Srikakulam

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Srikakulam
City
Seven Road Junction
Seven Road Junction
Nickname(s): Chicacole
Srikakulam is located in Andhra Pradesh
Srikakulam
Srikakulam
Coordinates: 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9Coordinates: 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Srikakulam
Founded by Balarama
Government
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Srikakulam Municipal Corporation
Area[1]
 • City 20.89 km2 (8.07 sq mi)
Area rank 24th
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 146,988
 • Density 7,000/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 147,015
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 532001
Vehicle registration AP–30
Website Srikakulam Municipality

Srikakulam is a city and the district headquarters of Srikakulam district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and also the mandal headquarters of Srikakulam mandal in Srikakulam revenue division.[4][5] As of 2011 census, it was most populous city of Srikaulam district and 24th populous city of the state with a population of 146,988. The city is believed to have been founded by Balarama.

Etymology[edit]

The city was known as Chicacole before Indian Independence.[6]

Buddha statue in Nagavali river, Srikakulam

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 146,988. The total population constitute, 73,077 males and 73,911 females —a sex ratio of 1011 females per 1000 males. 11,607 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 84.62% 96,744 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[7][8]

The Urban agglomeration had a population of 147,015, of which males constitute 73,077, females constitute 73,911 —a sex ratio of 931 females per 1000 males and 12,741 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 115,061 literates with an average literacy rate of 85.71%.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
31.0
(87.8)
33.3
(91.9)
35.5
(95.9)
37.9
(100.2)
36.9
(98.4)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
32.4
(90.3)
31.3
(88.3)
29.7
(85.5)
28.6
(83.5)
32.6
(90.6)
Average low °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
25.8
(78.4)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
25.7
(78.3)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
21.7
(71.1)
19.6
(67.3)
23.9
(75)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
5
(0.2)
4
(0.16)
10
(0.39)
53
(2.09)
126
(4.96)
204
(8.03)
204
(8.03)
162
(6.38)
228
(8.98)
66
(2.6)
13
(0.51)
1,075
(42.33)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Srikakulam Municipal Corporation is the civic body of the city. It was constituted as a municipality in the year 1856 and was upgraded to corporation on 9 December 2015.[9][1] Its jurisdictional area has an extent of 20.89 km2 (8.07 sq mi) with 36 wards.[1]

The Srikakulam urban agglomeration constituents of the city include, Srikakulam municipality, census town of Balaga, fully out growths of Arasavalli, partly outgrowths of Kusulapuram, Thotapalem, Patrunivalasa and Patha Srikakulam (rural). While, Ponugutivalasa of Santhakavati mandal is now a part of Rajam Nagar Panchayat.[10]

Politics[edit]

Srikakulam is a part of Srikakulam (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Gunda Lakshmi Devi is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[11] It is also a part of Srikakulam (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Rammohan Naidu Kinjarapu of Telugu Desam Party.[12][13]

Members of Parliament: 1952, 1957, 1962, 1967, 1972 and 1977 – Boddepalli Rajagopala Rao 1995, 1999 and 2004 – Yerrannaidu Kinjarapu 2009 Killi kruparani 2014 Rammohan Naidu Kinjarapu

Members of Legislative Assembly: 1983 – Tangi Satyanarayana 1985, 1989, 1994 and 1999 – Gunda Appalasuryanarayana 2004 and 2009 – Dharmana Prasada Rao 2014 – Gunda Lakshmi Devi

Culture and tourism[edit]

Sri Suryanarayana Swamy Temple, Arasavalli

The Arasavalli Sun temple is the abode of Sun god, the idol of the temple was installed by sage Kasyapa and is one of the two sun temples in the country.[14]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[15][16] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Transport[edit]

Srikakulam bus station entrance

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Srikakulam bus station.[17] National Highway 16 (India), a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the city.[18]

Srikakulam Road railway station(station code:CHE)[19] is an Indian railway station in Amudalavalasa near to Srikakulam town of Andhra Pradesh. It lies on the Khurda Road-Visakhapatnam section of Howrah-Chennai main line and is administered under Waltair railway division of East Coast Railway zone.[20]

Sports[edit]

International athletes like Karnam Malleswari (weightlifting) and Korada Mrudula (running, 400 m) are from Srikakulam. Kodi Ram Murthy Stadium near Govt. Degree College is a multi-purpose sporting facility in the town. In 1991, an unofficial cricket match was played between Sunil Gavaskar XI and Kapil Dev XI with both the legends being a part of the game as well. The only swimming pool (maintained by SAAP) is located in Santhinagar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  3. ^ a b "Andhra Pradesh (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  4. ^ "Srikakulam District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 202, 219. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook – Srikakulam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 27. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "Srikakulam Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "Srikakulam City Population Census 2011 – Andhra Pradesh". 
  8. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Masula, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram upgraded into corporations". The Hindu. Vijayawada. 10 December 2015. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  10. ^ "District Census Handbook – Srikakulam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 27. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  11. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "MP (Lok Sabha)". Government of AP. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "::srikakulam::". www.srikakulam.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  15. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  16. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  17. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  18. ^ "National Highways Development Project Map". National Highways Authority of India. Archived from the original on 22 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  19. ^ "Station Code Index" (PDF). Portal of Indian Railways. p. 2. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  20. ^ "Repalle railway station info". India Rail Info. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 

External links[edit]