Wikipedia:WikiProject Missing encyclopedic articles/DNB Epitome 27

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This listing page belongs to Wikipedia:WikiProject Dictionary of National Biography, spun out of the “missing article” project, and is concerned with checking whether Wikipedia has articles for all those listed in the Dictionary of National Biography (DNB), a 63-volume British biographical dictionary published 1885-1900 and now in the public domain. This page relates to volume 27 running from name Hindmarsh to name Hovenden.

Scope of the subproject

It is envisaged that the following work will be done:

  • Checks made that links on this page point to a wikipedia article about the same person;
  • Addition of new articles for all red-links based on DNB text;
  • Checking whether blue-linked articles would benefit from additional text from DNB.

Listings are posted as bulleted lists, with footnotes taken from the DNB summaries published in 1904. The listings and notes are taken from scanned text that is often corrupt and in need of correction. Not all the entries on the list correspond to actual DNB articles; some are “redirects” and there are a few articles devoted to families rather than individuals.

If you are engaged in this work you will probably find quite a number of unreferenced articles among the blue links. You are also encouraged to mention the DNB as a reference on such articles whenever they correspond to the summary, as part of the broader campaign for good sourcing. A suggested template is {{DNB}}.

Locating the full text

DNB text is now available on Wikisource for all first edition articles, on the page s:Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Vol 27 Hindmarsh - Hovenden. Names here are not inverted, as they are in the original: Joe Bloggs would be found at Wikisource s:Bloggs, Joe (DNB00). The text for the first supplement is available too: NB that this Epitome listing includes those supplement articles also.

List maintenance and protocols

List maintenance tasks are to check and manipulate links in the list with piping or descriptive parenthetical disambiguators, and to mark list entries with templates to denote their status; whilst as far as possible retaining the original DNB names:

  • piping: [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot, 1st Baron Colchester|Charles Abbot]]
  • descriptive parenthetical disambiguators [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot (botanist)]]
  • both combined [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot (botanist)|Charles Abbot]]

The work involves:

  • Checking that bluelinks link to the correct person; if so, {{tick}} them. If not, try to find the correct article and pipe or disambiguate the link.
  • Check whether redlinks can be linked to an article by piping or disambiguation.
  • Create articles based on the DNB text for redlinks for which no wikipedia article can be found
  • Check whether existing blue-linked articles could benefit from an input of DNB text (e.g. the article is a stub), and if so, update the article from DNB

A number of templates are provided to mark-up entries:

  • {{mnl}} the link runs to a wrong person; - produces the text: [link currently leads to a wrong person]. It is preferable to amend the link by adding a disambiguator to make it red, if an article for the correct person cannot be found
  • {{dn}} the link runs to a dab page - produces the text [disambiguation needed]. It is preferable to amend the link by adding a disambiguator to make it red, if an article for the correct person cannot be found
  • {{tick}} the link has been checked and runs to the correct person - YesY
  • {{tick}} {{tick}} the text of the linked article has been checked against DNB text and would not benefit from additional DNB text - YesY YesY
  • {{tick}} {{cross}} the text of the linked article looks short enough to suggest it would benefit from additional DNB text - YesY N

Note that before creating new articles based on DNB text you should undertake searches to check that the article's subject does not already have an article. It is easily possible that the disambiguation used in this page is not the disambiguation used in an existing wikipedia article. Equally, feel free to improve upon the disambiguation used in redlinks on this page by amending them.

Supplement articles

Because of the provenance of the listing, a number of the original articles will not in fact be in the announced volume, but in one of the three supplement volumes published in 1901. Since the DNB did not include articles about living people, this will be the case whenever the date of death is after the publication date of the attributed volume. In due course there will be a separate listing.

General thoughts

This project is intended as a new generation in “merging encyclopedias”, as well as being one of the most ambitious attempted. For general ideas of where we are, and some justification of the approach being taken, see the essay Wikipedia:Merging encyclopedias.



















  1. ^ Sir John Hindmarsh (d. 1860), rear-admiral and colonial governor; saved the Bellerophon at battle of the Nile (1798), where be lost an eye; lieutenant of the Phoebe at Trafalgar, 1805: with the Beagle in Basque road, 1809; K.H., 1836; first governor of South Australia, 1836-7; lieutenant-governor of Heligoland, 1840-56; rear-admiral, 1856.
  2. ^ Robert Hindmarsh (1769–1835), organiser of the new church; formed Swedenborgian Society, 1783 opened chapel in Eastcheap, 1788, built another in Cross Street, Hatton Garden; organised hierarchy, 1793: tH wards preached at Salford; Rise and Progrew of New Jerusalem Church issued, 1861.
  3. ^ Samuel Hinds (1793–1872), bishop of Norwich : M.A. Queen's College, Oxford, 1818; D.D., 1831; principal of Oodrington College, Barbados: vice-principal of St. Alban Hall, Oxford, 1827-31; chaplain to Archbishop Whately, and earls of Bessboroogh and Clarendon; dean of Carlisle, 1858; bishop of Norwich, 1849-67; published Inquiry into Proofs, Ac., of Inspiration and into the Authority of Scripture 1831, and other works.
  4. ^ Henry George Hine (1811–1896), landscapepainter; apprenticed as draughtsman to Henry Meyer ; practised as wood engraver at Brighton; on staff 'Punch 1841-4; subsequently contributed toIllustrated London Newsand other publications; exhibited landscapes at Royal Academy and Suffolk Street Gallery; member of Institute of Painters hi Water-colours, 1864.
  5. ^ William Hine (1687–1730), organist of Gloucester Cathedral (1712-30), and composer.
  6. ^ John Hingston (d. 1683). composer and organist; employed by Charles I, Cromwell, and Charles II.
  7. ^ Thomas Hingston (1799–1837), physician; of Queens' College, Cambridge; M.D. Edinburgh, 18J4; practised at Penzance and Truro; edited Harvey's De Motu Cordis (1824), and contributed to D. Gilbert's Parochial History of Cornwall
  8. ^ James Hinton (1822–1875), surgeon and philosophical writer; son of John Howard Hinton: made voyages to China, Sierra Leone, and Jamaica as medical officer; practised as aural surgeon in London, and became acquainted with Dr. (Sir William Withey) Gull : contributed to Holmes'sSystem of Surgery 1862: edited Year- Book of Medicine 1863, and published aural monographs; published Mystery of Pain 1866, and joined Metaphysical Society; died in the Azores. Hi 11 ton'sChapters on the Art of Thinking and other Essays were printed, 1879, Philosophy and Religion 1881, The Lawbreaker and the Coming of the Law 1884.
  9. ^ Sir John Hinton (1603?–1682), royalist physician; studied at Leyden; present at Edgehill, 1642; M.D. Oxford, 1642; attended Henrietta Maria at Exeter. 1644; practised in London during Commonwealth; physician to Charles II and his qneen; knighted. 1665; his Memoires printed, 1814.
  10. ^ John Howard Hinton (1791–1873), baptist minister: M.A. Edinburgh, 1816; minister of Devonshire Square Chapel, Bishopsgate, 1837-63: secretary of Baptist Union; edited History and Topography of United States and many theological, biographical, and educational works (collected, 1864).
  11. ^ E. Hippisley, subsequently Mrs. Fitzmaurice (fl.–1741-1766), actress; daughter of John Hip'pisley (d. 1748)
  12. ^ Jane Hippisley , afterwards Mrs. Green (d. 1791), actress; sister of E. Hippisley; Garrick's Ophelia at Goodman's Fields; original Mrs. Malaprop, 1747-8.
  13. ^ John Hippisley (d. 1748), actor and dramatist ; owned theatres at Bristol and Bath; at Lincoln's Inn Fields, 1722-33, played Fondlewife (Old Bachelor), Polonius, and Sir Hugh Evans, and created Peachum; at Covent Garden played Shallow, Dogberry, Fluellen. and other characters; created Sir Simon Loveit ( Miw hi her Teens; also played in his own Journey to Bristol (1731), and Drunken Man (1732).
  14. ^ John Hippisley (d. 1767), actor and author: probably governor of Cape Coast Castle; son of John Hippisley (d. 1748).
  15. ^ John Coxe Hippisley, first baronet (1748–1826), politician; D.C.L. Hertford College, Oxford, 1776; barrister. Inner Temple, 1771; treasurer, 1816; agent of British government in Italy, 1779-80 and 1792-6; employed by East India Company. 1786-9; negotiated marriage of Princess Royal with Duke of WUrtemberg, and was created baronet, 1796; recorder of Sudbury and M.P., 1790-6 and 1802-19; wrote pamphlets in favour of catholic emancipation.
  16. ^ Gruffydd Hiraethog (d. 1568?), Welsh poet, named from Denbighshire mountains; manuscript poems by him in British Museum and at Peniarth House.
  17. ^ Solomon Hirschel (1761–1842), chief rabbi of German and Polish Jews in London, 1802-42.
  18. ^ Thomas Archer Hirst (1830–1892), mathematician; articled as land agent and surveyor at Halifax, Yorkshire; studied at Marburg and was Ph.D., 1852: lecturer in mathematics, Queenwood College, Hampshire 1853-6; mathematical master of University College School, 1860: F.R.S., 1861; F.R.A.S., 1866: professor of -I physics, University College, London, 1865, and of pure mathematics, 1866-70; director of naval studies, Royal Naval College, Greenwich, 1873-83; fellow of London University, 1882; published mathematical writings.
  19. ^ William Hirst (d. 1769?), astronomer; M.A. Peterhouse, Cambridge, 1764; F.R.S., 1755; naval chaplain at sieges of Pondicherry and Vellore; observed transit of Venus at Madras, 1761; while at Calcutta described two eclipses and an earthquake; described transit of Venus of 1769; lost at sea on a second voyage to India.
  20. ^ James Hislop (1798–1827). See Hyslop.
  21. ^ Stephen Hislop (1817–1863), missionary and naturalist; studied at Edinburgh and Glasgow; joined Free church of Scotland, 1843; went to India as missionary, 1844; founded school at Nagpore, near which he was drowned; his Papers relating to Aboriginal Tribes of Central Provinces edited by Sir R. Temple, 1866.
  22. ^ Sir Thomas Hislop, first baronet (1764–1843), general; with 39th at siege of Gibraltar (1779-83), commanding it at capture of Demerara, Berbice, and Essequibo, 1796; headed first division at capture of Guadeloupe (1809); lieutenant-governor of Trinidad, 1803-11; captured on way to India by American frigate, 1812; created baronet and commander-in-chief at Madras, 1813; led army of Deccan in Mahratta war, 1817-18; won victory of Mahidpore, 1817; incurred blame for severity at Talner; G.C.B., 1818; left Madras, 1820.
  23. ^ Sir Robert Hitcham (1572?–1636), king's Serjeant; of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge; barrister, Gray's Inn; M.P., West Looe, 1597, Lynn Regis, 1614, Orford, 1625; attorney-general to James I's queen, 1603; knighted, 1603; king's Serjeant, 1616.
  24. ^ Richard Hitchcock (1825–1856), Irish archaeologist,
  25. ^ Robert Hitchcock (ft. 1580–1591), military writer; commissioned to raise volunteers in Buckinghamshire for service in Low Countries, 1586; published 'A Politiqne Platt 1580, expounding scheme for developing Newfoundland herring fisheries, and an edition of William Garrard'sArte of Warre 1591, and other works; left also military writings in manuscript.
  26. ^ Robert Hitchcock (d. 1809), dramatic author; published The Macaroni 1773, The Coquette 1777, and Historical View of the Irish Stage 1788-94.
  27. ^ Fortescue Hitchins (1784–1814), Cornish poet and historian; son of Malachy Hitchins
  28. ^ Malachy Hitchins (1741–1809), astronomer: B.A. Exeter College, Oxford, 1781; M.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1785; computer and comparer at Greenwich under Neville Maskelyne; vicar of St. Hilary and Gwinear, Cornwall; verified calculations for Nautical Almanack
  29. ^ Benjamin Hoadly (1706–1757), physician; son of Benjamin Hoadly (1676-1761); M.D. Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 1728; F.R.S.,1728; F.R.C.P., 1736; Gulstonian lecturer, 1737; Harveian orator, 1742: physician toGeorge II, 1742: his comedy, The Suspicious Husband (1747), acted at Covent Garden, Garrick taking part.
  30. ^ Benjamin Hoadly (1676–1761), bishop successively of Bangor, Hereford, Salisbury, and Winchester; son of Samuel Hoadly; fellow of Catharine Hall, Cambridge, 1697-1701; M.A., 1699: lecturer of St. Mildred's, Poultry, London, 1701-11, rector of St. Peter-le-Poor, Broad Street, London, 1704-21, of Streatham, 1710-23; chaplain to George I, 1715; opposed occasional conformity bill, but published against Calamy Persuasive to Lay Conformity 1704, Defence of Reasonableness of Conformity 1707, and similar treatises; upheld whig doctrine of resistance against Atterbury and Bishop Blackall, 1709-10; wrote satirical Dedication to Pope Clement XI for Steele's Account of state of Roman Catholic Religion 1715; bishop of Bangor, 1716-21; by his Preservative against Principles and Practices of the Nonjurors 1716, and sermon onNature of the Kingdom or Church of Christ 1717, caused Bangorian controversy (1717-20) and the silencing of convocation: his Reply to Representation of Convocation Hoadly's chief contribution; bishop of Hereford, 1721-3; as Britannicus attacked Atterbury in London Journal 1721; bishop of Salisbury, 1723-34; published pamphlets on foreign affairs, 1726, and Essay on Life and Writings of Dr. Samuel Clarke 1732: bishop of Winchester, 1734-61; Waterland's treatise on the Eucharist elicited by his Plain Account of the Nature and End of the Sacrament 1735; advocated repeal of Corporation and Test Acts, 1736; eulogised by Akenside, but derided by Pope and Swift.
  31. ^ John Hoadly (1678–1746), archbishop successively of Dublin and Armagh; brother of Benjamin Hoadly (1676-1761); B.A. Catharine Hall, Cambridge, 1697; chaplain to Bishop Burnet; prebendary (1706), archdeacon (1710), and chancellor (1713) of Salisbury: friend of Chubb the deist; rector of Ockham, Surrey, 1717; bishop of Leighlin and Ferns, 1727; archbishop of Dublin, 1730; primate of Ireland; archbishop of Armagh, 1742; shared with Shannon chief direction of Irish politics.
  32. ^ John Hoadly (1711–1776), poet and dramatist : son of Benjamin Hoadly (1676-1761); LL.B. Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 1735: chancellor of Winchester, 1735; chaplain to Frederick, prince of Wales, and princess dowager; LL.D. Lambeth. 1748: master of St. Cross, Winchester, 1760-76; friend of Garrick and Hogarth; had poems in Dodsley's Collection wrote words to oratorios and musical plays; assisted his brother, Benjamin Hoadly (1706-1757) hi The Suspicious Husband; edited his father's works.
  33. ^ Samuel Hoadly (1643–1705), schoolmaster; studied at Edinburgh; head-master of Norwich school, 1700-5: published Natural Method of Teaching (1683), with school editions of Phaedrus and Publius Syrus, 1700.
  34. ^ Sarah Hoadly (d. 1743), portrait-painter; n& Curtis; first wife of Bishop Benjamin Hoadly
  35. ^ Leonard Hoar (1630?–1675), president of Harvard College; emigrated to America and graduated at Harvard, 1650; returned to England, 1653; ejected from Wanstead, Essex, 1662; returned to Harvard; M.D. Cambridge, 1671; president of Harvard College, 1672-5; publishedIndex Biblicns(1668) andFirst Catalogue of Members of Harvard College (printed, 1864).
  36. ^ Samuel Hoard (1599–1658), divine; M.A. St. Mary Hall, Oxford, 1621; B.D., 1632; prebendary of St. Paul's, 1637; published theological works.
  37. ^ Charles James Hoare (1781–1865), archdeacon of Surrey; second wrangler and Smith's prizeman, St. John's College, Cambridge, 1803; fellow, 1806; M.A., 1806; Seatonian prizeman, 1807: vicar of Blandford, 1807-21, of Godstone, 1821-66; archdeacon of Winchester, 1829, and canon, 1831; archdeacon of Surrey, 1847-60; published religious works.
  38. ^ Clement Hoare (1789–1849), vine-grower and writer on viticulture.
  39. ^ Michael Hoare (fl. 1762). See William Halfpenny.
  40. ^ Prince Hoare (1765–1834), artist and author; son of William Hoare; exhibited at Royal Academy, 1781-6: made hon. foreign secretary of Academy, 1799; jm bl isOiedAcademic Correspondence 1804, andAcademic Annals of Painting 1806; best known of his plays,No Song, No Supper (Drury Lane, 1790).
  41. ^ Sir Richard Hoare (1648–1718), lord mayor of London; founded bank and raised government loans; knijrhted, 17U2: sheriff of London, 17U9: tory M.P. for th city, 1710-15; master of Goldsmiths Company, 1712; lord mayor, 1712.
  42. ^ Sir Richard Hoare (d. 1764), lord mayor of London; grandson of Sir Richard Hoare (1648-1718) ; journal of bin shrievalty (1741) printed by Sir Richard Colt Hoare, 1815.
  43. ^ Sir Richard Colt Hoare , second baronet (1758–1838), historian of Wiltshire; grandson of Sir Richard Hoare (d. 1754): published works, including History of Modem Wiltshire 18224, Ancient History of North and South Wiltshire 1812-21, journals of tours in Ireland (1807), Elba (1814), Italy and Sicily (1819), a topographical catalogue of the British isles (1815), and monographs on Wiltshire genealogy, topography, and archaeology; F.R.S. and F.S.A.
  44. ^ William Hoare (1707?–1792), portrait-painter; reputed the first English artist who visited Rome to study; lodged with Scheemakers, and made acquaintance of Batoni; travelled in France and the Netherlands, 1749; one of those who attempted to form an academy in England, 1755; an original academician, 1768: exhibited till 1783, chiefly crayons; painted portraits of Chatham, Beau Nash, and others: executed also a whole length of Grafton, and crayons of Chesterfield and Pope.
  45. ^ William Henry Hoare (1809–1888), divine; fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, 1833; M.A., 1834: took part in Colenso controversy; published 4 Outlines of Ecclesiastical History before the Reformation 1852.
  46. ^ George Hobart, third Earl of Buckinghamshire (1732–1804), son of John Hobart, first earl; M.P., St. Ives, 1754-61, Beeralston, 1761-80; secretary of St. Petersburg embassy, 1762; succeeded as third earl, 1793; manager of the opera.
  47. ^ Sir Henry Hobart, first baronet (d. 1625), judge; great-grandson of Sir James Hobart; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1584, governor, 1591; M.P., St. Ives, 1588, Yarmouth, 1597 and 1601, Norwich, 1604-10; serjeantat-law, 1603; attorney-general, 1606-13; appeared for plaintiffs in post-nati case; created baronet, 1611; chief-justice of common pleas, 1613-25; chancellor to Prince Charles, 1617; successfully opposed Coke in Suffolk case, 1619; his reports published, 1641.
  48. ^ Sir James Hobart (d. 1507), attorney-general, 1486-1507, of Lincoln's Inn; knighted, 1503; friend of John Paston.
  49. ^ John Hobart , first Earl of Buckinghamshire (1694?-1756), politician; of Clare Hall, Cambridge: M.P., St. Ives, 1715 and 1722-7, Norfolk, 1727-8; a commissioner of trade, 1721; treasurer of the chamber, 1727; created Baron Hobart, 1728, Earl of Buckinghamshire, 1746; lord-lieutenant of Norfolk and privy councillor, 1745.
  50. ^ John Hobart , second Earl of Buckinghamshire (1723–1793), lord-lieutenant of Ireland ; son of John Hobart, first earl of Buckinghamshire; of Westminster School and Christ's College, Cambridge; M.P., Norwich, 1747-56; comptroller of the household. 1755; lord of the bedchamber, 1756-67; ambassador to Russia, 1762-5; as viceroy of Ireland (1777-80) had to concede free trade and measures for relief of Romanists and dissenters,
  51. ^ Sir Miles Hobart (d. 1632), politician ; knighted, 1623; when M.P. for Great Marlow locked the door of the house during debate of 2 March, 1629; imprisoned for two year?; died by carriage accident; monument voted to him by parliament, 1647.
  52. ^ Robert Hobart, Baron Hobart, fourth Earl of Buckinghamshire (1760-1816), statesman; eldest son of George Hobart, third earl of Buckinghamshire; of Winchester College; served in American war; represented Bramber and Lincoln, 1788-94, and in Irish parliament Portarlington and Armagh; aide-de-camp to viceroy of Ireland, 1784-8; as chief secretary, 1789-93, acted with protestant party; English privy councillor, 1793; as governor of Madras, 1794-8, conducted expedition against Malacca; took part in war against Tippoo Suhib; recalled owing to difference with Sir John Shore (afterwards Lord Teignmouth), 1798; as Baron Hobart, 1798; assisted Auckland (1799) in arranging details of Irish union; secretary for war and the colonies, 1801-4; Hobart Town named after him; chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, 1806 and 1812; postmaster-general under Grenville, 1807; president of board of control, 1812-16; killed by an accident while riding.
  53. ^ Vere Henry Hobart, Baron Hobart (1818-1875), governor of Madras; U.A. Trinity College, Oxford, 1840; clerk in board of trade, 1840-61; reported on Turkish finance, and became director-general of Ottoman Bank; governor of Madras, 1872-5, where he died of typhoid; his Essays and Miscellaneous Writings edited by Lady Hobart, 1885.
  54. ^ Augustus Charles Hobart-Hampden, known as Hobart Pasha (1822-1886), vice-admiral; brother of Vere Henry Hobart, baron Hobart; entered British navy and distinguished himself on South American station against slavers; during Russian war did good service in Baltic (1854-5), and was promoted; retired as captain, 1863; ran blockade off North Carolina during American civil war; became naval adviser to soltan of Turkey, 1867; created pasha (1869) and musbir (1881) for services in reduction of Crete; commanded Black Sea fleet in Russian war, 1877-8; reinstated in British navy (as vice-admiral), 1886; died at Milan; Sketches of My Life issued, 1887.
  55. ^ Robert Hobbes (d. 1538), last abbot of Woburn, 1529-38; acknowledged royal supremacy, 1534, but proved recalcitrant and was executed.
  56. ^ Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), philosopher; educated at Malmesbury and Magdalen Hall, Oxford; B.A., 1608; twenty years tutor and secretary to William Cavendish, afterwards second Earl of Devonshire, and his son; his translation of Thucydides published, 1629; at Paris with Sir Gervase Clifton's son, 1629-31; visiting Italy and Paris, 1634, met Galileo, Gassendi, and Mersenne; said to have been Bacon's amanuensis; intimate with Harvey, Ben Jonson, Cowley, and Sidney Godolphin (1610-1643); resided at Paris, 1641-52; transmitted anonymous objections to Descartes's positions, published his Leviathan (1651), and acted as mathematical tutor to Charles II; on bis return to England submitted to council of state; saw much of Harvey and Selden; engaged in controversies with Bramhall in defence of his religion and philosophy, and with Seth Ward, Boyle, and John Wallis (1616-1703), on mathematical questions, the last exposing many of his blunders; received pension from Charles II, and was protected by him against Clarendon and the church party; his Behemoth suppressed; left London, 1675; wrote autobiography in Latin verse at eighty-four and completed translation of Homer at eighty-six; buried in Hault Hucknall church. In metaphysics a thoroughgoing nominalist; his political philosophy (chiefly in LeviathanX arguing that the body politic has been formed as the only alternative to a natural state of war, was attacked by Sir Robert Filmer, but mentioned with respect in Harrington's Oceana It influenced Spinoza, Leibnitz, and Rousseau, and was revived in England by the utilitarians. The chief critics of his metaphysical and ethical writings were Clarendon, Tenison, the Cambridge Platoniste, and Samuel Clarke. The standard edition of his works is that of Sir W. Molesworth (1839-45). His works include, besides those mentioned, De Give * (1642; English, 1651), Human Nature (1650),De Corpore Politico(originallyElements of Law), 1680, * De Homine(1658),Quadrntura Circuli and other geometrical treatises, and Behemoth, or the Long Parliament (edited by Dr. Ferdinand Tonnies, 1889).
  57. ^ William Armfield Hobday (1771–1831), portrait-painter; exhibited many years at Academy; opened galleries in Pall Mall for sale of pictures on comuiission but failed; best work, pioture of Carolus the hermit Tong.
  58. ^ Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, first baronet (1757–1831), politician; M.A. Braseuose College, Oxford, 1781; barrister, Middle Temple, 1781; M.P., Bletchingley, 1797, Grampound, 1802, and Hindou, 1806-18; secretary to board of control under Addiugtou, 1803: chairman of committees, 1805; created baronet, 1812; published legal treatises.
  59. ^ Henry Hobhouse (1776–1854), archivist ; of Eton and Brasenose College, Oxford; M.A., 1799: D.C.L., 1827: barrister, Middle Temple, 1801; solicitor to the customs, 1806, to Treasury, 1812; permanent under-secretary for home department, 1817-27; privy councillor, 1828; keeper of state papers, 1826-54: superintended publication of State Papers of Henry VIII
  60. ^ John Cam Hobhouse , BARON BROCGHTON DK C.YKKORD (1786-1869), statesman: son of Sir Benjamin Hobhouse; of Westminster and Trinity College, Cambridge; won Hulsean prize, 1808; M.A., 1811; founded Cambridge Whig Club; travelled with Byron in Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Turkey; wrote, from personal observation, Bonapartist account of theHundred Days 1816; visited Byron in Switzerland and Italy and wrote notes for Canto IV of Childe Harold unsuccessfully contested Westminster as a radical, 1819: sent to Newpate for breach of privilege, 1819: returned for Westminster, 1820: as Byron's executor advised destruction of his Memoirs,* 1824; active member of Greek committee in London: succeeded as baronet, 1831; secretary at war, 1832-3; chief secretary for Ireland, March-April, 1833: resigned on house and window-tax, 1833; defeated when candidate for Westminster: elected for Nottingham, 1834; commissioner of woods and forests under Melbourne, 1834; president of board of control, 1835-41 and 1846-52; defeated at Nottingham, 1847: elected for Harwich, 1848; created peer. 1851; said to have invented phrasebis majesty's opposition: as Byron's best man drew up reply (unpublished) to Lady Byron'sRemarks left manuscriptDiaries, Correspondence, and Memoranda, &c., not to be opened till 1900 His works include Italy: Remarks made in several visits (1859), and * Recollections of a Long Life 1865.
  61. ^ Richard Dennis Hoblyn (1803–1886), educational writer; M.A. Balliol College, Oxford, 1828: chief work, Dictionary of Terms used in Medicine
  62. ^ Robert Hoblyn (1710–1756), book collector; of Eton and Corpus Christi College, Oxford; B.C.L., 1734; M.P., Bristol, 1742-54; tf.R.S., 1745; twice speaker of Stannary parliament; his Bibliotheca Hobliniana printed, 1768; library sold, 1778.
  63. ^ Edward Hobson (1782–1830), botanist and entomologist; first president of Banksian Society, 1829; published Musci Britannici (1818-24).
  64. ^ Richard Hobson (1795–1868), physician ; of St. George's Hospital and QueensCollege, Cambridge: M.D., 1830; physician to Leeds Infirmary, 1833-43; attended Charles Waterton and wrote a book on him (1866).
  65. ^ Thomas Hobson (1544?–1631), Cambridge carrier ; referred to in Spectator; presented to Cambridge site of Spinning House, and provided for a conduit; refused always to let out any horse out of its proper turn Hobson's choice this or none).
  66. ^ Sir Edward Hoby (1560–1617), favourite of James I; son of Sir Thomas Hoby; of Eton and Trinity College, Oxford; M.A., 1576; knighted, 1582; accompanied his father-in-law, Lord Hunsdon, to Scotland, 1584; M.P. for Queenborougb, Berkshire, Kent, and Rochester; accompanied Cadiz expedition, 1596: constable of Queenborough, 1597: gentleman of privy chamber to James I; often entertained James I at Bisham; carried on controversies with Theophilus Higgons and John Floyd; translated from French and Spanish; friend and patron of Camden.
  67. ^ Lady Elizabeth Hoby (U28-1609), linguist; wife of Sir Thomas Hohy: afterwards married John, lord Russell, 1574.
  68. ^ Peregrine Hoby (1602–1678), natural son and heir of Sir Edward Hoby: M.P., Great Marlow, 1640, 1660, and 1661.
  69. ^ Sir Philip Hoby (1505–1658), diplomatist: knighted after capture of Boulogne, 1544; ambassador to the Emperor Charles V, 1548; treated for marriage of Kiward VI with a French princess, 1551; employed financially in Flanders; privy councillor, master of the ordnance, and grantee of Bisham, 1552; ambassador in Flanders, 1563; brought message from Philip II to Queen Mary, 1556; friend of Titian and Aretino.
  70. ^ Sir Thomas Hoby (1530–1566), diplomatist anl translator; half-brother of Sir Philip Hoby; of St. John's College, Cambridge; knighted, 1566; translated Martin Bucer's Gratulatior. to the church of England, 1549, andThe Oourtyer of Count Baldessar Castilio 1561; died in Paris, while ambassador to France.
  71. ^ Thomas Hoccleve or Occleve (1370?–1450?), poet;.clerk in privy seal office; granted annuity by Henry IV: portrait of Chaucer contained in his De Regimine Principum written c. 1411-12 (English), edited by Thomas Wright, 1860; his Mother of God and La Male Regie (autobiography), printed, 1796; the former once attributed to Chaucer.
  72. ^ James Hodder (fl. 1661), arithmetician; author of Arithmetick 1661, The Penman's Recreation and Decimal Arithmetick 1668.
  73. ^ Sir Christopher Hoddesdon (1534–1611), master of Merchants Adventurers Company; accompanied Richard Chancellor on voyages to Russia; head of English factory at Moscow, 1557-62; sent to develop English trade in Baltic, 1567; chief of English factory at Narva, 1669; employed as financial agent to Queen Elizabeth in Germany from c. 1574; master of Merchants Adventurers at Hamburg, 1578: M.P., Cambridge, 1593; sheriff of Bedfordshire, 1591-2; master of Merchants Adventurers Company before 1600; knighted, 1603.
  74. ^ John Hoddesdon (fl. 1650), religious writer; friend of Dryden; published Sion and Parnassus 1650, and biographical compilation on Sir Thomas More, 1652.
  75. ^ Arthur Hodge (d. 1811), West Indian planter : executed for causing death of negroes on his estate in Tortola.
  76. ^ Charles Howard Hodges (1764–1837), mezzotint-engraver and portrait-painter; engraved portraits after Reynolds, Romney, C. G. Stuart, and Hoppner, and subject-pictures after old masters; settled at Amsterdam, 1794, and painted portraits of William I of the Netherlands, Louis, king of Holland, himself, and his daughter.
  77. ^ Edward Hodges (1796–1867), organist at Clifton, Bristol, and New York, 1839-63; Mus. Doc. Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge; composed and wrote works on church music, 1825.
  78. ^ Edward Richmond Hodges (1826–1881), orientalist; missionary to Jews in Palestine and Algeria; assisted George Smith (1840-1876) in cuneiform researches, and Gotch with Paragraph Bible; edited Craik's Principia Hebraica 1863, Cory's Ancient Fragments 1876, and revised Mickle's Lusiadas 1877.
  79. ^ Nathaniel Hodges (1629–1688), physician; scholar of Westminster and Trinity College, Cambridge; student of Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1654; M.D., 1659; attended patients throughout plague of 1665; published an account, 1672; F.R.C.P., 1672; censor, 1682; died while in prison for debt.
  80. ^ Sir William Hodges , first baronet (1645?–1714) Spanish merchant; created baronet, 1697, for financial assistance to government; published pamphlets advocating relief of British seamen from extortion,
  81. ^ William Hodges (1744–1797), landscape-painter ; exhibited at Society of Artists, 1766-72: draughtsman in Captain Cook's second expedition. 1772-5; exhibited at Academy view of Otaheite, 1776; painted views in India under patronage of Warren Hastings, 1778-84; published 'Travels in India 1793; R.A., 1789; visited St. Petersburg, 1790.
  82. ^ Sir William Hodges (1808–1868), chief-justice of Cape of Good Hope: barrister, Inner Temple, 1833: published reports of common pleas, queen's bench cases, and treatises on railway law; recorder of'Poole, 1846; drafted Public Health Act, 1848; knighted, 1857; chief-justice of Cape of Good Hope, 1857-68.
  83. ^ John Hodgkin (1766–1845), calligraphist; described in manuscript autobiography events during residence at Vincennes, 1792: tutor in London; works in. elude Calligraphia and Prcoiloraphia Graeca 1807, and Introduction to Writing (4th edit. 1811).
  84. ^ John Hodgkin (1800–1875), barrister and quaker; son of John Hodgkin (1766-1845); friend of John Stuart Mill; advocated register of titles; assisted in preparation of Encumbered Estates Act, 1849; visited tinkers in ! ivlund, France, and America.
  85. ^ Thomas Hodgkin (1798–1866), physician; brother of John Hodgkin (1800-1875); M.D. Edinburgh, 1823; curator and pathologist at Guy's Hospital, 1825; member of London University senate: published Essay on Medical Education 1828,Lectures on Morbid Anatomy of Serous and Mucous Membranes 1836, and biographical works; glandular disease named after him; a founder of Aborigines Protection Society, 1838; died at Jaffa.
  86. ^ Eaton Hodgkinson (1789–1861), writer on the strength of materials; made experiments resulting in Hodgkinson's beam and gave theoretical expositions; F.R.S., with royal medal for paper on Strength of Pillars of Cast Iron and other Materials 1840; royal commissioner on application of iron to railways, 1847-9: professor of mechanical engineering of University College, London, 1847; president of Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 1848-50; published Experimental Researches on the Strength, etc. of Cast Iron 1846.
  87. ^ George Christopher Hodgkinson (1816–1880), meteorologist and educationalist: M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1842; principal of Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, of Diocesan Training College, York; head-master of Louth grammar school, 1864-76: secretary of National Society.
  88. ^ John Hodgson; made astronomical observations on Harthurn, 1833; published part of a large history of Northumberland, guide-book to Newcac: ount of the colliery explosion at Felling 1813, and other works; assisted Davy in invention of safety lamp; built Heworth Church (consecrated, 1822).
  89. ^ John Hodgson (1757–1846), general; son of Studholme Hodgson; roved in North America; wounded in Holland, 1799; governor of Bermuda and Ouracoa; general, 1830.
  90. ^ John Evan Hodgson (1831–1895), painter; educated at Rugby: student at Royal Academy, 1853; exhibited at Royal Academy from 1856; R.A., 1879; librarian and professor of painting at Royal Academy, 1882 till death; published lectures and other writings.
  91. ^ John Studholme Hodgson (1805–1870), major-general in Bengal army; second son of John Hodgson (1757-1846); wounded at Sobraon, 1846: railed and commanded 1st Sikh regiment, 1848-9; promoted for capture of Ukrot: organised Punjab irregular force, 1850; major-general, 1861.
  92. ^ Joseph Hodgson (1756–1821), Roman catholic divine; when vice-president of Douay College, imprisoned by revolutionists; published an account; vicar-general to bishops Douglas and Poyuter in England.
  93. ^ Joseph Hodgson (1788–1869), surgeon; studied at St. Bartholomew's Hospital; surgeon to Birmingham Dispensary, 1818-48; president of Medico-Chirurgical - Surgeons, 1864; F.R.S.; pub Mont Blanc.
  94. ^ Bernard Hodgson (1745?–1805), principal of Hertford College, Oxford; captain of Westminster, 1764; student of Christ Church, Oxford: M.A., 1771: D.C.L., 177K; principal of Hertford College, 1775-1805; translated Solomon's Song, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes.
  95. ^ Brian Houghton Hodgson (1800–1894), Indian civilian and orientalist; nominated to Bengal writership, 1816; studied at East India Company's College, Haileybury, and at college of Fort William; assistant-commissioner of Kumaon, c. 1818-20; assistant-resident at Kathmandu, 1820-9, acting resident, 1829-31, and resident, 18331843; came to England, 1843, but returned to India in private capacity to continue researches: studied ethnology at Darjiling; finally left India, 1858; F.R.S., 1877; honorary D.C.L. Oxford, 1889: while in India made valuable collections of original Sanskrit and Tibetan manuscripts, which he distributed among public libraries. His works lished treatise on diseases of arteries and veins, 1815.
  96. ^ Studholme Hodgson (1708–1798), field-marshal ; aide-de-camp of Duke of Cumberland at Fontenoy, 1745, and Culloden, 1746; raised royal West Kent regiment (then 52nd), 1756: commanded brigade in Rochefort expedition, 1767; conducted siege of Belleisle, 1761; general, 1778; field-marshal, 1796.
  97. ^ Studholme John Hodgson (rf. 1890), general; son of John Hodgson (1757-1846); commanded forces in Ceylon and Straits Settlements.
  98. ^ William Hodgson (1745–1851), politician and author; imprisoned and fined for revolutionary speech, 1793; M.D.; published educational manuals and other works.
  99. ^ William Ballantyne Hodgson (1815–1880), educational reformer; studied at Edinburgh; principal of Liverpool MechanicsInstitute, 1844: LL.D. Glasgow, and Religion of Nepal and Tibet 1874.
  100. ^ Christopher Pemberton Hodgson (1821-1865), traveller; vice-consul at Pau, 1851-5, Caen, and in Japan, 1859-61; published Reminiscences of Australia El Udaivar 1849, and other works; died at Pau.
  101. ^ Edward Hodgson (1719–1794), flower-painter; treasurer to Associated Artists of Great Britain.
  102. ^ Francis Hodgson (1781–1852), provost of Eton; at Eton under Keate; fellow of King's College, Cambridge, 1802, tutor. 1807; M.A., 1807; B.D., 1840; archdeacon of Derby, 1836: provost of Eton, 1840-52; friend of Lord Byron; translated Juvenal (1807) and published English verse.
  103. ^ James Hodgson (1672–1755), mathematician; master of Royal School of Mathematics, Christ's Hospital; F.R.S., 1703; helped to edit Flamsteed's Atlas Coelestis; published also Doctrine of Fluxions founded on Sir Isaac Newton's Method 1736, and other works.
  104. ^ John Hodgson (d. 1684), author of 'Memoirs' (published, 1806, with Sir Henry Slingsby's Original Memoirs); served under Fairfax in Yorkshire; taken by Newcastle at Bradford, 1643: present at sieges of Pontefract, 1645 and 1648, and battle of Preston, 1648; described battle of Dunbar, 1650; refused to fight against Lambert, 1659.
  105. ^ John Hodgson (1779–1845), antiquary; schoolmaster at Sedgefield, Lanchester, and other places; incumbent of Jarrow, 1808, Kirk Whelpington, 1823, and which he distributed among pub ibranes t i 1M8 principal of Chorlton High School, Manchester, include Illustrations of Literature and Religion of the 1847 _ 6 f. in inquiry into primary education, 1858; Buddhists 1841, and Essays on Language, Literature, leading member of &* University College, London: first professor of political economy and mercantile law at Edinburgh, 1871-80; president of Educational Institute of Scotland, 1875: published, among other works,Turgot (1870), and lectures and treatises on girlseducation and the study of economic science: joint-editor of William Johnson Fox's works; died at Brussels.
  106. ^ Frodsham Hodson (1770–1822), principal of Brasenose College, Oxford: M.A. Brasenose College, Oxford, 1793; D.D., 1809: principal of Brasenose, 1809-22; vice-chancellor. 1818; regius professor of divinity, 1820; edited Falconer's Chronological Tables 1796.
  107. ^ Mrs Margaret Hodson (1778–1852), authoress; nee Holford; married Septimus Hodson. 1826; friend and correspondent of Southey; works include Wallace Margaret of Anjou(1815), and Lives of Vasco Nufiez de Balboa and Francisco Pizarrofrom the Spanish, 1832.
  108. ^ Septimus Hodson (1768–1833), rector of Thrapston and chaplain to Prince of Wales; published Address on High Price of Provisions 1795.
  109. ^ William Hodson (fl. 1640), theological writer : M.A. Peterhouse, Cambridge, 1624; published theological works.
  110. ^ William Stephen Raikes Hodson (1821-1858), cavalry leader: B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1844; entered Indian army, 1845: served with 2nd grenadiers in Sikh war: adjutant of the guides, 1847; assistant commissiouer under Sir Henry Lawrence in Punjab, 1849; commander of guides, 1852-4; removed on charge of dishonesty, 18fi5, but cleared by a second inquiry, 1856; served with 1st fusiliers till given commission during Mutiny to raise Hodson's horse; after capture of Delhi seized the king in Humayoon's tomb and shot the Shahzadas when rescue attempted; did good service at Cawnpore and Lucknow; was shot at Lucknow and buried there.
  111. ^ Humphrey Hody (1659–1707), divine: scholar, 1677, fellow, 1685, dean, 1688, and bursar, 1691 and 1692, of Wadham College, Oxford; M.A., 1682; D.D., 1692: chaplain to Bishop Stillingfleet, and afterwards to Archbishops Tillotson and Tenisou; regius professor of Greek at Oxford, 1698; archdeacon of Oxford, 1704; founded Greek and Hebrew exhibitions at Wadham; attacked the genuineness of Aristeas's account of the Septuagint, 1684; assisted in editing Aristeas's History 1692; conducted controversy with Henry Dodwell the elder on nonjuring schism, 1691-9; published also Resurrection of the Body asserted 1694, De Bibliorum Textibus Originalibus 1706, and other works; his De Graecis Illustribus edited by Samuel Jebb, 1742.
  112. ^ Sir John Hody (d. 1441), judge ; M.P., Sbaftesbury, 1423, 1425, 1428, and 1438, Somerset, 1434 and 1440; chiefjustice of the king's bench, 1440; assisted Lyttelton.
  113. ^ Sir William Hody (d. 1522?), chief baron of the exchequer, i486; second son of Sir John Hody; attorney-general and serjeant-at-law, 1485.
  114. ^ Barbara Hofland (1770–1844), authoress and friend of Miss Mitford; married, first, T. Bradshaw Hoole, 1796, and secondly (1808) Thomas Christopher Hoflaud ; published novels, including The Son of a Genius 1816.
  115. ^ Thomas Christopher Hofland (1777–1843), landscape-painter; exhibited at Academy, 1799-1805; gained British Institution prize forStorm off Scarborough 1814; held exhibition in Bond Street, 1821; foundation member of Society of British Artists; published British Angler's Manual (1839).
  116. ^ James Hog or Hogg (1658?–1734), leader of Marrow men in church of Scotland; M.A. Edinburgh, 1677; declined oath of allegiance, 1693; minister of Carnock, 1699-1734; republished Marrow of Modern Divinity 1718; denounced by general assembly, 1720; published controversial pamphlets.
  117. ^ Sir Roger Hog, LORD Harcarse (1635?–1700), lord of session, 1677; knighted, 1677; lord of justiciary, 1678; removed, 1688; compiled Dictionary of Decisions, (1681-92) published, 1757.
  118. ^ Thomas Hog (1628–1692), Scottish divine; M.A. Mar ischal College, Aberdeen; minister of Kiltearn, 16541661 and 1691-2; deposed as protester, 1661; imprisoned for keeping conventicles; fined and banished, 1684; chaplain to William of Orange in Holland and when king.
  119. ^ John Hogan (1800–1868), Irish sculptor; during residence at Rome, 1824-49, executed his Eve Drunken Faun andDead Christ; statues of O'Connell and Thomas Drummond by him at Dublin.
  120. ^ George Hogarth (1783–1870), musical critic; inserted in Evening Chronicle sketches of London life by Dickens, afterwards his son-in-law: musical critic of Daily News 1846-66, also of Illustrated London News; secretary of Philharmonic Society, 1850-64; published Musical History, Biography, and Criticism 1835, and other works on music.
  121. ^ William Hogarth (1697–1764), painter and engraver; apprenticed to silver-plate engraver in Oranbourne Street, London; engraved and designed plates for booksellers and printsellers, including (1726) illustrations toHudibras painted conversation-pieces, including scenes from Beggar's Opera 1728-9: engraved Large Masquerade Ticket 1727, and Taste 1731: married clandestinely, at old Paddington Church, Jane Thornhill, 1729Sigismunda: assisted in decoration of Vauxhall and designed pass-tickets; his paintings of The Harlot's Progress engraved, 1732; took house in Leicester Square (then Fields) and executed portrait of Sarah Malcolm, murderess, 1733: his engraving of Rake's Progress and Southwark Fair issued complete, 1736, when Hogarth's Act protecting designers from piracy, became operative; apostrophised by Swift in the Legion Club; painted historical pictures at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 1736; issued the prints The Distrest Poet Company of Undertakers andSleeping Congregation 1736; hisFour Times of the DayStrolling Actresses dressing in a Barn produced, 1738; his Enraged Musician praised by Fielding, 1741; his portraits of Captain Coram painted 1739, Murtiu Folkes, 1741; his Marriae-a-laMode 1745, engraved by French masters; etched Lord Lovat, 1746; painted himself and dog, 1749; engraved Industry and Idleness and Stage Coach 1747; visited France and revenged himself for arrest by his Gate of Calais 1749; painted The March to Finchley and Four Stages of Cruelty (partly engraved on wood), 1760-1, Moses and Pharaoh's Daughter and Paul before Felix 1752; published (with assistance) theAnalysis of Beauty with etched ticket, Columbus breaking the egg 1763; issued the four Election prints, 1755-8, 4 England and France 1756, The Bench 1758, Cockpit 1759, and Five Orders of Periwigs 1761; serjeantpainter, 1757; exhibited Picquet, or the Lady's Last Stakeand Sigismunda 1761; caricatured Wilkes and Churchill inThe Times 1762, and etched Fielding; his last plate,The Bathos 1764. His epitaph was written byGarrick. Many of his works are at the National Gallery, National Portrait Gallery, and Soane Museum. TheApprenticeandCrueltyseries,France and England Beer Street and Gin Lane were probably never painted. A large collection of his engravings was acquired by the British Museum, 1828. Hogarth hated foreigners, and attacked art connoisseurs for neglect of native talent. He excelled as a pictorial satirist in depicting both tragic and humorous scenes, always with a sincerely ethical intention.
  122. ^ William Hogarth (1786–1866), Roman catholic bishop; professor and general prefect at Ushaw; vicarapostolic of northern district, 1848; first Roman catholic bishop of Hexham and Newcastle, 1850-66.
  123. ^ Franz Hogenberg (d. 1590), engraver; brother of Remigius Hogenberg
  124. ^ Remigius Hogenberg (d. 1680?), engraver; came to England, c. 1573; employed by Archbishop Parker in constructing genealogies; his engraving of Parker's portrait by Lyne said to be the first executed in England; engraved maps and portraits of Henri IV, Erasmus, and others.
  125. ^ Henry Hogg (1831–1874), Nottingham poet.
  126. ^ Jabez Hogg (1817–1899), ophthalmic surgeon apprenticed to medical practitioner, 1832-7; joined staff of Illustrated London News; editor and subeditor in various publishing undertakings; studied at Hunterian School of Medicine and Charing Cross Hospital, 1845; M.R.C.S., 1850; surgeon to Royal Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital, 1871-8, and to hospital for women and children; F.L.S., 1866; published scientific works.
  127. ^ James Hogg (1770–1835), the Ettrick Shepherd; shepherd at Willanslee, c. 1785; while employed by the father of William Laidlaw began to write verse; printed Donald M'Donald 1800, and Scottish Pastorals 1801; made acquaintance of Scott and gave material forBorder Minstrelsy his ballads published by Constable asThe Mountain Bard 1807; returned to Ettrick bankrupt, having failed as a farmer in Dumfriesshire; came to Edinburgh, 1810, and published the Forest Minstrel: obtained poetical reputation by The Queen's Wake 1813, and acquaintance, through Byron, of John Murray; formed friendships with Professor John Wilson, Wordsworth, and Southey; issued Pilgrims of the Sun 1816; The Poetic Mirror 1816; settled at Eltrive Lake, 1816; assisted in the Chaldee MS. for Blackwood's Magazine 1817, and began prose tales; published 'Jacobite Relics and Winter Evening Tales 1820, The Three Perils of Man 1822, Confessions of a Fanatic 1824,Queen Hynde 1826,Shepherd's Calendarand Songs 1829: was entertained publicly in London, 1832, and at Peebles, 1833: issued Domestic Manners and Private Life of Sir Walter Scott 1834. A monument to him was erected on St. Mary's Lake, 1860.
  128. ^ James Hogg (1806–1888), Edinburgh publisher; edite The Weekly Instructor or Titan 1846-59; published De Quincey'a and Gilfillan's works, and London Society
  129. ^ Sir James Macnaohten Mcgarel Hogg, first Baron Magheramorne (1823-1890), son of Sir James Weir Hogg; of Eton and Christ Church, Oxford: served in 1st life guards, 1843-59; conservative M.I, isuth, 1865-8, Truro, 1871-85, Hornsey, 1885-7; cbairnian of metropolitan board of works, 1870-89; created peer. 1887.
  130. ^ Sir James Weir Hogg , first baronet (1790-1876), East India director; scholar and gold medallist of Trinity College, Dublin; B.A., 1810; registrar of Calcutta supreme court, 1822-33: a director of East India Company, 1839, chairman, 1846-7 and 1852-3: M.P., Beverley, 1835-47, Honiton, 1847-57; created baronet, 1846; member of Indian council, 1858-72: privy councillor, 1872.
  131. ^ John Hogg (1800–1869), scholar and naturalist; brother of Thomas Jefferson Hogg; fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge, 1827; M.A., 1827: foreign secretary and vice-president of Royal Society of Literature, 1866; F.R.S., 1839; publishedCatalogue of Sicilian Plants 1842, and other works of natural history.
  132. ^ Thomas Jefferson Hogg (1792–1862), friend and biographer of Shelley: at Univereit College, Oxford, with Shelley: sent down on the publication of Shelley's Necessity of Atheism; joined the poet and Harriet Shelley at Edinburgh; quarrel caused by his behaviour to Shelley's wife; published Memoirs of Prince Alexy Haimatoff 1813; called to bar, 1817; united himself to widow of Shelley's friend, Edward Elliker Williams; quarrelled with John Stuart Mill: contributed reminiscences of Shelley at Oxford to Bulwer's New Monthly Magazine 1832; municipal corporation commissioner, 1833; afterwards revising barrister; published two volumes of life of Shelley, 1858; contributed to Edinburgh Review and Encyclopaedia Britannica
  133. ^ Miles Hoggarde (fl. 1557). See Huggarde.
  134. ^ Daniel Hoghton (1770–1811), major-general: major, 1794; served in Jamaica and India; brevet lieutenant-colonel, 1796; lieutenant-colonel, 1804; brevetcolonel, 1805; brigadier at Cadiz, 1810; major-general, 1810; killed at Albuera. A public monument to him in St. Paul's Cathedral.
  135. ^ Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Count Gleichen (1833–1891). See Victor.
  136. ^ Henry Holbeach or Rands (d. 1551), bishop of Lincoln; assumed name of birthplace (Holbeach) on entering Crowland monastery; D.D. Cambridge, 1534; prior of Buckingham College, 1535, of Worcester, 1536; bishop suffragan (Bristol) to Latimer, 1538; assisted in drawing up prayer-book (1548); first dean of Worcester, 1540; bishop of Rochester, 1544-7, bishop of Lincoln, 1547-51.
  137. ^ Hans Holbein (1497–1543), painter; born at Augsburg; went to Lucerne; at Basle designed marginal illustrations in copy of Erasmus's Encomium MoriaV 1515, and painted portraits of Jacob Meyer sirl Hans Herbster, 1516, and mural paintings and religious works, 1521-2; executed paintings and designs at Lucerne, 1618; painted, c. 1526, the Darmstadt Madonna with Meyer family; designed illustrations for Luther's German Testament and Pentateuch, 1522-3; painted three portraits of Erasmus, 1523; came to England, 1526, with introduction to Sir Thomas More: painted portraits of More, 1527, Warham, and others; designed I picture of More's household; during residence at (1528-32) completed mural paintings at the town-hall, and probably executed portraits of his wife and children and of Erasmus; many of his religious works destroyed in an iconoclastic outbreak; returned to England and executed portraits of merchant goldsmiths; drew Queen of Sheba before Solomon; painted The Ambassadors 1533, and the Morett portrait; designed title-pages to Coverdale's (1535) and Oranmer's (1540) bible and other protestant publications; painted Cromwell and Jane Seymour, 1536; his Henry VIII with Parents destroyed, 1698, but a copy preserved at Hampton Court; took part (1538) in negotiations for marriage of Henry VIII to Christina of Denmark and painted her portrait; publicly entertained at Basle, and brought out designs to Old Testament and The Dance of Death 1538; painted portraits of Anne of Cleves, 1539, Norfolk, Surrey, Sir John Russell, and others; began large picture at BarberSurgeonsHall, 1542; died of the plague in London. He was one of the earliest miniaturists, painting in that manner Catherine Howard and Anne of Oleves. Authentic pictures by Holbein are rare In England.
  138. ^ Anthony Holborne (ft. 1697), musical composer; published Oittharn Scboole 1597, and Pavans, Galliards, Almains Ac., for wind instruments, 1599.
  139. ^ Sir Robert Holborne (d. 1647), lawyer; of Furnival's and Lincoln's Inn (bencher and reader in English law); counsel for Hampden in ship-money case; M.P. for Southwark in Short parliament and for St. Michael in Long parliament; attorney-general to Prince of Wales; knighted, 1643; published legal tracts.
  140. ^ Ann Catherine Holbrook (1780–1837), actress; published Memoirs of an Actress 1807, Memoirs of the Stage 1809, and tales.
  141. ^ John Holbrook (d. 1437), master of Peterhouse, Cambridge; fellow of Peterhoune, 1412, D.D., 1418, master, 1418-31; chaplain to Henry V and Henry VI; chancellor of Cambridge, 1428 and 1429-31; vicar of Hintou, 1430; reputed mathematician.
  142. ^ Francis Holburne (1704–1771), admiral; while commander in Leeward islands obtained dismantling of Martinique fortifications; rear-admiral, 1755; served with Biscay fleet, 1756; member of court-martial on Byng, 1757; his fleet almost destroyed before Louisbourg; admiral of the blue, 1767, of the white, 1770; eight years commander at Portsmouth; a lord of the admiralty, 1770-1; died governor of Greenwich.
  143. ^ Henry Holcombe (1690?–1750?), musical composer; published collections of songs and instrumental pieces.
  144. ^ Robert of Holcot (d. 1349), divine; Dominican and doctor in theology of Oxford; won repute for expositions of the bible; said to have died of the plague; author of subsequently published commentaries; Quaestiones on Peter Lombard's Sentences; Conferentiae and Moralitates Historiarum; perhaps author of 'Philobiblon sive de amore librorum
  145. ^ Francis Holcroft (1629?–1693), puritan divine ; M.A. and fellow, Clare Hall, Cambridge; ejected from Bassingbourne, 1662; imprisoned at Cambridge, 1663 1672, and in the Fleet; promoter of independency in Cambridgeshire.
  146. ^ Thomas Holcroft (1745–1809), dramatist and author; successively stable-boy, shoemaker, tutor in family of Granville Sharp, and actor; his first comedy, * Duplicity produced at Covent Garden, 1781; correspondent of Morning Herald in Paris, 1783; translated Mariage de Figaro from memory, and produced adaptation at Covent Garden, himself playing Figaro, 1784; producedThe Road to Ruin 1792 (nine editions printed within the year); indicted for high treason, 1794, but discharged; his musical adaptation, Tale of Mystery produced at Covent Garden, 1802, during his absence on continent; set up printing business in London, but failed; intimate with William Godwin the elder, and spoken highly of by Lamb; his Memoirs published 1816, mainly compiled by Hazlitt; published numerous comedies and comic operas, alsoHuman Happiness (poem), 1783, some novels, including Alwyn, or the Gentleman Comedian 1780; translations, including Life of Baron Trenck 1788, Lavater's Physiognomy 1793, and Goethe's Hermann und Dorothea 1801.
  147. ^ George Holden (1783–1865), theological writer ; graduated at Glasgow; Incumbent of Maghull, Liverpool, 1811-65; his library bequeathed to Ripon clergy; published theological works.
  148. ^ Henry Holden (1696–1662), Roman catholic divine; D.D. and professor at the Sorbonue and vicargeneral of Paris; petitioned for toleration of English catholics, 1647; engaged in controversy with Arnault, 1656; criticised writings of Thomas White (1593-1676) ; publishedDivinae Fidel Analysis(1652, Eng. translation, 1658); died at Paris, leaving bequests to English subjects in France.
  149. ^ Hubert Ashton Holden (1822–1896), classical scholar; B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1845; fellow, 1847-54; LL.D., 1863; ordained priest, 1859; vice-principal of Cheltenham College, 1853-8; headmaster of Queen Elizabeth's school, Ipswich, 1868-83; fellow of London University, 1890; Litt. D. Dublin, 1892; edited classical works for students.
  150. ^ Sir Isaac Holden , first baronet (1807–1897), inventor; worked in cotton mill; shawl weaver; assistantteacher at schools successively at Paisley, Leeds, Huddersfield, and Reading; book-keeper in Townend Brothers firm of worsted manufacturers, 1830-46; associated with Samuel Cunliffe Lister, afterwards first Baron Masham, with whom he obtained patent (1847) for new method of carding and combing and preparing genappe yarns; opened manufactory at St. Denis, near Paris, 1848; concentrated business at Bradford, 1864; M.P., Knaresborough, 1865-8, and Keighley division, 1882-96; created baronet, 1893.
  151. ^ Lawrence Holden, the elder (1710–1778), dissenting divine; published Paraphrase on... Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes 1763, and A Paraphrase on... Isaiah 1776.
  152. ^ Lawrence Holden , the younger (1762–1844), dissenting divine at Tenterden, 1774-1844; son of Lawrence Holden the elder
  153. ^ Moses Holden (1777–1864), Preston astronomer; constructed large orrery and magic lantern; published small celestial atlas, 1818, and an almanack, 1835.
  154. ^ William Holder (1616–1698), divine ; M.A. and fellow, Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, 1640; rector of Bletchington and North wold; taught a deaf-mute to speak; F.R.S., 1663; canon of St. Paul's; sub-dean of Chapel Royal, 1674-89; rector of Therfield, Hertfordshire, 1687; helped to educate Sir Christopher Wren; published Elements of Speech 1669, and treatises on harmony and the Julian calendar.
  155. ^ Earls of Holderness . See RAMSAY, SIR JOHN, 1580?-1626; RUPERT, PRINCE, 1619-1682; D'ARCY, ROBERT, fourth EARL of the third creation, 1718-1778.
  156. ^ Frederick Holding (1817–1874), Manchester water-colour painter.
  157. ^ Henry James Holding (1833–1872), painter; brother of Frederick Holding
  158. ^ Daniel Holdsworth (1558?–1595?). See Halsworth.
  159. ^ Edward Holdsworth (1684–1746), classical scholar; of Winchester and Magdalen College, Oxford; M.A., 1711; held Jacobite views; travelled in Italy and France; published Muscipula sive Cambro-muo-machia 1709, often reissued, and translated by Samuel Cobb and others; Remarks and Dissertations on Virgil with notes by Spence, issued 1768.
  160. ^ Richard Holdsworth (1590–1649), master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge; scholar of St. John's College, Cambridge, 1607; fellow, 1613; B.A., 1610; incorporated M.A. Oxford. 1617; rector of St. Peter-lePoor, London, 1624; Gresham professor of divinity, 1629; archdeacon of Huntingdon, 1634; master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1637-43; president of Sion College, 1639; when vice-chancellor of Cambridge, 1640, resisted interference of parliament with Emmanuel fellowships; sequestrated from mastership and rectory and imprisoned (1643) for withholding aid from parliament and publishing royal proclamation; visited Charles I at Holmby House, and was made dean of Worcester,- 1647; his library bought by Cambridge University,
  161. ^ Henry Fulke Plantagenet Woolicombe Hole (d. 1820), wood-engraver.
  162. ^ Matthew Hole (d. 1730), rector of Exeter College, Oxford; M.A., 1664; D.D., 1716: vicar of Stogursey, 1688-1730; rector of Exeter College, 1716-30; made bequests to his college and to Oxford charities; tracts by him on the liturgy republished, 1837-8.
  163. ^ Richard Hole (1746–1803), poet; B.C.L. Exeter College, Oxford. 1771: vicar of Huckerell, 1777: rector of Faringdon, 1792, and of Inwanlleigh; publishedPoetical Translation of Fingal with Ode to Imagination 1772; his version ofHomer's Hymn to Ceres(1781) in many collections; his Essay on Character of Ulysses edited, 1807; many poems by him in Richard Polwhele's collection,
  164. ^ William Hole or Holle (fl. 1600–1630), earliest English engraver of music on copper plates; also engraved portraits and title-pages of maps for Camden's Britannia 1607.
  165. ^ Margaret Holford (1778–1862). See Hodson.
  166. ^ Roger Holgate or Holdegate (1481?–1555), archbishop of York; master of the order of St. Gilbert of Sempringham and prior of Watton; chaplain to Henry VIII; bishop of Llandaff, 1537; assisted in composing Institutes of a Christian Man; president of the north, 1538-50; archbishop of York, 1545-54; impoverished his see; favoured reformed doctrines, and was deprived for being married, 1554; imprisoned, but released on submission; endowed hospital at Hemsworth.
  167. ^ Raphael Holinshed or Hollingshead (d. 1580?), chronicler; came to London early in reign of Elizabeth; employed as translator by Reginald Wolfe, and to continue a chronicle of universal history, which Wolfe had begun; his Chronicles of England (to 1575), Scotland (to 1571), and Ireland (to 1547) published in 1578 (expunged passages inserted in copy in Grenvillc Library, British Museum). The Chronicle was reissued, with continuation, edited by John Hooker, alias Vowell , 1586, and politically offensive passages again taken out; it was utilised by Shakespeare and other dramatists.
  168. ^ Jean Louis Holker (1770–1844), discoverer of the method of continuous combustion in vitriol manufacture; son of John Holker (1745-1822)
  169. ^ John Holker (1719–1786), Jacobite; captured with Manchester volunteers at Carlisle, 1745; escaped from Newgate to France, 1746; in Irish brigade, 1747-51; accompanied Young Pretender on secret visit to England, 1750; engaged workmen from Manchester for Rouen cotton-mill, 1754; as inspector-general of manufactures established spinning schools and first French vitriol factory; knight of St. Louis, 1770; ennobled, 1775; buried at Rouen.
  170. ^ John Holker (1745–1822), French consul-general at Philadelphia from 1777; son of John Holker (1719-1786)
  171. ^ Sir John Holker (1828–1882), lord justice; barrister, Gray's Inn, 1854, and treasurer, 1875; Q.C., 1866; knighted, 1874; had large practice in patent cases; M.P., Preston, 1872-82; solicitor-general, 1874; attorneygeneral, 1875-80; lord justice, 1882; carried Summary Procedure and Public Prosecution Acts, 1879.
  172. ^ Francis Holl (1816–1884), engraver; son of William Holl the elder; engraved pictures for Queen Victoria, portraits by George Richmond, Frith's 'Railway Station and many chalk drawings; A.R.A., 1883.
  173. ^ Francis Montague Holl, known as Frank Holl (1846–1888), painter ; son of Francis Holl (1815–1884); educated at University College and Royal Academy schools; gold medallist, 1863; gained travelling studentship, 1868; exhibited at Academy from 1864; R.A., 1883: exhibited No Tidings from the Sea 1871, and Leaving Home 1873; painted 198 portraits, 1879-88, inolndiiiK the Duke of Cambridge, Sir William Jenner, Sir Henry Unwlinson, John Bright, Lord Roberts, and two of King Edward VII while Prince of Wales.
  174. ^ William Holl, the elder (1771–1838), stipple engraver; noted for portraits.
  175. ^ William Holl, the younger (1807–1871), stipple and line engraver; son of William Holl the elder; executed portraits, subject-pictures after Frith, and book illustrations.
  176. ^ Holland, first Earl of (1590–1649). See Henry Rich.
  177. ^ Barons Holland . See Fox, Henry, 1705–1774, first BARON; Fox, Henry Un HAIID VASSAI.I., 1773-1840, third BARON.
  178. ^ Lady Holland (1770–1845). See Elizabeth Vassall Fox.
  179. ^ Abraham Holland (d. 1626), poet; son of Philemon Holland; B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1617; author of Naumaohia, or Hollands SeaFight (1622), describing Lepanto; Hollundi Posthuma edited by his brother, 1626.
  180. ^ Charles Holland (1733–1769), actor; appeared at Drury Lane, 1765-69; played lago, lachlmo, Jaffler, Hamlet, Macbeth, Romeo, Ohamout: praised by Chatterton, but satirised by Churchill for imitation of Garrick; intimate with Powell; inscription written by Garrick for his monument in Chiswick Church.
  181. ^ Charles Holland (1768–1849?), actor ; nephew of Charles Holland (1733-1769): appeared at Drury Lane, 1796-1820, at Haymarket, 1809-10: played Horatio to Elliston's Hamlet at Lyceum, 1812, Mendlzabel to Kean's Manuel, 1817, Buckingham to his Richard III, 1819, Gloucester to his Lear, 1820.
  182. ^ Cornelius Holland (fl. 1649), regicide: of Merchant TaylorsSchool and Pembroke Hall, Cambridge; B.A., 1618; clerk-comptroller to Prince of Wales, 1635; M.P., New Windsor, 1640; a commissioner for Scottish treaty, 1643: as member of council of state, 1649, said to have drawn up charges against the king, but did not sign warrant: liberally rewarded by parliament; escaped to Holland, 1660; said to have died at Lausanne.
  183. ^ Edmund Holland, fourth Earl of Kent (d. 1408): second son of Sir Thomas Holland, second earl ; mortally wounded at Briant.
  184. ^ George Calvert Holland (1801–1865), physician; M.D. Edinburgh, 1827; B.-es-Lettres Paris; practised at Manchester and Sheffield; defended the corn laws; abandoned practice to direct banks and railway companies, and failed; adopted homoeopathy, 1851: studied mesmerism; published Experimental Enquiry into Laws of Animal Life 1829,Physiology of the Foatus 1831, and other scientific works.
  185. ^ Guy Holland , sometimes known as Holt (1587?-1660), Jesuit; B.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1605; entered English College, Valladolid, 1608; joined Jesuits in England, 1615; arrested in London, 1628; forty-five years on English mission; attacked Falkland's Discourse of the Infallibility of the Church of Rome 1645: defended immortality of the soul, 1653.
  186. ^ Henry Holland (. 1604), divine; B.A. Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1580: vicar of Orwell, 1580-94, of St. Bride's, London, 1594-1604; works include Treatise against Witchcraft(1590) andSpirituall Preseruatiues against the Pestilence(1593).
  187. ^ Henry Holland (d. 1625), Roman catholic divine; of Eton and St. John's College, Oxford: B.A., 1569; B.D. Douay, 1578; on English mission, 1582; divinity reader at Marchiennes and Anchine: published Urna Aurea 1612, and Latin life of Thomas Stapleton, 1620; died at Anchine.
  188. ^ Henry Holland (1583–1660?), compiler and publisher; son of Philemon Holland; free of Stationers Company, 1608; issued his own Monumenta Sepulchraria Sancti Pauli 1614 (continued and reissued, 1633), and Baziliwlogia with engravings by Elstracke, Pass, and Francis Delaram, 1618, andHerwologia Anglica* (with portraits), 1620; edited Philemon Holland's Baudcron'sPharmacopoeia 1639, andRegimen Sanitatis Salerni 1649; served in parliamentary army, 1643.
  189. ^ Henry Holland (1746?–1806), architect; designed Claremont House, Esher, for Olive, 1763-4, Battersea Bridge, 1771-2, Brooks's Club, 1777-8, and Brighton Pavilion, 1787; altered and enlarged Carlton House, 1788; designed Drury Lane for Sheridan, 1791, and new East India House, demolished in 1862; laid out Sloane Street; member of committee to report on houses of parliament, 1789; F.S.A., 1797; drew up architectsreport on fires, 1792.
  190. ^ Sir Henry Holland, first baronet (1788–1873), physician; M.D. Edinburgh, 1811; Htudii-d:.t Cuy's and St. Thomas's hospitals: viaited Iceland and eontribuU-d to Sir (Joorge 8. Mackenzie's account, 1810; medical attendant to Princess of Wales (Caroline) on t nent, 1814; gave evidence in her favour, 1820: 1816; F.R.C.P., 1828; physician in ordinary to I'rimv Albert, 1840, to Queen Victoria, 18*2: created baronet, 1863; travelled much on continent: publUbed Travels 1815,Chapters on Mental Physiology 1862, Essays, 1862, and Recollections 1872.
  191. ^ Hezekiah Holland (fl. 1638–1661), puritan divine; rector of Sutton Valence, Kent: author ofExposition or... Epitome of... Commentaries upon... Revelations 1650.
  192. ^ Hugh Holland (d. 1633), poet; queen's scholar at Westminster and fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge: converted to Romanism; travelled as far as Jerusalem; patronised by Buckingham: a member of Mermaid Club; wrote sonnet prefixed to first folio Shakespeare; publishedPancharis 1603, and A Cypres Garland 1625.
  193. ^ James Holland (1800–1870), water-colour painter ; exhibited at Water-colour Society, Royal Academy, Society of British Artists, and British Institution; drew for illustrated annuals, visiting France, Venice, Geneva, Portugal, and Italy.
  194. ^ John Holland , Duke of Exeter and Earl of Huntingdon (1352?-1400), third son of Sir Thomas Holland, first earl of Kent, and half-brother to Richard II; K.G., 1381; justice of Chester, 1381: murdered Ralph Stafford, 1385; married Elizabeth, daughter of John of Gaunt, under whom he distinguished himself in Spain, 1386; created Earl of Huntingdon, 1387; chamberlain of England, 1389: made pilgrimage to Palestine, 1394: commissary, west marches towards Scotland, 1393; rewarded by dukedom for activity against Gloucester and Arnndel, 1397: accompanied Richard II to Ireland, 1399; conspired against Henry IV; executed.
  195. ^ John Holland, Duke of Exeter and Earl of Huntingdon (1395–1447), second son of John Holland, duke of Exeter (1352?-1400); K.B., 1413; distinguished at Agincourt, 1415; restored to earldom, 1416, and created K.G.; commanded fleet against Genoese off Harfleur, 1417: took part in sieges of Caen and Rouen; distinguished at surprise of Pontoise, 1419; won victory of Fresney, 1420; took part in capture of Melun, 1420; constable of Tower of London, 1420; captured by dauphinists, 1421; exchanged, 1425; English representative at Arras, 1435; commanded expedition for relief of Guisnes, 1438; governor of Aquitaine, 1440; restored to dukedom, 1443.
  196. ^ John Holland (d. 1722), founder of Bank of Scotland and first governor, 1695; with his eon, Richard Holland (1688-1730), projected Irish bank: published financial pamphlets.
  197. ^ John Holland (1766–1826), nonconformist minister; nephew of Philip Holland
  198. ^ John Holland (1794–1872), poet and miscellaneous writer; edited Sheffield Iris 1825-32; jointeditor of Sheffield Mercury 1835-48 published Sheffield Park 1820, and Diurnal Sonnets 1861; friend of James Montgomery; joint-editor of Memoirs of Life and Writings of James Montgomery 1864-6: completed NewsamV 'Poets of Yorkshire 1845; published alsoHistory of Worksop 1826, Cruciana 1835, and other works.
  199. ^ Sir Nathaniel Dance Holland -, first baronet (1735-1811), painter; third son of the elder George Dance; original member of Royal Academy, to whose first exhibition he sent full lengths of George III and Queen Charlotte; assumed additional name; M.P., East Grinstead; created baronet, 1800.
  200. ^ Philemon Holland (1552–1637), translator; M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1574, major fellow, 1674; claimed degree of M.D.: master of free school, Coventry, 1628; received pension from city, 1632: epitaph by himself in Holy Trinity Church: his chief translations those of Livy, 1600, Pliny's Natural History 1601, Plutarch's Morals 1603, Suetonius, 1606, Ammianus Marcellinus, 1609, Camden's Britannia, 1610, and Xenophon's Cyropaedia 1632; praised by Fuller, Hearne, and Southey.
  201. ^ Philip Holland (1721–1789), nonconformist divine; minister of Bank Street Chapel, Bolton, 1755-80; assisted Seddon in establishment of Warrington academy; active in agitation against subscription.
  202. ^ Sir Richard Holland (fl. 1450), Scottish poet and adherent of the Douglases; author of the Buke of the Howlat edited by David Laing, 1823; praised by Blind Harry, Dunbar, and Lyndsay.
  203. ^ Richard Holland (1596–1677), mathematician; educated at Oxford; author of astronomical manuals.
  204. ^ Richard Holland (1688–1730), medical writer; son of John Holland (d. 1722); M.A. Catharine Hall, Cambridge, 1712; M.D., 1723; F.R.C.P., 1725; F.R.S., 1726; published Observations on Smallpox 1728.
  205. ^ Robert Holland (1557–1622?), Welsh poet: M.A. Jesus College, Cambridge, 1581; incumbent in Pembrokeshire and rector of Llauddowror, Carmarthen.
  206. ^ Lady Saba Holland (1802-1866), second wife of Sir Henry Holland; published memoir of her father, Sydney Smith, 1855.
  207. ^ Seth Holland (d. 1561), dean of Worcester ; M.A. All Souls College, Oxford, 1539: fellow; warden, 1555: dean of Worcester, 1557-9; chaplain to Cardinal Pole; died in prison.
  208. ^ Thomas Holland, first Earl of Kent of the Holland family (d. 1360), soldier; present at Sluys, 1340: an original K.G., 1344; prominent at siege of Caen, and at Crecy, 1346; royal lieutenant in Brittany, 1354; governor of Channel islands, 1356; summoned to parliament as Baron Holland, 1353-6; captain-general in France and Normandy, 1359; Earl of Kent in right of his wife Joan, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, earl of Kent
  209. ^ Sir Thomas Holland , second Earl of Kent of the Holland family (1350-1397), favourite and halfbrother of Richard II; son of Thomas Holland, first earl of Kent; succeeded as Baron Holland, 1360; knighted in Castile, 1366; K.G., 1375; earl-marshal, 1380-5; ambassador to the Emperor Wenceslaus, 1380; Earl of Kent, 1381; constable of the Tower and privy councillor, 1389.
  210. ^ Thomas Holland, Duke of Surrey and Earl of Kent (1374-1400), eldest sou of Sir Thomas Holland, second earl of Kent; K.G., 1397; active in arrest and execution of Arundel; created Duke of Surrey, 1397; marshal and lieutenant of Ireland, 1398; deprived of dukedom, 1399; conspired against Henry IV, holding Maidenhead bridge three days; executed by men of Cirencester.
  211. ^ Thomas Holland (d. 1612), regius professor of divinity at Oxford; M.A. Balliol College, Oxford, 1575; D.D., 1584; chaplain to Leicester in Netherlands, 1585; regius professor of divinity at Oxford, 1589-1612; rector of Exeter College, 1592; one of the six translators of the prophets in authorised version, 1611.
  212. ^ Thomas Holland (1600–1642), Jesuit; addressed Prince Charles at Madrid, 1623: prefect and confessor at St. Omer; came to England, 1635; executed.
  213. ^ Thomas Holland (1659–1743). See Eccleston.
  214. ^ Thomas Agar Holland (1803–1888), poet; of Westminster and Worcester College, Oxford; M.A., 1828; rector of Poynings, 1846-88; published Dryburgh Abbey and other Poems 1826.
  215. ^ Wenceslaus Hollar, in Bohemian Vaclav Holar (1607–1677), engraver; native of Prague; lived at Frankfort, Cologne, and Antwerp; came to England with Thomas Howard, second earl of Arundel, 1636; teacher of drawing to Prince Charles; engraved Ornatus Muliebris Anglicanus 1640, Charles I and his queen (after Vandyck), 1641, and Theatrum Mulierum 1643; captured by parliamentarians at Basing; escaped to Antwerp; returned, 1652: illustrated Dugdale's St. Paul, Ogilby's Virgil, and Stapleton's Juvenal; as Hill's designer produced Coronation of Charles II; executed fine map of London after the fire of 1666; sent to Tangier, 1669; engraved picture of Kempthorne's fight with Algerine pirates: illustrated Thoroton's Antiquities of Nottinghamshire; 2,733 of his prints enumerated.
  216. ^ Denzil Holles, first Baron Holles of Ifield (1599-1680), statesman; second son of John Holles, first earl of Clare; M.P., St. Michael, 1624, Dorchester, 1628, and in Long parliament; opposed Buckingham's foreign policy; held the speaker in his chair, 2 March, 1629; imprisoned and fined; escaped abroad; compensated by Long parliament, 1641; tried to save his brotherin-law, Strafford; carried up impeachment of Laud; supported Grand Remonstrance and impeachment of Digby and Bristol, 1641: impeached among the five members, 3 Jan. 1642; advocated Militia Bill and impeachment of royalist peers; member of committee of safety 4 July, 1642; led regiment at Edgehill and Brentford; advocated peace, 1643; parliamentary representative at negotiations of 1644, 1645 (Oxbridge), and 1648 (Newport); headed presbyterians against independents and (1644) projected impeachment of Cromwell; charged with intrigues with Charles 1, 1645 and 1647; impeached by the army among the eleven members, 1647; disabled from sitting, but restored, 1648; escaped to France under threat of another impeachment; readmitted by Monck and appointed to council of state, 1660; commissioner to Charles II at the Hague; privy councillor and created peer, 1661; ambassador at Paris, 1663-6: a negotiator of treaty of Breda, 1667; protested against the Test Act, 1675; supported impeachment of Danby, 1678, and disbandment of army, 1678; opposed Exclusion Bill; one of the new privy councillors, 1679; his Memoirs, 1641-8 printed, 1699.
  217. ^ Sir Frescheville Holles (1641–1672), captain in the navy; son of Gervase Holies; volunteer in naval campaign, 1665; knighted, 1666; commanded the Henrietta, 1666; abused by Pepys; M.P., Grimsby, 1667; commanded the Cambridge under Sir Robert Holmes , 1672; killed in battle of Solebay; buried in Westminster Abbey.
  218. ^ Gervase Holles (1606–1675), antiquary; comptroller of Middle Temple, 1635; royalist mayor and M.P. for Grimsby; suspended and disabled from sitting for denunciation of Scots, 1641-2; fought at Edgehill, Banbury, Brentford, Newbury; captured at Colchester; allowed to retire to France, 1649; in Holland till 1660: master of the requests and M.P., Grimsby, 1661-75; some of his Lincolnshire collections in British Museum.
  219. ^ Gilbert Holles , third Earl of Clare (1633-1689), member of the country party, 1660-88: son of John Holles, second Earl of Clare q. v.
  220. ^ John Holles, first Earl of Clare (1564?–1637), soldier and politician; served against Armada, 1588, and in Azores expedition, 1597; fought against Turks in Hungary; comptroller to Henry, prince of Wales, 1610-12; friend of Somerset and enemy of Coke and Gervase Markham; created Baron Holies, 1616, and Earl of Clare, 1624; opposed Buckingham; advocated compromise on Petition of Right; reprimanded for implication in proceedings of Sir Robert Dudley, 1629.
  221. ^ John Holles, second Earl of Clare (1595–1666), son of John Holles, first earl; represented East Retford as Lord Haughton, 1624-9; volunteer at Bois-le-Duc, 1629; succeeded to peerage, 1637; took part in negotiations with Scots, 1640; sided with five popular peers, 1641, but defended Strafford, 1641; changed sides several times during the rebellion.
  222. ^ John Holles, Duke of Newcastle (1662–1711), son of Gilbert Holies, third earl of Clare: known as Lord Haughton till father's death; M.P. for Nottinghamshire; gentleman of bedchamber to William III: married Margaret Cavendish, coheiress of Duke of Newcastle, 1690; created duke, 1694; K.G., 1698; lord privy seal, 1705-11.
  223. ^ Thomas Pelham Holles, Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Newcastle-under-Lyme (1693–1768). See Pelham.
  224. ^ Sir William Holles or Hollis (1471?–1572), lord mayor of London: master of MercersCompany, 1538; sheriff of London, 1527; knighted, 1633; lord mayor, 1539-40; left bequests to Coventry, the Mercers Company, and St. Helen's, Bishopsgate; ancestor of earls of Clare and dukes of Newcastle.
  225. ^ John Holliday (1730?-1801), author; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1771; practised as conveyancer: 1 and F.S.A.; published Life of Lord Mansfield (1797) and poems.
  226. ^ Edmund Hollings (1556?-1612), physician: B.A. Queen's College, Oxford, 1575; studied at Rheims and Rome; intimate with Pits; professor of medicine at Ingolstadt; published medical works; died at Ingolstadt.
  227. ^ John Hollings (1683?–1739), physician-general and physician in ordinary; M.D. Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1710; F.R.S., 1726; F.R.C.P., 1726; Harveian orator, 1734.
  228. ^ Richard Hollingworth (1639?-1701), controversialist; M.A. Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1662; D.D., 1684; vicar of West Ham, 1672-82, of Chigwell, 1690-1701; published pamphlets in defence of Charles I's authorship of Eikon Basilike and reissued Edward Symmons's Vindication 1693.
  229. ^ John Hollins (1798–1855), painter; A.R.A., 1842 ; exhibited portraits and historical subject-, and, later, figure-pieces and landscapes.
  230. ^ Peter Hollins (1800–1886), sculptor; son of William Hollins; exhibited at Royal Academy. His works include statues of Peel and Sir Rowland Hill for Birmingham.
  231. ^ William Hollins (1754–1843), architect and sculptor; cousin of John Holllns; designed public buildings at Birmingham and plans for St. Petersburg mint.
  232. ^ Richard Hollinworth or Hollingworth (1607-1656), divine; educated at Manchester and Magdalene College, Cambridge; M.A., 1630: minister of Trinity Chapel, Salford, 1636; fellow of Manchester Collegiate Church; assisted Richard Heyrick in establishing Lancashire presbyterianism, which he also defended controversially: imprisoned on charge of implication in Love's plot, 1651; one of Ohetham's feoffees; his Mancuniensis printed, 1839.
  233. ^ Aiskew Paffard Hollis (1764–1844), viceadmiral; present in; battle off Ushant, 1778; lieutenant, 1781; wounded In action of 1 June, 1794; brought Crescent Into Table Bay, 1797; commanded Thames frigate at action off Gibraltar, 1801; served In Baltic, 1809; vice-admiral, 1837.
  234. ^ George Hollis (1793–1842), topographical engraver; pupil of George Cooke
  235. ^ Thomas Hollis (1720–1774), 'republican' ; entered at Lincoln's Inn, 1740; travelled much on continent: gave books to Harvard, Berne, and Zurich, and portraits of Newton and Cromwell to Trinity and Sidney Sussex Colleges, Cambridge; F.R.S., 1757; edited Toland's Milton 1761, Algernon Sidney's works, 1772, and other publications,
  236. ^ Thomas Hollis (1818–1843), son and assistant of George Hollis
  237. ^ Ellen Julia Hollond (1822–1884), authoress and philanthropist; nb Teed; as wife of Robert Hollond, M.P., held liberal salon in Paris; published Les Quakers 1870; and a work on Cbauning, 1857; established first creche in London, 1844, and nurseshome at Paris and Nice.
  238. ^ John Hollond or Holland (fl. 1638–1659), naval writer; paymaster of navy before 1635 till c. 1642; one of commissioners for navy, 1642 till c. 1645; member of 'committee of merchants for regulation of navy and customs 1649; surveyor of the navy, 1649; member of parliament's commission of navy, 1649-52: wrote First Discourse of the Navy 1638, andSecond Discourse 1659.
  239. ^ Benjamin Holloway (1691?-1759), divine; of minster and St. John's College, Cambridge, 1713; F.H.S., i:_;{ -. n -.-tr ol Bladon, 1736-9; translated Woodwu.. - Hta toria Telluris 1726; published work 1'rim sevtty and Pre-emlnenoe of Hebrew 1754, and Original* .! and theological 1761.
  240. ^ Sir Charles Holloway (1749–1827), major-general, royal engineers; second-lieutenant, royal engineers, 1776; lieutenant, 1783; captain-lieutenant, 1793: captain, 1795; lieutenant-colonel. 1804: rolom-l, 1811; major-general, 1814; at Gibraltar, 1779-83, during siege; brigade-major, 1781; assisted Major-general William Roy In survey triangulationa, 1784-87: commanding royal engineer in military mission to assist Turks In reorganisation of army, 1798; commander of Turkish army in Syria and Egypt against French, 1801-2; knighted, 1803; commanding royal engineer at Gibraltar, 1807-17.
  241. ^ James Holloway (d. 1684), conspirator; formed scheme for improvement of linen manufacture; engaged in extensive plot against government, himself undertaking (1682) to secure Bristol; escaped by France to West Indies; betrayed by his factor in Nevis; while in Newgate wrote confession; refused trial and was executed at Tyburn.
  242. ^ Sir Richard Holloway (d. 1695?), judge ; barrister, Inner Temple, 1658; recorder of Wallingford, 1666; counsel against Stephen College, 1681; knighted; judge of king's bench, 1683; member of courts that tried Sidney and condemned Gates and Devonshire for assaulting Thomas Colepepper; dismissed by James II, 1688, for action in trial of seven bishops, excepted from indemnity after revolution.
  243. ^ Thomas Holloway (1748–1827), engraver; exhibited seals at Academy; engraved gems and miniatures; executed plates for Lavater's Physiognomy 1789-98; engraved portraits after Pine and West and five of Raphael's cartoons.
  244. ^ Thomas Holloway (1800–1883), patent medicine vendor; son of Penzance innkeeper; obtained idea of his ointment from Felix Albinolo; set up in the Strand as medicine vendor, 1839; advertised extensively in all languages, but failed to introduce medicines into France; made large fortune; bought pictures; endowed ladies college at Egham and sanatorium at Virginia Water.
  245. ^ William Cuthbert Holloway (1787–1850). See Elphinstone-Holloway.
  246. ^ Samuel Hollyday (1685–1739). See Haliday.
  247. ^ Christopher Hollywood or Sacrobosco. (1562-1616). See Holywood.
  248. ^ Francis Holman (fl. 1760–1790), marine painter ; exhibited with Free Society, 1767-72, and Royal Academy, 1774-84.
  249. ^ James Holman (1786–1857), blind traveller; travelled unattended in Europe, Siberia, Africa, America, and Australasia; publishedVoyage round the World (1827-32) 1834-6, and other narratives.
  250. ^ Joseph George Holman (1764–1817), actor and dramatist; of Queen's College, Oxford; at Covent Garden, 1784-1800, played Romeo, Macbeth, Chamont The Orphan, Hamlet;createdHarry Dornton inRoad to Ruin 1792; drew up statement of grievances of chief actors, 1800: acted in his ownWhat a Blunderat Haymarket, 1800 (produced at Covent Garden, 1803); reappeared at Haymarket, 1812; with his daughter played at New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston in "The Provoked Husband died in Long island; published comedies and comic operas.
  251. ^ William Holman (d. 1730), Essex antiquary; his collections used by Morant; compiled catalogue of Jekyll MSS.
  252. ^ Benjamin Holme (1683–1749), quaker; visited 'Friendsand preached in Ireland, Holland (1714), the West Indies (1719), Jersey, and America; published Tender Invitation and Call 1713, with other religious works; A Serious Call in Christian Love (1725), and an autobiography, published in 1763.
  253. ^ Edward Holme (1770–1847), physician; M.D. i. 17i3: phyiri;u to Manchester infirmary: presi t of Literary and Pbilosopbical Society (1844), Natural History and Chetbam societies; first presidentof medical section at British Association, 1831; left large bequest and library to University College, London,
  254. ^ Handle Holme (1571–1655), deputy to College of Arms for Cheshire, Shropshire, and North Wales; mayor of Chester, 1633-4.
  255. ^ Handle Holme (1601?–1659), genealogist; son of Handle Holme (1571-1655); sheriff of Chester, 1633-4; mayor, 1643-4; added to Holme collection of Mss
  256. ^ Handle Holme (1627–1699), principal contributor to Holme MSS.; son of Handle Holme (1601 ?-1659) ; deputy Garter for Cheshire, Shropshire, Lancashire, and North Wales; published The Academy of Armory 1688.
  257. ^ Handle Holme (d. 1707), completer of family manuscripts; son of Handle Holme (1627-1699); manuscripts acquired by British Museum, 1753.
  258. ^ Abraham Holmes (d. 1685), rebel ; anabaptist major in Monck's army: arrested for conspiracy against Charles II, 1660; imprisoned at Windsor, 1664-7; engaged in Argyll's plot, 1681-3; accompanied Monmouth to England and commanded battalion at Sedgemoor, 1685; executed.
  259. ^ Alfred Holmes (1837–1876), violinist and composer; with his brother Henry played Kalliwoda's double concerto, 1853, and distinguished himself by rendering of Spohr's music during concert tours in Belgium, Germany (1856), Austria, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, and Paris, where he settled, 1864; produced at St. Petersburg symphonyJeanne d'Arc 1868,Jeunesse de Shakespeare and other works given in Paris; died at Paris.
  260. ^ Charles Holmes (1711–1761), rear-admiral; commanded Stromboli in Carthagena expedition, 1741; took part in action with Spanish in Gulf of Florida, 1748; member of court-martial on Byng, 1757; cut enemy's communications in the Ems, 1768; rear-admiral, 1758; third in command under Sir Charles Saunders in St. Lawrence, 1769; commander-in-chief at Jamaica, 1760-1; monument in Westminster Abbey.
  261. ^ Edward Holmes (1797–1859). writer on music; friend of Keats and Charles Cowden Clarke; with Vincent Novello raised subscription for Mozart's widow; published Ramble among Musicians of Germany (1828), and lives of Mozart (1845) and Purcell; composed songs.
  262. ^ George Holmes (fl. 1673–1715), organist at Lincoln, 1704-15; grandson of John Holmes (fl. 1602); contributed toMusical Companion 1673; composed anthems and songs.
  263. ^ George Holmes (1662–1749), deputy-keeper of the Tower records; F.R.S. and F.S.A.; prepared first seventeen volumes of Rymer's Foedera 1727-35.
  264. ^ James Holmes (1777–1860), water-colour painter and miniaturist; exhibited with Society of British Artiste, 1829-59; his two miniatures of Byron engraved.
  265. ^ John Holmes (fl. 1602), composer; organist of Winchester and Salisbury (1602-10).
  266. ^ Sir John Holmes (1640?–1683), admiral ; brother of Sir Robert Holmes; commanded the Paul at Lowestoft, 1665, and in fight of June, 1666: commanded the Bristol in flght of 25 July, 1666; served under Sir Edward Spragge in Algerine war, 1670-1; wounded in flght with Dutch Smyrna fleet, 1672, and knighted; commanded the Rupert at Solebay, 1672, and in battles of 1673; commander in the Downs, 1677-9; M.P., Newtown (Isle of Wight), 1677-83.
  267. ^ John Holmes (1800–1854), antiquary; adviser of Bertram, earl of Ashburnham, collector of manuscripts; compiled catalogue of manuscripts, maps, and plans in British Museum, 1844: edited Evelyn's Life of Mrs. Godolphin 1847, Cavendish's Wolsey 1862, and Wordsworth's Ecclesiastical Biography 1863.
  268. ^ John Beck Holmes (1767–1843), Moravian bishop of Fulneck; published historical works concerning his church.
  269. ^ Nathaniel Holmes or Homes (1599–1678), puritan divine; B.A. Exeter College, Oxford, 1620; M.A.,Magdalen Hall, 1623; D.D. Exeter College, 1637; joined Henry Burton in founding independent congregation, 1643; published millenarian works.
  270. ^ Sir Robert Holmes (1622–1692), admiral; served under Prince Rupert in civil war; governor of Sandown Castle, 1660; seized Dutch possessions on Guinea coast and in North America, 1664; captain of the Revenge at battle of Lowestoft, 1665; knighted, 1666; rear-admiral of the red, 1666; distinguished in fight of 1-4 June, 1666; fought duel with Sir Jeremiah Smith or Smyth arising out of his conduct in fight of 25 July, 1666; destroyed shipping and stores at VlieandSchelling; admiml at Portsmouth, 1667; one of Buckingham's seconds in i duel with Shrewsbury; governor of Isle of Wight, 1669; attacked Dutch Smyrna fleet in Channel, 1672; took part in battle of Solebay, 1672; M.P., Winchester, Yarmouth (Isle of Wight), and Newport,
  271. ^ Robert Holmes (1748–1805), biblical scholar; of Winchester and New College, Oxford; fellow; M.A., 1774; D.D., 1789; first winner of chancellor's prize for Latin verse, 1769; rector of Stanton St. John; Bampton lecturer, 1782; professor of poetry, 1783; collated Septuagint, 1788-1805; prebendary of Salisbury, Hereford, and Christ Church; dean of Winchester, 1804; F.R.S., 1797; published poems, theological works, and annual accounts of his collections.
  272. ^ Robert Holmes (1765–1859), Irish lawyer; : brother-in-law of Robert Emmet; B.A. Trinity College, Dublin, 1787; imprisoned on suspicion of rebellion, 1803; defended John Mitchel, 1848; published anti-union pamphlets.
  273. ^ Thomas Holmes (d. 1638), musical composer; gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1633.
  274. ^ William Holmes (1689–1748), dean of Exeter; educated at Merchant TaylorsSchool; fellow of St. John's College, Oxford, 1710; M.A., 1716; proctor, 1721; B.D.; president of St. John's College, Oxford, 1728; vicechancellor, 1732-5; revived the act and invited Handel to play at Oxford, 1733; regius professor of history, 17361742; dean of Exeter, 1742-8; left estates to his college.
  275. ^ William Holmes (d. 1851), thirty years tory whip; B.A. Trinity College, Dublin, 1795; served in the army: M.P., Grampound, 1808-12, Tregony, 1812-18, Totnes, 1819-20, Bishop's Castle, 1820-30; Haslemere, 1830-2, Berwick, 1837-41; treasurer of the ordnance, 1820-30.
  276. ^ William Anthony Holmes (1782–1843), chancellor of Cashel; scholar of Trinity College, Dublin; B.A., 1803; D.D., 1834; incumbent of Holywood, Down, 1810, of Ballyroan, 1818, and Core Abbey, 1822; chancellor of Cashel, 1832; helped to found Mendicity Institution, Belfast; published pamphlets,
  277. ^ Sir George Sowley Holroyd (1758–1831), judge; educated at Harrow; special pleader, 1779-87; barrister, Gray's Inn, 1878; appeared for Burdett against Speaker Abbott, 1811; commissioner to Guernsey, 1815; judge of king's bench, 1816-28.
  278. ^ John Baker Holroyd, first Earl of Sheffield (1735–1821), statesman and friend of Gibbon; purchased Sheffield Place, Sussex, 1769; raised and commanded dragoon regiment; M.P., Coventry, 1780-3, Bristol, 1783-1802; active in suppressing Gordon riots, 1780; created Irish baron, 1781; created Earl of Sheffield and Viscount Pevensey in peerage of Ireland, 1816: British peer, 1802: president of board of agriculture, 1803; privy councillor, 1809; lord of board of trade, 1809; published pamphlets on social and commercial questions; edited Gibbon's Miscellaneous Works 1796, and Memoirs 1826..
  279. ^ Theodore von Holst (1810–1844). See Von Holst.
  280. ^ Francis Ludlow Holt (1780–1844), legal writer; of Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford; barrister, Middle Temple, 1809; K.C., 1831: trcnuivr f Inner Temple, 1840; vice-chancellor of Lancaster, 18261844; publish,, i L:IW of Libel(1812-1816), nisi priii-* reports 1815-17, shipping hi-.vs, 1820, bankrupt laws, IH-JU, ind'Tba L:.n 1 ve live in(comedy), 1804.
  281. ^ Guy Holt (1587?–1660). See Holland.
  282. ^ John Holt (d. 1418), judge; king's serjeant, 1377; judge of common pleas, 1383; knight-banneret, 1384; banished to Ireland, 1388, for decision against legality of permanent council; recalled, 1397.
  283. ^ Sir John Holt (1642–1710), judge; of Winchester and Oriel College, Oxford; barrister, Gray's Inn, 1663; counsel for Danby and Lords Powis and Arundell, 1679; appeared for crown against Slingsby Bethel, for Lord Russell, and for East India Company against Sandys, 1683; recorder of London, 1686-7; knighted, 1686: king's serjeant, 1686; M.P. Beeralston; manager of conference with peers on vacancy of throne, 1689; lord chief-justice of king's bench, 1689-1710; pronounced dispensing power legal; decided in favour of bankers, 1700; against House of Commons in case of Ashby v. White, 1701; declined great seal, 1700; the Verus of the 'Tatler his judgment in Coggs v. Bernard, chief authority on law of bailments; edited reports of cases in pleas of the crown under Charles II, 1708. As judge he discouraged prosecutions for witchcraft, and put liberal construction on statute compelling attendance at church, but took high view of treason and seditious libel.
  284. ^ John Holt (1743–1801), author; master of Walton grammar school, near Liverpool; published Characters of Kings and Queens of England 1786-8, and a survey of Lancashire agriculture, 1794.
  285. ^ Joseph Holt (1756–1826), Irish rebel; headed rebellion in co. Wicklow, 1798: joined Edward Roche and won victory at Ballyellis, 1798; separated from him and was defeated at Castle Carberry; held out in Wicklow three months; transported to Botany Bay, 1799; successful farmer in New South Wales; banished to Norfolk island on suspicion of rebellion, 1804; pardoned, 1809; wrecked on Eagle island during voyage to England, 1813.
  286. ^ Thomas Holt (1578?–1624), architect; designed Wadham College, Oxford, and great quadrangle of the examination schools (now part of the Bodleian).
  287. ^ William Holt (1545–1599), Jesuit; B.A. Brasenose College, Oxford, 1566: fellow of Oriel, 1568; M.A., 1572; studied at Douay, 1574-6; Jesuit novice, 1578; intrigued with Lennox in Scotland, 1581-2; arrested through English influence, 1583, but allowed to escape; rector of English college, Rome, 1588-7; Spanish agent at Brussels, 1588-98; died at Barcelona.
  288. ^ Richard Holtby (1553–1640), Jesuit; of Cambridge and Hart Hall, Oxford; on English mission in north, 1579-81; joined Jesuits, 1583; superior of Scots college at Pont-a-Mousson, 1587-9; vice-prefect of English mission, 1606-9; though fifty years in England never imprisoned; his account of persecution in the north in Morris's Troubles of our Catholic Forefathers .
  289. ^ John Holte (Jl. 1495), author of first Latin grammar in England (printed by Wynkyn de Worde, c. 1510, and Pynson, 1520); fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1491; M.A,, 1494.
  290. ^ John Holte (d. 1540), bishop of Lydda, and suffragan to Fitzjames, bishop of London, 1506-22.
  291. '^ Sir Thomas Holte , first baronet (1571–1654), royalist; sheriff of Warwickshire, 1599; created baronet, 1612; built Aston Hall; entertained Charles I before EdgehilL
  292. ^ Charles Holtzapffel (1806–1847), mechanician; published Turning and Mechanical Manipulation 1843.
  293. ^ John Holwell (1649–1686?), astrologer and mathematician; said to have surveyed New York, and been poisoned there; author of works, including A Sure Guide to the Practical Surveyor 1678, and Trigonometry made easy 1685.
  294. ^ John Zephaniah Holwell (1711–1798), .ov.-ni..r of ifeim'iil; grandson of John Holwell (16491686 ?); surgeon in East India Company,. drew up scheme for reform of zemindar's court, Cul.-uttH: .rmm.l.irof the Twenty-four Parganas, Calcutta, 1761; as member of council defended Calcutta against Suraj ad iniwhih, 1756, and was one of the survivors: Black Hole; succeeded Olive aa temporary governor; dismissed from council for remonstrating against Vansittart's appointment, 1761; first European who studied Hindoo antiquities: published narrative of Black Hole (1758), and works on Indian politics and mythology.
  295. ^ William Holwell (1726–1798), classical compiler; M.A. Christ Church, Oxford, 1748; B.D., 1760; vicar of Thornbury and chaplain to George III; compiled Beauties of Homer 1775.
  296. ^ James Holworthy (d. 1841), water-colour painter and friend of Turner.
  297. ^ Barten Holyday or Holiday (1593–1661), divine and translator; M.A. Christ Church, Oxford, 1615; chaplain to Sir Francis Steuart in Spain, 1618, and afterwards to Charles I; archdeacon of Oxford before 1626; D.D., per lileras region, 1642; translated Persius, Juvenal (published, 1673), and Horace.
  298. ^ John Holyman (1495–1558), bishop of Bristol; of Winchester and New College, Oxford; fellow of New College, 1512; B.C.L., 1514; M.A., 1618; D.D., 1531; preached against Lutheranism and opposed divorce of Queen Catherine; bishop of Bristol, 1554-8; helped to try the Oxford martyrs.
  299. ^ Francis Holyoake (1567–1653), lexicographer; studied at Queen's College, Oxford; rector of Southam, 1604; ejected by parliamentarians, 1642; his Dictionarium Etymologicum Latinum (1633) enlarged by his son, 1677.
  300. ^ Henry Holyoake (1657–1731), head-master of Rugby; son of Thomas Holyoake; chaplain of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1681-90; M.A., 1681; headmaster of Rugby, 1687-1731; held three Warwickshire livings; left money to poor of Rugby and to Magdalen College.
  301. ^ Thomas Holyoake (1616?–1676), divine; son of Francis Holyoake; M.A., 1639, and chaplain, Queen's College, Oxford; captain of undergraduate royalists; practised medicine till Restoration; prebendary of Wolverhampton.
  302. ^ Christopher Holywood (1562–1616), Jesuit; joined Jesuits, 1582; professor of divinity at Dole and Padua; imprisoned by English government, 1599; denounced by James I when superior of Jesuits mission in Ireland, 1604-16; published controversial works.
  303. ^ John Holywood or Halifax, in Latin Johannes de Sacro Bosco Johannes de Sacro Bosco (. 1230), mathematician; died at Paris; author of Tractatus de Sphaera (first printed at Ferrara, 1472, and frequently translated; his 4 Algorismus edited by J. O. Halliwell, 1838.
  304. ^ Sir Alexander Home or Hume (d. 1456), of Home; warden of the marches, 1449; accompanied William, earl of Douglas, to Rome, 1450, and founded collegiate church of Dunglass.
  305. ^ Sir Alexander Home or Hume, first Baron Home (d. 1491), eldest son of Sir Alexander Home(d. 1456); created lord of parliament, 1473; joined the Hepburns in driving Albany from Scotland; conspired against James III, 1482 and 1484; in the van at Sauchieburn, 1480; hod great influence under James IV.
  306. ^ Alexander Home or Hume, second Baron Home (d. 1506), lord chancellor of Scotland ; grandson of Sir Alexander Home or Hume, first baron; joined conspiracy against James HI; privy councillor, 1488; lord chancellor of Scotland, 1488-1506; succeeded to barony, 1491; made pilgrimage to Canterbury, 1493: made raid in support of the pretender Perkin Warbeck, 1496-7.
  307. ^ Alexander Home , third Baron Home (d. 1516), lord high chamberlain of Scotland; son of Alexander Home or Hume, second baron: lord high chamberlain, 1506: as warden of the borders invaded Northumberland, 1513; with Huntly commanded van at Flodden, 1513: as chief-justice south of Forth, 1514, proposed to recall Albany: joined Angus against him and intrigued with England and Arran; pardoned, but arrested at Edinburgh, and beheaded by the regent Albany.
  308. ^ Alexander Home, fifth Baron Home (d. 1676); succeeded his father, George Home, fourth baron, 1547, while prisoner after Pinkie; recaptured his castle, 1548; assisted French at Haddington; warden of east marches, 1650; commissioner for treaty of Upsettlington, 1559; made privy councillor by Mary Queen of Scots, 1561; supported her till the Both well marriage; tried to capture Bothwell at Borthwick, 1567; prominent at Carberry Hill, 1567; prevented Mary's escape at Edinburgh; member of regent's council on Mary's abdication; fought in van at Langside, 1568; saved Moray from capture, 1569; rejoined queen's party after his death; Kirkcaldy's lieutenant during siege of Edinburgh Castle; died in prison.
  309. ^ Alexander Home or Hume, sixth Baron and first Earl of Home (1566?-1619), son of Alexander, fifth baron Home; warden of the east marches, 1582-99; engaged in raid of Ruthven, 1582; imprisoned, 1583-4, for brawl with Francis Stewart Hepburn, fifth earl of Bothwell; co-operated with Bothwell against Arran and befriended him in disgrace; as captain of James VI's bodyguard aided him against Bothwell: excommunicated as a papist, but absolved on subscribing confession of faith, 1593; lord of the articles, 1594; with James in the Tolbooth, 1596; accompanied James to England and became lieutenant of the marches, 1603; created Earl of Home, 1605.
  310. ^ Daniel Dunglas Home (1833–1886), spiritualist medium; related to the earls of Home; while in Connecticut claimed to be warned by telepathy of his mother's death; turned out of the house by his aunt on account of alleged spiritualistic rappings; his stances attended by well-known Americans, including William Cullen Bryant and Judge Edmonds; said to have been levitated 1862, at house of Ward Cheney; came to England, 1855; phenomena attested by Sir David Brewster; seances attended by Sir Edward Bulwer and the Brownings; while in Italy became a Roman catholic; held stances before sovereigns of France, Prussia, and Holland, 1857-8; held stances in London at houses of Thomas Milner-Gibson and other well-known persons, 1860-1; expelled from Rome as a sorcerer, 1864; secretary of Spiritual Athenaeum in London, 1866; his levitations in England attested by Lord Lindsay (earl of Crawford), Lord Adare (earl of Dunraven), and Mrs. Samuel Carter Hall; followed German army from Sedan to Versailles, 1870; convinced (Sir) William Crookes, F.R.S., by submitting to tests in full light, 1871; publishedIncidents of My Life (1863 and 1872), and, with William Howitt, Lights and Shadows of Spiritualism (1877); died at Auteuil.
  311. '^ Sir Everard Home, first baronet (1756–1832), surgeon: king's scholar at Westminster, 1770: pupil of John Hunter; F.R.S., 1785; lecturer on anatomy, 1792, and surgeon to St. George's Hospital, 1793-1827; keeper of Huuterian collection: master (1813) and first president (1821) of Royal College of Surgeons; Hunterian orator, 1814 and 1822; created baronet, 1813; surgeon to Chelsea Hospital, 1821-32; destroyed Hunter's manuscripts after utilising them: edited Hunter's Treatise on the Blood prefixing short life, 1794; published Lectures on Comparative Anatomy 1814, and other medical works.
  312. ^ Francis Home (1719–1813), professor of materia medica at Edinburgh; studied medicine at Edinburgh; surgeon of dragoons in seven yearswar; M.D. Edinburgh, 1760; professor of materia medica, 1768-98; published Principia Medicine 1758, and other works.
  313. ^ George Home, fourth Baron Home (d. 1547), brother of Alexander Home, third baron; wan restored to title and lands, 1522: frustrated Scott of Buccleugh's attempt on James V, 1526: joined Argyll against Angus, 1528: helped to defeat English at Haddenrig, 1542; rooted by Grey, 1547.
  314. ^ Sir George Home or Hume, Earl of Dunbar (d. 1611), lord high treasurer of Scotland; of Primroknows, afterwards of Spott; accompanied James VI to Denmark, 1589; master of the wardrobe, 1590; ally of Maitland and opponent of Bothwell; special privy councillor, 1598: lord high treasurer, 1602; created an English baron, 1604, and Scottish earl, 1605; commissioner of the border for both kingdoms, 1606; managed for James the Linlithgow trial (1606), Glasgow assembly (1610), and measures for introduction of episcopacy in Scotland; K.G., 1608; obtained confession from George Sprott, 1608, and James Elphinstone, first baron Balmerino.
  315. ^ Henry Home, Lord Kames (1696–1782), Scottish judge and author; called to Scots bar, 1724; published 'Remarkable Decisions of Court of Session (1716-28), 1728; lord of session as Lord Kames, 1752; lord of justiciary, 1763-82; charged with heresy on account of his Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion(1751), written against Hume: hisElements of Criticism(1762) praised by Dugald Stewart; published also Sketches of History of Man 1774, The Gentleman Farmer 1776, and many legal and historical works.
  316. ^ Sir James Home, of Coldingknows, third Earl of Home (d. 1666), succeeded as earl, 1633; at first a covenanter; signed band at Cumbernauld, 1641, and thenceforth supported the king; served under Hamilton at Preston, 1648; his estates seized by Cromwell; reinstated, 1661, and named privy councillor of Scotland; member of high commission, 1664.
  317. ^ James Home (1758–1842), professor of materia medica, Edinburgh, 1798, in succession to his father, Francis Home; professor of medicine at Edinburgh, 1821-42.
  318. ^ John Home (1722–1808), author of 'Douglas': educated at Leith grammar school and Edinburgh University; volunteer, 1745; captured at Falkirk, 1746; minister of Athelstaneford, 1747; intimate with Hume, Robertson, and the poet Collins; his Douglas (rejected by Garrick) performed in Edinburgh, 1756, and produced by Rich at Oovent Garden, 1757: resigned his ministerial charge, owing to proceedings of presbytery, 1757; private secretary to Bute and tutor to Prince of Wales; his Agis (previously rejected) produced by Garrick at Drury Lane, 1758: his Siege of Aquileia (1760) and Fatal Discovery(1769) failures; received pension from George III and sinecure from Bute; his Alonzo played successfully by Mrs. Barry, 1773, but Alfred (1778) a failure; settled at Edinburgh, 1779, and was visited by Scott; published History of Rebellion of 1745 1802; works edited by Henry Mackenzie, 1822.
  319. ^ Robert Home (d. 1836?), painter: brother of Sir Everard Home; exhibited at the Academy and at Dublin; chief painter to king of Oude; died at Calcutta.
  320. ^ Robert Home (1837–1879), colonel of royal engineers; ably reported on defence of Canadian frontier, 1864; deputy-assistant; quartermaster-general at Aldershot, 1866; secretary to royal engineers committee, 1870; commanded royal engineers in Ashanti war, 1873; assistant quartermaster-general at headquarters, 1876; reported on defence of Constantinople; published Precis of Modern Tactics 1873.
  321. ^ William Home , eighth EARL OF HOME (d. 1761), soldier; served under Cope (1745) and commanded Glasgow volunteer regiment, 1745; lieutenant-general; governor of Gibraltar, 1757-61; Scottish representative peer.
  322. ^ Arthur Homer (1758–1806), author of ' Bibliographia Americana 1789; son of Henry Homer the elder; fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 17821802; M.A., 1781; D.D., 1797.
  323. ^ Henry Homer , the elder (1719–1791), author of works on enclosures; M.A. Magdalen College, Oxford, 1743; rector of Birdingbury.
  324. ^ Henry Homer , the younger (1753–1791), classical scholar and friend of Dr. Parr; eldest son of Henry Homer the elder; fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1778-88; M.A., 1776; B.D., 1783; edited Tacitus (1790), Livy (1794), Ovid's Heroides(1789), Persius I (1789), Sallust (1789), and Caesar (1790).
  325. ^ Philip Bracebridge Homer (1765–1838), assistant master at Rugby; brother of Henry Homer the younger; fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1803-6, of Rugby, 1826: M.A., 1788; B.D., 1804; published original poems, translations from Metastasio, and the Eton Greek grammar, with notes (1825); completed his brother Henry's classics.
  326. ^ Abraham Hondius (De Hondt) (1638?–1691), painter.of animals and hunting scenes; in England, 1665-91.
  327. ^ Jodocus Hondius, Joos or Josse (1563-1611), engraver; came to England from Ghent; made large globes, illustrated voyages of Drake and Cavendish, and engraved portraits; at Amsterdam, 15941811.
  328. ^ Horace Hone (1756–1825), miniature-painter; son of Nathaniel Hone; exhibited at Academy, 17721782, and in Dublin; A.R.A., 1799.
  329. ^ John Camillus Hone (d. 1837), miniature-painter in London and the East Indies; brother of Horace Hone
  330. ^ Nathaniel Hone (1718–1784), portrait-painter; studied in Italy; excelled in enamel-painting: exhibited with Society of Artists; an original H.A.; caricatured Reynolds inThe Conjuror 1775; painted also Whitefield, John Wesley, Sir John Fielding, and his son, John Camillus Hone, aa David and * Spartan Boy
  331. ^ William Hone (1780–1842), author and bookseller; commenced publishing (1817) political satires on the government (including John Wilkes's Catechism and The Sinecurist's Creed), illustrated by Cruikshauk; prosecuted for his Political Litany but acquitted, 1817; aided by public subscription, set up shop in Ludgate Hill, where Cruikshank illustrated hisPolitical House that Jack Built 1819, Man in the Moon 1820, Bank-Restriction Barometer 1820, Political Showman 1821, Facetiae and Miscellanies 1827; hisApocryphal New Testament(1820) attacked inQuarterly Review; published sixpenny reprints,Ancient Mysteries 1823,Every Day Book 1826-7 (dedicated to Lamb and praised by Scott and Southey), andTable Book 1827-8; edited Strutt's 'Sports and Pastimes 1830;Early Life and Conversion of William Hone, by Himself edited by his son, 1841.
  332. ^ George Honey (1822–1880), actor and vocalist; played in opera till 1863; afterwards took eccentric roles, such as Eccles in Robertson'sCaste and Cheviot Hill in W. S. Gilbert's Engaged
  333. ^ Laura Honey (1816?–1843), actress; very successful as Psyche in Cupidand aa Lnrline (Adelphi); at the City of London played inThe Watermanand 'Riquet with the Tuft and sang My beautiful Rhine.
  334. ^ Mrs Maria Honner (1812–1870), actress; nee Macarthy; excelled in pathetic parts; played Rosalie Somers with Edmund Kean; played Julia in The Hunchback 1835; married Robert William Homier, 1836; filled place of Mrs. Yates.
  335. ^ Robert William Honner (1809–1852), actor and manager; played under Andrew Ducrow, Gnmaldi, Ellistou, Benjamin Webster, and Davidge; lessee of Sadler's Wells, 1835-40; manager of the Surrey,,1835-8, and 1842-6.
  336. ^ Saint Honorius (d. 653), fifth archbishop of Canterbury; consecrated by Pauliuus at Lincoln, 628; exercised jurisdiction over Kent and East Auglia.
  337. ^ Sir George Essex Honyman , fourth baronet (1819-1875), judge; barrister, Middle Temple, 1849; Q.O., 1866; serjeant-at-law, 1873; juatice of common pleas 1873-5. C vil - 2J9 3
  338. ^ Mary Honywood (1527–1620), daughter of Robert Waters of Lenham: celebrated for longevity, piety, and number of lineal descendants (367).
  339. ^ Michael Honywood (1597–1681), dean of Lincoln; grandson of Mrs. Mary Hony wood; felow of Christ's College, Cambridge; M.A., 1618; D.D., 1601 with Henry More and Edward King Lyc.das ) as fellows and Milton when student; rector of keg worth Protectorate lived at Utrecht; dean of Lincoln, 660-81; at Lincoln built cathedral library and tfave xx)kR.
  340. ^ Sir Robert Honywood (1601–1686), of Charing : translator of Battista Nani's History of the Affairs of Europe 1673; served In Palatinate; knighted as steward to queen of Bohemia, 1625; member of council of state, .659; went on embassy to Sweden.
  341. ^ Sir Thomas Honywood (1586–1666), parliamentarian; of Marks Hall, Ensex; knighted, 1632; joined Fairfax before Colchester, 1648; commanded regiment at Worcester, 1651: knight of the shire for Eerex, 1C64, 1666; sat in Cromwell's House of Lords, 1667.
  342. ^ Lady Hood (1783–1862). See Maria Elizabeth Frederica Stewart-Mackenzie.
  343. ^ Alexander Hood (1768–1798) navy captain; brother of Sir Samuel Hood (1762-1814); served on he Resolution In Captain Cook's second voyage, 1772; captain of the Barfieur off Cape Henry, 1781, and St. Kitts, 1782; fought at battle of Dominica, 1782; captured the Ceres; put ashore by Spit head mutineers, 1797, captured the Hercule off the Bee du Raz, but was killed; epitaph by Southey on monument at Butleigh.
  344. ^ Alexander Hood , first Viscount Bridport ,1727-1814), admiral; brother of Samuel Hood, first viscount Hood; flag-captain to Sir Charles Saunders q. v. in Mediterranean, 1766-9; took part in Hawke's victory of 2U Nov. 1759; captured the Warwick in Bay of Biscay, 1761; treasurer of Greenwich, 1766; commanded the Robust at Ushant, 1777, and gave evidence in favour of Palliser against Keppel; assisted in relief of Gibraltar, 1782; entered parliament, 1784; K.B., 1787: admiral of the blue, 1794; second in command to Lord Howe on 1 June 1794, and was created Baron Bridport (Irish peerage); defeated Villaret-Joyeuse and captured three French ships, 1795; vice-admiral of England, 1796: created a British baron, 1796; as commander of Channel fleet blockaded Brest almost continuously, 1797-1800; created viscount, 1801; often confused with his brother; portraits of him by Reynolds at Greenwich.
  345. ^ Charles Hood (1826–1883), major-general; led attack on Redan, 1855; commanded the buffs on entry into Sebastopol, and 58th in Bengal, I860; major-general, 1870.
  346. ^ Edwin Paxton Hood (1820–1885), congregational divine and author; minister in London, Brighton, and Manchester; benefactor of Hospital for Incurables; publishedSelf-Education 1851, andThe Peerage of Poverty (1st ser. 3rd ed., 1859): published also popular works on great writers, statesmen, and preachers; died in Paris.
  347. ^ Francis Grosvenor Hood (1809–1855), lieutenant-colonel of grenadier guards, 1841; grandson of Samuel Hood, first viscount Hood; led (as major 3rd battalion) 3rd battalion of grenadiers at the Alma, 1884; shot in trenches before Sebastopol.
  348. ^ John Hood (1720–1783?), surveyor; invented Hood's compass theodolite; said to have anticipated Hadley's quadrant.
  349. ^ Robin Hood, legendary outlaw ; the name, which originally represented a mythical forest-elf, Hodekeu is part of the designation of places and plants in every part of England. Hk* historical authenticity is ill-supported. As an historical character Robin Hood appears in Wyntoun's Chronicle of Scotland (c. 1420), and is referred to as a ballad hero by Bower, Major, and Stow. The first detailed history, Lytell Geste of Robyn Hoode(printed, c. 1495), locates him in south-west Yorkshire; later writers placing him in Sherwood and Plumpton Park (Cumberland), and finally making him Earlot Huntingdon. Plays dealing with his exploits were written by Miuuiay, ChettJc, and others (1600-1784). The True Tale of Robin Hood (verse) was issued, 1632,Robin Howl's Garland 1670, and prose narrative, 1678. Major first assigned him to the reign of Richard I. A date ( 18 Nov. 1247; was given for his death by Martin Parker True Tale c. 1682) and by Thoresby, and his pedigree was supplied by Stukeley. According to Joseph Hunter he was a contemporary of Edward II and adherent of Thomas of Lancaster.
  350. ^ Sir Samuel Hood, first baronet (1762–1814), viceadmiral; brother of Alexander Hood (1758-1798); on the Courageux, 1776: fought off Ushant, 1778; lieutenant at actions off Martinique, 1781, Cape Henry, 1781, and St. Kitts, 1782, Dominica, 1782, and Mona Passage, 1782; commanded Juno in Me liter ranean, 1793-5; with the Zealous under Nelson at Santa Cruz, 1797; distinguished at the Nile, 1798; as Commander-inchief on Leeward station captured St. Lucia and Tobago and Dutch South American settlements, 1803-4; took French ships off Rochefort, but lost an arm, 1805; under Gambier at Copenhagen, 1807; reduced Madeira, 1807; second in command under Saumarez in Baltic, 1808; created baronet after Corufia, 1809; vice-admiral, 1811; commanded in East Indies, 1812-14; died at Madras.
  351. ^ Samuel Hood, first Viscount Hood (1724–1816), admiral; entered navy, 1741; saw junior service under captains Thomas Smith (d. 1762), Thomas Grenville (1719-1747), and Rodney; while in temporary command of the Antelope captured French privateers, 1757; commanded the Vestal in Basque roads, 1758; captured the Bellona off Finisterre, 1759; commander on North American station, 1767-70; created baronet, 1778; joined Rodney in expedition against St. Eustatius, 1781; while blockading Martinique engaged by superior French force; commanded rear in Graves's action off the Chesapeake, September, 1781; repulsed De Grasse off Basseterre, 1782; second in command under Rodney at Dominica (12 April); created Baron Hood of Catheriugton (Irish peerage), and given freedom of the city, 1782; M.P., Westminster, 1784; vice-admiral, 1787; a lord of the admiralty, 1788-93; as commander in the Mediterranean occupied Toulon, and when abandoning it took away antirevolutionary refugees; captured Corsica, 1794; recalled for political reasons; admiral, 1794; created Viscount Hood and governor of Greenwich, 1796; G.C.B., 1815.
  352. ^ Samuel Hood (1800?–1876), author of treatise On the Law of Decedents 1847; member of Philadelphia bar, 1836-75; grandson of John Hood
  353. ^ Thomas Hood (fl. 1582–1598), mathematician; fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1578; M.A., 1581; first Thomas Smith lecturer in mathematics in London, 1582; translated Ramus's Elements of Geometry 1590; published works on mathematical appliances.
  354. ^ Thomas Hood (1799–1845), poet; contributed to 'London Magazine 1821-3, becoming acquainted with Lamb, Hazlitt, and De Quincey; collaborated with John Hamilton Reynolds in * Odes and Addresses to Great People 1826; issuedWhims and Oddities 1826-7; became editor of theGem 1829 (in whichEugene Aram's Dream appeared); began Comic Annual 1830: lived at Coblentz, 1835-7, and Ostend, 1837-40; published 4 Hood's Own 1838, and Up the Rhine 1839; returned, 1840, and edited New Monthly Magazine 1841-3, writing for itMiss Kilmansegg hisSong of the Shirt published anonymously inPunch 1843; established Hood's Magazine 1844; issued Whimsicalities 1844; received pension; collected works issued, 1882-4.
  355. ^ Thomas Hood, the younger (1835–1874), known as Tom Hood, humorist; son of Thomas Hood (1799–1845) ; of Pembroke College, Oxford; became editor of Fun 1866; began Tom Hood's Comic Annual, 1 1867; works includePen and Pencil Pictures 1857, and Captain Masters's Children 1865.
  356. ^ James Hook (1746–1827), organist at Vauxhall Gardens, 1774-1820, and composer; composed over two thousand songs, including Within a Mile and The Lass of Richmond Hill also dramatic and concerted pieces; died at Boulogne.
  357. ^ James Hook (1772?–1828),dean of Worcester; son of James Hook (1746-1827); while at Westminster edited The Triner; graduated from St. Mary Hall, Oxford, 1796; private chaplain to Prince of Wales; archdeacon of Huntingdon, 1814; rector of Whippiugham, 1817; dean of Worcester, 1825-8; published novels and other works.
  358. ^ John Hook (1634–1710), master of Savoy Hospital, 1699-1702; son of William Hook
  359. ^ Theodore Edward Hook (1788–1841), novelist and wit; son of James Hook (1746-1827); educated at Harrow; as a boy wrote words for his father's comic operas and melodramas; early entered Prince of Wah-s's set and became. Igiown as an improviser and practical i joker; went to Mauritius as accountant-general, 1813; j dismissed for deficiencies in accounts, 1817; imprisoned, i 1823-5, and his property confiscated; published, as JRichard JonesExchange no Robbery(farce) and Tentamen (satire on Queen Caroline), 1819-20-; began to edit the toryJohn Bull 1820; publishedSayings and Doings(nine novels), 1826-9,Maxwelll8;(, 'Gilbert Gurney 1836,Gurney Married 1838, Jack Brag 1836, and Births, Marriages, and Deaths 1839; editedNew Monthly Magazine 1836-41; his effects seized by the crown; the Lucian Gay of Couingsby and Mr. Wagg of Vanity Fair
  360. ^ Walter Farquhar Hook (1798–1875), dean of Chichester; son of James Hook (1772 ?-1828) ; educated at Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1824; D.D., 1837; curate at Whippingham; incumbent of Holy Trinity, Coventry, 1828-37; preached at Chapel Royal his sermonHear the Church 1838, affirming apostolical succession of English bishops; as vicar of Leeds, 1837-59, built new parish church (1841) and many others, with schools and parsonage houses; obtained act of parliament for subdivision of parish (1844); propounded in letter to Bishop Thirlwall (1846) scheme of I rate-paid schools with separate religious instruction; dean of Ohichester, 1859-75. His works includeChurch Dictionary 1842,Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Biography 1845-52, and Lives of Archbishops of Canterbury, 1 18601875 (index, 1876).
  361. ^ William Hook (1600–1677), puritan divine ; M.A. Trinity College, Oxford, 1623; vicar of Axmouth; emi ! grated to New England, 1640, and became minister at  ! Taunton, Massachusetts, andteacherat Newhaven; I sent description of affairs in New England to Cromwell, 1653; Cromwell's chaplain in England, 1666; published New England's Teares for Old England's Feares 1640, and with John Davenport A Catechisme... for the... Church... at New Haven
  362. ^ John Hooke (1655–1712), serjeant-at-law; of Trinity College, Dublin; barrister, Gray's Inn, 1681; serjeant-at-law, 1700; chief-justice of Carnarvon, Merioneth, and Anglesey, c. 1703 and 1706; removed for receiving a present, 1707, but subsequently cleared.
  363. ^ Luke Joseph Hooke (1716–1796), Roman catholic divine; son of Nathaniel Hooke (d. 1763); D.D. Sorbonne, 1736; professor of theology, 1742; virtually compelled to resign by Archbishop de Beaumont; when librarian at the Mazarin Library visited by Dr. Johnson, 1776; dismissed from librarianship by Paris Directory, 1791; edited Memoirs of Duke of Berwick 1778; died at St. Cloud.
  364. ^ Nathaniel Hooke , the elder (1664–1738), Jacobite; brother of John Hooke; of Dublin and Glasgow Universities and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge; sent by Monmouth to raise London, 1685; pardoned by James II; joined Dundee and was captured, 1689; served with Jacobites in Ireland and with French in Flanders; undertook secret missions to Scottish Jacobites, 1706 and 1707; corresponded with Marlborough and Stair; his correspondence (1703-7) edited by the Bev. W. D. Macray, 1870-1.
  365. ^ Nathaniel Hooke or Nathanael, the younger (d. 1763), author; nephew of Nathaniel Hooke the elder; friend of Pope and Martha Blount and disciple of Fenelon; admitted at Lincoln's Inn, 1702; wrote 'Account of Conduct of the Dowager Duchess of Marlborough(1742) at her dictation; published Roman History 1738-71, translation of Sir Andrew Michael Ramsay's Travels of Cyrus 1739, and a work denouncing Chesterfield's Letters published, 1791.
  366. ^ Robert Hooke (1635–1703), experimental philosopher; educated at Westminster under Busby and at Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1663; assisted Thomas Willis in his chemistry and Robert Boyle with his air-pump; elected curator of experiments to Royal Society, 1662; F.R.S., 1663; secretary, 1677-82; Gresham professor of geometry, 1666; aa surveyor of London designed Montague House, Bethlehem Hospital, and College of I'hysii-iuns; in his Micrographia (1665) pointed out real nature of combustion; proposed to measure force of gravity by swinging of pendulum, 1: showed experimentally that centre of gravity of earth and moon is the point describing an ellipse round the sun; in astronomy discovered fifth star in Orion, 1661, inferred rotation of Jupiter, 1664, first observed a star by daylight, and made earliest attempts (1669) at telescopic determination of parallax of a fixed star; in optics helped Newton by hints; first applied spiral spring to regulate watches; expounded true theory of elasticity ami kim-tir hypothesis of gases, 1678; his anticipation of law of inverse squares admitted by Newton: first asserted true principle of the arch; constructed first Gregorian telescope, 1674: described a system of telegraphy, 1684; invented marine barometer and other instruments; posthumous works edited by R. Waller, 1705, and Derham, 1726.
  367. ^ John Hooker or Hoker (fl. 1540), of Maidstone; poet and dramatist: fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1530; M.A., 1635; B.D., 1540.
  368. ^ Hooker alias Vowell (1526?–1601), antiquary; educated at Oxford; visited Cologne and Strasburg; first chamberlain of Exeter, 1555; M.P., Athenry (Irish parliament), 1568; contributed to new edition of Holinshed, 1586; wrote also The Lyffe of Sir Peter Carewe and works concerning Exeter.
  369. ^ Richard Hooker (1554?–1600), theologian; nephew of John Hooker alias Vowell q. v.; admitted at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, by influence of Bishop Jewel; scholar, 1573; M.A. and fellow, 1577; deputy Hebrew professor, 1579; intimate at Oxford with (Sir) Edwin Sandys and George Oranmer; incumbent of Drayton-Beauchamp, 1584-5; master of the Temple, 1585; rector of Boscombe, Wiltshire, and (1595-1600) of Bisbopsbourne, Kent, where the inscription on bis monument first calls himJudicious Five books (four books, 1694, fifth book, 1597) of The Laws of Ecclesiasticall Politic appeared in his lifetime, the so-called sixth and the eighth in 1648. The seventh was first included in Gauden's edition, 1662. The sixth book is demonstrably spurious. The whole was reissued, with life by Izaak Walton, 1666, and frequently re-edited. It was attacked by the puritans in A Christian Letter to certaine English Protestants (1599) and defended by William Covell, admired by James I and Charles I, and praised for its style by Fuller and Swift. Other works by Hooker were issued at Oxford, 1613.
  370. ^ Thomas Hooker (1586?–1647), New England divine; fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge; M.A., 1611; rector of Esher, 1620; as lecturer at Chelmsford cited for nonconformity, 1629; withdrew to Holland (1630) to avoid citation of high commission; sailed for New England, 1633; pastor of the eighth church in Massachusetts, till removal to Hartford, Connecticut, 1636; published theological works, includingA Survey of the Summe of Church Discipline issued 1648.
  371. ^ William Dawson Hooker (1816–1840), eldest son of Sir William Jackson Hooker; privately printed Notes on Norway 1837.
  372. ^ Sir William Jackson Hooker (1785–1865), director of Kew Gardens; formed collection of Norfolk birds; visited Iceland and printed Recollections 1811; became acquainted with foreign botanists during tour of 1814; regius professor of botany at Glasgow, 1820; K.H., 1836; greatly extended and threw open to the public Kew Gardens, where, with John Stevens Henslow, he founded a museum of economic botany, 1847; his herbarium purchased by the nation; F.L.S., 1806; F.R.S., 1812; LL.D. Glasgow; D.C.L. Oxford, 1845. His works include Muscologia Britannica 1818-27, Flora Borealis Americana 1833-40, Species Filicum 1846-64.
  373. ^ Nicholas Hookes (1628–1712), poet; scholar of W stmiuster and Trinity College, Cambridge; B.A., 1653; published Amanda (1653) and other verses.
  374. ^ Charles Hoole (1610–1667), educational writer ; M.A. Lincoln College, Oxford, 1636; master of Rotherham school; rector of Great Pontoti, 1642; sequestrated; became known as teacher in London; prebendary of Lincoln and rector of Stock, Essex: published Termination* et Kxempla 1650, and other school manuals,
  375. ^ Elijah Hoole (1798–1878), orientalist; while Wesleyan missionary in Southern Indian wa member of committee for revising Tamil versions of the bible: .! translation* into Tamil. Penonal Narrative - 1. ami,.t 1,,-r works; aecreUry of Wealeyan Mi* si.jn.iry Sx-u-ty, 1KJ6.
  376. ^ John Hoole (1727–1803), translator ; principal auditor at India House: visited Johnson in bit last illness; his translations of Tanao's Jerusalem Delivered (1763) and Ariosto's Orlando Furioso (1783) frequently reprinted; published also version* of Metartak DramasLife of John Scott of Amwell(1784). and three tragedies, acted at Covent Garden.
  377. ^ Edmund Hooper (1563? - 1621), organist of Westminster Abbey, 1606-21, and composer of church music; gentleman of the Chapel Royal. 1603.
  378. ^ George Hooper (1640–1727), bishop of Bath and Wells; scholar of St. Paul's and Westminster and student of Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1663: D.D., 1 677; classical, Hebrew, and Arabic scholar; chaplain to Bishop Morley and Archbishop Sheldon; rector of Lambeth, 1675; precentor of Exeter; as almoner to Princess Mary confirmed her in Anglican principles and offended William of Orange; dean of Canterbury, 1691; prolocutor of the lower house of convocation, 1701; bishop of St. Asapb, 1702-3; accepted see of Bath and Wells, 1703 at importunity of his friend Ken, who dedicated to him his Hymuarium; collective edition of his works, issued 1757, includes Calculation of the Credibility of Human Testimony and treatise on Tertullian's De Valentinianorum Heeresi.*
  379. ^ John Hooper (d. 1555), bishop of Gloucester and Worcester; B.A.Oxford, 1519; said to have been a Cis tercian: adopted protestnnt views and disputed with Gardiner; fled from England, 1539, to avoid persecution; while at Zurich, 1547-9, adopted views of John 4 Lasco as chaplain to Somerset, 1649, led advanced reformers and denounced Bonner; when nominated to see of Gloucester (1550) refusal to wear vestments, and only gave in after committal to the Fleet, 1551; showed great 1 zeal in his diocese and was liberal to the poor; followed Zurich usage in appointingsuperintendents; member of commission to report on ecclesiastical laws, 1551; bishop of Worcester, I'M commentam, 1552, Gloucester j being subsequently made an archdeaconry: opposed , attempt to set aside Mary; deprived by Queen Mary and  ; sentenced for heresy: burned at Gloucester. His works consist mainly of homilies and biblical expositions (col lected edition issued, 1855).
  380. ^ Robert Hooper (1773–1835), medical writer; M.A. and M.B. Pembroke College, Oxford, 1804: M.I). St. Andrews, 1805: practised in Savile Row, making special study of pathology. His works include Compendious Medical Dictionary 1798, and Anatomist's Vade Mecum 1798.
  381. ^ William Hulme Hooper (1827–1854), lieutenant in the navy; shared in expedition of the Plover, 1 HIM- 5d, in search of Sir John Franklin, publishing an account, 1853.
  382. ^ Robert Eli Hooppell (1833–1895), antiquary ; M.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1858; LLD., 1865; ordained priest, 1859: English chaplain at Menai Bridge, 1859-61; first bead - master of Dr. Winterbottom's nautical college, South Shields, 1861-75; rector of Byers Green, co. Dublin, 1875; published writings relating to excavated Roman camp at South Shields and other antiquarian subjects.
  383. ^ Elizabeth Hooten or Hooton (d. 1672), first female quaker minister; imprisoned at Derby, 1051, York, 1668, and Lincoln, 1654; went to Boston, Massachusetts, 1662; harbarou-ly treated at Cambridge, U.S.A.: returned to England; accompanied George Fox to Jamaica, 1670, and died there.
  384. ^ Charles Hooton (1813?–1847). novelist; lived savage life in Texas; journalist in New Orleans, New York, and Montreal; publishedColin Clink(in BentIt -y's Mi-cellany and republbhed, 1841), St. Louis Isle 1847, and other works.
  385. ^ Sir Alexander Hope (1769–1837), general: second son of tbe second Earl of Hopetoun; served in Flanders and Holland, 1794-5, as aide-de-camp to Sir Ralph Abercromby; wounded while commanding the 14th in attack on Guelderinasen, 1795: major-general, 1808; governor of Royal Military College, Sandhurst, 1812; undertook mission to Sweden, 1813: honorary D.C.L. Oxford, 1824; lieutenant-governor of Chelsea Hospital, 1826: M.P., Dumfries, 1796, Linlithgowshire, 1802-34; general and G.C.B.
  386. ^ Alexander James Beresford Hope (afterwards Beresford-Hope) (1820–1887), politician and author; son of Thomas Hope (1770?-1831); of Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge; M.A., 1844; D.C.L., 1848; tory M.P., Maidstone, 1841-52 and 1857-9, Stoke, 1865-8, and Cambridge University, 1868-87; inherited Marshal Lord Beresford's English estates, 1854; prominent opponent of Deceased Wife's Sister Bill, 1859, abolition of church rates, Reform Bill of 1867, and Burials Bill, 1873; privy councillor, 1880; founded missionary college at Canterbury, and built All SaintsChurch, Margaret Street, London; established Saturday Review 1855, with John Douglas Cook as editor; president of Institute of Architects, 1865-7; trustee of British Museum and National Portrait Gallery; published Hymns of the Church literally translated (1 844 ) The English Cathedral of the Nineteenth Century(1861), works on the American civil war and on church politics, and two novels.
  387. ^ Mrs Anne Hope (1809–1887), authoress; nee Fulton; wife and biographer of James Hope (1801-1841) ; converted to Romanism, 1850; published Acts of the Early Martyrs 1855, lives of St. Philip Neri (1859) and St. Thomas Becket (1868),Conversion of the Teutonic Race 1872, and Franciscan Martyrs in England 1878.
  388. ^ Archibald Hope, Lord Rankeillor (1639-1706), lord of session, 1689, and of justiciary, 1690; second son of Sir John Hope, lord Craighall
  389. ^ Charles Hope, first Earl of Hopetoun (1681-1742); supported union with England; created Scots peer, 1703; representative peer from 1722; lord high commissioner of church of Scotland, 1723.
  390. ^ Charles Hope, Lord Granton (1763–1851), president of court of session; eldest son of John Hope ( 1739-1785); studied law at Edinburgh University; admitted advocate, 1784; sheriff of Orkney, 1792; lord advocate, 1801; M.P., Edinburgh, 1803; lord justice clerk, 1804; president of court of session, 1811-41; privy councillor, 1822; lord justice general from 1836; active colonel of Edinburgh volunteers.
  391. ^ Frederick William Hope (1797–1862), entomologist and collector; M.A. Christ Church, Oxford, 1823; presented to the university his collection of insects and prints, and founded professorship of zoology; president of Entomological Society, 1835 and 1846; published tbe Coleopterlst'a Manual 1837-40.
  392. ^ George Hope (1811–1876), Scottish agriculturist; his holding at Fenton Barns, Haddingtonshire, regarded as model farm: wrote against corn laws and game laws; contributed to Sir A. Grant's Recess Studies 1870.
  393. ^ Sir Henry Hope (1787–1863), admiral; served under his cousin (Admiral Sir James Hope (1808-1881) ) in tbe Kent; captured in Swiftsure, 1801; commanded cruisers in Mediterranean, 1808-12; while in command of the Endymion captured tbe U.S. ship President off Sandy Hook, 1816; rear-admiral, 1846; K.C.B., 1855; admiral, 1868.
  394. ^ Henry Philip Hope (d. 1839), picture and diamond collector; brother of Thomas Hope (1770?1831)
  395. ^ Sir James Hope (1614–1861), of Hopetoun; lawyer and lead-worker; sixth son of Sir Thomas Hope, first baronet (d. 1646); general of the cunzie-house, 1642; a lord of session, 1649; member of committee of estates; commissioner of justice, 1662; member of English council of state, 1653.
  396. ^ James Hope (afterwards Hope Johnstone), third Earl of Hopetoun (1741-1816), with foot-guards at Minden; succeeded to earldom, 1781; representative peer, 1784 and 1794; succeeded to estates of Marquis of Annandale and assumed name of Johnstone, 1792; created British baron, 1809, for raising Hopetoun fencibles.
  397. ^ James Hope (1801–1841), physician; studied at Edinburgh, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and on the continent.; early practised auscultation; physician to.Marylebone Infirmary, 1831; assistant at St. George's Hospital, 1834, full physician, 1839; F.R.C.P., 1840; F.R.S., 1832; published Treatise on Diseases of the Heart 1832, and a work on morbid anatomy, 1833-4.
  398. ^ James Hope (1764–1846?), United Irishman; cotton-weaver; supported union between Romanists and presbyterians in Ulster; joined Roughford volunteer corps and (1795) the reconstructed United Irish Society; founded branch at Dublin; present at Ballinahincb, 1798; assisted Robert Emmet and organised rising in co. Down, 1803, but was amnestied.
  399. ^ Sir James Hope (1808–1881), admiral of the fleet; cousin of Sir Henry Hope; distinguished in engagement with Obligado batteries, 1845; C.B., 1846; commanded the Majestic in the Baltic, 1854-6; rearadmiral, 1857; commander-in-chief in China, 1859; repulsed and wounded in attempt to force passage of the Peibo, 1859; took Taku forts, 1860: created K.C.B., 1860; wounded while serving against Taepings, 1862; commander in North America, 1863; G.C.B., 1865; commander at Portsmouth, 1869-72; admiral, 1870; admiral of the fleet, 1879.
  400. ^ Sir James Archibald Hope (1785–1871), general; served with 26th in Hanover, 1805-6, and at Copenhagen, 1807; on staff of Sir John Hope (17651836) in Spain, 1808-9, and Walcheren expedition, 1809; aide-de-camp to Graham at Baroesa, 1811, Ciudad Rodrigo, 1812, and Badajoz, 1812; assistant adjutantgeneral at Salamanca, Vittoria, and St. Sebastian, and with Beresford in France; exchanged into Scots Guards, 1814: major-general in Lower Canada, 1841-7; G.C.B.; general, 1859.
  401. ^ Sir John Hope, Lord Craighall (1605?–1654), eldest son of Sir Thomas Hope, first baronet (d. 1646) ; lord of session, 1632; knighted, 1632; member of committee of estates, 1640, of Cromwell's judicial committee, 1652; represented Scotland in English parliament, 1653.
  402. ^ Sir John Hope (1684?–1766). See John Hope Bruce.
  403. ^ John Hope (1739–1785), author; grandson of Charles Hope, first earl of Hopetoun; M.P., Linlithgowshire, 1768-70; published Letters on Credit 1784, and other works.
  404. ^ John Hope (1725–1786), professor of botany at Edinburgh; grandson of Archibald Hope, lord Rankeillor; M.D. Glasgow, 1750; professor of botany and materia medica, Edinburgh, 1761; regius professor of medicine and botany, 1768; president, Edinburgh College of Physicians; F.R.S.; founded new Edinburgh botanic gardens, 1776; genus Hopea named after him by Linnaeus, whose Genera Animalium he edited, 1781.
  405. ^ John Hope, fourth Earl of Hopetoun (1765–1823), general; M.P., Linlithpowshire, 1790; adjutant-general under Abercromby in West Indies, 1796, and in Holland, 1799; wounded at Alexandria, 1801; lieutenant-general, 1808; second in command under Sir John Moore in Sweden and in the Peninsula; commanded left wing at Corufia and directed embarkation; beaded division in Walcheren expedition, 1809; succeeded Graham in tbe Peninsula; led first division at Nivelle and the Nive, 1813; conducted blockade of Bayonne; wounded and captured in final sortie of Bayonne garrison, 1814; created Baron Niddry; succeeded his half-brother James, third Earl of Hopetoun, 1816; general, 1819.
  406. ^ Sir John Hope (1788–1836), lieutenant-general; son of John Hope (1739-1785); in Dutch service, 1778-82; aide-de-camp to Sir William Erskine in Flanders and Germany, 1792-3; commanded 28th, 1796-9, and 37th, 1799-1804; deputy adjutant-general under Cathcart at Hanover, 1806, and Copenhagen, 1807; commanded brigade at Salamanca, 1812; lieutenant-general, 1819; knighted, 1821; G.C.H.
  407. ^ John Hope (1794–1858), Scottish judge; eldest son of Charles Hope (1763-1851); advocate, 1816; summoned to Commonsbar for breach of privilege, 1822; solicitor-general for Scotland, 1822-30: dean of Faculty of Advocates, 1830; lord justice clerk, 1841-58; privy councillor, 1811; edited diary of Sir David Hume of Crossrigg, 1828.
  408. ^ John Williams Hope (1757–1813), banker and merchant; son of William Williams: assumed name of Hope on marriage; banker at Amsterdam; one of the eight statesmen of Holland, 1794-1806.
  409. ^ Sir Thomas Hope (1606–1643), of Kerse; son of Sir Thomas Hope, first baronet; admitted advocate, 1631; knighted, 1633; commissioner for Clackmannan, 1639-41; colonel of Leslie's bodyguard, 1639-40; negotiated compromise between Charles I and the estates; lord justice-general, 1041-3; wrote the Law Repertorie.
  410. ^ Sir Thomas Hope , first baronet (d. 1648), lord advocate of Scotland; advocate, 1605; made reputation by defence of John Forbea (1568 ?-1634), and other ministers at Linlithgow, 1606: prepared deed revoking James I's grants of church property, 1625; lord advocate, 1626; created Nova Scotia baronet, 1628; conducted case against Balmerino, 1634; as lord high commissioner to general assembly maintained the king's temporising policy, 1643; his Minor Practicks published by Bayne, 1726.
  411. ^ Thomas Hope (1770?–1831), virtuoso and author; of the Hopes of Amsterdam; settled in England, c. 1796; collected marbles and sculptures, and deposited them in Duchess Street, London, and at Deepdene, Surrey; patron of Canova, Thorwaldsen, and Flaxman; caricatured with his wife by Dubost as Beauty and the Beast 1810; publishedAnastasius(anonymously), 1819,Household Furniture 1807, and other works.
  412. ^ Thomas Charles Hope (1768–1844), professor of chemistry at Edinburgh; third son of John Hope (17251786); professor of chemistry at Glasgow, 1787-9; professor of chemistry, Edinburgh, 1799-1843; proved that strontian contained a peculiar earth; estimated maximum density point of water; founded chemical prize at Edinburgh.
  413. ^ Sir William Johnstons Hope (1766–1831), vice-admiral; son of John Hope (1739-1785); lieutenant of the Boreas under Nelson, 1787; flagcaptain to Rear-admiral Pasley in action of 1 June, 1794, to Duncan in the Venerable and the Kent, 1795-6, and 1798-9; served in Egypt, 1800-1; M.P., Dumfries, 1800-4, Dumfriesshire, 1804-30; a lord of the admiralty, 1807-9; vice-admiral, 1819; member of admiralty board, 1820-8; G.C.B., 1825.
  414. ^ William Williams Hope (1802–1855), man of fashion and virtuoso; son of John Williams Hope q. v.
  415. ^ James Robert Hope-Scott (1812–1873), parliamentary barrister; third son of Sir Alexander Hope; travelled in Germany and Italy before going to Eton; at Christ Church, Oxford, became the friend of William Ewart Gladstone and Roundell Palmer, afterwards Earl of Selborne: fellow of Merton, 1833; D.C.L., 1843; barrister, Inner Temple, 1840; named chancellor of Salisbury, 1840, after arguing before House of Lords against Ecclesiastical Duties and Revenues Bill, 1840; joined tractarians, becoming Newman's chief adviser; with Manning received into Roman church, 1851; soon obtained immense parliamentary practice; Q.C., 1849; married John Gibson Lockhart's daughter, and assumed additional name of Scott, 1853, on becoming possessor of Abbotsford; wrote against Ecclesiastical Titles Act, 1867.
  416. ^ Earls of Hopetoun . See HOPE, CHARLES, first Earl 1681–1742; HOPE, JAMES, third EARL, 1741–1816; John Hope , fourth EARL, 1765–1823.
  417. ^ Hopkin Hopkin (1737–1754), famous dwarf : son of Lewis Hopkin.
  418. ^ Lewis Hopkin (1708–1771), Welsh poet; registered bard, 1760; with Edward Evans (1716-1798) made rhymed version of Ecclesiastes, 1767: translated Chevy Chase 1770: collected works Y Fel Gafod edited by J. Miles, 1813.
  419. ^ Charles Hopkins (1664?–1700?), poet; son of Ezekiel Hopkins; friend of Dryden and Congreve: of Trinity College, Dublin, and Queens' College, Cambridge; B.A. Cambridge, 1688; published Epistolary Poems 1694, Whitehall 1698, and three tragedies.
  420. ^ Edward Hopkins (1600–1657), governor of Connecticut; emigrated, 1637; governor of COM 1640-52 (alternate years); helped to form unim. England colonies, 1643; navy commissioner in England, 1053: M.P., Dartmouth, 1656; Hopkiuton bought from his donation to Harvard.
  421. ^ Ezekiel Hopkins (1634–1890), bishop of Derry; of Merchant Taylors School and Magdalen College, Oxford; M.A., 1656; chaplain to Lord Robartes (viceroy of Ireland); archdeacon of Waterford, 1669; bishop of Raphoe, 1670-81; bishop of Derry, 1681-90; left Ireland at Revolution; works edited by Josiah Pratt, 1809.
  422. ^ George Hopkins (1620–1666), rector of Evesham (ejected, 1662), and author of Salvation from Sin (1666).
  423. ^ John Hopkins (d. 1570), contributor to metrical Psalms; B.A. Oxford, 1544; Suffolk schoolmaster; rector of Great Waldingfield, 1561-70; theOld Hundredth psalm often attributed to him
  424. ^ John Hopkins (fl. 1700), verse-writer ; brother of Charles Hopkins; M.A. Jesus College, Cambridge, 1698; chief works,Milton's Paradise Lost imitated in Rhyme 1699, and Amasia 1700.
  425. ^ John Larkin Hopkins (1819–1873), organist of Rochester (1841) and Trinity College, Cambridge (1846): Mus. Doc. Cambridge, 1857; composed Five Glees and a Madrigal 1842, and church music; publishedNew Vocal Tutor 1855.
  426. ^ Matthew Hopkins (d. 1647), witch-finder; said to have been a lawyer at Ipswich and Manningtree: made journeys for discovery of witches in eastern counties and Huntingdonshire, 1644-7; procured special judicial commission (1645) under John Godbolt by which sixty women were hanged in Essex in one year, nearly forty at Bury, and many at Norwich and in Huntingdonshire; published Discovery of Witches 1647; exposed by John Gaule; hanged as a sorcerer; referred to in Hudibras
  427. ^ Richard Hopkins (d. 1694?), translator; of St. Alban's Hall, Oxford, and Middle Temple; studied at Spanish universities, Louvain, Rheims, and Paris; translated Spanish religious works.
  428. ^ William Hopkins (fl. 1674), stenographer; published The Flying Pen-Man 1670.
  429. ^ William Hopkins (1647–1700), divine; son of George Hopkins; M.A. St. Mary Hall, Oxford. 1668; D.D., 1692; chaplain to Henry Coventry (1619-1686) in second embassy to Sweden, 1671; prebendary of Worcester, 1676, and master of St. Oswald's Hospital, 1697; published Book of Bertram or Ratrammw concerning the Body and Blood of the Lord 1686; assisted Gibson with edition of Saxon Chronicle and Camden in Britannia
  430. ^ William Hopkins (1706–1786), theological writer: B.A. All Souls College, Oxford, 1728; master of Cuckfield School, 1756; as vicar of Bolney, made alterations in the liturgy; published Arian pamphlets attacking liturgy.
  431. ^ William Hopkins (1793–1866), mathematician and geologist; of Peterhouse, Cambridge; seventh wrangler, 1827: M.A., 1830; as coach, had Stokes Thomson, Fawcett, and Todhunter among his pupils; studied geology; Wollaston medallist, 1850; president of Geological Society, 1851, and of British Association, 1863; prize founded in his honour by Cambridge Philosophical Society; published works, including Elements of Trigonometry 1833, and Theoretical Investigations on Motion of Glaciers 1842.
  432. ^ John Hopkinson (1610–1680), antiquary; of Lincoln's Inn; secretary to Dugdale during visitation of Yorkshire; made large collections for history of Yorkshire, T T
  433. ^ John Hopkinson (1849–1898), electrical eugiueer; educated at the Oweus College, Manchester, and Trinity College, Cambridge; senior wrangler, 1871; Smith's prizeman: fellow; D.Sc. London, 1871; manager and engineer iu lighthouse and optical department of Messrs. Chance Brothers, Birmingham, 1872-8; consulting engineer in London, 1878; F.R.S., 1878, and member of council, 1836-7 and 1891-3; patented three-wire system of distributing electricity, 1882; published, with his brother, Edward Hopkinsou, paper describing improvements iu dynamos, which was foundation of accurate design of dynamos in accordance with theory, 1886; professor of electrical engineering, King's College, London, 1890; consulting engineer to contractors of City and South London Railway; member of council of Institute of Civil Engineers, 1895; member of Institution of Electrical Engineers; killed in Alpine accident. A collection of his scientific papers was published, 1901.
  434. ^ William Hopkinson (fl. 1583), divine; B.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1567; published translation from Beza's vindication of Calvin's predestination.
  435. ^ Thomas Hopkirk (1790?–1851?) Glasgow botanist; F.L.S., 1812; published Flora Anomoia 1817.
  436. ^ Edward William John Hopley (1816–1869), painter; exhibited at British Institution and Royal Academy; invented trigonometrical system of facial measurement,
  437. ^ Humphrey Hopper (ft. 1799–1834), sculptor.
  438. ^ Thomas Hopper (1776–1856), architect and surveyor; built Arthur's Club and various mansions.
  439. ^ John Hoppner (1758–1810), portrait-painter; born in London of German parentage; chorister in Chapel Royal; exhibited at Royal Academy (1780-1809) 168 pictures, mostly portraits, including A Sleeping Nymph R.A., 1795; portrait-painter to Prince of Wales, 1789; Lawrence's chief rival; Lady Culling (Eardley) Smith and Children and Mrs. Lascelles among his finest works.
  440. ^ John Hoppus (1789–1875), professor at University College, London; M.A. Glasgow; LL.D., 1839; independent minister at Carter Street Chapel, London; first professor of philosophy and logic, University College, London, 1829-66; F.R.S., 1841; published Account of Bacon's " Novum Organon," 1827, Thoughts on Academical Education 1837, and other works.
  441. ^ Charles Rivington Hopson (1744–1796), physician to Fiusbury Dispensary; educated at St. Paul's School and Leyden; M.D., 1767; published Essay on Fire 1782, and translations from German of J. G. Zimmermann and Wiegleb.
  442. ^ Edward Hopsonn or Hopson (d. 1728), vice-admiral
  443. ^ Sir Thomas Hopsonn (1642–1717), vice-admiral: served against Dutch, 1672-3; commanded the York at Beachy Head, 1690, and the St. Michael at Barfleur, 1692; rear-admiral, 1693; commanded squadron off French coast, 1694-5, and Channel squadron, 1699; vice-admiral, 1702; as second in command under Rooke forced boom protecting French and Spanish fleet at Vigo, 1702, and was knighted and pensioned; M.P., Newtown (Isle of Wight), 1698-1705.
  444. ^ Arthur Hopton (1588?–1614), astrologer and mathematician; of Clement's Inn; friend of Selden: published prognostications for years, 1607-14, Baculum Geodaeticum 1610, and similar works.
  445. ^ Sir Arthur Hopton (1588?–1650), diplomatist; of Lincoln College, Oxford; secretary to Lord Cottington's embassy in Spain, 1629, ambassador, 1638, and throughout civil wars; knighted, 1638.
  446. ^ John Hopton (d. 1558), bishop of Norwich; prior of Oxford Dominicans; D.D. Oxford, 1532; rector of St. Anne's, London, 1539, of Fobbing, Essex, 1548; chaplain to Princess Mary at Copt Hall; bishop of Norwich, 15541558; persecuted the protestants.
  447. ^ Ralph Hopton, first Baron Hopton (1598–1652), royalist commander; nephew of Sir Arthur Hoptou ; of Lincoln College, Oxford; served under elector palatine and Mansfeld; K.B., 1625; M.P., Bath, in first parliament of Charle.- 1, and Somerset in Short parliament; M.P., Wells, 1628-9, and in Lonjr parliament; sup j ported Strafford's attainder and pre.-enu-d Grand Remonstrance to kiijg, 1641, but was sent to Tower by parlia , mi-lit for denouncing militia ordinance, 1642; expelled the house; defeated parliamentarian* at Bradoek Down;md Stratton, Cornwall, 1643; joined Maurice's attack on Waller atLansdown, 1643, and, though wounded, directed defence of Devizes, 1643; created Baron Hoptou on resignation I of governorship of Bristol to Rupert, 1643; defeated at i Cheriton, 1644; succeeded to command of Gpring's undisciplined force in the west; routed at Torringtou, 1646; capitulated at Truro, 1646; left England with Prince Charles, 1648; opposed concessions to prebyterians and i retired to Wesel, 1650; died at Bruges.
  448. ^ Susanna Hopton (1627–1709), devotional writer; nee Harvey; wife of Richard Hopton, Welsh judge.
  449. ^ James Hopwood, the elder (1752?–1819), engraver; secretary, Artists Benevolent Fund.
  450. ^ James Hopwood, the younger (fl. 1800–1850), stipple-engraver; son of James Hopwood the elder.
  451. ^ William Hopwood (1784–1853), engraver; brother of James Hopwood the younger.
  452. ^ Matthew Horbery (1707?–1773), divine; M.A. Lincoln College, Oxford, 1733; fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1733; defended Waterland against John Jackson (1686-1763); published treatise onScripture Doctrine of Eternal Punishment 1744; canon of Lichfield, 1736; vicar of Hanbury, 1740, of Standlake, 1756; collected works issued, 1828.
  453. ^ Hildebrand Horden (d. 1796), actor; member of Drury Lane and Dorset Garden Company, 1696-6; said to have written Neglected Virtue; killed in tavern brawl.
  454. ^ William Horman (d. 1535), vice-provost of Eton; fellow of New College. Oxford, 1477-85; master of Eton, 1485, and fellow, 1502; his Latin aphorisms Vulgaria printed by Pynson, 1519, and De Worde, 1540; in Antibossicon (1521) attacked grammatical works of Robert Whitynton.
  455. ^ Andrew Horn (d. 1328), chamberlain of London, 1320-8; compiled Liber Horn; author or editor of La Somme appelle Mirroir des Justices (printed, 1624).
  456. ^ Charles Edward Horn (1786–1849), vocalist and composer; made reputation as Caspar in Der Frei schlitz at Drury Lane, 1824; subsequently music pub i lisher at New York; director at Princess's, London, 1843 i 1 847; conductor of Handel and Haydn Society,Boston, 1848; composed popular airs, including Cherry Ripe and I know a bank operas and oratorios, and glees and pianoforte music; edited Hindustani Melodies 1813.
  457. ^ Jabez Carter Hornblower (1744–1814), engineer; son of Jonathan Hornblower; employed by Dutch and Swedish governments; patented machine for glazing calicoes.
  458. ^ Jonathan Hornblower (1717–1780), engineer.
  459. ^ Jonathan Carter Hornblower (1753–1815), engineer; son of Jonathan Hornblower; employed I'V Vatt; his steam engine on the expansion principle (1781) declared infringement of Watt's patent, 179'J; contributed to Nicholson's Journal
  460. ^ Josiah Hornblower (1729?–1809), speaker of New Jersey assembly; brother of Jonathan Hornblower
  461. ^ Sir Geoffrey Thomas Phipps Hornby (1825-1895), admiral of the fleet; son of Admiral Sir Phipps Hornby; entered navy, 1837; lieutenant, 1844; flag-lieutenant to his father in Pacific, 1846; commander, 1850; captain, 1852; at Vancouver's island, 1 1868; under Sir William Faushawe Martin in Mediterranean, 1861-2; flag-captain to Rear-admiral Sidney Colpoys Dacres in Channel, 1862-5; first  ; class commodore on west coast of Africa, 1866-7; rear admiral, 1869; commanded flying squadron, 1869-71, and , 1871-4; lord of admiralty, 1875-7; ! (1818: Suppl. 1821) frequently reissued and enlarged; fifth ; commander-in-chief in Mediterranean, volume of seventh edition published separately as Manual d fleet through Dardanelles to Con- of Bihlk-al Bibliography, 1 1839: published also Introduc Channel squadron, 1871-4; lord of admiralty, 1875-7; vice-admiral, 1875 1877-80; conducted stantinople during Russo-Turkish war, 1878; K.C.B., 1878; admiral, 1879; president of Royal Naval College, 1881-2; commander-in-chief at Portsmouth, 1882-5; commanded evolutionary squadron, 1885; G.C.B., 1885; principal naval aide-de-camp to the queen, 1886; admiral of the fleet, 1888.
  462. ^ Sir Phipps Hornby (1785–1867), admiral; midshipman in the Victory, 1804; while commanding the Duchess of Bedford engaged two privateers off Gibraltar, 1806; in the Volage took part In action off Lissa, 1811; C.B., 1815; commander in Pacific, 1847-50; a lord of tinadmiralty, 1851-2; admiral, 1858; G.C.B., 1861.
  463. ^ William Hornby (fl. 1618), poet; author of 'The Scovrge of Drvnkennes," 1618, and Hornbyes Hornbook 1622.
  464. ^ George Horne (1730–1792), bishop of Norwich; B.A. University College, Oxford, 1749; fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1750, and president, 1768-90; M.A., 1752; royal chaplain, 1771-81; vice-chancellor, 1776; dean of Canterbury, 1781: bishop of Norwich, 1790-2; allowed John Wesley to preach in his diocese: defended Hutchinsonian views against Newton; published " Commentary on the Psalms, 1 1771: and wrote against Law, Swedenborg, and Kennicott.
  465. ^ John Horne (1614–1676), puritan divine; of Trinity College, Cambridge; incumbent of Sutton St. James and All Hallows, Lynn Regis; attacked quakers, independents, and presbyterians; publishedThe Open Door 1650, and other devotional works.
  466. ^ Richard Henry Horne or Hengist(1803-1884), author; educated at Sandhurst; in Mexican navy against Spain; travelled in America and Canada; advocated establishment of Society of Literature and Art, 1833; edited Monthly Repository 1836-7; published Cosmo de Medici 1837, Death of Marlowe 1837, and other tragedies; corresponded with Mrs. Browning (Miss Barrett), 1839-46; collaborated with her in New Spirit of the Age 1844; his epic,Orion published at a farthing, 1843; issued Ballad Romances 1846, andThe Poor Artist 1860; in Australia, 1852-69, as commissioner for crown lands, and magistrate; granted civil list pension, 1874; published Australian Facte and Prospects 1859.
  467. ^ Robert Horne (1519?–1580), bishop of Winchester; fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, 1537; Street, 1560; dean of Durham, 1551; removed St. Cuthbert's tomb with his own hands; helped in preparation refused see of Durham, 1552 of forty-five articles; deprived of deanery on accession of Mary; fled to Zurich; chief minister at Frankfort, 1556, at Strasburg, 1557-8;: restored at Durham, 1559; led disputations against the Romanists at Westminster; bishop of Winchester, 15601580; had custody of Feckenham, and John Leslie (1527-1596), bishop of Ross; vigorous enforcer of confermity; purged Corpus Christi, Christ's, and St. John's Col- i leges, Cambridge, of Romanism; pulled down tabernacle work at New College, Oxford; silenced organs and tried to abolish vestments; assisted in drawing up Book of Advertisements 1564, canons of 1571; in BishopsBible (1568), revised Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Lamentations. tion to Study of Bibliography 1814, Deism Refuted 1819, Manual of Parochial Psalmody 1829, and treatises against Romanism, catalogues, and compilations; contributed toEncyclopedia Metropolitana; edited Btebop Beveridge's Works 1824, and other publications.
  468. ^ Sir William Horne (1774–1860), master in chancery; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1798; K.O., 1818; attorney-general to Queen Adelaide, 1830; M.D., Heteton, 1812-18, Bletchingley, Newtown (Isle of Wight), 1831-2, and Marylebone, 1833-4; solicitor-general, 1830; knighted, 1830; attorney-general, 1832; having scruple* against pronouncing death-sentence, resigned exchequer judgeehip rather than go on circuit; master in chancery, 1839-53.
  469. ^ John Horne Tooke (1736–1812). See Tooke.
  470. ^ Gerard Hornebolt (or Hornebaud, Horebout, Hoorenbault, Horebout) (1480?-1540), painter to Henry VIII; came to England from Ghent about 1528.
  471. ^ Lucas Hornebolt, Hornebaud, or Hoorenbault (d. 1644), king's painter, 1534 ; relative of Gerard Hornebolt; instructed Holbein in miniature painting,
  472. ^ Susanna Hornebolt (1503–1545), illuminator; daughter of Gerard Hornebolt.
  473. ^ Henry Horneby (d. 1518), master and benefactor of Peterhouse, Cambridge; D.D. Clare Hall, 1491; dean of Wimborne; held various prebends; master of Peterhouse, 1509-18; as secretary and chancellor to Margaret, duchess of Richmond, assisted in opening of St. John's College.
  474. ^ Anthony Horneck (1641–1697), divine ; came to England from Germany, c. 1661; M.A. Heidelberg (incorporated at Queen's College, Oxford, 1664); chaplain of Queen's College, Oxford, and vicar of All Saints Oxford; preacher at the Savoy, 1671; king's chaplain, 1689; prebendary of Westminster, 1693, and Wells, 1694; popular as preacher and casuist: gave offence by supporting social reform; ancestor of Goldsmith's Jessamy Bride; devotional works frequently reprinted.
  475. ^ Francis Horner (1778–1817), politician; studied at Edinburgh; member of Edinburgh Speculative Society; called to Scottish bar, 1800: joined English bar, 1807; contributed to first number of Edinburgh Review," 1802: M.A., 1540; D.D., 1549; rector of ~A11 Hallows, Bread M.P., St. Ives, 1806, Wendover, 1807; as chairman of j bullion committee (1810) recommended early resumption
  476. ^ Robert Horne (1565–1640), divine; probably chaplain of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 1585-%: M.A. Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 1587; published theological works.
  477. ^ Thomas Horne (1610–1654), master of Eton; M.A. Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 1633; master of Tunbridge, 1640-8, of Eton, 1648-54; author of classical manuals.
  478. ^ Thomas Hartwell Horne (1780–1862), bi cal scholar, bibliographer, and polemic; at Christ's Hospital with Samuel Taylor Coleridge; at Record Office, 1817-19; honorary M.A. Aberdeen, 1818; rector of St. Edmund and St. Nicholas Aeons, London, 1833; sublibrarian at Surrey Institution, 1809-23; senior assistant in printed books department, British Museum, 1824-60; F.S.A., 1828; B.D. Cambridge, 1829; hisIntroduction to Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures of cash payments; returned for St. Mawes, 1813: took part in debates on corn law? and negro slavery, 1813-15; thanked by common council of the city, 1815; proposed measure to regulate proceedings of Irish grand juries, 1816; spoke ably against ministerial foreign policy, and again advocated'cash payments; translated Euler's Elements of Algebra 1797; publishedShort Account of a late Short Administration 1807; died at Pisa and was buried at Leghorn.
  479. ^ Leonard Horner (1785–1864), geologist and educationalist; studied at Edinburgh University; brother and biographer of Francis Homer; secretary of Geological Society, 1810; president, 1846; F.R.&, 1813; organised whig meetings at Edinburgh, 1821-6; founded Edinburgh School of Arts, 1821; helped to organise London Institution, 1827; warden of London University, 1827-31; commissioner to inquire into employment of children in factories, 1833, and a chief inspector under Factories Act; anticipated some of Murchison and Sedgwick's work on palaeozoic rocks.
  480. ^ William George Horner (1786–1837), mathematician; head-master of Kingswood school (1806-9), and afterwards of Grosvenor Place, Bath (1809-37); discovered method of solving numerical equations by continnous approximation.
  481. ^ Thomas Hornsby (1733–1810), astronomer: fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford; M.A., 1757; Savillan professor of astronomy and F.R.S., 1763; first Radcliffe observer, 1772: Radcliffe librarian, 1783; Sedleian professor, 1782; D.D., 1785; observed transit of Venus in 1761 and 1769, and deduced solar parallax: edited vol. i. of Bradlcy's Astronomical Observations 1798.
  482. ^ Jeremiah Horrocks (1617?-1641), astronomer: sizar at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1632-5: commenced acquaintance with William Crabtree, 1636; observed partial solar eclipse of 1639 with half-crown telescope at Toxteth Park; when curate of Houle predicted and observed transit of Venus across the sun, 24 Nov. (O.S.) 1639; began first tidal observations, 1640; obligations for his ascription to moon of an elliptic orbit acknowledged by Newton; detectedlong inequality* of Jupiter and Saturn, and probably identified solar attraction with terrestrial gravity; marble scroll in his memory, with inscription by Bean Stanley, in Westminster Abbey, 1875; hisVenus in Sole visa first printed by Hevelius at Danzig, 1662; Opera Posthuma issued by Royal Society, 1672 and 1678.
  483. ^ John Horrocks (1768–1804), manufacturer; erected cotton-spinning mill at Preston, 1786; acquired large fortune as muslin-manufacturer; as M.P. for Preston consulted by Pitt on commercial matters,
  484. ^ John Ainsworth Horrocks (1818–1846), Australian explorer and pioneer; grandson of John Horrocks
  485. ^ Horsa (d. 455), joint-founder of Kent ; brother of Hengist; a Jute; arrived with his brother at Ebbsfleet, Thanet, 449; resisted by Vortigern; killed at Aylesford.
  486. ^ James Horsburgh (1762–1836), hydrographer ; when first mate on a trading ship wrecked on Diego Qarcia from error in chart, 1786; made charts of Straits of Macassar, of western Philippines, and track from Dampier's Strait to Batavia; publishedDirections for Sailing to and from East Indies, China, New Holland, Gape of Good Hope, and interjacent Ports 1809-11; F.R.S., 1806; hydrographer to East India Company, 1810.
  487. ^ John Horsburgh (1791–1869), historical engraver; executed plates after Turner; illustrated Scott's works; engraved Scott's portraits by Lawrence and Watson Gordon.
  488. ^ Sir Edward Horsey (d. 1583), naval and military commander; served under the emperor; implicated in Throgmorton and Dudley conspiracy, 1556; confidant of Leicester: served under Warwick at Havre, 1562-3; captain of Isle of Wight, 1566-83; commanded horse against northern insurgents, 1569; negotiated pacification between French king and Huguenots, 1573; ambassador in Netherlands; knighted, 1577; privy councillor; died in Isle of Wight of the plague.
  489. ^ Sir Jerome Horsey (fl. 1573–1627), traveller; probably nephew of Sir Edward Horsey; went to Moscow as clerk in Russia company, 1573; sent by Cxar Ivan to purchase munitions of war in England, 1580; became esquire of the body to Queen Elizabeth; after return was sent by Czar Feodor with despatches to Elizabeth, 1585; obtained monopoly of trade for English company, 1587: obliged to leave Russia, 1587; charged with malversation and illegal trading, and refused audience by the czar, 1590; knighted, 1603; high sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1610; M.P. for Cornish boroughs, 1593-1622; account of Russian travels edited by E. A. Bond, 1856.
  490. ^ Thomas Horsfield (1773–1859), naturalist; born and educated in Pennsylvania; served in East Indies under Dutch and English, 1799-1819; keeper of East India Company's Museum, Leadeuhall Street, 1820-59; published Plants Javanicro rariores 1838-52, and (with Sir W. Jardine) Illustrations of Ornithology 1830.
  491. ^ Thomas Walker Horsfield (d. 1837), topographer; K.s. A., 1826; published History and Antiquities of Lewes 1824-7, and (with William Durrant Cooper ) History and Topography of Sussex 1835.
  492. ^ Sir Alfred Hastings Horsford (1818–1885), general; served with 1st battalion rifle brigade in Kaffir war, 1847-8, and commanded it in war of 1K52-3 and the Crimea; led 3rd battalion at Cawnpore aud advance on Luukuow; commanded brigade at siege of Lucknow, 1858, and in subsequent operations; deputy adjutantgeneral at Horse Guards, 1860-6; military secretary, 1874-80; lieutenant-general, 1874; represented England at Brussels conference, 1874; G.C.B., 1875; general, 1877.
  493. ^ Sir John Horsford (1751–1817), major-general in Bengal artillery; of Merchant TaylorsSchool and St. John's College, Oxford: fellow, 1768-71; enlisted under false name; received commission, 1778; served in second Mysore war, 1790-1; commanded artillery under Lake, 1803-5, and brigade at siege of Komanur, 1807; head of Bengal artillery from 1808; major-general, Bengal artillery, 1811; directed siege of Hathras, 1817: K.C.B., i 1815; died at Cawnpore.
  494. ^ Charles Edward Horsley (1822–1876), musical composer; son of William Horsley; studied under Moscheles, Hauptmann, and Mendelssohn; comi posed instrumental works in Germany, in England three oratorios, ode for opening of Melbourne Town Hall i (1870), music toComus and other music while in 1 America; died at New York; his Text-book of Harmony published, 1876.
  495. ^ John Horsley (1686–1732), archaeologist; M.A. Edinburgh, 1701; presbyterian minister and schoolmaster at Morpeth; lectured on natural science at Newcastle: F.R.S., 1730: published Britannia Romana 1732; his Materials for History of Northumberland printed in Inedited Contributions 1869.
  496. ^ Samuel Horsley (1733–1806), bishop of St. Asaph; LL.B. Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 1758; rector of Newington Butts, 1769-93: F.R.S., 1767; secretary, Royal Society, 1773: D.C.L. Oxford, 1774; prebendary of St. Paul's, 1777, Gloucester, 1787; archdeacon of St. Albans, 1781; vicar of South Weald, 1782; bishop of St. David's, 1788, of Rochester, 1793 (with Westminster); member of Johnson's club at Essex Head, 1783; left Royal Society after dispute of 1783-4; carried on controversy with Priestley on the Incarnation, 1783-90; edited Sir Isaac Newton's works, 1779-85; preached impressive sermon on revolutionary spirit before House of Lords, 1793; spoke against peace of Amiens, 1801; bishop of St. Asaph, 1802-6; published mathematical and theological works.
  497. ^ William Horsley (1774–1858), musical composer; organist of Ely Chapel, Hoi born, 1794; of Female Orphans Asylum, 1802-54, of Charterhouse, 1838; Mus. Bac. Oxford, 1800; assisted in founding Philharmonic Society, 1813: published five collections of glees (includingBy Celia's Arbour, 1801-37, andThe Musical Treasury 1853; edited Calcott's Musical Grammar 1817, and Glees, with Memoir 1824, and Byrd's Cantiones Sacra
  498. ^ Edward Horsman (1807–1876), whig politician; educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge: M.P., Cockermouth, 1836-62, Stroud, 1853-68, and Liskeard, 1869-76; junior lord of treasury, 1841; chief secretary for Ireland, 1855-7; attacked ecclesiastical commissioners, 1847, and the bishops, 1850; with Lowe formed Cave of Adullam against Reform Bill of 1866; died at Biarritz.
  499. ^ Nicholas Horsman (I. 1689), divine; fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge; M.A., 1659; B.D., 1667; published The Spiritual Bee 1662.
  500. ^ Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828–1892), scholar and divine; educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge; M.A., 1853; B.D., 1876; D.D., 1876; fellow of Trinity College, 1852-7; assistant-editor of 'Journal of Classical and Sacred Philology from 1854; ordained priest, 1856; examiner for natural sciences tripos, 1856; held living of St. Ippolyts cum Great Wymondley, Hertfordshire, 1857-72; Hulsean lecturer, 1871; one of revisers of New Testament, 1870-80; fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1871, and lecturer in theology, 1872-6; contributed to Smith'sDictionary of Christian Biography (vol. i. published, 1877); Hulseau professor of divinity, 1878; published, with Dr. Westcott, edition of text of Greek New Testament, 1881; Lady Margaret reader, 1887; honorary D.C.L. Durham, 1890; published religious writings. His Life and Letters appeared, 1896.
  501. ^ Josiah Hort (1674 ?-1751), archbishop of Tuam; educated by nonconformists; friend of Isaac att: chaplain to John Hampden, M.P.; chaplain to Lord Wharton in Ireland, 1709; dean of Cloyne, 1718, of Ardagb, 1720; bishop of Ferns, 1721, Kiluiore and Ardagh, 1727; archbishop of Tuam, 1742-51; mentioned in Swift's Great Storm of Christmas, 1722
  502. ^ Christiana Horton (1696?–1756?), actress; taken by Barton Booth from Southwark fair to Drury Lane, 1714; moved to Covent Garden, 1734; reappeared at Drury Lane, 1752, in benefit performance; distinguished as Millamant Way of the World and Belinda Old Bachelor; praised by Steele.
  503. ^ Sir Robert John Wilmot Horton, third baronet (1784-1841), politician; assumed name of Horton on death of father-in-law, 1823; of Eton and Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1815; M.P., Newcastle-under-Lyine, 18181830; took additional name of Horton, 1823; under-secretory for war and colonies, 1821-8; privy councillor, 1827; supported repeal of Test Act, 1828, and catholic emancipation, 1829; governor of Ceylon, 1831-7; knighted, 1831; succeeded as baronet, 1834; as Lady Leigh's representative destroyed Byron's Memoirs; published letters and pamphlets.
  504. ^ Thomas Horton (d. 1649), regicide; originally falconer to Sir Arthur Hesilrige; colonel in Fairfax's army, 1643; defeated Stradling and Lingen in South VaU-: 1648; signed Charles I's death-warrant; died in Ireland.
  505. ^ Thomas Horton (d. 1673), president of Queens' College, Cambridge; fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge; M.A., 1630; D.D., 1649; president of Queens College, 1638-60; Gresham professor of divinity, London, 1641; petitioned for presbyterianism; preacher at Gray's Inn, 1647-67; vice-chancellor of Cambridge, 1660; named a trier, 1653; conformed in 1662, and was vicar of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate Street, London, 1666-73; his works issued posthumously.
  506. ^ Job Hortop Of. 1591), seaman : with Sir John Hawkins (1532-1595), 1567; escaped in the Minion from San Juan de Lua, and travelled from the river Panuco to Mexico; imprisoned at Seville and sent to the galleys at San Lucar; escaped to England, 1590; his narrative in Hakluyt.
  507. ^ Bernard Horwitz (1807–1885), author of Chess Studies and End-games (1884), and joint-author of Chess Studies(1851); came to England from Mecklenburg, 1845.
  508. ^ John Hosack (d. 1887), police magistrate at Clerkenwell (1877) and author; of the Middle Temple; legal treatises and books by him defending Mary Queen of Scots published 1869 and 1888.
  509. ^ Francis Hosier (1673–1727), vice-admiral ; lieutenant in Rooke's flagship at Barfleur, 1693; captured the Heureux off Cape Clear, 1710; distinguished in action with Spanish off Cartagena, 1711; suspended as suspected Jacobite, 1714-17; vice-admiral, 1723; died of fever in Jamaica while commanding squadron in West Indies; the event misrepresented in Glover's ballad.
  510. ^ James Hosken (1798–1885), pioneer of ocean steam navigation; served in royal navy; took Great Western steamship from Bristol to New York in fifteen days, 1838, and in thirteen days, 1839; commanded the Great Britain, 1844-6; chief magistrate at Labuan, 1848-9; commanded Belleisle hospital ship in Baltic, 1864-5; captain, 1857; vice-admiral, 1879.
  511. ^ William Hosking (1800–1861), architect and civil engineer; worked as builder in Sydney: came to England, 1819; exhibited drawings made in Italy and Sicily at Academy and Suffolk Street, 1826-8; F.S.A., 1830; F.R.I.B.A., 1835; engineer to West London railway; professor of architecture and engineering construction at King's College, London, 1840-61; published Theory, Practice, and Architecture of Bridges 1843; claimed to have originated design for British Museum reading-room; contributed to l Encyclopaedia Britaunica (7th and 8th editions).
  512. ^ Anthony Hoskins (1568–1615), Jesuit; joined Jesuits, 1593; vice-prefect of English mission in Belgium, 1609, and Spain, 1611; modernised Richard Whytford's version of De Imitatione Christi 1613; translated French works; died at Valladolid.
  513. ^ John Hoskins , the younger (1579–1631), brother of John Hoskine (1566-1638); fellow of New College, Oxford, 1600-13: D.C.L., 1613; prebendary of Hereford, 1612; chaplain to James I, and master of St. Oswald's Hospital, Worcester, Itf 14.
  514. ^ John Hoskins (1566-16S8), lawyer and wit; of Westminster, Winchester, and New College, Oxford: fellow of New College, 1586; M.A., 1592; when M.P. for Hereford committed to Tower, 1614. for reflections on Scottish favourites; serjeant-at-law, 1623; Welsh judge; said to have revised Ralegh's History of the World and Ben Jonson's poems; intimate with Camden. Donne, and Seldeu; gave information to Aubrey,
  515. ^ John Hoskins (d. 1664), miniature-painter ; painted many contemporary celebrities, including Falkland, Sir Kenelm Digby, and Selden.
  516. ^ Sir John Hoskins or Hoskyns, second baronet (1634-1705), of Westminster: barrister, Middle Temple; president of Royal Society, 1682-3, and secretary. 1685-7; knighted; master in chancery and friend of Lord-keeper Guilford; M.P., Herefordshire, 1688.
  517. ^ Samuel Elliott Hoskins (1799–1888), physician; of Guy's Hospital; F.R.8., 1843; F.R.C.P., 1 practised in Channel islands; published Stethoscopic Chart 1880 Tables of Corrections for Temperature to Barometric Observations 1842, and works on Channel islands.
  518. ^ Chandos Wren Hoskyns - (1812–1876), writer on agriculture; of Shrewsbury and Balliol College, Oxford; B.A., 1834; assumed additional name (1837) on marriage with descendant of Wren; barrister, Inner Temple, 1838; M.P., Hereford, 1869-74; published works, including Land in England, Ireland, and other Lands 1869, and Land Laws of England 1870.
  519. ^ Sir George Charles Hoste (1786–1846), colonel, royal engineers; educated at Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; lieutenant, royal engineers, 1802: captain, 1812; brevet-major, 1814; lieutenant-colonel, 1825; brevet-colonel, 1838; colonel, 1841; served under Lieu tenant-general Sir James Henry Craig, in Italy, 1805-6; in Egypt, 1807, Sicily, 1808-9, and Holland, 1813; at bombardment of Antwerp, and assault of Bergen-opZoom, 1814; commanding engineer of 1st army corps under Prince of Orange at Quatre Bras and Waterloo, assault of Peronne and occupation of Paris, 1815; C.B., 1816; gentleman usher of privy chamber to Queen Adelaide, 1830.
  520. ^ Sir William Hoste , first baronet (1780–1828), captain in the navy; served under Nelson in actions off Toulon (1795), at St. Vincent and Santa Cruz; promoted to Mutine brig after the Nile, 1798; attained post rank, 1802; with the Ampbion and other ships (1808-9) took or destroyed two hundred French or Venetian vessels in Adriatic; captured Grao, 1808-9, and destroyed forty-six sail in 1810; defeated greatly superior squadron at Lissa and took many prizes, but was severely wounded, 1811; with the Bacchante captured many gunboats, and assisted Austrians in taking Cattaro and Ragusa, 1813-14; created baronet, 1814; K.C.B.,1816.
  521. ^ Beaumont Hotham, second Baron Hotham in Irish peerage (1737-1814), educated at Westminster; barrister, Middle Temple, 1758; baron of the exchequer, 1775-1805; M.P., Wigan, 1768-75; commissioner of great seal, 1783; succeeded his brother, William Hotham, first baron, in Irish peerage.
  522. ^ Beaumont Hotham, third Baron Hotham in Irish peerage (1794-1870), general; grandson of Beaumont Hotham, second baron Hotham; wounded at Salamanca, 1812; present at Waterloo, 1816; tory M.P n Leomiuster, 1820-41, East Riding, Yorkshire, 1841-68.
  523. ^ Charles Hotham (1615–1672?), divine ; son of Sir John Hotbam; M.A. Christ's College, Cambridge, 1639; fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge, 1640-61; i deprived by parliament, 1661; rector of Wigan, 1663-62; F.R.S., 1667; minister in the Bermudas; translated Boehme's Consolatory Treatise of the Four Complexions 1664.
  524. ^ Sir Charles Hotham (1806–1855), naval commander; as captain in the navy took part in Para expedition against Rosas, 1845: K.C.B., 1846: governor of Victoria, 1864-5; died ut.Melbourne.
  525. ^ Durant Hotham (1619?–1691), author of 'Life of Jacob Boehme(1654); translated, 1650, Ad Philosophiam Teutonicam Manuductio of his brother Charles Hotham
  526. ^ Sir Henry Hotham (1777–1833), vice-admiral; youngest son of Beaumont Hotham, second baron Hotham: served in Mediterranean operations, 1793-8; commanded Immortalite in Bay of Biscay, 17991801; with Sir Richard Strachau, 1805: with the Defiance drove ashore three French frigates at Les Sables d'Olonne, 1809; destroyed two frigates and a brig off Lorient, 1812; K.C.B., 1815; by knowledge of Biscay coast prevented Napoleon's escape to America: a lord of the admiralty, 1818-22 and 1828-30; vice-admiral, 1825; died at Malta as commander in Mediterranean.
  527. ^ John Hotham or Hothun (d. 1337), bishop of Ely and chancellor; chancellor of Irish exchequer, 1309; dismissed as one of Gaveston's stewards, 1311; as chancellor of English exchequer accompanied Edward II to France, 1312; sent to Ireland, 1314, and Rome, 1317; bishop of Ely, 1316-37; treasurer of exchequer, 1317-18; lord chancellor, 1318-20 and 1327-8; joined Queen Isabella, 1326: built octagon tower at Ely.
  528. ^ Sir John Hotham, first baronet (d. 1645), parliamentarian: served under elector palatine and Mansfeld, knighted, 1617; created baronet, 1622; M.P., Beverley: as sheriff of Yorkshire levied ship-money; after removal from governorship of Hull (1639) went into opposition; committed to the Fleet, 1640; a chief contriver of Yorkshire petition, 1640: as parliamentary commander of Hull refused to admit Charles I, 1642; recovered Scarborough for parliament, 1643; while negotiating with Newcastle with a view to rejoining royalists was arrested, expelled from parliament, and sent to the Tower, 1643; condemned by military commission and executed.
  529. ^ John Hotham (d. 1645), parliamentaria ; son of Sir John Hotham; served in Netherlands; M.P., Scarborough, 1640; secured Hull for parliament, 1642; joined Fairfax, 1642; fought at Tadcaster and Sherburn; defeated at Ancaster Heath, 1643; imprisoned at Nottingham on charges of misconduct and suspicion of treachery, 1643; opened negotiations with Charles I's queen and escaped; arrested with his father; tried by court-martial and beheaded.
  530. ^ William Hotham, first Baron Hotham in Irish peerage (1736-1813), admiral; educated at Westminster and Naval Academy, Portsmouth; promoted captain for capture of French privateer, 1757; cruised in North Sea, 1758-9; served at Belleisle, 1761; as commodore on North American station shared in action off St. Lucia, 1778, and in action under Rodney in April-May, 1780; under Howe at relief of Gibraltar and battle of Cape Spartel, 1782; vice-admiral, 1790; second in command under Lord Hood, 1793-4; commander in Mediterranean, twice engaging inferior French fleet without result, 1796; created Irish peer, 1797.
  531. ^ Sir William Hotham (1772–1848), admiral: nephew of William, first baron Hotham; under Nelson at Bastia, 1794; commanded the Adamant at Oamperdown, 1797, and blockade of Mauritius; K.O.B., 1816; admiral, 1837; G.C.B., 1840.
  532. ^ John Hothby (d. 1487), Oarmelite and writer on music; lived many years at Ferrara; went to Lucca, 1467: invited to England by Henry VII, 1486; works by him in British Museum and at Lambeth; his treatises on Proportion, Cantus Figuratus and Counter point printed by Coussemaker.
  533. ^ William of Hothum, Hodon or Odone (d. 1298), archbishop of Dublin; graduated in theology at Paris; Dominican prior and provincial in England, 1282-7; employed by Edward 1 on mission to Rome, 1289; provincial of England and Scotland, 1290; summoned to parliament at Norham, 1291; advised the king on Scottish succession; archbishop of Dublin, 1296-8; accompanied the king to Flandor*, 1297, and negotiated with French; represented him at Rome when Boniface VIII mediated truce between England and France; wrote scholastic works; died at Dijon.
  534. ^ Richard of Hoton or Hoghton (d. 1307), prior of Durham; probable founder of Durham College, 1289; deposed and imprisoned for resisting visitation of Bishop Antony Bek I, 1300; reinstated by the pope, 1301, but again suspended; died at Rome.
  535. ^ Hotspur (1364–1403). See Henry Percy.
  536. ^ John Camden Hotten , originally John William (1832–1873), publisher and author: in America, 1848-66; established himself in Piccadilly on his return; first published in England the Biglow Papers 1864, and other works of American humour; compiled slang dictionary, 1859; published Handbook of Topography and Family History 1863, and other compilations,
  537. ^ Sir James Houblon (d. 1700), alderman; ! knighted, 1692; deputy-governor of the Bank of England, I and M.P. for the city (1698-1700); brother of Sir John Houblon
  538. ^ Sir John Houblon (d. 1712), first governor of the Bank of England, 1694; sheriff of London, 1689: knighted, 1689; lord mayor, 1695; lord of the admiralty, 1694-9; master of GrocersCompany, 1696; commissioner of accounts, 1704.
  539. ^ John Hough (1651–1743), bishop of Worcester: M.A. Magdalen College, Oxford, 1676; D.D., 1687; fellow: elected president, 1687, but ejected by James II; reinstated. 1688; resigned, 1699; bishop of Oxford, 1690-9, of Lichfleld and-Coventry, 1699-1717, of Worcester, 17171743; refused primacy, 1715; benefactor to Magdalen College, Lichfield, and Worcester.
  540. ^ Houghton, first Baron (1809–1885). See Richard Monckton Milnes.
  541. ^ Adam de Houghton or Houtone (d. 1389), bishop of St. David's and chancellor of England; LL.D. Oxford; bishop of St. David's, 1362-89; trier of parliamentary petitions; lord chancellor, 1377; chief negotiator of peace with France, 1377, and with Sir Simon Burley of marriage of Richard II, 1380; established cathedral school at St. David's and founded college or chantry of St. Mary's, 1365.
  542. ^ Arthur Boyd Houghton (1836–1875), book illustrator and painter; exhibited at Academy, 1860-70, and afterwards at Water-colour Society; illustrated Dalziel's Arabian Nights 1865, and Don Quixote 1866.
  543. ^ Daniel Houghton (1740?–1791), African traveller; left England in employ of African Association, 1790: journeyed from Gambia, 1790, to Medina (capital of Wolli); crossed uninhabited country between Wolli and Bondou and reached Bambouk, where he negotiated a commercial treaty; set out for Timbuctoo, but was not again heard of.
  544. ^ Henry Hall Houghton (1823–1889), joint founder (with Canon Hall) of biblical prizes at Oxford, 1868-71; of Sherborne School and Pembroke College, Oxford; M.A., 1848; benefactor of Church Missionary Society.
  545. ^ John Houghton (1488?–1535), prior of the London Charterhouse; B.A. and LL.B. Cambridge: prior of Beauvale, 1530; prior of Charterhouse, 1531; imprisoned for refusing oath of allegiance to Princess Elizabeth as heir-apparent, 1534; executed for refusing to accept royal headship of the church: beatified, 1886.
  546. ^ John Houghton (d. 1705), writer on agriculture and trade; F.R.S., 1680; first noticed potato plant as agricultural vegetable.
  547. ^ Sir Robert Houghton (1648–1624), judge; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1577: governor of Lincoln's Inn, 1588-1603; serjeant-at-law, 1603; judge of king's bench, 1613-24; knighted, 1613.
  548. ^ William Hyacinth Houghton or Hoghton (1736-1823), Roman catholic divine; prefect at Bornhem (Dominican) College, 1758-62, and afterwards procurator; professor of philosophy at Louvain, 177i; returned to England; edited Catholic Magazine and Reflector 1801. fxxvii. 423
  549. ^ John Houling (1539?–1599), Irish jesuit; established Irish colletre at Lisbon, 1593, where he died of the plague; his Elizabethan catholic martyrology printed by Cardinal Moran in Spicilegium Ossoriense
  550. ^ Robert Houlton (fl. 1801), dramatist and journalist; demy of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1767-65; M.A., 1762; practised Inoculation in Ireland: M.I. Trinity College, Dublin; wrote librettos for operas; editor ofMorning Herald with James Hook (1746-1827) produced Wilmore Oastle (comic opera) at Drury Lane, 1800.
  551. ^ Jacob Houseman (1636?–1696). See Huysmans.
  552. ^ Robert Housman (1759–1838), divine; intimate when at Cambridge with Charles Simeon and Henry Venn; B.A., 1784: minister of church built by himself at Lancaster, 1795-1836; known adthe evangelist published sermons.
  553. ^ John Houston (1802–1846), anatomist; curator of Dublin College of Surgeons Museum, 1824-41; M.D. Edinburgh, 1826; surgeon to Dublin Hospital, 1832; lecturer at Park Street School of Medicine, 1837; contributed to medical journals.
  554. ^ Richard Houston (1721?–1775), mezzotint engraver; pupil of John Brooks; engraved portraits after Reynolds, Zoffany, and William Hoare, and subject-plates after old masters, especially Rembrandt.
  555. ^ William Houston or Houstoun (1695?-1733), botanist; M.D. Leyden, 1729; with Van Swieten investigated animal respiration; F.R.S.; collected plants in West Indies and Venezuela Reliquiae Houstouianae catalogue, 1781); died in Jamaica.
  556. ^ Sir William Houston , first baronet (1766-1842), general; commanded 19th foot in Flanders, 1794, and 58th at Minorca and in Egypt, 1798-1801: brigadier in Egypt, 1801, and Walcheren, 1809; commanded 7th division in Peninsula, 1811-12; governor of Gibraltar, 1831-35; created baronet, 1836.
  557. ^ John de Houton (d. 1246), justice; archdeacon of Bedford, 1218, of Northampton, 1231-46; represented Henry III in negotiations with Falkes de Breaute, and at Rome, 1224 and 1228.
  558. ^ John Hoveden (d. 1275), Latin poet; chaplain of Queen Eleanor and prebendary of Hoveden or Howden, where he built choir; reverenced as saint: his chief poem, Philomela sive meditacio de nntivitate, &c., Domini nostri Jesu Christi printed at Ghent, 1516, at Luxemburg asChristias 1603; his prose treatise Practica Chilindri translated by E. Brock.
  559. ^ Roger de Hoveden or Howden (. 1201?), chronicler; envoy to Henry II to chiefs of Galloway, 1174; justice for northern forests, 1189; his Cronica ( 732-1201 ), first printed, 1 596, and edited by Bishop Stubbs, 1868-71.
  560. ^ Edward Hovell-Thurlow, second Baron Thurlow (1781–1829). See Thurlow.
  561. ^ Robert Hovenden or Hoveden (1544–1614), warden of All Souls College, Oxford; fellow of All Souls College, 1565: M.A., 1570; D.D., 1581; warden, 1571-1614; chaplain to Archbishop Parker; prebendary of Lincoln, Bath, and Canterbury; vice-chancellor, 1582; admitted poor scholars to the college and recovered property from crown; wrote life of Archbishop Chichele.