|Mission type||Solar research|
|Launch mass||400 kilograms (880 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch site||Satish Dhawan|
Aditya, (Sanskrit: आदित्य, lit: Sun) pronunciation (help·info) or Aditya-1 is a spacecraft whose mission is to study the Sun. It was conceptualised by the Advisory Committee for Space Research in January 2008. It has been designed and will be built and launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Former ISRO chairman G. Madhavan Nair announced the approval of this mission on 10 November 2008.
Aditya was proposed to be sent to space by 2015–16 to study the solar corona. This part of the Sun has temperatures of over one million degrees, with raging solar winds that reach a velocity of up to 1000 km a second. The satellite will carry as its payload an advanced solar coronagraph. Due to confidence in handling multiple payloads after the Mars Orbiter Mission, ISRO now plans to launch the craft in 2017-18, and it will carry multiple payloads for better solar data collection. The extra payloads will include an ultraviolet imager telescope to observe the entire solar disc for solar storms, a high energy x-ray imager to scan smaller region of the solar disc to study flares, a wind particle detector to sample the solar wind, a soft x-ray spectrometer and a variable emission coronagraph.
It will be a small 400 kilograms (882 lb) satellite, which was initially projected to cost about 50 crore (US$10 million), but due to an upgraded mission profile, it is estimated to cost 100 crore (US$20 million). It is likely to be placed into a near earth orbit of 800 km. The spacecraft's mission will be to study the fundamental problems of coronal heating, and other phenomena that take place in the Earth's magnetosphere.
- to study the Coronal Mass Ejection (CME)
- to study the crucial physical parameters for space weather such as the coronal magnetic field structures, evolution of the coronal magnetic field etc.
This is one of the first scheduled projects in a road map formulated by the Advisory Committee for Space Research. A working group of individuals from the ISRO Satellite Centre, Udaipur Solar Observatory, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Radio Astronomy Centre, National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, and several universities. was constituted to work out the optimum configuration for the coronagraph, among other parameters. The design of solar coronograph has been completed by Indian Institute of Astrophysics.
ISRO is working on development of sensors and thermal structures of the satellite after which a prototype of the satellite is expected to be built by 2011. Aditya's launch date has been rescheduled to 2017-18, after the mission was upgraded from a single payload mission to a multiple payload mission.
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- Aditya 1 launch delayed to 2015-16 Times of India Retrieved 9 September 2012
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- Future Programme of ISRO
- Design of space-based solar chronograph ready New Indian Express. Retrieved on 22 September 2010.