Ankara Province

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For the Ottoman Province, see Ankara Vilayet.
Ankara Province
Ankara ili
Province of Turkey
Location of Ankara Province in Turkey
Location of Ankara Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Central Anatolia
Capital Ankara
Area
 • Total 25,706 km2 (9,925 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 4,771,716
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0312
Vehicle registration 06

Ankara Province (Turkish: Ankara ili) is a province located in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. Its capital is the city of Ankara, which is also national capital.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Ankara

The site of the modern city has been home to settlements by many historic Anatolian civilizations in antiquity and classical times, including Phrygians, Lydians, Persians and Alexander the Great, Romans, and Galatians. The city of Ankara became a fortified stronghold of the Byzantines; it fell to the Seljuk Turks and later the Ottoman Empire. It was finally chosen by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the Turkish National Movement as the site of the provisional government and the Turkish parliament in 1920, and in 1923 as the capital city of the newly declared Republic of Turkey.

Districts[edit]

Geography[edit]

Ankara Province is on the large plains of central Anatolia, with mountain forests to the north and the dry plain of Konya to the south. The plain is irrigated by the Kızılırmak and Sakarya River systems, the Sarıyar reservoir and many natural lakes and pools. 50% of the land is used for agriculture, 28% is forest and another 10% is meadow and grazing land. The large salt lake Lake Tuz partly lies in the province. The highest point is the 2,015m Işık Mountain.

Climate[edit]

The climate is hot and dry in summer, rainy in spring and autumn, cold and snowing in winter, wetter in the north of the province than the drier plains to the south.

Climate data for Esenboğa International Airport, Ankara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.1
(52)
17.7
(63.9)
27.2
(81)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88)
38.8
(101.8)
37.2
(99)
42.2
(108)
33.3
(91.9)
30.0
(86)
21.1
(70)
17.2
(63)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
4.4
(39.9)
10.0
(50)
15.5
(59.9)
20.0
(68)
24.4
(75.9)
27.7
(81.9)
28.3
(82.9)
24.4
(75.9)
18.3
(64.9)
10.5
(50.9)
4.4
(39.9)
16.1
(61)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
0
(32)
4.4
(39.9)
9.4
(48.9)
13.3
(55.9)
17.2
(63)
20.5
(68.9)
20.5
(68.9)
16.6
(61.9)
11.1
(52)
5.0
(41)
0.5
(32.9)
10.0
(50)
Average low °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−5.0
(23)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.3
(37.9)
6.6
(43.9)
9.4
(48.9)
12.7
(54.9)
12.7
(54.9)
8.3
(46.9)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.1
(30)
−3.3
(26.1)
3.3
(37.9)
Record low °C (°F) −31.1
(−24)
−31.1
(−24)
−27.2
(−17)
−7.2
(19)
−6.1
(21)
0.5
(32.9)
3.8
(38.8)
3.8
(38.8)
−2.2
(28)
−8.8
(16.2)
−12.2
(10)
−17.2
(1)
−31.1
(−24)
Avg. precipitation days 16 15 15 17 17 13 7 5 5 10 12 16 148
Avg. snowy days 13 10 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 9 42
Source: Weatherbase [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. ^ "Historical Weather for Ankara, Turkey". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2012-09-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°36′N 32°30′E / 39.600°N 32.500°E / 39.600; 32.500