Vaishya Vani

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Vaishya Vani is a sub-caste of Vaishyas, one of the varnas of Hinduism.They are traditionally traders and merchants and are found mainly in the Indian regions of Konkan, Goa, some parts of coastal and central Karnataka, and Kerala. In Konkan there were also regional Vani communities, like Kudali (coming from Kudal in Savantwadi), Sangameshwari (from Sangameshwar in Ratnagiri) and Patne (from Patan in Satara).[1] Most of the Vaishya Vanis from Goa belong to the Kudali Vani section.[2]They speak dialects of the Marathi and Konkani.[3] During the Goa Kadamba period they were known as Banajigas (merchants) who were engaged in trade. The reference to these Banajigas from Savoi Verem, Narve, Khandepar, Kapilagram, Bandivade and Taligram are mentioned in Khandepar copper plate of 1358 CE.[4][5]

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  1. ^ Tripathi, Dwijendra (1984). Business communities of India: a historical perspective. Manohar. p. 90. 
  2. ^ Śiroḍakara, Mandal, Anthropological Survey of India, Pra. Pā, H. K (1993). People of India: Goa (Volume 21 of People of India, Kumar Suresh Singh ed.). Anthropological Survey of India. p. 195. ISBN 978-81-7154-760-9. 
  3. ^ Gazetteer of the Union Territory Goa, Daman and Diu: district gazetter by Vithal Trimbak Gune, Goa, Daman and Diu (India). Gazetteer Dept, published by Gazetteer Dept., Govt. of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu, 1979
  4. ^ Tulpule, S.G. Pracina Mqrathi koriva lekha. pp. 271–276. 
  5. ^ Mitragotri, Vithal Raghavendra (1999). A socio-cultural history of Goa from the Bhojas to the Vijayanagara. Institute Menezes Braganza. pp. 68–69.