Adana Province

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For other uses, see Adana Province (disambiguation).
Adana Province
Adana ili
Province
Adana in Turkey.svg
Country  Turkey
Region Mediterranean
Subregion Adana
Government
 • Governor İlhan Atış
Area
 • Total 14,030 km2 (5,420 sq mi)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 2,138,951
 • Density 147/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 01xxx
Area code(s) 0322
Licence plate 01
Local parliament 61 members
National parliament 14 members of 550
Website Adana Province Special Administration

Adana Province, (Turkish: Adana ili) is a province of Turkey located in south-central Anatolia. With a population of 2,085,225, it is the fifth most populous province in Turkey. The administrative seat of the province is the city of Adana, home to 78% of the residents of the province. The province, geographically and as well as economically, is part of the Çukurova region together with the Mersin, Osmaniye and Hatay provinces.

Geography[edit]

Adana Province has a surface area of 14.030 km².[citation needed] Southern portion of the province is plain, northern section is formed of mountains. The provinces adjacent to it are Mersin to the west, Hatay to the southeast, Osmaniye to the east, Kahramanmaraş to the northeast, Kayseri to the north, and Niğde to the northwest.

Governance[edit]

Two levels of governments are involved in the administration of the Adana Province; Central and the Provincial. Adana Governorship is the provincial branch of the Central government and Adana Province Special Administration is the provincial governing body. Province is divided into 15 districts and each district is divided into municipalities and villages. Municipalities are further divided into neighborhoods(Turkish: Mahalle).

Adana Governorship[edit]

Central government in Ankara has majority of the power in the administration of the province through Adana Governorship. The governorship oversees the functioning of provincial and regional directorates of the ministries and other governmental agencies. Provincial directorates cover Adana Province only, whereas Regional directorates cover Çukurova and in some cases additional provinces. Provincial and regional directorates of the Central Government include but not limited to;

  • Provincial Directorates: Education, Healthcare, Tourism and Culture, Youth and Sports, Environment and Forestry, Social Services, Agriculture, Industry and Trade, Police Services, Defense, Population and Citizenship, Employment Agency, Social Security Institution
  • Regional Directorates: Turkish State Railways, Statistics Institute, Foundations, Meteorology

Grand National Assembly(TBMM) is the only law-making authority in Turkey and Adana Province is represented at it with 14 members. The last TBMM elections were held on July 22, 2007. In the Adana Province %78.55 of the 1,189,228 registered voters voted. The results in the Adana Province were[2]

Party Votes Seats
No  % No
AKP 338,122 36.89 6
MHP 210,006 22.91 4
CHP 209,276 22.83 4
Independent 54,222 5.92 0
DP 48,426 5.28 0
Other 56,539 6.17 0
Province 916,591 14

Two left-leaning parties, CHP and DSP, joined the elections together under CHP's name for DSP to not to be eliminated at the 10% threshold. After the elections, DSP took 1 seat from CHP. Candidates of the pro-Kurdish DTP joined the elections independently again to avoid the 10% threshold but still could not manage to get a seat. Votes for the independent candidates on the table above mainly reflects DTP's votes in the province. As of July 2010, AK Party holds six of the Adana seats, MHP holds four, CHP three and DSP holds one seat at the TBMM.

Province Special Administration[edit]

Adana Province Special Administration (Turkish: Adana İl Özel İdaresi) is a semi-democratic provincial governing body that has three organs; Provincial Parliament, Governor and the Encümen. Provincial Parliament members are elected democratically, the governor is appointed by the Central Government and 4 out of 8 members of the Encümen are appointed by the governor.

Province Special Administration is not a jurisdiction and has minor executive power in the administration of the province running with a budget of 55 million TL for 2010. The major executive duties of Special Administration are; building and maintenance of schools, residences and daycares, building and maintenance of other governmental buildings, roads, promoting arts and culture, protection and conservation of nature, social services and regional planning.[3]

Provincial Parliament[edit]

Adana Provincial Parliament (Turkish: Adana İl Genel Meclisi) is the decision making organ of the Province Special Administration. It is formed of 61 members who represent the 15 districts. Members of the Parliament are nominated by the district branches of the National Parties during the Local Elections and are elected by the d'Hondt method. Each district is an electoral district and there is a 10% threshold for a party to gain seat at the district. There is no threshold at the provincial level.[4] Parliament is administered by the president, two vice-presidents, and two secretary generals who are elected from the members. Current chair of the parliament is Abdullah Torun.

District MPs
Seyhan 11
Yüreğir 8
Çukurova 7
Sarıçam 5
Karaisalı 2
Aladağ 2
Ceyhan 6
Feke 2
İmamoğlu 3
Karataş 2
Kozan 5
Pozantı 2
Saimbeyli 2
Tufanbeyli 2
Yumurtalik 2
Total 61

Current Composition of the Parliament

The last election for the Provincial Parliament was held on March 29, 2009. Voting turnout was a high of %84.1 and 5 parties gained seat at the parliament. The results of the election were[5]

Party Votes Seats
No  % No  %
AK Party 324,968 29.8 27 44.3
MHP 296,338 27.17 23 37.7
CHP 252,073 23.11 9 14.75
DTP 86,775 7.96 1 1.64
DP 34,543 3.167 1 1.64
Other 95,989 8.8 0 0
Province 1,090,686 61

After the election DP member moved to MHP raising the seats of MHP to 24. Currently, DP does not hold a seat at the parliament.

Governor[edit]

Provincial Governor (Turkish: Vali) is the chief executive of the Adana Province. Besides chairing the Encümen, Governor also acts as the chief of the Provincial Directorates of the Central Government. The governor is appointed by the advice of the National Ministry of Internal Affairs to the Cabinet with the approval of the President of the Republic. İlhan Atış is the governor of the province since 2007.[6]

District Governors (Turkish: Kaymakam) are the chief executives of their districts. Districts are merely an administrative divisions of the province and the District Governors work under the Provincial Governor.

Encümen[edit]

Encümen is the executive committee of the Adana Province Special Administration, consisting of 11 members. The governor is the chair of the Encümen. 5 members are chosen by the Provincial Parliament among their members annually and 5 members are the departmental directors of the APSA appointed by the governor annually.[7]

Municipalities[edit]

There are total of 37 municipalities in the Adana Province. City of Adana has a two-tier municipality structure where the metropolitan municipality forms the upper tier and the 5 district municipalities, Seyhan, Yüreğir, Çukurova, Sarıçam and Karaisalı form the lower-tier. Municipal councillors of the metropolitan municipality are chosen from the district municipal councillors by the respective municipal councils. 10 district municipalities and 21 township (Turkish: Belde) municipalities are the other municipalities of the province.

The municipalities have three organs; municipal council, mayor and the encümen, the executive committee. Municipal councillors and the mayors are elected at the local elections. Encümen is formed by members half chosen from the council and the other half appointed by the mayor.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Neighborhood (Turkish: Mahalle) is the smallest administrative unit within a municipality, administered by the Muhtar and the Neighborhood Seniors Council (Turkish: Mahalle İhtiyar Heyeti) consisting of 4 members. Neighborhood administration is not an incorporation therefore does not hold government status. Although elected by the neighborhood residents, muhtars are not granted any power nor budget, thus merely act as an administrator of the district governor. Muhtar also voices the neighborhood issues to the municipal governments together with the Seniors Council. The muhtar and the council members are elected by plurality at the local elections. Neighborhood administrators are not affiliated with political parties.

Villages[edit]

Villages are settlements that have a population less than 2000. In the Adana Province there are total of 469 villages, which are scattered through all the districts except Seyhan. Villages are administered by the muhtar and the Village Seniors Council. The council can have 4, 5 or 6 members depending on the population of the village. Unlike the neighborhood muhtars, village muhtars are granted special powers and the village administration is considered to be a governmental body.

Population[edit]

The population of the Adana Province as of December 31, 2010 is 2,085,225.[8] 88% of the population lives in the urban areas making the province one of the most urbanized provinces in Turkey. Annual population growth of the province is %1.12 below the average growth of the nation. %76 of the province residents corresponding to a population of 1,591,518,[9] live in the Adana metropolis which is made up of the urban areas of Seyhan, Yüreğir, Çukurova, Sarıçam and Karaisalı districts.

District Urban Rural Total
Seyhan 723,277 0 723,277
Yüreğir 417,693 4,836 422,529
Çukurova 343,770 4,171 347,941
Sarıçam 99,313 21,012 120,325
Karaisalı 7,465 15,516 22,981
Aladağ 4,139 13.030 17,169
Ceyhan 105,879 52,850 158,729
Feke 4,603 14,393 18,996
İmamoğlu 20,593 9.959 30,552
Karataş 8.483 12,777 21,260
Kozan 76,864 50,236 127,100
Pozantı 9,864 10,415 20,279
Saimbeyli 3,984 13,371 17,355
Tufanbeyli 5,376 12,696 18,072
Yumurtalik 5,129 13,531 18,660
Province 1,836,432 248,793 2,085,225

Museums and Heritage Sites[edit]

Adana Province has 160 km. of coastline mostly free from human activities. Karataş and Yumurtalık are the two small settlements at the coast which host cottage dwellers and local tourism. Rest of the coast has conservation areas, farmlands and forests. With the ancient settlements, national parks, waterfalls, highlands and mountains, Adana Province has a mixture of different settings.

Museums[edit]

Historical Sites[edit]

Kurtkulağı Kervansarayı
Süleyman's Tower

Ancient Settlements[edit]

Ancient Settlements in Adana Province
Name Period Distance to the city of Adana District
Şar (Comona) Hitite-Roman-Armenian 211 km. Tufanbeyli
Ayas Greek-Roman 78 km. Yumurtalık
Mallos Greek-Roman 50 km. Karataş
Misis Hitite-Roman-Arabic-Ottoman 27 km. Misis, Yakapınar
Magarsos Greek-Roman 50 km. Karataş
Tumlu Middle Age 50 km. Ceyhan
Mazırık Early Age 50 km. Karaisalı
Anavarza Ceyhan
Akören Aladağ
Sirkeli Tumulus

Parks and Conservation Areas[edit]

Akyatan Lagoon is a large wildlife refuge which acts as a stopover for migratory birds voyaging from Africa to Europe. Wildlife refuge has a 14700-hectar area made up of forests, lagoon, marsh, sandy and reedy lands. Akyatan lake is a nature wonder with endemic plants and endangered bird species living in it together with other species of plants and animals. 250 species of birds are observed during a study in 1990. The conservation area is located 30 km south of Adana, near Tuzla.[10]

Yumurtalık Nature Reserve covers an area of 16,430 hectares within the Seyhan-Ceyhan delta, with its lakes, lagoons and wide collection of plant and animal species. The area is an important location for many species of migrating birds, the number gets higher during the winters when the lakes become a shelter when other lakes further north freeze.[11]

Aladağlar National Park, located north of Adana, is a huge park of around 55,000 hectares, the summit of Demirkazik at 3756m is the highest point in the middle Taurus mountain range. There is a huge range of flora and fauna, and visitors may fish in the streams full of trout. Wildlife includes wild goats, bears, lynx and sable. The most common species of plant life is black pine and cluster pine trees, with some cedar dotted between, and fir trees in the northern areas with higher humidity. The Alpine region, from the upper borders of the forest, has pastures with rocky areas and little variety of plant life because of the high altitude and slope.[12]

Mountains and Plateaus[edit]

The Taurus Mountains contain many plateaus that have beautiful scenery.

Festivals[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of the Districts in Adana Province". Statistics Institute of Turkey. Retrieved 2009. 
  2. ^ "2007 National Election results". Belge.net. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  3. ^ "5302 sayılı İl Özel İdaresi Kanunu". Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  4. ^ "İl özel idaresinin görev ve sorumlulukları (in Turkish)". Adana Province Special Administration. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  5. ^ "2009 Provincial Parliament Election results". IHA News Agency. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  6. ^ "Vali (in Turkish)". Adana Province Special Administration. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  7. ^ "Encümen (in Turkish)". Adana Province Special Administration. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  8. ^ "2010 Population of the Districts in Adana Province". Statistics Institute of Turkey. Retrieved 2010. 
  9. ^ "2010 Population of Adana Metropolis". Statistics Institute of Turkey. Retrieved 2010. 
  10. ^ "Akyatan Bird Sanctuary". Çukurova Touristic Hoteliers Association. Retrieved 2009. 
  11. ^ "Yumurtalık Nature Reserve". Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009. 
  12. ^ "Aladağlar National Park". Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°22′06″N 35°42′22″E / 37.36833°N 35.70611°E / 37.36833; 35.70611