Western Qin

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Western Qin (西秦)
苑川 (387-388)
河南 (388-389, 394, 411-414)
金城 (389-394)
梁 (394-395)
秦 (395-400, 409-411, 414-431)
385–431
Western Qin and its neighbors in 391 AD
Western Qin and its neighbors in 391 AD
Status Vassal of Former Qin, Later Qin, Jin Dynasty (265-420), Northern Wei
Capital Yongshicheng (385-386)
Wanchuan (386-388, 400, 410-412)
Jincheng (388-395)
Xicheng (395-400)
Dujianshan (409-410)
Tanjiao (412),
Fuhan (412-429)
Dinglian (429-430)
Nan'an (430-431)
Government Monarchy
King  
• 385-388
Qifu Guoren
• 388-400, 409-412
Qifu Gangui
• 412-428
Qifu Chipan
• 428-431
Qifu Mumo
History  
• Qifu Guoren's rebellion against Former Qin
383
• Established
385
• Qifu Gangui's surrender to Southern Liang
400
• Qifu Gangui's reassertion of independence
409
• Qifu Gangui's assassination by Qifu Gongfu
412
• Disestablished
431
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Former Qin
Southern Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Xia (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Northern Liang

The Western Qin (Chinese: 西秦; pinyin: Xīqín; 385-400, 409-431) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.[1] Note that the Western Qin is entirely distinct from the ancient Qin Dynasty, the Former Qin, and the Later Qin.

All rulers of the Western Qin declared themselves "wang", translatable as either "king" or "prince." They ruled the area that is now southwest part of Gansu province in Northwest China.

Rulers of the Western Qin[edit]

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family and given names
Liezu (烈祖 Lièzǔ) Xuanlie (宣烈 Xuānliè) 乞伏國仁 Qǐfú Guórén 385-388 Jianyi (建義 Jiànyì) 385-388
Gaozu (高祖 Gāozǔ) Wuyuan (武元 Wǔyuán) 乞伏乾歸 Qǐfú Gānguī 388-400, 409-412 Taichu (太初 Taìchū) 388-400
Gengshi (更始 Gèngshǐ) 409-412
Taizu (太祖 Taìzǔ) Wenzhao (文昭 Wénzhāo) 乞伏熾磐 Qǐfú Chìpán 412-428 Yongkang (永康 Yǒngkāng) 412-419
Jianhong (建弘 Jiànhóng) 420-428
Did not exist Houzhu (後主 Hoùzhǔ) 乞伏暮末 Qǐfú Mùmò 428-431 Yonghong (永弘 Yǒnghóng) 428-431

The family tree of Western Qin rulers[edit]

Western Qin
Qifu Sifan 乞伏司繁
(d. 376)
Qifu Guoren 乞伏国仁 (d. 388)
Xuanlie 宣烈
r. 385-388
Qifu Gangui 乞伏乾归 (d. 412)
Wuyuan 武元
r. 388-400; 409-412
Qifu Gongfu 乞伏公府Qifu Achai 乞伏阿柴Qifu Chipan 乞伏熾磐 (d. 428)
Wenzhao 文昭
r. 412-428
Qifu Yuanji 乞伏元基Qifu Mumo 乞伏暮末
d. 431; r. 428-431
Qifu Wanzai 乞伏万载

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 59–60. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.