Vishwanath Datta

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Vishwanath Datta
North Kolkata
SubjectBarrister, novelist
SpouseBhubaneshwari Devi
ChildrenSwarnabala, Narendranath, Mahendranath, Bhupendranath

Vishwanath Datta (1835–1884) was a Bengali barrister, philanthropist and novelist. He was the father of Swami Vivekananda, Mahendranath Dutta and Bhupendranath Dutta.[1]

Early life[edit]

Vishwanath was born in an aristocratic Datta family of North Kolkata. His father Durgaprasad preferred Sannyas life and left home when Vishwanath was six years old only. Later he was brought up by his uncle. He entered in Gourmohan Addy's school or Oriental Seminary. After completion of graduation in 1889 Datta worked as a clerk under an attorney, Charles F. Peter.[2]


Datta was an enlightened person of the 18th century, free from religious superstitions, known for his charity and liberal outlook.[citation needed] He was well versed in Sanskrit, Hindi, Persian, Arabic and Urdu languages.[3]

He married Bhuvaneswari Devi in 1851 and Swami Vivekananda was born in 1863.[4]

In 1866 he applied for the post of proctor to Sir Barnes Peacock, the first Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court. His prayer was approved by Justice Walter Morgan (judge). Datta also maintained a law firm in Kolkata named Dhar & Datta. Later he faced serious economic troubles for frequent litigation and lawsuits among Datta family.[5]

Literary works[edit]

Datta wrote a Bengali autobiographical novel named Sulochana based on a joint family dispute. In 1882 the novel was first published in Kolkata.[6]


  1. ^ Chowdhury, Satyam Roy (2016-09-01). VIVEKANANDA FOR YOU ( ENGLISH ). Techno India.
  2. ^ Mohapatra, Kalpana (1996). Political Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda. Northern Book Centre. ISBN 9788172110796.
  3. ^ P. R. Bhuyan. "Swami Vivekananda: Messiah of Resurgent India". Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  4. ^ VOL LI, No 20 (May 4, 2013). "Swami Vivekananda: A Life Divine". Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  5. ^ Samkara. "The Monk as Man: The Unknown Life of Swami Vivekananda". Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  6. ^ "Viswanath Datta". Retrieved February 12, 2018.