Antiochia ad Cragum

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Antiochia ad Cragum (Greek: Αντιόχεια του Κράγου) also known as Antiochetta or Latin: Antiochia Parva (meaning "small Antiochia") is an ancient Hellenistic city on Cragus (or Cragos or Kragos) mountain overlooking the Mediterranean coast, in the region of Cilicia Trachea, in Anatolia (the site is now located at Güney, Antalya Province, Turkey). [1] Some scholars claim an identity of Antiochia ad Cragum with the city Cragus (Kragos) or, although it lies more than 100 km away, with Sidyma, which some scholars assert was the Lycian Cragus (Kragos).

The city was founded by Antiochus IV Epiphanes in approximately 170 BC. It minted coins from the mid-1st century to the mid-2nd century; the last known of which were issued under Roman Emperor Valerian. In Byzantine times, it was the seat of a bishop. The city became part of the kingdom of Lesser Armenia in the 12th century. In 1332, the Knights Hospitallers took the city, after which it was known variously as Antiochetta, Antiocheta, Antiocheta in Rufine (Papal bull of Pope John XXII), and Antiochia Parva.

The bishopric is included, with the name of Antiochia Parva, (Little Antiochia), in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[1] The see has been vacant since the death of the last titular bishop in 1964.

Ruins of the city remain, and include fortifications, baths, chapels, Roman necropolis, and the largest Roman mosaic found in Turkey.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 834
  2. ^ NBC News.com 09/21/13
  • Blue Guide, Turkey, The Aegean and Mediterranean Coasts (ISBN 0-393-30489-2), pp. 516–17