Turbo C++

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Turbo C++
Screenshot of the Turbo C++ IDE
Screenshot of the Turbo C++ IDE
Developer(s)Borland
Initial releaseMay 1990
Stable release
2006 / September 5, 2006
Operating systemMicrosoft Windows
TypeIDE
LicenseFreeware (Explorer)
Proprietary (Professional)
Websitewww.turboexplorer.com (2006)

Turbo C++ is a discontinued C++ compiler and integrated development environment and computer language originally from Borland. It was designed as a home and hobbyist counterpart for the Borland C++. As the developer had focused more on professional programming tools, later Turbo C++ products were made as scale down versions of the professional compilers.

History[edit]

Borland Turbo C++[edit]

The first release of Turbo C++ was made available during the MS-DOS era on personal computers. Version 1.0, running on MS-DOS, was released in May 1990. An OS/2 version was produced as well. Version 1.01 was released on February 28, 1991,[1] running on MS-DOS. The latter was able to generate both COM and EXE programs and was shipped with Borland's Turbo Assembler compiler for Intel x86 processors. The initial version of the Turbo C++ compiler was based on a front end developed by TauMetric (TauMetric was later acquired by Sun Microsystems and their front end was incorporated in Sun C++ 4.0, which shipped in 1994). This compiler supported the AT&T 2.0 release of C++.

Turbo C++ 3.0 was released in 1991 (shipping on November 20), and came in amidst expectations of the coming release of Turbo C++ for Microsoft Windows. Initially released as an MS-DOS compiler, 3.0 supported C++ templates, Borland's inline assembler, and generation of MS-DOS mode executables for both 8086 real mode and 286 protected mode (as well as the Intel 80186.) 3.0 implemented AT&T C++ 2.1, the most recent at the time. The separate Turbo Assembler product was no longer included, but the inline-assembler could stand in as a reduced functionality version.

Soon after the release of Windows 3.0, Borland updated Turbo C++ to support Windows application development. The Turbo C++ 3.0 for Windows product was quickly followed by Turbo C++ 3.1 (and then Turbo C++ 4.5). It's possible that the jump from version 1.x to version 3.x was in part an attempt to link Turbo C++ release numbers with Microsoft Windows versions; however, it seems more likely that this jump was simply to synchronize Turbo C and Turbo C++, since Turbo C 2.0 (1989) and Turbo C++ 1.0 (1990) had come out roughly at the same time, and the next generation 3.0 was a merger of both the C and C++ compiler.

Starting with version 3.0, Borland segmented their C++ compiler into two distinct product-lines: "Turbo C++" and "Borland C++". Turbo C++ was marketed toward the hobbyist and entry-level compiler market, while Borland C++ targeted the professional application development market. Borland C++ included additional tools, compiler code-optimization, and documentation to address the needs of commercial developers. Turbo C++ 3.0 could be upgraded with separate add-ons, such as Turbo Assembler and Turbo Vision 1.0.

Version 4.0 was released in November 1993 and was notable (among other things) for its robust support of templates. In particular, Borland C++ 4 was instrumental in the development of the Standard Template Library, expression templates, and the first advanced applications of template metaprogramming. With the success of the Pascal-evolved product Delphi, Borland ceased work on their Borland C++ suite and concentrated on C++Builder for Windows. C++Builder shared Delphi's front-end application framework, but retained the Borland C++ back-end compiler. Active development on Borland C++/Turbo C++ was suspended until 2006 (see below.)

Version 4.5 was announced on March 20, 1995.[2] New features include multimedia QuickTour, five new games (Turbo Meteors (an Asteroids-like game), Turbo Blocks, Turbo Cribbage, Turbo 21, Turbo Mah Jongg) with corresponding source codes. It includes ObjectWindows Library (OWL) 2.5, AppExpert, ClassExpert, Object Components Framework.

Borland Japan Turbo C++[3][edit]

Version 4.0J supports DOS for PC-9801 and PC/AT (DOS/V). It includes Turbo Debugger 4.0. IDE uses XMS memory. Project manager supports linking OBJ/LIB libraries, integration with Turbo Assembler 4.0J external assembler.

Version 5.0J was announced on 1996-07-23.[4] Based on Borland C++ 5.0J, this version includes IDE supporting Windows 95 and NT 3.51, and can compile 16-bit software. It includes ObjectWindows Library 5.0, Borland Database Engine, Visual Database Tools.

Borland Turbo C++ Suite[edit]

This version includes Borland C++Builder 1.0, Turbo C++ 4.5 for Windows 3.1, Turbo C++ 3.0 for DOS. Later release replaces C++Builder 1.0 with Borland C++BuilderX Personal Edition.[5]

Turbo C++ 2006[edit]

It is a single language version of Borland Developer Studio 2006 for C++ language[6], originally announced in 2006-08-06[7], and was released later on 2006-09-05 the same year with Turbo Explorer and Turbo Professional editions.[8] The Explorer edition was free to download and distribute while the Professional edition was a commercial product.

In October 2009 Embarcadero Technologies discontinued support of all Turbo C++ 2006 editions. As such, the Explorer edition is no longer available for download and the Professional edition is no longer available for purchase from Embarcadero Technologies. Turbo C++ 2006 was succeeded by C++Builder 2007 before Embarcadero's acquisition of Codegear and dropping support, and official Turbo C++ 2006 page was later redirect visitor to C++Builder 2010.

Freeware releases[edit]

Turbo C++ v1.01 was released on 2002-02-21 by Inprise Corporation.[9]

Legacy software[edit]

  • Turbo C++ v1.01 and Turbo C v2.01 can be downloaded, free of charge, from Borland's Antique Software website.
  • Turbo C 3.0 (DOS) was included in the Turbo C Suite 1.0, which is no longer sold by Borland.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Software Delivery & Testing - Micro Focus Community". Community.borland.com. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  2. ^ BORLAND SHIPS TURBO C++ 4.5 - Upgrade Combines Learning Tools with Latest C++ Technologies
  3. ^ ボーランドが送り出した C/C++の歴史
  4. ^ 32ビット対応C/C++開発システム Turbo C++ 5.0J for Windows 95 & Windows NT
  5. ^ Borland Turbo C++ Suite – New User
  6. ^ The Turbo Editions FAQ
  7. ^ Borland's Developer Tools Group Announces Plans to Rev Up Classic Turbo
  8. ^ The Developer Tools Group of Borland Software Announces the Immediate Availability of the New Turbo Products
  9. ^ Borland Developer Network Home Museum

External links[edit]