Margaret Hoover

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Margaret Hoover
Margaret Hoover.jpg
Hoover in 2011
Born
Margaret Claire Hoover

(1977-12-11) December 11, 1977 (age 40)
Colorado, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Alma materBryn Mawr College (BA)
Spouse(s)
John Avlon (m. 2009)
Children2
FamilyAllan Hoover (grandfather)
Herbert Hoover (great-grandfather)
Websitemargarethoover.com

Margaret Claire Hoover (born December 11, 1977) is an American political commentator, political strategist, media personality, feminist, gay rights activist, author, and great-granddaughter of Herbert Hoover, the 31st U.S. President. [1] She is the best-selling author of the book "American Individualism: How A New Generation of Conservatives Can Save the Republican Party" published by Crown Forum in July 2011.[2] Hoover is currently host of PBS's reboot of the conservative interview show Firing Line. [3]


Early life[edit]

Hoover was born in Colorado, the daughter of Jean (Williams), a flight attendant, and Andrew Hoover, a mining engineer.[4][5]

Hoover received primary education at Graland Country Day School, an independent co-educational day school in Denver, Colorado.[6] She earned a B.A. in Spanish literature with a minor in political science from Bryn Mawr College in 2001.[7][8] She also attended Davidson College for two years, where she was a member of Warner Hall.[9]

Career[edit]

Hoover worked in the White House for the administration of George W. Bush as the Associate Director of Intergovernmental Affairs.[10] She worked on President Bush's re-election campaign in 2004 and was Deputy Finance Director to Rudy Giuliani's presidential bid in 2006–2007.[11] She also worked as a staffer on Capitol Hill for Congressman Mario Diaz-Balart and as Advisor to the Deputy Secretary at the Department of Homeland Security.[12]

Her writing has appeared in the Wall Street Journal,[13] The Daily News,[14] and The Daily Beast[15].

In October 2011, she debated Howard Dean and Jeff Maddrick in an IQ Squared Debate at New York University over the sustainability of current entitlement obligations to a new generation of Americans.[16][17]

She is on the Board of Overseers at Stanford University's Hoover Institution, and on the boards of the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library Association and the Belgian American Educational Foundation.[18][19][20] Hoover serves on the Advisory Council of The American Foundation for Equal Rights and GOProud.[21][22]

In January 2013, she helped found American Unity Fund, a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing the cause of freedom for gay and lesbian Americans. American Unity fund works in partnership with other national LGBT organizations to help mobilize Republican support for marriage and non-discrimination, and other LGBT issues at the state and federal level.[23]

Hoover's work is committed to publicizing her great-grandfather Herbert Hoover's legacy as a humanitarian and pioneer of the international non-governmental organization, as well as his many other achievements.[24] She appeared in a PBS documentary, "Landslide", in 2010.[25]

Media[edit]

From 2008 to 2012, Hoover was a Fox News contributor where she appeared on Bill O'Reilly's top rated show The O'Reilly Factor. In the branded segment "Culture Warrior", she jousted with Bill O'Reilly on a range of topics from entertainment news, to popular culture, to Hollywood and politics. Since 2012, she has been a political contributor for CNN.[26] In April 2018 it was announced she will host the PBS show Firing Line.[27]

She has been a frequent guest on Bill Maher's Real Time on HBO, and has appeared on NBC's Today, CBS's The Early Show, ABC's Good Morning America, at MSNBC, Fox News, C-SPAN, and C-SPAN Book TV.[28][29]

In 2014, she hosted the Toyota Solutions Studio at the Women In The World conference held at Lincoln Center where Hoover interviewed several participants including comedian Sarah Silverman and her sister Rabbi Susan Silverman, the Peruvian poet Senna, Ambassador Fatuma Ndangiza, and United Nations Under-Secretary General Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka.[30][31]

Firing Line with Margaret Hoover (PBS TV Series)[edit]

Margaret Hoover is the host of Firing Line with Margaret Hoover, a relaunch of National Review Founder William F. Buckley Jr.’s public affairs television show, Firing Line that aired on PBS for 33 years, the longest-running public affairs show in television history with a single host.[32][33] The show premiered on June 2, 2018 on WNET, which serves the New York metropolitan area, and is the largest PBS market in the country.[34][35][36]

Format[edit]

Firing Line with Margaret Hoover is a weekly public affairs TV show produced at the WNET Tisch Studios. The program offers a deep exchange of ideas with a single guest on a single issue in its 26-minute runtime. [37][38]

Episodes[edit]

The first fourteen episodes of the program featured guests representing a variety of sociopolitical ideologies, including Speaker of the House Paul Ryan, Ohio Governor John Kasich, Journalist Gretchen Carlson, Senator Jeff Merkley, “the rising star of the political Left,” Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez,[39] and “accidental icon of the conservative movement,” Jordan Peterson.[40][41] Margaret Hoover’s interview with Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez earned national and international attention for her comments ranging from the state of capitalism and the unemployment rate in the United States to the State of Israel.[42][43]

Reception[edit]

The New York Times wrote that, “Under Ms. Hoover's direction, the discourse is civil and substantive.”[44] A show review by the National Review states, “the reincarnation of Firing Line comes at an interesting time, and a needful one.”[45] In the run-up to the show's premier Politico said, "It seems like a great idea, so let’s test drive it and see what happens." [46]

Advocacy for gay rights[edit]

She is an advocate for gay rights, including gay marriage, arguing that individual freedom and marriage are conservative values.[47] She testified before the Maryland State Senate on behalf of gay marriage in January 2011, took an active role in the 2012 battle to win gay marriage in New York,[48] encouraging them not to repeal freedom to marry. She has been profiled in The Advocate as "exactly the brand of straight ally we need right now".[49] Chad Griffin asked her to serve on the Advisory Board of the American Foundation for Equal Rights, the non-profit organization funding the Prop 8 Trial (Hollingsworth v. Perry), and is a co-chair and founder of the group Young Conservatives for the Freedom to Marry. In 2014, Hoover introduced Evan Wolfson at the 10th anniversary celebration of Freedom To Marry. She was introduced by Cynthia Nixon who said Hoover "appeals to the pragmatism of the millennial generation, she believes constitutionally guaranteed rights ought to transcend left versus right, and Democrat versus Republican, and she does so with savvy, skill and style."[50] She serves as treasurer of the American Unity PAC, which supports pro-LGBT Republican Congressional candidates, and president of the American Unity Fund, which supports the work of pro-freedom Republicans nationally.[51][52]

In 2013, Hoover was a signatory to an amicus curiae brief submitted to the Supreme Court in support of same-sex marriage in Hollingsworth v. Perry.[53]

Personal life[edit]

Hoover is married to fellow CNN contributor John Avlon, a former Rudy Giuliani speechwriter, senior columnist for Newsweek, and former Editor-in-Chief of The Daily Beast.[54] They have a son, Jack, born in 2013, and a daughter, Toula Lou, born in 2015.[55][56]

Bibliography[edit]

  • American Individualism: How a New Generation of Conservatives Can Save the Republican Party, Margaret Hoover, 2011, Crown Forum[57]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoover, Bob (July 24, 2011). "Fox News contributor Margaret Hoover defends her great-grandfather: President Hoover". Pittsburgh Post Gazette. Retrieved November 15, 2018. Author Hoover, however, claims to bear an even bigger burden because she is a great-granddaughter of Herbert Hoover and said she became a conservative political thinker in order to defend great-granddad, one of the most vilified presidents of the past century.
  2. ^ "American Individualism". penguinrandomhouse.com. Penguin Randomhouse. July 19, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2018. In American Individualism, Margaret Hoover chal-lenges the up-and-coming millennial generation to take another look at the Republican Party. Although millennials rarely identify themselves as Republicans, Hoover contends that these young men and women who helped elect President Barack Obama are sympathetic to the fundamental principles of conservatism. She makes a compelling case for how the GOP can right itself and capture the allegiance of this group. She believes that her party is uniquely positioned to offer solutions for the most pressing problems facing America—skyrocketing debt and deficits, crises in education and immigration, a war against Islamist supremacy—but that it is held back by the outsize influence within the party of social and religious conservatives.
  3. ^ Simon, Scott (June 8, 2018). "William F. Buckley's 'Firing Line' Returns With Margaret Hoover". npr.org. National Public Radio. Retrieved November 15, 2018. Almost 20 years since Firing Line ceased production, Margaret Hoover is stepping in to become the next host of the conservative talk show on PBS.
  4. ^ "Weddings: Margaret Hoover, John Avlon". The New York Times. November 6, 2009. pp. ST13. Retrieved November 15, 2018. She is the daughter of Jean W. Hoover and Andrew Hoover of Littleton, Colo. Her father, a mining engineer, retired from Greenfield Engineering in Denver. He is also on the board of the Hoover library association. Her mother retired as a flight attendant for United Airlines.
  5. ^ Allen, Anne Beiser (1 January 2000). "An Independent Woman: The Life of Lou Henry Hoover". Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved 20 April 2017 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "Grade 7: Celebrity Alumna Returns to Campus". graland.org. Graland Country Day School. Retrieved November 15, 2018. When alumna Margaret Hoover ’93 was in town last week to receive the Nancy Nye Priest Award from the Alumni Association, she graciously made time to visit campus and speak with seventh graders about her career as a political commentator.
  7. ^ Ginanni, Claudia (September 15, 2011). "In American Individualism, Margaret Hoover '01 Advises Republican Party on Attracting Young Voters". alumnews.blogs.brynmawr.edu. Bryn Mawr College. Retrieved November 15, 2011. As the Republican presidential candidates approach the primary season, considerable media attention has been devoted to Margaret Hoover ’01, whose American Individualism: How a New Generation of Conservatives Can Save the Republican Party was published this summer.
  8. ^ "Margaret Hoover–Cherished Legacy". womanaroundtown.com. Woman Around Town. July 26, 2009. Retrieved November 15, 2018. She graduated from Bryn Mawr College with a B.A. in Spanish literature and a minor in political science.
  9. ^ "Famous Davidson College Alumni". ranker.com. Ranker. November 2018. Retrieved November 15, 2018. List of famous alumni from Davidson College, with photos when available. Prominent graduates from Davidson College include celebrities, politicians, business people, athletes and more. This list of distinguished Davidson College alumni is loosely ordered by relevance, so the most recognizable celebrities who attended Davidson College are at the top of the list. This directory is not just composed of graduates of this school, as some of the famous people on this list didn't necessarily earn a degree from Davidson College
  10. ^ "How Abortion, Legitimate Rape, and Mom-in-Chief Will Affect the Election". newyorker.com. The New Yorker. September 19, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2018. Margaret Hoover served as White House Associate Director of Intergovernmental Affairs under President George W. Bush and as the deputy finance director for Rudy Giuliani’s Presidential exploratory committee. She is a great-granddaughter of President Herbert Hoover.
  11. ^ Smith, Chris (March 30, 2007). "Giuliani Loses a Second Bushie". nymag.com. New York Magazine. Retrieved November 15, 2018. Hoover, 29, says she’s departing to pursue the ever-popular “other opportunities,” adding that she’s “still supporting Rudy for president.” Giuliani’s inner circle is notoriously rough on newcomers, and this is the second recent turbulent episode for a Bush transplant: In February, Giuliani demoted Anne Dickerson, a former top Bush fund-raiser, after Giuliani strategy documents turned up in the Daily News. “Margaret did a tremendous job helping the exploratory committee get started, and we wish her the best of luck in future efforts,” says a Giuliani spokeswoman
  12. ^ Norfleet, Gregory (December 23, 2008). "Great-granddaughter of Hoover engaged to Giuliani speechwriter". westbranchtimes.com. West Branch Times. Retrieved November 15, 2018. She has served as deputy finance director in Giuliani’s Presidential Exploratory Committee, Bush’s re-election campaign, senior advisor to the deputy secretary of the Department of Homeland Security and deputy press secretary for Florida Congressman Mario Diaz-Balart.
  13. ^ Hoover, Margaret (July 22, 2011). "How the GOP Can Win Young Voters". wsj.com. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  14. ^ Hoover, Margaret (June 15, 2011). "The conservative case for gay marriage: GOP is not the party of intolerance". nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  15. ^ Hoover, Margaret (March 22, 2010). "The Return of Big Government". thedailybeast.com. The Daily Beast. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  16. ^ Margaret Hoover, Mort Zuckerman, Howard Dean, Jeff Madrick (October 11, 2011). Grandma's Benefits Imperil Junior's Future (video). New York University: Slate/Intelligence Squared Debates.
  17. ^ "Do Grandma's Benefits Imperil Junior's Future?". npr.org. National Public Radio. October 11, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  18. ^ "Hoover Institution Board of Overseers". hoover.org. Hover Institution. Retrieved November 16, 2018. Overseers: Margaret Hoover, New York, NY
  19. ^ "Weddings: Margaret Hoover, John Avlon". The New York Times. November 6, 2009. pp. ST13. Retrieved November 15, 2018. She is the daughter of Jean W. Hoover and Andrew Hoover of Littleton, Colo. Her father, a mining engineer, retired from Greenfield Engineering in Denver. He is also on the board of the Hoover library association. Her mother retired as a flight attendant for United Airlines.
  20. ^ "Members of the Board of Directors 2016: Officers". baef.be. Belgian American Educational Foundation. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  21. ^ American Foundation for Equal Rights. "Advisory Council Board". American Foundation for Equal Rights.
  22. ^ Avlon, John (February 10, 2011). "Gay group in conservatives' gathering splits GOP". cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved November 16, 2018. Avlon's wife, Margaret Hoover, serves on the board of GOProud
  23. ^ "Meet Our Team". americanunityfund.com. American Unity Fund. Retrieved November 15, 2018. Margaret Hoover is President of American Unity Fund and host of the public affairs television series Firing Line with Margaret Hoover, a reprisal of William F. Buckley’s iconic PBS program. She is an LGBTQ rights activist, a mother, a media personality, a political strategist, and the best-selling author of American Individualism: How A New Generation of Conservatives Can Save the Republican Party (Crown Forum). The great-granddaughter of President Herbert Hoover, Margaret's political work is committed to renewing the Republican Party to enable it to connect with a new generation of Americans. She is a veteran of the Bush White House and two presidential campaigns and is a former Capitol Hill staffer.
  24. ^ Hoover, Bob (July 24, 2011). "Fox News contributor Margaret Hoover defends her great-grandfather: President Hoover". post-gazette.com. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 16, 2018. Author Hoover, however, claims to bear an even bigger burden because she is a great-granddaughter of Herbert Hoover and said she became a conservative political thinker in order to defend great-granddad, one of the most vilified presidents of the past century. Hence the title of her book taken from an essay Hoover wrote in 1922 before he was elected president and his reputation was destroyed by his tepid response to the start of the Great Depression. Called "the great engineer" for his successful career in mining before World War I, Hoover was called into public service by President Wilson to organize massive food relief efforts in war-devastated Europe. He later led a similar effort in Russia. Ms. Hoover is proud of her relative's work even though, as president, he barely lifted a finger to feed millions of American families impoverished by the economic collapse. She also slides past his worst mistake as president -- the eviction of the "Bonus Army" from Washington, D.C., in 1932. These were jobless veterans, about 20,000, who marched to the Capitol to urge Congress to pay their war bonus early. Ms. Hoover only says the president "secretly arranged for food, tents and water" for the protesters, forgetting that he also publicly ordered the U.S. Army to throw the marchers out of town. Four people, including two infants, died in the charge ordered by Gen. Douglas MacArthur as the Army burned down the marchers' camp, in the process, bayoneting a 7-year-old boy in the leg who was trying to save his pet rabbit. When the marchers returned after Franklin Roosevelt defeated Hoover in the election in 1932, FDR didn't send MacArthur to the camp, but his wife, Eleanor. Clearly, Roosevelt had a better understanding of public relations, if not human nature, than his predecessor.
  25. ^ "Herbert Hoover: Landslide - Preview". pbs.org. Public Broadcasting Station. August 21, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  26. ^ Werpin, Alex (May 9, 2012). "Margaret Hoover Joins CNN as Political Contributor". adweek.com. Adweek Network TV Newser. Retrieved November 16, 2018. TV political pundit Margaret Hoover has found a new home on cable news, TVNewser has learned. The great-granddaughter of President Herbert Hoover has joined CNN as a political contributor. Her first appearance was this morning on “Starting Point.” Hoover’s husband is John Avlon, and is already a political contributor with CNN. Hoover has been a contributor to Fox News Channel for a number of years, though the two parted ways earlier this year after failing to come to terms on a new contract. She last appeared on FNC in March.
  27. ^ Pedersen, Erik (April 26, 2018). "'Firing Line': PBS Reloads Public-Affairs Show With Host Margaret Hoover". deadline.com. Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 16, 2018. PBS is bringing back an iconic property after nearly two decades. The pubcaster said today that a new version of Firing Line, the William F. Buckley-hosted public-affairs show it aired from 1966-99, will premiere in June. The new host is political strategist and commentator Margaret Hoover.
  28. ^ "REAL TIME WITH BILL MAHER CONTINUES ITS 16TH SEASON JUNE 15, EXCLUSIVELY ON HBO; GEORGE WILL IS THE TOP-OF SHOW INTERVIEW GUEST; BILLY EICHNER IS THE MID-SHOW INTERVIEW GUEST; REP. KAREN BASS, MARGARET HOOVER AND MICHAEL WEISS ARE THE ROUNDTABLE GUESTS". medium.com. A Medium Corperation. June 14, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018. The roundtable guests are Rep. Karen Bass, CNN contributor and television host Margaret Hoover and Daily Beast contributor and author Michael Weiss.
  29. ^ "Margaret Hoover C-SPAN". c-span.org. C-SPAN. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  30. ^ Margaret Hoover, Amb. Swanee Hunt, Amb. Fatuma Ndangiza, Hon. Minister Oda Gasinzigwa (April 4, 2014). Rwandan Leaders: Toyota Solutions Studio (video). Toyota Solutions Studio, Lincoln Center, New York, NY: Women in the World.
  31. ^ Bennett, Jessica (May 16, 2014). "Feminism, One Conference at a Time". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  32. ^ "Register of the Firing Line (Television Program) broadcast records". oac.cdlib.org. Online Archives of California. Retrieved November 25, 2018. With 1,505 installments over 33 years, Firing Line is the longest-running public-affairs show with a single host, William F. Buckley Jr., in television history.
  33. ^ Simon, Scott (June 8, 2018). "William F. Buckley's 'Firing Line' Returns With Margaret Hoover". npr.org. National Public Radio. Retrieved November 15, 2018. Almost 20 years since Firing Line ceased production, Margaret Hoover is stepping in to become the next host of the conservative talk show on PBS.
  34. ^ "Firing Line with Margaret Hoover". tvguide.com. TV Guide. Retrieved November 25, 2018. June 2, 2018 - The premiere of the public affairs talk show that delivers a civil and engaging contest of ideas.
  35. ^ "WNET Sponsorship". wnet.org. WNET. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  36. ^ "WGBH Boston and Thirteen/WNET New York, Two of America's Largest Public Broadcasters, Join Forces to Launch World and Create - Two New Digital Channels Serving Viewers Across the Northeast". busineswire.com. Business Wire. February 24, 2004. Retrieved November 25, 2018. WGBH Boston and Thirteen/WNET New York have combined forces to launch World and Create, two new digital channels for viewers throughout the Boston and New York metropolitan areas. Available to digital cable subscribers as well as over the air (via antenna) to viewers with digital receivers, the new channels complement the traditional analog channels of both WGBH Boston and Thirteen/WNET New York.
  37. ^ Falk, Tyler (April 27, 2018). "PBS rekindles political debate show 'Firing Line'". current.org. Current. Retrieved November 25, 2018. “The show will maintain the character of the original series by William F. Buckley, providing a platform that is diligent in its commitment to a balanced exchange of opinion,” the release added. “The series comes at a time when meaningful discourse is needed more than ever.”
  38. ^ "Firing Line with Margaret Hoover". tvguide.com. TV Guide. Retrieved November 25, 2018. June 2, 2018 - The premiere of the public affairs talk show that delivers a civil and engaging contest of ideas.
  39. ^ Newman, Andy (June 27, 2018). "Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Emerges as a Political Star". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  40. ^ Arnold, Megan (August 24, 2018). "Jordan Peterson is a Conservative, Not a Classical Liberal". libertarianism.org. Libertarianism.org. Retrieved November 25, 2018. In speaking of the distinction between conservatives and [classical] liberals in his essay “Why I Am Not a Conservative,” Nobel laureate F.A. Hayek notes that “the conservative attitude is a fear of change” and “a timid distrust of the new as such.” By contrast, Hayek says that a liberal like himself can “accept changes without apprehension even though he does not know how the necessary adaptations will be brought about.” Conservatives only feel safe “if [they are] assured that some higher wisdom watches and supervises change.” It almost seems as though Hayek had Jordan Peterson in mind when he wrote the essay.
  41. ^ "Firing Line Episodes Season 1 - 2018". pbs.org. PBS. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  42. ^ Cillizza, Chris (July 18, 2018). "Democrats should maybe slow their roll on pushing Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez as their next big star". cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved November 25, 2018. Which leads to moments like this one, which occurred during an interview with Margaret Hoover for PBS' "Firing Line" in which Ocasio-Cortez gets herself into trouble when she starts talking about the Middle East and referring to Israelis who have settled in the West Bank as occupiers of Palestine. Hoover follows up, smartly, and Ocasio-Cortez begins to talk about an increase in settlements that makes it more difficult for Palestinians to access "their housing." Sensing that she is making things worse not better, Ocasio-Cortez admits: "I am not the expert on geopolitics on this issue."
  43. ^ Warner, Liam (July 17, 2018). "Ocasio-Cortez Embarrasses Herself on Firing Line". nationalreview.com. National Review. Retrieved November 25, 2018. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the celebrated, 28-year-old Democratic nominee for Congress in New York’s 14th district, appeared on PBS’s Firing Line reboot last week to discuss herself. The conversation was a broad overview of Ocasio-Cortez’s positions on capitalism, education, and foreign policy. One widely circulated highlight was Ocasio-Cortez’s reference to the “occupation” of Palestine, which host Margaret Hoover asked her to clarify. She responded by saying that she supposed she was referring to the Israeli settlements in “some of these areas,” which make it difficult for Palestinians to access “their housing and homes.” Hoover asked for a fuller explanation but got only Ocasio-Cortez’s demurral that she was “not the expert on geopolitics on this issue.”
  44. ^ Green, Penelope (July 11, 2018). "Margaret Hoover and John Avlon on their Post-Partisan Marriage". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  45. ^ Williamson, Kevin (June 3, 2018). "A Hoover Restoration". nationalreview.com. National Review. Retrieved November 25, 2018. The reincarnation of Firing Line comes at an interesting time, and a needful one.
  46. ^ Hendershot, Heather (June 1, 2018). "Is America Ready for Kinder, Gentler Political TV?". politico.com. Politico. Retrieved November 25, 2018. It seems like a great idea, so let’s test drive it and see what happens
  47. ^ Hoover, Margaret (June 15, 2011). "The conservative case for gay marriage: GOP is not the party of intolerance". nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  48. ^ Bolcer, Julie (October 14, 2011). "New York Senate Republicans Thanked for Marriage With $1.2 Million". advocate.com. Advocate. Retrieved November 16, 2018. Others reported in attendance included Margaret Hoover, former Republican National Committee chairman Ken Mehlman, New York State Republican Party chairman Ed Cox, and the wives of senators Grisanti, McDonald, and Saland.
  49. ^ "A New Conservative Agenda". advocate.com. Advocate. July 5, 2011. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  50. ^ Cynthia Nixon, Margaret Hoover (May 2, 2014). Margaret Hoover Introduces Evan Wolfson at 'Cheers to 10 Years' Event. New York: Freedom to Marry.
  51. ^ "American Unity PAC". opensecrets.org. Open Secrets. Retrieved November 25, 2018. Treasurer: HOOVER, MARGARET
  52. ^ "American Unity Fund". ballotpedia.org. Ballotpedia. Retrieved November 25, 2018. Margaret Hoover, President
  53. ^ Avlon, John (February 28, 2013). "The Pro-Freedom Republicans Are Coming: 131 Sign Gay Marriage Brief". tehdailybeast.com. The Daily Beast. Retrieved November 25, 2018. Influential party donors such as Cliff Asness, Lew Eisenberg, and Dan Loeb decided to add their names, as did policy leaders such as Doug Holtz-Eakin, Greg Mankiw, and Nancy Pfotenhauer, and strategists and media figures such as Alex Castellanos, Margaret Hoover (full disclosure, my bride), Nicolle Wallace, Steve Schmidt, S.E. Cupp, Ana Navarro, and The Daily Beast’s own David Frum and Mark McKinnon. Demographic of one Clint Eastwood even decided to sign on.
  54. ^ Green, Penelope (July 11, 2018). "Margaret Hoover and John Avlon on their Post-Partisan Marriage". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  55. ^ Norfleet, Gregory (August 23, 2013). "Jack joins Hoover lineage". westbranchtimes.com. West Branch Times. Retrieved November 25, 2018. John Avlon and Margaret Hoover welcomed a baby boy, Jack, at 7:23 p.m. Aug. 14, 2013
  56. ^ "Hoovers welcome Toula Lou". westbranchtimes.com. West Branch Times. December 10, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2018. John Avlon and Margaret Hoover announced the birth of daughter Toula Lou Hoover Avlon.
  57. ^ Hoover, Margaret (July 2011). American Individualism: How a New Generation of Conservatives Can Save the Republican Party (Hardbound ed.). New York: Crown Forum. p. 272. ISBN 978-0307718150.

External links[edit]