Jadavpur University

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Jadavpur University
Jadavpur University Logo.svg
Former names
Bengal Technical Institute (The National Council of Education, Bengal) (1906–1955)
Jadavpur University (merger in 1955–present)
MottoTo Know Is To Grow
TypePublic
Established1955; 65 years ago (1955)[1]
ChancellorJagdeep Dhankhar
Vice-ChancellorSuranjan Das
Students11,064[2]
Undergraduates6,283[2]
Postgraduates3,588[2]
Location,
India
CampusUrban, 96.5 acres
AcronymJU
AffiliationsUGC, NAAC, AIU, AICTE
Websitewww.jaduniv.edu.in

Jadavpur University is a public state university located in Kolkata in the state of West Bengal in India. It was established in 1905.

History[edit]

To trace the history of Jadavpur University is to trace a part of India’s freedom movement, at least from the Swadeshi Movement onwards. It was 1905 -1906.

Bengal stood divided. The times were feverish.

The hegemony of the British establishment had to be challenged. Education had to play a new role in this changed scenario. It had to become a new form of resistance through which the emergent nationalist spirit could be propagated. With this in mind the National Council of Education (NCE) came into being.

Its primary aim was to impart education - literary, scientific and technical on national lines exclusively under national control. To achieve self-reliance, through education. The foundation of the NCE was made possible by the munificence - scholarly as well as monetary - of the likes of Raja Subodh Chandra Mallik, Brajendra Kishore Roy Chowdhury, Sir Rash Behari Ghosh (first President of NCE), Rabindranath Tagore and Sri Aurobindo Ghosh.

In 1910 the Society for the Promotion of Technical Education in Bengal which looked after Bengal Technical Institute (which later became College of Engineering and Technology, Bengal) was amalgamated to NCE. NCE henceforth looked after the College of Engineering and Technology, Bengal which by 1940 was virtually functioning as a University. After Independence, the Government of West Bengal, with the concurrence of the Govt. of India, enacted the necessary legislation to establish Jadavpur University on the 24th of December 1955.

Now Jadavpur University has successfully established itself as a foremost Indian University with a vast repertoire of courses offered, an enviable list of faculty members and has come to be known for its commitment towards advanced study and research.

Campus[edit]

The emblem as seen on Gate No. 3
The new National Instruments Limited Campus
Jadavpur University Press

Jadavpur University is semi-residential, which at present operates out of two urban campuses: one in Jadavpur (58 acres (230,000 m2)) and another in Salt Lake (26 acres (110,000 m2)).

Jagadish Chandra Bose Centre for Advanced Technology[edit]

DRDO has established Jagadish Chandra Bose Centre of Advanced Technology (JCBCAT) at Jadavpur University to undertake and facilitate multidisciplinary directed basic and applied research in the following identified research verticals :

  • Directed Energy Technologies
  • Secure Systems and Cognitive Technologies
  • Unmanned and Robotic Technologies

National Instruments Limited Campus[edit]

Jadavpur University has acquired the erstwhile National Instruments Limited (CSIR), becoming the first Indian university to acquire such a research unit. It is on a nine-acre plot opposite the main campus. After renovation, the new campus is expected to add much-needed space for new laboratories especially for the Departments of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, and Computer Science & Engineering. The NIL campus is to be connected to the main campus by an underground tunnel to bypass the traffic on the busy Raja S.C. Mullick Road.

Affiliated institutes[edit]

In addition to being a unitary university, it has other institutes like the J D Birla Institute, and the Institute of Business Management affiliated to it, which operate out of independent campuses.[3] While these institutes have their own independent curriculum as well as examination systems, the final degree is offered by Jadavpur University.

To facilitate interdisciplinary learning and research in diverse fields, there are a number of schools and centre for studies. Some of the major research ventures undertaken by these schools include the pioneering work done by the School of Environmental Studies in highlighting the presence of arsenic in groundwater in countries like India and Bangladesh and the development of the first alcohol based car by the School of Automobile Engineering.[4][5][6]

The centres for studies are usually directly associated with a particular department and the centres in Jadavpur University are:[7]

In March 2011, Indian American scientist Manick Sorcar assisted in the opening of a laser animation lab under the School of Illumination Science, Engineering and Design.[8]

Publication House[edit]

The university press publishes all documents of record in the university including PhD theses, question papers and journals. On 26 October 2010 the institution announced plans to launch a publication house, named Jadavpur University Press. The main focus of the publication house will be to publish textbooks and thesis written by research scholars and authors from all universities. The first two titles of JUP were launched on 1 February 2012 at the Calcutta Book Fair. The two titles were Rajpurush (translation of Niccolò Machiavelli's Il Principe); translated by Doyeeta Majumder, with an introduction by Swapan Kumar Chakravorty, and Shilpachinta (translation of selections from Leonardo da Vinci's notebooks); translated by Sukanta Chaudhuri. Both books were translated from the original Italian.[9]

Rankings[edit]

University and college rankings
General – international
QS (World) (2020)[10]651-700
QS (Asia) (2020)[11]136
QS (BRICS) (2019)[12]75
Times (World) (2020)[13]801-1000
Times (Asia) (2020)[14]196
Times (Emerging) (2020)[15]178
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2020)[16]12
NIRF (Universities) (2020)[17]5
The Week (Universities) (2019)[18]5
Outlook India (Universities) (2020)[19]3
Engineering – India
NIRF (2020)[20]17

Internationally, Jadavpur University ranked 651-700 by the QS World University Rankings in 2020,[10] 136 in Asia in 2020[11] and 75 among BRICS nations in 2019.[12] It was ranked 801-1000 in the world[13] by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2020, 196 in Asia[14] and 178 among Emerging Economies University Rankings in 2020.[15] It was also ranked 772 in the world by U.S. News & World Report.[21] The university was ranked 543rd in the world by CWTS Leiden Ranking in 2017, for the period 2012–2015.[22]

The National Institutional Ranking Framework has ranked it 17 among engineering institutes in India in 2020,[20] 12 overall[16] and 5th among universities.[17]

Notable alumni[edit]

Alumni of this university are known as 'Jadavpurians', or in Bangla as 'যদুবংশ'(Joduclan).[23] The Alumni Association, one of the oldest in the country, was founded in 1921 by the ex-students of the National Council of Education.[24][25]

Controversy and criticism[edit]

Students rally against the vice-chancellor during the 2014 Jadavpur University protests

In 2014 a series of protests broke out in response to the alleged molestation of a female student and beating of a male student by 10 other students on 28 August 2014. Her family and ultimately the student body were unsatisfied by the response of the Vice Chancellor to the allegations. Protests began on 10 September.[40] On 16 September students gheraoed several officials in their offices, demanding that the Vice Chancellor make a statement on the status of a fair probe. Police were summoned, and later that night the police allegedly attacked and beat the student demonstrators. 30 to 40 students were injured; some had to be hospitalized. Reaction was nationwide, with supportive protests at multiple other cities including New Delhi, Hyderabad and Bangalore. On 20 September, Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi, who is also the chancellor of the university, met with student representatives and promised to conduct an impartial inquiry.[41] However, students said they will continue to boycott classes until the Vice Chancellor resigns.[40]

On 26 September, a State Government inquiry panel submitted its report, confirming that the female student had indeed been sexually abused on 28 August 2014.[42] On 26 September, police summoned two Jadavpur University students to come to the Lalbazar Police HQ for questioning at 4 pm on Friday. They were arrested at 6 pm. "The arrests were made after evidence was found, prima facie, against the duo. Further investigation is on," said joint CP-crime Pallab Kanti Ghosh.[42] Mr Ghosh also stated, "(Two names) were arrested because we had enough evidence to prove that they were present at the spot and had carried out the crime as alleged in the victim's complaint."[43] The duo were booked under Sections of 354 (assault or use of criminal force on a woman with the intent to outrage her modesty), 342 (wrongful confinement), 323 (voluntarily causing hurt) and 114 (abettor present when offence is committed) of the IPC.[43]

JU has been embroiled in controversies since July 4, 2018 when the executive council announced its decision to scrap entrance tests for six subjects which was met with protests from the Jadavpur University Teacher's Association and the student unions along with other academics and University students.[44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Editorial". The Bombay Technologist. 6 (1): 1–2. 1 March 1956. ISSN 0067-9925. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b c JU information brochure for MSc, BTech Archived 13 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 25 November 2011
  3. ^ "Affiliated Institutions".
  4. ^ "Jadavpur University". Archived from the original on 17 October 2014.
  5. ^ School Of Cultural Texts and Records Archived 13 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine jaduniv.edu.in. Retrieved 5 August 2012
  6. ^ School of Cognitive Science (SofCS) @ JU Retrieved August 2012
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20150207061323/http://jaduniv.edu.in/htdocs/templates/newpages/centre_for_studies.html. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Wizard of light brings magic of laser to JU," The Telegraph, 2011
  9. ^ "JU to launch publication house". The Times of India. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  10. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2020". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  11. ^ a b "QS Asia University Rankings 2020". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2020.
  12. ^ a b "QS BRICS University Rankings 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Top 1000 World University Rankings 2020". Times Higher Education. 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings (2020)". Times Higher Education. 2020. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings (2020)". Times Higher Education. 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  16. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  17. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  18. ^ "The Week India University Rankings 2019". The Week. 18 May 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Top 75 Universities In India In 2020". The Outlook. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  20. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Engineering)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  21. ^ "Education > Best Global Universities > Jadavpur University". U.S. News & World Report. 2017.
  22. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2017".
  23. ^ "About Alumni Association, Jadavpur University".
  24. ^ "Alumni Association".
  25. ^ "Students' Union".
  26. ^ "Subrata Adak on IICB". iicb.res.in. 1 February 2018. Archived from the original on 2 February 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  27. ^ "Indian fellow-Amitabha Bhattacharyya". Indian National Science Academy. 22 October 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Faculty profile-Samaresh Bhattacharya". Jadavpur University. 2016.
  29. ^ "Indian fellow-Alok Krishna Gupta". Indian National Science Academy. 2016.
  30. ^ "Majee on National Institute of Plant Genome Research". www.nipgr.res.in. 30 December 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  31. ^ "Biographical Information-Pinaki Majumdar". Harish-Chandra Research Institute. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  32. ^ "Faculty profile-Nibir Mandal". Jadavpur University. 2016.
  33. ^ "CDFD :: Immunology :: Sunil Kumar Manna". www.cdfd.org.in. 21 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  34. ^ "Biography-P. S. Mukherjee" (PDF). Indian Institute of Science. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 October 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  35. ^ Exotic India Art. Exotic India Art. 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  36. ^ "IERD". IERD. 2014. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  37. ^ "Faculty Profile - Mukhopadhyay". National Institute of Immunology, India. 25 November 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  38. ^ "Faculty profile-Pulak Sengupta". Jadavpur University. 2016.
  39. ^ Administrator (24 December 2017). "Editorial Board - JPBMS". www.jpbms.info. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  40. ^ a b "Jadavpur University boycott to continue despite inquiry". BBC News. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  41. ^ "30,000 march in rain to seek Jadavpur VC's scalp". The Times of India. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  42. ^ a b "2 Jadavpur University students held after govt panel finds molest evidence". The Times of India.
  43. ^ a b "Molest cuffs on two JU students". The Telegraph.
  44. ^ "Jadavpur University V-C Fails to Cut Ice With Students on Day 4 of Hunger Strike, Girl Taken to Hospital".

External links[edit]