Zlatibor

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Zlatibor
Златибор
Pejzaz8.jpg
Highest point
Elevation1,496 m (4,908 ft)
Coordinates43°38′53″N 19°40′44″E / 43.648°N 19.679°E / 43.648; 19.679Coordinates: 43°38′53″N 19°40′44″E / 43.648°N 19.679°E / 43.648; 19.679
Geography
Zlatibor is located in Serbia
Zlatibor
Zlatibor
Location in Serbia
LocationWestern Serbia
Parent rangeDinaric Alps

Zlatibor (Serbian Cyrillic: Златибoр pronounced [zlǎtibɔːr]) is a mountainous region situated in the western part of Serbia.

Among the most popular places in Serbia for tourism, Zlatibor's main attractions include health tourism, skiing, and hiking.[1] The largest city in the region is Užice—located at the foothills of the mountain—while most of the area belongs to the municipality of Čajetina. The town of Zlatibor has shifted over the years from a group of vacation homes to an urban location with diverse amenities. The Tornik ski resort is located in the area.

The Zlatibor region is divided among two municipalities, Čajetina and Užice, while both lie within the Zlatibor District. The Belgrade-Bar railroad passes through Zlatibor.

History[edit]

In the Middle Ages, the region was known as Rujno, a župa that was part of Raška, a centre of the medieval Serbian state. The name Zlatibor came into the 18th century, but its etymology is uncertain. It probably stems from the Serbian words zlatni (golden) and bor (pine). Pinus sylvestris var. zlatiborica is a subspecies of pine originating from the mountain, and is endangered today.

A hill by the name of Cigla, located near the nearby village of Jablanica, still has some borderline markings of the Kingdom of Serbia, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire.

Geography[edit]

Zlatibor landscape in the winter

Zlatibor itself is located in the northern part of the Stari Vlah region, a historical border region between Raška, Herzegovina and Bosnia. It spreads over an area of 300 square kilometres (120 square miles), 43 km (27 mi) in length, southeast to northwest, and up to 37 km (23 mi) in width. Its highest peak, Tornik, has an elevation of 1,496 m. Zlatibor is situated between 43° 31' N, and 43° 51' N, and between 19° 28' E and 19° 56' E.

The southern and the eastern border of Zlatibor are natural – the rivers Uvac and Veliki Rzav. Villages of Mokra Gora, Semegnjevo and Jablanica mark its western border towards the Tara Mountain. Southern part of Zlatibor, extending towards the Zlatar (mountain) mountain, is referred to as Murtenica.[2]

Climate[edit]

The climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).

Climate data for Zlatibor, 1981-2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.1
(35.8)
3.3
(37.9)
7.5
(45.5)
12.4
(54.3)
17.6
(63.7)
20.8
(69.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
18.6
(65.5)
14.0
(57.2)
7.8
(46.0)
2.6
(36.7)
12.8
(55.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.4
(36.3)
7.2
(45.0)
12.3
(54.1)
15.4
(59.7)
17.2
(63.0)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
8.8
(47.8)
3.2
(37.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.7
(45.9)
Average low °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.2
(37.8)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
12.7
(54.9)
12.9
(55.2)
9.0
(48.2)
5.1
(41.2)
0.1
(32.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
3.9
(39.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 65.4
(2.57)
68.5
(2.70)
73.4
(2.89)
79.0
(3.11)
94.4
(3.72)
110.2
(4.34)
96.3
(3.79)
78.8
(3.10)
98.3
(3.87)
78.2
(3.08)
92.3
(3.63)
82.6
(3.25)
1,017.3
(40.05)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 92.1 105.7 141.9 161.4 210.1 229.8 272.9 259.4 196.1 160.6 108.1 76.4 2,014.5
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[3]

Tourism[edit]

Lake in the center of Kraljeva Voda

Situated at an elevation of just over 1,000 metres, Zlatibor is a climatic resort, characterized by a cool alpine climate, clean air, long periods of sunshine during the summer and a heavy snow cover in winter. Tourist facilities include modern hotels, holiday centers and cottages, sports grounds and skiing tracks.

Tourist era on Zlatibor officially began on 20 August 1893, when the King of Serbia Aleksandar Obrenović decided to establish a health resort on an initiative from the local hosts. To his honor, a fountain was erected on the place where he had lunch; it was later accompanied by a small lake, titled Kraljeva Voda ("King's water"). In 1945, it was renamed to Partizanske Vode after Yugoslav Partisans, and in 1991 the town received the current name Zlatibor. The area is a location of numerous hotels, villas, restaurants, open swimming pools and other sports facilities. Eventually, residents of surrounding villages of Sirogojno, Gostilje, Jablanica, Rožanstvo, Ljubiš, Tripkova and the town of Čajetina opened their homes to tourists and built other facilities.[1]

Protection[edit]

The process began in January 2016 and in October 2017, the government placed part of the mountain under protection as a Nature Park Zlatibor. The land within the "protected area of exceptional importance" (IUCN Category I) is 56% privately owned and covers the villages of Semegnjevo, Jablanica, Stublo, Dobroselica, Ljubiš and Gostilje. The settled area is in the lowest, third level of protection while the first level of protection occupies 4,69% of the entire area, or 1,968.89 ha (4,865.2 acres). Within the park there are four regions: Viogor, Black Rzav, Uvac Gorge and Griža Gorge. There are also previously protected areas: strict natural reserve "Park Forest" (12.54 ha (31.0 acres)) and natural monuments "Lira black pine" (near Nova Varoš) and "Three black pines - Dobroselica" (near Čajetina).[4] The total area of the park is 41.923 ha (103.59 acres).[5]

There are 1,044 species of plants in the park. The prevailing fauna consists of the autochthonous black pine forests and the mixed forests of black and Scots pine, which are categorized as a priority habitats by the Natura 2000. There are 18 species of amphibians and reptiles, 154 species of birds (42% of all bird species recorded in Serbia) and 38 species of mammals (40%). The park includes three cultural monuments and numerous objects of architectural legacy.[4]

The park is bounded by the Uvac river on the south, border with Bosnia and Herzegovina on the west, mountains of Mokra Gora, Semegnjevo and Grude on the north and the mountain of Murtenica and Katušnica river on the east. Ribnica Lake and Čigota massif are within the park, while the towns of Čajetina and Zlatibor remain outside.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Zlatibor Pride Anniversary - 120 Years of Tourism". Tourist Organization of Zlatibor. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
  2. ^ Olga Savić. "Geografske odlike Užičkog područja: Reljef" (PDF) (in Serbian). Grad Užice. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
  3. ^ "SREDNJE MESEČNE, GODIŠNJE I EKSTREMNE VREDNOSTI 1981 - 2010". October 2017.
  4. ^ a b Slavica Stuparušić (16 October 2017), "Još dva parka prirode na mapi Srbije" [Two more nature parks on the map of Serbia], Politika (in Serbian), p. 08
  5. ^ a b Branko Pejović (19 October 2017), "Park prirode „Zlatibor" neće zaustaviti gradnju gondola" [Nature Park Zlatibor will not stop the construction of the cable car], Politika (in Serbian), pp. 01 & 16

External links[edit]