Ankara Province

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For the Ottoman Province, see Ankara Vilayet.
Ankara Province
Ankara ili
Province of Turkey
Location of Ankara Province in Turkey
Location of Ankara Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Central Anatolia
Area
 • Total 25,706 km2 (9,925 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 4,771,716
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0312
Vehicle registration 06

Ankara Province (Turkish: Ankara ili) in central Turkey is the location of the country's capital, the city of Ankara.

Ankara also gave its name to the Ottoman Empire's Ankara Province (vilayet) which covered a larger area than the current province.

Geography[edit]

Ankara Province is on the large plains of central Anatolia, with mountain forests to the north and the dry plain of Konya to the south. The plain is irrigated by the Kızılırmak and Sakarya River systems, the Sarıyar reservoir and many natural lakes and pools. 50% of the land is used for agriculture, 28% is forest and another 10% is meadow and grazing land. The large salt lake Tuz Golu partly lies in the province. The highest point is the 2,015m Işık Mountain.

The climate is hot and dry in summer, rainy in spring and autumn, cold and snowing in winter, wetter in the north of the province than the drier plains to the south.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Esenboğa International Airport, Ankara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.1
(52)
17.7
(63.9)
27.2
(81)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88)
38.8
(101.8)
37.2
(99)
42.2
(108)
33.3
(91.9)
30.0
(86)
21.1
(70)
17.2
(63)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
4.4
(39.9)
10.0
(50)
15.5
(59.9)
20.0
(68)
24.4
(75.9)
27.7
(81.9)
28.3
(82.9)
24.4
(75.9)
18.3
(64.9)
10.5
(50.9)
4.4
(39.9)
16.1
(61)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
0
(32)
4.4
(39.9)
9.4
(48.9)
13.3
(55.9)
17.2
(63)
20.5
(68.9)
20.5
(68.9)
16.6
(61.9)
11.1
(52)
5.0
(41)
0.5
(32.9)
10.0
(50)
Average low °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−5.0
(23)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.3
(37.9)
6.6
(43.9)
9.4
(48.9)
12.7
(54.9)
12.7
(54.9)
8.3
(46.9)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.1
(30)
−3.3
(26.1)
3.3
(37.9)
Record low °C (°F) −31.1
(−24)
−31.1
(−24)
−27.2
(−17)
−7.2
(19)
−6.1
(21)
0.5
(32.9)
3.8
(38.8)
3.8
(38.8)
−2.2
(28)
−8.8
(16.2)
−12.2
(10)
−17.2
(1)
−31.1
(−24)
Avg. precipitation days 16 15 15 17 17 13 7 5 5 10 12 16 148
Avg. snowy days 13 10 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 9 42
Source: Weatherbase [2]

History[edit]

See Ankara for the history of this region which has seen the passing of numerous great civilisations including Phrygians, Lydians, Persians and Alexander the Great, Galatians; the city of Ankara becoming a fortified stronghold of the Byzantines; and then falling to the Seljuk Turks and later the Ottoman Empire; and finally being chosen by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk as the site of Turkish parliament in 1920 and in 1923 as the capital city of the Republic of Turkey.

Districts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. ^ "Historical Weather for Ankara, Turkey". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2012-09-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°36′N 32°30′E / 39.600°N 32.500°E / 39.600; 32.500