Águas de São Pedro

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Coordinates: 22°36′05″S 47°52′22″W / 22.601389°S 47.872778°W / -22.601389; -47.872778

Águas de São Pedro
Municipality
Municipality of the Hydromineral Spa of Águas de São Pedro
View of the midtown and the Jardim Iporanga neighborhood in Águas de São Pedro
View of the midtown and the Jardim Iporanga neighborhood in Águas de São Pedro
Flag of Águas de São Pedro
Flag
Coat of arms of Águas de São Pedro
Coat of arms
Official logo of Águas de São Pedro
Logo
Nickname(s): Águas
Motto: Omnibus Pax Et Sanitas (Latin for Peace and Health for Everyone)
Anthem: Hino a Águas de São Pedro
Location in the state of São Paulo
Location in the state of São Paulo
Águas de São Pedro is located in Brazil
Águas de São Pedro
Águas de São Pedro
Location of the city in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°36′05″S 47°52′22″W / 22.60139°S 47.87278°W / -22.60139; -47.87278
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State  São Paulo
Founded July 25, 1940
Incorporated December 24, 1948[1]
Founded by Octavio Moura Andrade
Named for Saint Peter and São Pedro
Government[2][3]
 • Mayor Paulo Cesar Borges (PSDB)
 • Aldermen
Area[4][5]
 • Municipality 3.640 km2 (1.405 sq mi)
 • Urban 3.640 km2 (1.405 sq mi)
Elevation[6] 515.24 m (1,690.42 ft)
Population (2010)[5][7]
 • Municipality 2,703
 • Estimate (2011) 2,771
 • Density 742.58/km2 (1,923.3/sq mi)
Demonym Água-pedrense
Ethnicity[5]
 • White 87.35% (2,361 inhabitants)
 • Brown 10.32% (279 inhabitants)
 • Black 1.52% (41 inhabitants)
 • Others 0.81% (22 inhabitants)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal code 13525-000
Area code(s) 19[8]
Twin cities
 • Cubatão[9][10]  Brazil
 • Molinaseca[11]  Spain
HDI (2010)[12] 0.854
Website Águas de São Pedro

Águas de São Pedro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈaɡwas di sɐ̃w̃ ˈpedɾu] ( )) is a Brazilian municipality of the state of São Paulo. It is the second smallest Brazilian city in territorial extension, with only 3.640 km².[4]

History[edit]

Bust of the city founder, Octavio Moura Andrade
The Engineer Ângelo Balloni Oil Tower is a landmark of the city history

Águas de São Pedro emerged when Octavio Moura Andrade discovered the medicinal properties from the mineral water mines of the city around 1920, when the State Governor started researches in the area for oil prospection. The researches failed in the attempt to find oil and the rigs were abandoned, but still gushing out mineral water. Later other attempts had been made to find oil in great depths, and again no oil was found. One oil rig structure still remains nowadays and it's called "Engineer Ângelo Balloni Oil Tower".

Years later, in 1934, an Italian immigrant and owner of the perforated lands, Ângelo Franzin, built a small bath house (currently known as "Youth Fountain") where he bathed himself. The water had a characteristic smell of sulphur. One year later a group of people of the roundnesses bought a lot of 100,000 m² around the bath house and built a health resort. It was twelve masonry bathtubs, in contrast with the first bath house, that was wooden. In the same year, Octavio Moura Andrade decided to build the spa, giving the name of Caldas de São Pedro to it and creating with his brother, Antonio Joaquim de Moura Andrade, the company Águas Sulfídricas e Termais de São Pedro S.A. ("Saint Peter Thermal and Sulphydric Waters S.A.").

In four years the Technological Researches Institute of the University of São Paulo made analysis with the waters. The waters were considered good to bath and its medicinal properties had been confirmed.

Recognizing the importance of the thermal waters, the São Paulo State Government founded on June 19, 1940 the Estância Hidromineral e Climática de Águas de São Pedro (Hydromineral and Climatic Spa of Águas de São Pedro).

Geography[edit]

Araquá River

Águas de São Pedro is located in a small valley in a geographic region of the state of São Paulo called Peripheral Depression. The city have 2.06 ha (5.0903 acres and 0.69% of the municipality total area) of floodplain vegetation, totally concentrated in the banks of the Araquá river, in the southeast portion of the city, and 171.9340 ha (424.8564 acres and 17.40% of the municipality total area) of reforestation areas, mostly concentrated in Dr. Octavio Moura Andrade Municipal Park, in the northwest.[13]

Climate[edit]

According the Köppen climate classification Águas de São Pedro has a tropical savanna climate.[14]


Climate data for Águas de São Pedro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 95
(35)
99
(37)
103.5
(39.7)
91.4
(33)
89.6
(32)
86
(30)
87.8
(31)
92.7
(33.7)
96.8
(36)
98.6
(37)
102.2
(39)
96.8
(36)
103.5
(39.7)
Average high °F (°C) 87.4
(30.8)
87.6
(30.9)
87.1
(30.6)
84
(28.9)
80.2
(26.8)
78.3
(25.7)
78.6
(25.9)
82.6
(28.1)
84
(29)
85.3
(29.6)
86.4
(30.2)
86.2
(30.1)
84
(28.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 77
(25)
77.4
(25.2)
76.5
(24.7)
72.5
(22.5)
68.2
(20.1)
65.8
(18.8)
65.7
(18.7)
68.9
(20.5)
71.4
(21.9)
73
(23)
74.8
(23.8)
75.9
(24.4)
72.3
(22.4)
Average low °F (°C) 66.7
(19.3)
67.1
(19.5)
65.8
(18.8)
61
(16.1)
56.1
(13.4)
54
(12)
52.5
(11.4)
55
(12.8)
58.6
(14.8)
61.7
(16.5)
63.3
(17.4)
65.7
(18.7)
60.6
(15.9)
Record low °F (°C) 53.2
(11.8)
50.2
(10.1)
56.3
(13.5)
44.6
(7)
39.2
(4)
34.7
(1.5)
37.4
(3)
42.8
(6)
39.2
(4)
48.2
(9)
51.4
(10.8)
52.5
(11.4)
34.7
(1.5)
Precipitation inches (mm) 8.72
(221.5)
7.528
(191.2)
5.874
(149.2)
2.827
(71.8)
2.453
(62.3)
1.736
(44.1)
1.051
(26.7)
1.067
(27.1)
2.531
(64.3)
4.88
(124)
5.256
(133.5)
7.551
(191.8)
51.476
(1,307.5)
Rainfall inches (mm) 5.453
(138.5)
4.067
(103.3)
3.575
(90.8)
0.972
(24.7)
2.01
(51)
0.772
(19.6)
0.752
(19.1)
0.555
(14.1)
1.618
(41.1)
2.555
(64.9)
3.72
(94.5)
5.504
(139.8)
31.551
(801.4)
Source #1: Center for Meteorological and Climatic Researches Applied to Agriculture[14]
Source #2: Meoweather[15] (for record temperatures and rainfall)

Demographics[edit]

Population pyramid 2000[16]
% Males Age Females %
0.37
 
85+
 
0.64
1.7
 
80–84
 
1.75
1.44
 
75–79
 
0.85
0.53
 
70–74
 
2.18
2.07
 
65–69
 
2.18
2.92
 
60–64
 
2.87
1.97
 
55–59
 
2.45
2.77
 
50–54
 
3.88
3.03
 
45–49
 
2.45
2.82
 
40–44
 
4.41
3.51
 
35–39
 
4.41
2.34
 
30–34
 
2.07
2.77
 
25–29
 
2.87
3.93
 
20–24
 
6.8
4.68
 
15–19
 
4.73
3.35
 
10–14
 
3.24
3.4
 
5–9
 
3.62
2.5
 
0–4
 
2.5

As of the 2000 Brazilian Census, Águas de São Pedro had a population of 1,883. From that total, 1,639 inhabitants are White (87%), 230 are Pardo (brown) (12.2%), 7 are Black (0.37%), 6 are Asian (0.32%), and 2 people (0.11%) did not declare their race or ethnic group.[19]

Three hundred and five people in the city (16.2% of the city population) declared having some type of disability.[20] Among these 305 people, 26 people have permanent mental disabilities; 19 have quadriplegia, paraplegia or permanent hemiplegia; 179 are disabled, with some or great difficulty (permanent) seeing; 136 are disabled, with some or great difficulty (permanent) hearing; 119 are disabled, with some or great difficulty (permanent) walking or climbing stairs.[20]

Religion[edit]

Some places of worship in Águas de São Pedro

Assemblies of God Church
Christian Congregation of Brazil Church
Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses
Church of the Foursquare Gospel

As of the 2000 Brazilian Census, Águas de São Pedro population had 1,484 Roman Catholics (78.81%), 148 Pentecostal Christians (77 from Assemblies of God (4.09%), 59 from the Christian Congregation of Brazil (3.13%) and 12 from the Foursquare Church (0.64%)), 74 Spiritists (3.93%), 48 Jehovah's Witnesses (2.55%), 23 Esoterics (1.22%), 6 Buddhists (0.32%), 5 Orthodox Catholics (0.27%), 3 Lutherans (0.16%), 3 Islamics (0.16%), 15 people of other Christian religion (0.8%), 72 people without religion (3.82%), and 2 people who did not declare their religion (0.11%).[21]

Roman Catholic Church[edit]

Immaculate Conception Mother Church
Our Lady of Aparecida Chapel

The history of the Catholic Church in Águas de São Pedro started when Mrs. Maria Julia das Dores Andrade, mother of the city founder, asked him to build the "House of God" along with the construction of the Grand Hotel.[22] The highest place of the city was selected to erect it.

In 1946, a chapel was completed, and its architecture was based on another chapel seen by Dr. Octavio in the city of Rio de Janeiro.[22] The chapel was dedicated to Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. In 1954, Águas de São Pedro was removed from membership of the city of São Pedro parish, and on May 29 of that same year, the present-day Immaculate Conception Parish was founded by Don Ernesto de Paula.[22] The parish is subordinate to the Diocese of Piracicaba.

Years after the foundation of the parish, a new place near the central area of the city was selected to erect a new church, but those plans were not completed because Canon Marcos Van Inn, the creator of the project, died. Then the parochial hall of the city was nominated by the Bishop of Piracicaba, Don Aníger Maria Melillo, to be adapted into the city's Mother Church, as it remains today. The title of Immaculate Conception was transferred from the old chapel to the Mother Church, and the chapel is now dedicated to Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception of the Apparition.[22]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Fountain in Octavio Moura Andrade Square

The city have two large parks (Dr. Octavio Moura Andrade Municipal Park and the Waters Park "José Benedito Zani") and a mini municipal garden.

Way of the Sun[edit]

Casa de Santiago

Idealized by José Palma in 2002,[23][24] the Way of the Sun (Portuguese: Caminho do Sol) is a preparatory way to the Way of St. James, and it is recognized by the Xunta de Galicia.[25] The route ends at the city of Águas de São Pedro, in the House of St. James (Portuguese: Casa de Santiago) located in the Municipal Mini Garden. Several pilgrims, with bicycles or hiking, come to the city every year through the way as a religious pilgrimage or tourism. The way have 241 kilometers and passes through 12 municipalities in the following order: Santana de Parnaíba, Pirapora do Bom Jesus, Cabreúva, Itu, Salto, Elias Fausto, Capivari, Mombuca, Saltinho, Piracicaba, São Pedro, and Águas de São Pedro.

Government[edit]

The current mayor is Paulo Cesar Borges, also known as Paulo Ronan, affiliated to the Brazilian Social Democratic Party, and the vice mayor is Silvio Cesar Corrente, known by his nickname "Tato", affiliated to the Republic Party.[2]

Public safety and crime[edit]

The city is a safe and calm place, with a low crime ratio compared to other cities of the state.[citation needed] Since its foundation, the municipality had registered only one murder case, a double homicide in August 17, 1994, when Fátima Rinaldi Dante, 40 years old, and her granddaughter, Maria Virgínia Dante, 1 year old, were shot dead.[26] The case was not solved.

Education[edit]

Águas de São Pedro is served by three public schools:[16]

  • "Vida" Municipal Pre-school (Portuguese: Escola Municipal de Educação Infantil "Vida"), also known by the acronym EMEI Vida.
  • Águas de São Pedro Municipal Elementary School "Maria Luiza Fornasier Franzin" I, II and III (Portuguese: Escola Municipal de Ensino Fundamental de Águas de São Pedro "Maria Luiza Fornasier Franzin" I, II e III), also known by the acronym EMEFASP "Maria Luiza Fornasier Franzin" I, II and III. The numbers I, II and III represents the three different buildings of the school; each building houses different school grades.
  • "Angelo Franzin" State School (Portuguese: Escola Estadual Angelo Franzin), also known by the acronym E.E. "Angelo Franzin".

The city also has a higher education institution. Inaugurated in 1995,[29] the Senac University Center - Águas de São Pedro Campus (Portuguese: Centro Universitário Senac - Campus Águas de São Pedro) is a private university maintained by the Brazilian National Commercial Training Service, that is known by the acronym Senac (Portuguese: Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Comercial). It was formerly known as Senac Faculties, but in 2004 it was accredited by the Brazilian Ministry of Education and Culture as University Center.[29]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Only one highway pass through the city, the SP-304, Rodovia Geraldo de Barros. It connects Águas de São Pedro with the cities of São Pedro (8 km northwest) and Piracicaba (29 km southeast).[note 1] Due to the high traffic of trucks, part of the road that passes through the urban area have several potholes. With that problem, politicians of the municipality and the neighbouring cities pressure the state governor for the duplication of the highway.[31]

The old city's bus station was upgraded and it opened again on December 31, 2008, to properly receive the passengers of intercity buses.[32]

Utilities[edit]

Sabesp office

Electricity is provided to the city by the São Paulo State Power and Light Company (Portuguese: Companhia Paulista de Força e Luz).[33]

Water is provided by the Basic Sanitation Company of the State of São Paulo (Sabesp),[34] which provides tap water to 100% of the city, but covers only 93,47%~95% of the city with sewage collection.[35][36] Águas de São Pedro do not have a sewage treatment plant, then all the collected sewage (101.7 kg BOD/month) is not treated[35] and it is disposed in the Araquá River, that is also one of the city's main water resources. The absence of a sewage treatment plant in the city has generated complaints from the population, questioning the responsibility of Sabesp in this problem.[37] Other problematic cases such as water catchment, erosion,[38] and environmental degradation[39] have caused the mayor considering not renew the contract with the company, which matures in April 2010.[40]

Health care[edit]

Águas de São Pedro do not have a hospital, only a Municipal First Aid Clinic and a [Medical] Specialties Clinic.

Sister cities[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Queried data in the online system (Web Routes) of the Department of Highways (Portuguese: Departamento de Estradas de Rodagem) of the Logistics and Transport Secretariat of the State of São Paulo.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LEI N. 233, DE 24 DE DEZEMBRO DE 1948" [LAW NO. 233, FROM DECEMBER 24, 1948] (in Portuguese). Legislative Assembly of the State of São Paulo. Retrieved September 17, 2012. "The municipality of Águas de São Pedro is created with seat in the settlement of Termas de São Pedro and with dismembered land from the seat district of the municipality of São Pedro." 
  2. ^ a b "Administração Pública" [Public Administration] (in Portuguese). Águas de São Pedro City Hall. Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Legislaturas" [Legislatures] (in Portuguese). Águas de São Pedro Municipal Council. Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Official Territorial Area". Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d "IBGE - Cidades@" [IBGE - Cities@] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  6. ^ "BR Localidades 2010 v1" [BR Locations 2010 v1] (MDB) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  7. ^ "CENSO 2010 - SÃO PAULO" [2010 CENSUS - SÃO PAULO] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  8. ^ "CÓDIGOS DE SÃO PAULO" [SÃO PAULO CODES] (PDF) (in Portuguese). National Agency of Telecommunications. Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "LEI MUNICIPAL Nº 2.002, DE 18/11/1991 - Cubatão / SP - Legislação Municipal" [MUNICIPAL LAW NUMBER 2,002, FROM 1991-11-18 - Cubatão / SP - Municipal Legislation] (in Portuguese). Cubatão Municipal Council. Retrieved July 16, 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Um monumento à amizade (2)" [A monument to friendship (2)] (in Portuguese). Novo Milênio Electronic Journal. Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Lei nº 1633 de 26 de abril de 2012" [Law no. 1633 of April 7, 2012] (TIF) (in Portuguese). Águas de São Pedro Municipal Council. Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  12. ^ "IDHM Municípios 2010" [MHDI Municipalities 2010] (in Portuguese). United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Mapa Florestal dos Municípios do Estado de São Paulo / Águas de São Pedro" [Forestal Map of São Paulo State Municipalities / Águas de São Pedro] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Forestal Institute of São Paulo State. Retrieved February 10, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b "Clima dos Municípios Paulistas / Águas de São Pedro" [Climate of São Paulo State Municipalities / Águas de São Pedro]. Center for Meteorological and Climatic Researches Applied to Agriculture - Unicamp (in Portuguese). Retrieved June 17, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Weather history for Águas de São Pedro, Sao Paulo, Brazil". Meoweather. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c "Águas de São Pedro - SP / Infográficos" [Águas de São Pedro - SP / Information Graphics] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved July 13, 2009. 
  17. ^ "Estimativas das populações residentes, em 1º de julho de 2008, segundo os municípios" [Resident population estimates, on July 1, 2008, according to the municipalities] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved July 13, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Estimativas das populações residentes, em 1º de julho de 2009, segundo os municípios" [Resident population estimates, on July 1, 2009, according to the municipalities] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved August 15, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Tabela 2093 - População residente por cor ou raça, sexo, situação do domicílio e grupos de idade" [Table 2093 - Resident population by color or race, sex, state of domicile and age groups] (in Portuguese). IBGE System of Automatic Recovery (SIDRA). Retrieved August 11, 2009. 
  20. ^ a b "Tabela 2111 - População residente por tipo de deficiência, situação do domicílio, sexo e grupos de idade" [Table 2111 - Resident population by type of disability, state of domicile, sex and age groups] (in Portuguese). IBGE System of Automatic Recovery (SIDRA). Retrieved August 22, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Tabela 2094 - População residente por cor ou raça e religião" [Table 2094 - Resident population by color or race and religion] (in Portuguese). IBGE System of Automatic Recovery (SIDRA). Retrieved August 11, 2009. 
  22. ^ a b c d "Histórico da Paróquia de Águas de São Pedro" [Historic of the Águas de São Pedro Parish] (in Portuguese). São Pedro Pastoral Region of the Diocese of Piracicaba. Archived from the original on December 19, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2009. 
  23. ^ "Caminho do Sol - História" [Way of the Sun - History] (in Portuguese). Way of the Sun. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Caminho do Sol um pedaço do Céu em Águas de São Pedro" [Way of the Sun: a piece of the sky in Águas de São Pedro] (in Portuguese). Folha de São Pedro. July 26, 2008. Retrieved February 10, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Resolución do 25 de febreiro de 2008, da Dirección Xeral de Patrimonio Cultural, pola que se inscribe a Asociación Instituto Caminho do Sol no Rexistro de Entidades de Promoción do Camiño de Santiago." [Resolution of February 25, 2008, from the Directorate for Cultural Heritage, which registers the Association Institute Way of the Sun in the Registry of Promotion Entities of the Way of St. James.] (in Galician). Official Diary of Galicia. Retrieved February 10, 2010. 
  26. ^ Silva, Sara (August 19, 1994). "Cidade tem 1º homicídio em 54 anos" [City have its first homicide in 54 years] (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Secretaria de Segurança Pública - SP - Estatísticas" [Public Security Secretariat - SP - Statistics] (in Portuguese). Public Security Secretariat of the State of São Paulo. Retrieved July 17, 2009. [dead link]
  28. ^ "Secretaria de Segurança Pública do Estado de São Paulo" [Public Security Secretariat of the State of São Paulo] (in Portuguese). Public Security Secretariat of the State of São Paulo. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  29. ^ a b "Vestibular Senac 2008 - O SENAC" [Senac Vestibular 2008 - THE SENAC] (in Portuguese). Vunesp Foundation. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2009. 
  30. ^ "DER Roteamento" [DER Routing] (in Portuguese). Department of Highways (DER). Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Indicação nº 874, de 2003" [Indication no. 874, from 2003] (DOC) (in Portuguese). Legislative Assembly of the State of São Paulo. Retrieved February 10, 2010. 
  32. ^ Bortoletto, Renan Jakubik (January 10, 2009). "Ex-prefeito Marcelo Bueno reinaugura terminal rodoviário em Águas de São Pedro" [The former mayor Marcelo Bueno reinaugurates bus station in Águas de São Pedro] (in Portuguese). Folha de São Pedro. Retrieved February 10, 2010. 
  33. ^ "Relação dos Municípios atendidos pela CPFL - Companhia Paulista de Força e Luz" [List of Municipalities served by CPFL - São Paulo State Power and Light Company] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Sanitation and Energy Secretariat of the State of São Paulo. Retrieved August 2, 2009. 
  34. ^ "Relação dos Municípios atendidos pela Sabesp" [List of Municipalities served by Sabesp] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Basic Sanitation Company of the State of São Paulo (Sabesp). Retrieved July 29, 2009. 
  35. ^ a b "Diagnóstico Informativo - Saneamento - Esgoto" [Informative Diagnostic - Sanitation - Sewage] (XLS) (in Portuguese). Intermunicipal Consortium of the Watershed of the Rivers Piracicaba, Capivari and Jundiaí. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Piracicaba ocupa 56ª posição em índice de acesso à rede de esgoto" [Piracicaba occupies the 56th position in the index of access to sewarage] (in Portuguese). A Tribuna. November 29, 2007. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Semana do Meio Ambiente em Águas de São Pedro" [Natural Environment Week in Águas de São Pedro] (in Portuguese). Folha de São Pedro. June 13, 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Vereadores de Águas em reunião com o Presidente da SABESP" [Águas aldermen in meeting with the President of SABESP] (in Portuguese). Folha de São Pedro. October 10, 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2010. 
  39. ^ "SABESP acolhe sugestão para Melhoria do Meio Ambiente" [SABESP welcomes suggestions for Improving the Natural Environment] (in Portuguese). Folha de São Pedro. May 24, 2008. Retrieved February 12, 2010. 
  40. ^ Lekitsch, Stevan (December 19, 2009). "Paulo Borges faz balanço 2009 e antecipa o 2010 de Águas de São Pedro" [Paulo Borges takes stock of 2009 and anticipates the 2010 of Águas de São Pedro] (in Portuguese). Folha de São Pedro. Retrieved February 12, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Camargo, Ruy Bueno de Arruda (1990). Estância Hidromineral de Águas de São Pedro - Guia Turístico e Medicinal [Hydromineral Spa of Águas de São Pedro - Touristic and Medicinal Guide] (in Portuguese) (1st ed.). São Paulo, Brazil: Editora Senac São Paulo. 
  • Águas de São Pedro Municipal Council (April 5, 1990). Lei Orgânica do Município da Estância de Águas de São Pedro [Organic Law of the Municipality of the Spa of Águas de São Pedro] (PDF) (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Official Press of the State (IMESP). Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  • Brancalhão, Karina; Passarin, Rodrigo (December 2001). "Águas de São Pedro". In Passarin, Emerson; Passarin, Rodrigo. Revista Origens (in Portuguese) (Piracicaba, Brazil) (3): pp. 10–11. 

External links[edit]