Reserve Guard was killed when a pressure bomb planted by Naxalites went off in Chhattisgarh's Bijapur district.[75]
  • 18 February – Two personnel of the Chhattisgarh police and a civilian were killed and six others injured in a gunfight with the outlawed CPI (Maoist) at Bhejji in Sukma district, south Chhattisgarh. The security forces killed one Maoist in another exchange of fire at Errabore.[76][77]
  • 25 February – Two Chhattisgarh Armed Force personnel, including an assistant platoon commander, were injured in a blast carried out by Naxalites in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur district.[78]
  • 26 February – Three security personnel were injured in an encounter with Naxalites in Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada district.[79]
  • 1 March – An encounter between Naxalites and the police leaves 12 Naxalite fighters, including the Telangana Naxalite secretary, and one Greyhounds constable dead in Chhattisgarh's Bijapur district.[80]
  • 6 March – An encounter with Naxalites in Chhattisgarh's Kanker district kills two BSF personnel.[81]
  • 6 March – Naxalites shoot dead a former police officer and burned three buses in Chhattisgarh's Bastar district.[82]
  • 13 March – A Naxalite IED explodes in Chhattisgarh's Sukma district, killing 9 CRPF soldiers.[83][83]
  • 26 March – Odisha police kill 4 Naxalite fighters in a shootout in Odisha's Narayanpatna district.[84]
  • 26 March – A Naxalite ambush and IED explosion injured one CRPF officer in Chhattisgarh's Sukma district.[85]
  • 3 April – A shootout between Naxalites and the police kills three Naxalites in Maharashtra's Gadchiroli district.[86]
  • 9 April – A Naxalite-planted bomb kills two policemen and injures 5 civilians in Chhattisgarh's Bijapur district.[87]
  • 22–24 April – 37 Naxalite fighters are killed in a three-day gun battle with police in Maharashtra's Gadchiroli district.[88]
  • 27 April – Fighting in Chhattisgarh's Bijapur district kills 7 Naxalites.[89]
  • 6 May – Naxalites opened fire in Chhattisgarh's Rajnandgaon district, killing a constable and injuring a civilian.[90]
  • 13 May – An encounter between the Naxalites and the police leaves two Naxalites dead in Odisha's Bolangir district.[91]
  • 20 May – Six policemen are killed by a roadside bomb planted by the Naxalites in Chhattisgarh's Dantewada district.[92]
  • 26 May – Naxalites kill two rebels in Bihar's Buxar district on suspicion of being police informers.[93]


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