Xojo

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Xojo
Xojo Company Logo.png
Developer(s)Xojo, Inc.
Stable release
Xojo 2021R1 / March 31, 2021; 2 months ago (2021-03-31)[1]
Operating system
Available inEnglish
TypeProgramming
LicenseFreemium
Websitexojo.com

The Xojo programming environment and programming language is developed and commercially marketed by Xojo, Inc. of Austin, Texas for software development targeting macOS, Microsoft Windows, Linux, iOS, the Web and Raspberry Pi. Xojo uses a proprietary object-oriented language.[2][3][4]

History[edit]

In 1997 FYI Software, founded by Geoff Perlman, bought CrossBasic,[5][6][7] which had been marketed by its author Andrew Barry[8] as a shareware product. CrossBasic got its name from its ability to compile the same programming code for the classic Mac OS and the Java virtual machine (although the integrated development environment was Mac only). A public beta was released in April 1996.[9][10] The CrossBasic name was trademarked by another company, so the product was renamed REALbasic.[11]

Prior to version 2, the Java target was dropped and later replaced with a Windows target and database support.[12][13] The option to compile for Linux[14] was added in 2005 and the integrated development environment (IDE) was ported to Windows and as a free public beta for Linux platforms. The new IDE employed a redesigned user interface.[15]

In 2004 REAL software announced the "Made with REALbasic Showcase" program to highlight applications created with the product.[16] In 2009, a migration assistant was launched to help move code from Visual Basic.[17] In 2010, to combat the perception that it was similar to the original BASIC, it was renamed Real Studio.[18][19] The company announced Real Studio Web Edition, allowing developers to compile web applications without the knowledge of multiple web technologies.[20]

On June 4, 2013 the company officially changed their name to Xojo, Inc. and Real Studio was renamed Xojo.[21] Also on this date they released Xojo 2013 Release 1 which included an all-new user interface, full support for Cocoa on OS X, improved support for web applications, all new documentation and a new Introduction to Programming Using Xojo textbook[22] that was designed for beginners to learn the fundamentals of object oriented programming.[23] Xojo, Inc. calls it "the spiritual successor to Visual BASIC".[24]

The Xojo IDE is currently available for Microsoft Windows, macOS, 32-bit x86 Linux,[25] and can compile 32-bit and 64-bit applications for Windows (Windows XP and higher), macOS (running on Intel or Apple silicon Macs using the Cocoa frameworks), x86 Linux, iOS, the web, and Raspberry Pi. Xojo is self-hosted: the Xojo IDE is built with the current release of Xojo.[26] The 2015r3 release includes 64-bit support for Desktop, Web and Console targets as well as a new platform, Raspberry Pi.[27] [28]

Xojo added many new features in 2018 and 2019, including support for macOS and iOS light/dark modes,[29][30][31] a GraphicsPath for drawing Bézier curves, and a new DateTime class.

In 2020, Xojo introduced a [32]new web framework, which is a ground-up re-write that adds modern-looking new controls, support for Bootstrap themes, two layout modes and more. The new web framework takes advantage of all that modern web browsers have to offer, providing a more robust foundation[33] to build responsive web apps.

Xojo is[34] among the top 150 programming languages as published by TIOBE,[35] a company which rates the quality of software.

Timeline[edit]

1990s[edit]

  • In 1996 Geoff Perlman founds the company that is now Xojo in Austin, Texas.
  • CrossBasic is acquired in 1997.[36]
  • In 1998 REALbasic 1.0 released and introduced at MacWorld Expo. This first release made it easy for anyone, not just developers, to create apps for the Mac System 7 running on a 680x0 or PowerPC processor.
  • Windows support was added in 1999 with the release of REALbasic 2.0, making it a true cross-platform development tool.[37]

2000s[edit]

  • Support for Mac OS X is added to REALbasic in 2001.[38]
  • In 2002, the first Windows IDE of REALbasic is announced.[39]
  • In September 2005, REALbasic is updated to include support for building Linux apps.[40] REALbasic now compiles for three desktop platforms from a single code base.
  • Continuing to keep up with the rapidly changing needs of developers and hobbyists, Intel-based Mac support is added in 2006.

2010s[edit]

  • Expanding beyond desktop platforms, support for building web applications is added in 2010.
  • REALbasic becomes Xojo in 2013.[41]
  • Xojo Cloud, Xojo's one-click deployment service for Xojo web apps, is launched in early 2014.
  • In December 2014, Xojo iOS, Xojo's first mobile platform, is released.
  • After much interest from the community, Xojo Pi is released, letting users build applications for Raspberry Pi with Xojo in 2015.[42]
  • Support for macOS Mojave Dark Mode for the Xojo IDE and compiled apps was added in Xojo 2018 Release 3.
  • In 2019, Xojo Pi licenses are for free for building both console and desktop apps.
  • Xojo introduces new API in Xojo 2019 Release 2, which includes new classes and updated method and property names for better consistency across platforms.
  • In December 2019, Xojo formed the [43]MVP program to facilitate community communication and serve as an informal advisory committee.

2020s[edit]

  • Xojo announced the 2020 [44]Xojo Design Award winners during a video keynote on March 25, 2020.
  • On July 15, 2020, Xojo released an update for Xojo to run on macOS Big Sur as well as Apple silicon.
  • Xojo released their new web framework on August 26, 2020 for developing modern, responsive web apps with Xojo.
  • Xojo shipped 2020 Release 2 on November 24, 2020 with support for building native applications for Apple silicon (M1), making it the first cross-platform development tool to do so.

Editions of IDE[edit]

The Xojo IDE is free to use for learning and development. Compiling or deploying applications with Xojo requires a license. Multiple license levels are available for purchase, enabling Desktop, Web and iOS. Xojo Pi for building applications for Raspberry Pi is free. Licenses can be purchased a la carte, in any combination required. Also available is Xojo Pro, a bundle that includes added support, guaranteed beta program access, access to a Xojo professionals' forum, 3x Feedback multiplier when ranking support cases, access to consulting leads, and a license that will work on three machines.[45] The default database used with Xojo is sqlite.

Unlike most programming environments, project source code is not stored in plain text files by default, but in a proprietary, single-file format. However, source code can be saved to a plain-text format for use with version control systems and can be exported to XML format as well.

Xojo Cloud[edit]

On March 11, 2014 Xojo launched Xojo Cloud, their cloud hosting service for Xojo web applications.[46]

  • In July 2014, Xojo Cloud added the ability to transfer files to the server using a client other than the Xojo IDE.
  • In March 2015, Xojo added MySQL and Postgres [47]databases to Xojo Cloud. In addition, they also enabled the creation of SSH Tunnels for a direct connection to databases using a 3rd party management tool.
  • In 2018 Release 1, Xojo added server stats for Xojo Cloud.
  • A new Xojo Cloud control panel was introduced in August 2020 that is built using the new Xojo web framework. Other recent updates to Xojo Cloud include the ability to point domains at individual applications.

Example code[edit]

The Xojo programming language looks similar to Visual Basic.

The following code snippet placed in the Open event of a Window displays a message box saying "Hello, World!" as the window loads:

// Display a simple message box that says "Hello, World!"
MessageBox("Hello, World!")

This code populates a ListBox with the values from an array:

Var names() As String = Array("Red Sox", "Yankees", "Orioles", "Blue Jays", "Rays")
For i As Integer = 0 To names.LastRowIndex
  ListBox1.AddRow(names(i))
Next

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.xojo.com/download/
  2. ^ Xojo (December 9, 2014). "Xojo, Inc. Announces Xojo 2014 Release 3; Includes Support For Developing Native iOS Applications". Xojo. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
  3. ^ prMac (December 9, 2014). "Xojo Includes Support For Developing Native iOS Applications". prMac. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
  4. ^ Lorenzo, Mark (May 15, 2018). The History of The Basic Programming Language. Philadelphia: SE Books. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-974-27707-0.
  5. ^ "REALbasic-NUG". lowendmac.com.
  6. ^ "REALbasic development history of cross-platform development tools". databaseskill.com.
  7. ^ "Yes, Virginia, There Is a REALbasic". tidbits.com.
  8. ^ "REALbasic: The Definitive Guide".
  9. ^ "Operator Headgap Web Conferencing". headgap.com.
  10. ^ "CrossBasic: Shareware BASIC Environment".
  11. ^ "Upgrade Guide" (PDF).
  12. ^ "REALbasic 2.0 Shipping".
  13. ^ "REALbasic 2.0 Standard Edition Review". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013.
  14. ^ "Real Software on Linux". jupiter broadcasting.
  15. ^ at 09:19, Tony Smith 15 Jun 2005. "REALbasic 2005 ships for Mac, WinXP, Linux". www.theregister.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  16. ^ "MacObserver".
  17. ^ "REALbasic launches Visual Basic Migration Assistant".
  18. ^ "Upgrade Guide" (PDF). ...hearing a development environment with the word "basic" in the name caused many of your colleagues’ eyes to roll...Some developers found they were no longer battling the reputation of BASIC while others were confused because we continued to call the language itself, REALbasic.
  19. ^ "REALbasic Name".
  20. ^ Frank, Ohlhorst (June 2011). "3 Tools to Accelerate Web Development". IDG. Retrieved 2011-06-17.
  21. ^ Xojo (June 4, 2013). "Xojo Press Releases". Xojo. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  22. ^ Xojo (June 4, 2013). "Review: Xojo Book Download Page". Xojo. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
  23. ^ Xojo (June 4, 2013). "Xojo Release Press Release". Xojo. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  24. ^ "Xojo: Alternative to Visual Basic". Xojo is the spiritual successor to Visual Basic...the programming language will look very familiar to you
  25. ^ Barr, Joe (August 4, 2005). "Review: REALBasic 2005 for Linux". Linux.com. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
  26. ^ Xojo (December 9, 2014). "Xojo, Inc. Announces Xojo 2014 Release 3; Includes Support For Developing Native iOS Applications". Xojo. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
  27. ^ "XDC 2015 Recap". May 6, 2015.
  28. ^ "Xojo 2015 Release 3 Now Available Recap". October 20, 2015.
  29. ^ "Xojo 2018 Release 3 Adds Support For Mojave Dark Mode | MacOSX News". Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  30. ^ "Xojo 2019 Release 3 adds Dark Mode support for iOS 13". MacTech.com. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  31. ^ "Xojo 2019 Release 3: saját appok sötét módban, további extrákkal". Techwok (in Hungarian). 2019-12-19. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  32. ^ https://www.xojo.com/company/press/2020r1.php
  33. ^ https://graffitisuite.com/news/from-anthony-my-adventures-with-web-2-0/
  34. ^ "TIOBE Index | TIOBE - The Software Quality Company". Tiobe Index. 2021-06-07. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  35. ^ "TIOBE Index | TIOBE - The Software Quality Company". web.archive.org. 2019-08-29. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  36. ^ "Yes, Virginia there is a REALbasic". 1998-08-17.
  37. ^ "REALbasic 2.0". 1999-10-01.
  38. ^ "REALbasic 3.1 for Mac OS X arrives". 2001-03-22.
  39. ^ "REALbasic 5- with Mac and Windows support - previewed". 2002-10-01.
  40. ^ "REALbasic 5.5 adds Linux, enhances Mac support". 2004-02-25.
  41. ^ "Start Programming Free with Xojo". 2013-06-11.
  42. ^ "Xojo 64-bit apps and Raspberry Pi". 2015-10-20.
  43. ^ https://www.xojo.com/mvp/
  44. ^ https://www.xojo.com/designawards
  45. ^ Xojo (June 4, 2013). "Xojo Store Information". Xojo. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  46. ^ "Xojo Announces Xojo Cloud For Deployment Of Web Apps". Mac News. March 11, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  47. ^ http://blog.xojo.com/2015/03/19/xojo-cloud-databases-add-connect-manage/

External links[edit]