Adıyaman Province

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Adıyaman Province
Adıyaman ili
Province of Turkey
Location of Adıyaman Province in Turkey
Location of Adıyaman Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Southeastern Anatolia
Capital Adıyaman
Area
 • Total 7,606.16 km2 (2,936.75 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 590,935
 • Density 78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0416
Vehicle registration 02

Adıyaman Province (Turkish: Adıyaman ili; Kurdish: Parêzgeha Adiyeman) is a province in south-central Turkey. The province was created in 1954 out of part of Malatya Province.[2] Area 7,606.16 km². Population 590,935 (2010 est), up from 513,131 in 1990. The capital is Adıyaman. The area has been inhabited since the earliest times and many civilisations have settled here. There are therefore a number of places of historical interest which attract visitors. Nemrud Dağı is a major site of interest here, noted for its sanctuary of statues built by Antiochus I Theos of Commagene. It is accessed through the town of Kâhta.

A branch of the large Atatürk reservoir lies between Adıyaman and the town of Samsat, and with more investment the irrigation this could become a rich agricultural zone. Kurds are a majority in the province.[3]

Politics[edit]

Until the 1950s Adıyaman was a city in the province of Malatya, but was made into a province in its own right, on 1 December 1954, as a reward for voting for the winning Democratic Party in the 1954 general election.[2]

Adıyaman has since been kind to Islamist politician, Necmettin Erbakan. His movement (then, the National Salvation Party) scored a landmark 15% here in 1973 a few years after its modest beginning, and his score went on to gradually increase. After being damaged by the military coup in 1980, Erbakan's party (which had become the Welfare Party) came back to win the province with 29.24% and 27% in 1994 and 1999, respectively.[4][5]

Even with his breakaway pupil, the current Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's AKP winning the 2004 local elections with 39.21%.[6]

Geography[edit]

Some of the statues near the peak of Mount Nemrut

Mount Nemrut is a 2,134 m (7,001 ft) high mountain located in Adıyaman Province.

Districts[edit]

Adıyaman province is divided into 9 districts:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. ^ a b "The Heritage of the Kingdom of Commagene - Adıyaman". 
  3. ^ Khanam, R. (2005). Encyclopaedic Ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia. A-I, V. 1. Global Vision Publishing House. p. 470. ISBN 9788182200623. 
  4. ^ "Adıyaman Seçim Sonuçları 1994" (in Turkish). Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Adıyaman Seçim Sonuçları 1999" (in Turkish). Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Adıyaman Seçim Sonuçları 2004" (in Turkish). Retrieved 8 September 2013. 

Coordinates: 37°48′02″N 38°18′19″E / 37.80056°N 38.30528°E / 37.80056; 38.30528