||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)|
|Native name||وليد فارس|
December 24, 1957 |
Walid Phares (Arabic: وليد فارس IPA: [waˈliːd ˈfaːres]) is an American scholar of Lebanese origins. He is a professor at National Defense University in Washington DC and a commentator on global terrorism and Middle Eastern affairs.
Phares has testified before committees of the U.S. State, Justice, Defense and Homeland Security, the United States Congress, the European Parliament, and the United Nations Security Council. Since 2007, he has served as an expert on terrorism and the Middle East for FOX News since 2007 and was a terrorism expert for NBC from 2003 to 2006. He is an expert for Wikistrat.
Phares is an American citizen of Lebanese descent who was born on December 24, 1957, grew up in Beirut, and emigrated to the United States in 1990. He holds undergraduate degrees in Law, Political Science, and Sociology from Saint Joseph University and the Lebanese University in Beirut. Following his undergraduate studies, Phares practiced law in Beirut for a period of time, then went on to obtain a Masters Degree in International Law from the Université de Lyon in France and a PhD in International Relations and Strategic Studies from the University of Miami.
Phares taught at the Department of International Relations at Florida International University (FIU) in 1992 and was a visiting professor of Comparative Politics at Florida Atlantic University (FAU) in Palm Beach County from 1993–1994. He was hired as a full-time Professor of Middle East Studies and International Relations in the Department of Political Science at FAU in 1995. While at FAU, Phares sponsored several student organizations focused on human rights including Haiti Watch, Human Rights Organization, the Latin American Student Association, and the Society for the Study of the Middle East. In 1995 he launched the Florida Society for Middle East Studies (FMES) the second-largest of its kind in the US.
Phares is a Visiting Fellow at the European Foundation for Democracy in Brussels. In 2008 he became Coordinator of the Trans-Atlantic Parliamentary Group on Counter Jihadi-Terrorism.
Phares was a visiting lecturer on the History of the Middle East and Lebanon at Saint Joseph University, Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik, and the Lebanese University from 1979 to 1989.
From 1993 to 2005, Phares taught at the Department of Political Science at Florida Atlantic University. He has been a senior lecturer at the Lifelong Learning Society since 1994. His courses include Middle East Politics, Political History, Ethnic and Religious Conflict, and International Terrorism. He has lectured throughout North America and Europe.
Since 2008, Phares has taught Global Strategies at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C.. He lectures since 2008 at the Intelligence University in Washington DC, at the CI Center in Virginia, and the David Morgan Academy in Washington DC. He teaches at BAUI University in Washington DC
Phares is the President of the Global Policy Institute in Washington DC, a think tank dedicated to the study of international relations, particularly between the US and the Greater Middle East
Although Phares is often described as a scholar on terrorism, Stanford University terrorism academic Martha Crenshaw stated that Phares was "not in the mainstream as an academic". Crencshaw statement, made as part of the smear Phares against Phares upon his appointment by a Presidential candidate as an advisor in 2011, is not grounded on research and contradicts the widely accepted expertise by Phares in the US Congress, European Parliament and at the UN Security Council, as well as by several US agencies and NGOs.
Political activism in Lebanon
Soon after finishing his graduate degree in Public Law, Phares joined in 1981 the "MECHRIC Committee", a federation of Middle Eastern Christian NGOs. In 1984, Phares adhered to a small political party of center-left, the "Social Democratic Christian Union" – Union Sociale Démocratique Chrétienne (USDC).[not in citation given]
In 1986, he represented the USDC in the political council of the Lebanese Forces, the umbrella organization for the Christian Resistance parties and independent personalities during the Lebanese civil war. He served as the head of External and Diaspora affairs in the Lebanese Forces during the years 1986 and 1987. In 1988 Phares revamped the USDC and was elected as Secretary General for the new Social Democratic Christian Party (PSDC). His attempts to democratize the Lebanese Forces coalition by demanding its leaders to go through a transparent electoral process put him on a collision course with the ruling warlords and led him to resign from the political council of the Lebanese Forces in March 1989.
However a so-called investigation by Adam Serwer Mother Jones uncovered claims that Phares' ties to the Lebanese Forces extended back further, and described him as one of the movement's key ideologues, and a mentor to one of its most important leaders, Samir Geagea. A claim that has no sources as Phares was a member of a political council representing his Party and not an advisor to Geagea. Serwer claimed that Régina Sneifer, a former member of the Lebanese Forces, claimed that she attended lectures where Phares advocated Lebanese Christians establishing their own state modeled on Israel. Mother Jones' Adam Serwer never provided evidence of Sneifer's hearsay on Phares, neither tapes or written sources. No documents of any sorts were provided. The Mother Jones article was rebutted by several articles debunking it as a hack job by supporters of the Iranian regime and Muslim Brotherhood lobbies. One article in the National Review, "Jihad against Walid Phares" authored by Mario Loyola exposed the various claims made by Adam Serwer of the Mother Jones, mainly that his sources are connected to Hezbollah in Lebanon, such as Regina Sneifer being a personal enemy of the Lebanese Forces and a supporter of General Michel Aoun, ally to Hezbollah. He subsequently restated this in a policy paper published in 1999 by the Ariel Center for Policy Research, an Israeli think-tank, where he supported the creation "of an independent, democratic, self sufficient, Christian Lebanese entity, in alliance with Israel" in the area of southern Lebanon then occupied by Israel and the South Lebanon Army. In reality Phares argued at the UN that upon the withdrawal of Israel the local population should be enabled to defend itself, with all its communities, against Hezbollah an entity on US, Saudi, UAE, Bahrain terror lists.
He sought to promote a pluralist and federalist system in Lebanon as the solution to the sectarian violence. His ideas on the matter are best exposed in his first publication, Pluralism in Lebanon.
To this end, Phares remains an adamant supporter for dialogue with liberal Muslims [clarification needed] as he argued in his book "The Lost Spring" published in March 2014 while rejecting religious radicalization. However he has claimed that some Muslims in the United States are secretly plotting to impose sharia law on American society. The Daily Beast piece was an attack on Phares during the Presidential election campaign as The Daily beast opposed Romney. Phares has never made any statement on "Sharia Law and Muslims in the US." Not one evidence cited
Phares was appointed as foreign policy adviser to Mitt Romney for his 2012 presidential campaign. His appointment was met with criticism from the (Muslim Brotherhood linked Council on American–Islamic Relations, an entity designated as Terrorist by the UAE in 2014) which described him as “an associate to war crimes” (due to his ties to the Lebanese Forces) and a “conspiracy theorist”. CAIR has been described by several research entities and members of Congress as an Islamist organization part of the Muslim Brotherhood. The appointment also provoked negative reactions from Islamic studies academics Ebrahim Moosa and Omid Safi, however both scholars were described as militant Islamists by several pieces including "Walid Phares vs the Middle East Studies" as well as the Center for a New American Security's Andrew Exum, who said that Phares was "widely viewed as an extremist". Exum and the fall 2011 attackers against Phares were part of a coordinated smear campaign against Phares because of his appointment as advisor to Romney and the fear that his expertise will help the US defeat the Jihadists and the Islamists as argued by a Middle East scholar Dr Robert Rabil in "Walid Phares Under Attack" in the American Thinker
|1979||Pluralism in Lebanon||Kasleek University|
|1980||The Lebanese Thought and the Thesis of Arabization||Dar el-Sharq Press|
|1981||Democratic Dialogue||Manshurat el-Tagammoh|
|1985||Thirteen Centuries of Struggle||Mashreq Editions (Beirut)|
|1986||The Iranian Islamic Revolution||Dar el-Sharq Press|
|1995||Lebanese Christian Nationalism: The Rise and Fall of an Ethnic Resistance||L. Rienner Publishers|
|1998, 2001||History of the Middle East: Trends and Benchmarks||IRP University of Miami Press|
|2005||Future Jihad: Terrorist Strategies Against America||Palgrave Macmillan|
|2007||The War of Ideas: Jihadism against Democracy||Palgrave Macmillan|
|2008||The Confrontation: Winning the War against Future Jihad||Palgrave Macmillan|
|2010||The Coming Revolution: Struggle for Freedom in the Middle East||Simon & Schuster|
|2014||The Lost Spring. U.S. Policy in the Middle East and Catastrophes to Avoid||Palgrave Macmillan|
- "Wikistrat profile on Walid Phares". Wikistrat. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- "Biography of Walid Phares". Trans-Atlantic Parliamentary Group on Counter Jihadi-Terrorism. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- World Maronite Union WMU Secretariat General
- UNSCR 1559:Calling on Syria to Pull Out From Lebanon
- "Special Report With Brit Hume". Fox News. March 10, 2005.
- Vary, Jarad (24 October 2011). "Meet Mitt Romney’s Radical, Right-wing, Sharia-phobe Foreign Policy Advisor". The New Republic. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "Walid Phares under attack". American Thinker.
- Serwer, Adam (27 October 2011). "Top Romney Adviser Tied to Militia That Massacred". Mother Jones (magazine). Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- Phares, Walid (1999). "Israel’s Alternative Policy in Lebanon" (PDF). Ariel Center for Policy Research. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "Multiculturalism is Lebanon’s identity". World Lebanese Cultural Union.
- Mostafa Mostafa Geha. "Walid Phares, A Hero to Muslim Liberals". Canada Free Press.
- Template:Cite web an allegation only advanced by pro-Islamist lobbies and never made by Phares.