1913 in science
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|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1903 . 1904 . 1905 . 1906 . 1907 . 1908 . 1909 ...
1910 1911 1912 -1913- 1914 1915 1916
... 1917 . 1918 . 1919 . 1920 . 1921 . 1922 . 1923 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- February 9 – Meteor procession of February 9, 1913 visible along a great circle arc 6,040 miles (9,720 km) across the Americas. Astronomer Clarence Chant concludes that the source was a small, short-lived natural satellite of the Earth.
- February – Daniel J. O'Conor and Herbert A. Faber file for a United States patent on the composite plastic laminate Formica.
- Protactinium is first identified by Kasimir Fajans and O. H. Göhring.
- Henry Moseley shows that nuclear charge is the real basis for numbering the elements and discovers a systematic relation between wavelength and atomic number by using x-ray spectra obtained by diffraction in crystals. Frederick Soddy proposes that isotopes may have differing atomic weights.
- J. J. Thomson shows that charged subatomic particles can be separated by their mass-to-charge ratio, the technique known as mass spectrometry.
History of science
- Pierre Duhem begins publication of Le Système du Monde: Histoire des Doctrines cosmologiques de Platon à Copernic in Paris.
- Publication of the 3rd volume of Principia Mathematica by Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell, one of the most important and seminal works in mathematical logic and philosophy.
- Émile Borel first states the infinite monkey theorem in the way it will subsequently become known.
- Nikolay Anichkov first demonstrates the significance and role of cholesterol in atherosclerosis pathogenesis.
- Albert Schweitzer sets up the Albert Schweitzer Hospital at Lambaréné in French Equatorial Africa.
- William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg work out the Bragg condition for strong X-ray reflection.
- Niels Bohr presents his quantum model of the atom.
- Robert Millikan measures the fundamental unit of electric charge.
- Georges Sagnac demonstrates the Sagnac effect, showing that light propagates at a speed independent of the speed of its source.
- Johannes Stark demonstrates that strong electric fields will split the Balmer spectral line series of hydrogen.
- John B. Watson publishes the article "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It" — sometimes called "The Behaviorist Manifesto".
- April 29 – Swedish American engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken, New Jersey, patents the all-purpose zipper.
- May 26 (May 13 O.S.) – Igor Sikorsky flies the world's first 4-engine fixed-wing aircraft, his Bolshoi Baltisky biplane, near Saint Petersburg.
- August – Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley in Sheffield, England (concurrent with the invention of another type in the United States by Elwood Haynes).
- French inventor René Lorin patents the ramjet, but attempts to build a prototype fail due to inadequate materials.
- Die Naturwissenschaften first published by Die Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.
- Journal of Ecology first published.
- March 26 – Paul Erdős (died 1996), mathematician.
- April 20 – Willi Hennig (died 1976), entomologist and pioneer of cladistics.
- May 13 – Erich Lackner (died 1992), civil engineer.
- June 10 – Edward Abraham (died 1999), biochemist.
- August 20 – Roger Wolcott Sperry (died 1994), neuropsychologist, neurobiologist and Nobel laureate.
- October 10 – Remy Chauvin (died 2009), French biologist and entomologist.
- January 2 – Léon Teisserenc de Bort (born 1855), meteorologist.
- February 20 – Robert von Lieben (born 1878), physicist.
- April 14 – Carl Hagenbeck (born 1844), zoologist.
- May 28 – John Lubbock (born 1834), naturalist and archaeologist.
- September 29 – Rudolf Diesel (born 1858), mechanical engineer (lost overboard this night).
- November 7 – Alfred Russel Wallace (born 1823), biologist.
- Chant, C. (1913). "An Extraordinary Meteoric Display". Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 7: 145–19. Bibcode:1913JRASC...7..145C.
- O'Keefe, J. A. (1991). "The Cyrillid Shower: Remnant of a Circumterrestrial Ring?". Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 22: 995. Bibcode:1991LPI....22..995O.
- "Our Legacy – Early Years". Formica Corporation. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- Weisstein, Eric W. (1996). "Moseley, Henry (1887–1915)". Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography. Wolfram Research Products. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
- "Frederick Soddy: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1921". Nobel Lectures, Chemistry 1901–1921. Elsevier. 1966. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
- "Early Mass Spectrometry". A History of Mass Spectrometry. Scripps Center for Mass Spectrometry. 2005. Archived from the original on 2007-03-03. Retrieved 2007-03-26.
- Borel, Émile (1913). "Mécanique statistique et irréversibilité". Journal de Physique, 5e série 3: 189–196.
- Anitschkow, N.; Chalatow, S. (1983). "On experimental cholesterin steatosis and its significance in the origin of some pathological processes". Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 3: 178–182. doi:10.1161/01. Originally published 1913 in Centralblatt für allgemeine Pathologie und pathologische Anatomie (in German) XXIV: 1-9.
- Bohr, N. (1913). "On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules". Philosophical Magazine Series 6 (London) 26: 1–25. doi:10.1080/14786441308634955. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- Bohr, N. (1913). "Part II – Systems containing only a Single Nucleus". Philosophical Magazine 26: 476–502. doi:10.1080/14786441308634993. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- "Niels Bohr: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1922". Nobel Lectures, Chemistry 1922–1941. Elsevier. 1966. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
- Sagnac, Georges (1913). "The demonstration of the luminiferous aether by an interferometer in uniform rotation". Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences 157: 708–710.
- Sagnac, Georges (1913). "On the proof of the reality of the luminiferous aether by the experiment with a rotating interferometer". Comptes rendus 157: 1410–1413.
- Quintin, M. (1996). "Qui a découvert la fluorescence X ?". Journal de Physique IV 6 (4). Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- Psychological Review 20: pp. 158-177.
- Sikorsky, Sergei I. (2007). The Sikorsky Legacy. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7385-4995-8. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
- Oakes, Elizabeth H., ed. (2007). "Sikorsky, Igor". Encyclopedia of World Scientists (Rev. ed.). Infobase Publishing. p. 667.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. p. 94. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Zucker, Robert D.; Biblarz, Oscar (2002). Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-05967-6.