Nuapada district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nuapada district
District
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°39′00″N 82°49′59″E / 20.65°N 82.833°E / 20.65; 82.833Coordinates: 20°39′00″N 82°49′59″E / 20.65°N 82.833°E / 20.65; 82.833
StateOdisha
Established27 March 1993
HeadquartersNuapada
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateMadhusmita sahoo, IAS
 • Divisional Forest Officer Cum Wildlife WardenShri Khushwant Singh, IFS
 • Superintendent of PoliceShri Parmar Smit Parshottamdas, IPS
Area
 • Total3,408 km2 (1,316 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total610,382
 • Density157/km2 (410/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
766105
Vehicle registrationOD-26
Sex ratio1020 /
Literacy58.20%
Lok Sabha constituencyKalahandi
Vidhan Sabha constituency2
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,230 millimetres (48 in)
Websitewww.nuapada.nic.in

Nuapada is a district of Odisha, India. Nuapada town is headquarter of the district. It has five blocks (1) khariar, (2) sinapali, (3) Boden, (4) Komna and (5) Nuapada.

Major City, Town & Village of Nuapada District[edit]

History[edit]

The District of Nuapada was a part of Kalahandi District until early March 1993, but for administrative convenience, Kalahandi District was divided into two parts — Kalahandi and Nuapada.[1] Nuapada District now comprises one sub-division Nuapada, five tehsils (Nuapada, Komana, Khariar, Sinapalli and Boden) and five community development blocks (Khariar, Sinapalli, Boden, Nuapada and Komna).[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Nuapada district is in the western part of Odisha, lying between latitude 20° 0' N and 21° 5' and between longitude 82° 20' E and 82° 40' E. Its boundaries extend in the north, west and south to Mahasamund district in Chhattisgarh and in the east to Bargarh, Balangir and Kalahandi districts. The district has an area of 3407.5 km² and the administrative headquarters is located at Nuapada.

The plains of Nuapada subdivision are fringed by rugged hill ranges stretching southward, which belong to the main line of the Eastern Ghats and contain extensive plateaus of about 4000 ft (1200 m) in elevation.

Economy[edit]

Due to the conspicuous absence of any industry, the economy revolves around agricultural activities. Three major irrigation projects — the Upper Jonk, the Sunder dam, and the upcoming Lower Indira Irrigation Project — provide support to 45,000 acres of land. Rice is the main crop in the entire district. Other crops like corn (maize), cotton, and onion make up a major share of crops under cultivation. More than 10,000 households migrate to other states in search of better employment opportunities every year after the harvesting season is over. Though the district is tops in MGNREGS implementation, the advance provided by labor contractors before Nuakhai festival lure ignorant laborers into the plot. Due to unregistered and uninformed migration protection of migrant laborers has become a challenge to the government. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nuapada one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Nuapada district has a population of 610,382 [3] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[4] or the US state of Wyoming.[5] This gives it a ranking of 524th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 157 inhabitants per square kilometre (410/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 14.28%.[3] Nuapada has a sex ratio of 1020 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 58.2%.[3]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 81.75% of the population in the district spoke Odia and 16.98% Hindi as their first language.[6]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901122,559—    
1911147,489+1.87%
1921150,180+0.18%
1931178,787+1.76%
1941203,379+1.30%
1951219,850+0.78%
1961267,272+1.97%
1971338,894+2.40%
1981392,683+1.48%
1991469,482+1.80%
2001530,690+1.23%
2011610,382+1.41%
source:[7]

Politics[edit]

Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following are the two Vidhan sabha constituencies[8][9] of Nuapada district and the elected members[10] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
71 Nuapada None Nuapada, Komna, Khariar Road (NAC) Basanta Kumar Panda BJP
72 Khariar None Boden, Sinapalli, Khariar, Khariar (NAC) Duryadhan Majhi BJP

Schools[edit]

International media attention[edit]

Nuapada (then under Kalahandi) had made news headlines when a tribal woman named Phanas Punji of Amlapalli village in the district sold off her teen-aged sister-in-law Banita to an unemployed blind man for forty rupees and a saree.[11] Following the incident, the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi made a visit to the village.[12] The incident has since become part of Odisha folklore.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ State Government Notification No. DRC-44/93/14218/R dated 27 March 1993
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Wyoming 563,626
  6. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  9. ^ Seats of Odisha
  10. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME
  11. ^ "The Agony of Kalahandi".
  12. ^ "Nothing has changed for Kalahandi".
  13. ^ "Kalahandi's Banita was sold – now she sells herself".

External links[edit]