Antioch on the Maeander

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Antioch on the Maeander or Antiochia on the Maeander (Greek: Ἀντιόχεια τοῦ Μαιάνδρου; Latin: Antiochia ad Maeandrum), earlier Pythopolis, was a city of ancient Caria, in Anatolia. The city was situated between the Maeander and Orsinus rivers near their confluence. Though it was the site of a bridge over the Maeander, it had "little or no individual history".[1][not in citation given] The scanty ruins are located on a hill (named, in Turkish, Yenişer) a few km southeast of Kuyucak, Aydın Province, Turkey, near the modern city of Başaran, or the village of Aliağaçiftliği.[2] The city already existed when Antiochus I enlarged and renamed it. It was home to the sophist Diotrephes.[3]

It has not been excavated,[citation needed] although Christopher Ratte and others visited the site in 1994 and produced a sketch plan.

Bishopric[edit]

The bishopric of Antioch on the Maeander was a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Stauropolis, capital of the Roman province of Caria. Its bishop Eusebius was at the First Council of Nicaea in 325, Dionysius at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, Georgius at the Trullan Council in 692, and Theophanes at the Photian Council of Constantinople (879). Menophanes was deposed in 518 for Monophysitism.[4][5]

No longer a residential bishopric, Antioch on the Maeander (Antiochia ad Maeandrum in Latin) is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Antioch, Phrygia, Turkey"in Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites
  2. ^ Talbert, Richard. [Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World], Princeton University Press, 2000, Map 65, H5 and Map-by-map Directory, p. 997]
  3. ^ William Hazlit, The Classical Gazetteer (1851)
  4. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 907-908
  5. ^ Vincenzo Ruggiari, A historical Addendum to the episcopal Lists of Caria, in Revue des études byzantines, Année 1996, Volume 54, Numéro 54, pp. 221–234 (in particular p. 233
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 834

Bibliography[edit]

  • Blue Guide, Turkey: The Aegean and Mediterranean Coasts (ISBN 0-393-30489-2), p. 359.
  • "Archeogical Research at Aphrodisias in Caria, 1994". American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 100, pp 5–33.

Coordinates: 37°52′24″N 28°34′27″E / 37.873435°N 28.574239°E / 37.873435; 28.574239