Bombardier CRJ200

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CRJ100 / CRJ200
UsairwaysN419aw 07302009.jpg
An Air Wisconsin (d/b/a US Airways Express) CRJ200 landing at Portland International Jetport.
Role Regional jet/Business jet
Manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace
First flight 10 May 1991
Introduction 1992 (Lufthansa)
Status Out of production, active service
Primary users SkyWest Airlines
Endeavor Air
ExpressJet
Air Wisconsin
Number built 1,021 as of 31 July 2010[1]
Unit cost
US$24-39.7 million (2006)
Developed from Bombardier Challenger 600
Variants CRJ700/900/1000

The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 are a family of regional airliners manufactured by Bombardier, and based on the Canadair Challenger business jet.

Development[edit]

CRJ cockpit

The aircraft was based on the Canadair Challenger design, which was purchased by Canadair from Bill Lear in 1976.

The wide fuselage of the Challenger which seats 2 passengers on each side of the aisle suggested early on to Canadair officials that it would be straightforward to stretch the aircraft to accomomodate more seats, and there was a plan for a Challenger 610E, which would have had seating for 24 passengers. That lengthening did not occur, the effort being canceled in 1981, but the idea did not disappear.

In 1987, studies began for a much more ambitious stretched configuration, leading to the formal launch of the Canadair Regional Jet program in the spring of 1989. The "Canadair" name was retained despite the fact that Bombardier had bought out the company. The first of three development machines for the initial CRJ100 performed its first flight on 10 May 1991, though the first prototype (C-FCRJ) was lost in a spin mishap on July 26, 1993 near Wichita, Kansas.[2][3] The type obtained certification in late 1992, with initial delivery to customers late in that year.

CRJ100[edit]

A Lufthansa CRJ100 landing

The CL-600 design was stretched 5.92 meters (19 feet 5 inches) to create the CRJ100, with fuselage plugs fore and aft of the wing, two more emergency exit doors, plus a reinforced and modified wing. Typical seating was 50 passengers, the maximum load being 52 passengers. The CRJ100 featured a Collins ProLine 4 avionics suite, Collins weather radar, GE CF34-3A1 turbofans with 41.0 kN (4,180 kgp / 9,220 lbf), new wings with extended span, more fuel capacity, and improved landing gear to handle the higher weights. It was followed by the CRJ100 ER subvariant with 20% more range, and the CRJ100 LR subvariant with 40% more range than the standard CRJ100. The CRJ 100 SE sub-variant was produced to more closely meet the needs of corporate and executive operators.

CRJ200[edit]

The CRJ200 is identical to the 100 model except for more efficient engines.

Pinnacle Airlines had operated some with 44 seats, designated as CRJ440, with closets in the forward areas of the passenger cabin though these were converted to 50 seat airplanes. These modifications were designed to allow operations under their major airline contract "scope clause" which restricts major airlines' connection carriers from operating equipment carrying 50 or more passengers to guard against usurpation of Air Line Pilots Association and Allied Pilots Association pilots' union contract. Similarly, Comair's fleet of 40-seat CRJ200s were sold at a discounted price to discourage Comair from purchasing the less expensive and smaller Embraer 135.

There is also a CRJ200 freighter version which is designated CRJ200 PF (Package Freighter) which was developed in cooperation with Cascade Aerospace on the request of West Air Sweden.[4][5]

Variants[edit]

CRJ-100SE corporate aircraft at Kenosha, Wisconsin in 1997
Canadair CL-600-2B19 Regional Jet CRJ-200LR of Austrian Arrows (with superseded "tyrolean" colour scheme) on the way to its parking spot at Linz Hörsching.

Several models of the CRJ have been produced, ranging in capacity from 40 to 50 passengers. The Regional Jet designations are marketing names and the official designation is CL-600-2B19.

CRJ100 
The CRJ100 is the original 50-seat version. It is equipped with General Electric CF34-3A1 engines. Operators include Jazz Aviation and RwandAir, among others.
CRJ100SF 
Passenger-to-freighter conversion of CRJ100.
CRJ200 
The CRJ200 is identical to the CRJ100 except for its engines, which were upgraded to the CF34-3B1 model, offering improved efficiency.
CRJ200SF 
Passenger-to-freighter conversion of CRJ200.
CRJ440 
Certified up to 44-seat, this version was designed with fewer seats in order to meet the needs of some major United States airlines.
Challenger 800/850 
A business jet variant of the CRJ200
CRJ500 
Proposed 50-seat version with wing and cabin improvements based on the CRJ700/900. Cancelled in 2001.

Retirement trend[edit]

U.S. airlines are accelerating retirement of these 50-seat regional jets because rising fuel prices are making them uneconomical to operate. The retirements are also reducing the value of their parts.[6]

Operators[edit]

Air Canada Jazz CRJ200 being fueled at La Guardia Airport

As of August 2006 a total of 938 CRJ100 and CRJ200 aircraft (all variants) are in airline service, with 8 further firm orders. Major operators include Air Nostrum (35, Plus 7 orders), Air Wisconsin (71), Expressjet (99), Jazz Aviation (43), Lufthansa CityLine (26), Mesa Airlines (60), Endeavor Air (131), PSA Airlines (35), Republic Airways Holdings (20), Voyageur Airways (9) and SkyWest Airlines (159). Some 20 other airlines also operate smaller fleets of the type.[7]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 16 December 1997, Air Canada Flight 646, a Bombardier CRJ-100, crashed on a go-around at Greater Fredericton Airport in Fredericton, New Brunswick. No fatalities were reported.
  • On 22 June 2003, Brit Air Flight 5672 from Nantes to Brest, France, crashed 2.3 miles short and 0.3 miles to the left of the runway when attempting a landing at Brest's airport. The aircraft's captain was the sole fatality.
  • On 14 October 2004, Pinnacle Airlines Flight 3701, a Bombardier CRJ-200, crashed on a non revenue, repositioning flight from Little Rock, Arkansas to Minneapolis. The pilots attempted to climb the aircraft to its published service ceiling of 41,000 feet, exceeding the aircraft's capabilities for the existing conditions. This resulted in the flame out and possible core lock of both engines. The aircraft crashed about fifteen minutes later, in sight of the diversion airport, killing both pilots.
  • On 21 November 2004, China Eastern Airlines Flight 5210, a Bombardier CRJ-200LR, crashed shortly after takeoff, killing all 53 on board as well as two on the ground.
  • On 27 August 2006, Comair Flight 191, marketed as Delta Connection Flight 5191, a Bombardier CRJ-100ER, crashed during takeoff from the wrong runway at Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky. There were 49 fatalities, with only the severely injured first officer surviving.
  • On 20 May 2007, an Air Canada Jazz Bombardier CRJ-100 which originated in Moncton, New Brunswick, was substantially damaged when its landing gear collapsed after landing at Toronto-Pearson International Airport, ON (YYZ). There were no injuries to any crew or passengers. Flight AC8911 departed Moncton (YQM) on a domestic flight to Toronto. The aircraft landed on runway 6 right with a 90 degree crosswind from the left, gusting from 13 to 23 knots. The aircraft first contacted the runway in a left-wing-down sideslip. The left main landing gear struck the runway first and the aircraft sustained a sharp lateral side load before bouncing. Once airborne again, the flight and ground spoilers deployed and the aircraft landed hard. Both main landing gear trunnion fittings failed and the landing gear collapsed. The aircraft remained upright, supported by the landing gear struts and wheels. The aircraft slid down the runway and exited via the Delta 3 taxiway, where the passengers deplaned. There was no fire. There were no injuries to the crew; some passengers reported minor injuries as a result of the hard landing.[8]
  • On 16 December 2007, Air Wisconsin flight 758A, a Bombardier CRJ-200LR, overran the runway during landing at T. F. Green Airport in Providence, Rhode Island. No injuries or fatalities were reported.[9]
  • On 13 February 2008, Belavia Flight 1834, a Bombardier CRJ-100LR, crashed and flipped-over during takeoff at Zvartnots International Airport in Yerevan, Armenia. Most passengers suffered some burns, and four were taken to the hospital. No fatalities were reported.
  • On 12 November 2009, RwandAir Flight 205, a Bombardier CRJ-100, crashed into a VIP terminal shortly after an emergency landing at Kigali International Airport, Rwanda; out of the ten passengers and five crew members, one passenger died.
  • On 19 January 2010, PSA Airlines Canadair CRJ-200 N246PS overran the runway at Yeager Airport, Charleston, West Virginia following an aborted take-off. The aircraft was stopped by the EMAS at the end of the runway, sustaining minor damage to its undercarriage.[10] The information in the referenced article regarding "substantial" damage was premature and inaccurate. The aircraft was flown away within days of the incident after removal of a damaged landing gear cover.
  • On 17 March 2011, Jetlink Express Bombardier CRJ 100, flight JO 752 from Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta International Airport veered off the runway at Kisumu Airport while attempting to land in light rain and misty weather. The aircraft stopped safely a few metres from the shores of Lake Victoria. There were no fatalities.
  • On 4 April 2011, a Georgian Airways Canadair CRJ-100ER 4L-GAE operating under an UN mission as flight 834 from Bangoka International Airport, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo to N'djili Airport missed the runway on landing at Kinshasa. The aircraft subsequently broke into pieces and caught fire. Only one survivor is reported out of 29 passengers and 4 crew. The airport was experiencing torrential rain, thunderstorms and low visibility at the time.[11]
  • On 6 June 2011, a SkyWest Airlines Canadair CRJ-200, flight OO 4443 (code share DL 443) from Cincinnati to Milwaukee couldn't extend right main landing gear; however, left main landing gear was extended and locked. After several failed attempts to extend the right main landing and running low on reserved fuel, airplane landed with right main gear up on runway 19R. Emergency service was on scene and no fire broke out. No injuries occurred. Runway was closed for two hours as the result.[12]
  • On 2 September 2011, Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 5058, operated by Canadair CRJ-200 N875AS landed at Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport with the left main undercarriage retracted. There were no injuries amongst the 50 passengers and three crew on board.[13]
  • On 5 May 2012 an Akbars Aero CRJ-200, flying from St. Petersburg to Astrakhan, Russia, made a forced landing at Voronezh airport, due to cracking of the pilot's windshield.[14]
  • On 17 July 2012, a suspended SkyWest employee attempted to steal a CRJ-200 from a Utah airport. Although his security access cards had been de-activated, the employee was able to enter the jet, start it, and attempt to taxi it toward a runway. The jet hit a jetway and a building, plowed into a parking lot and came to rest when its nose gear collapsed. After crashing the plane in the parking lot, the employee shot himself in the head and died at the scene.[15]
  • On 29 January 2013, SCAT Airlines Flight 760 crashed 5 km short of Almaty International airport in Kazakhstan near the village of Kyzyltu while attempting to land in bad weather conditions. 16 passengers and 5 crew died.[16]

Specifications[edit]

Variant CRJ100 ER/LR CRJ200 ER/LR
Crew 3-4 (2 pilots + 1-2 cabin crew)
Seating capacity 50
Length
Wing span
Height
26.77 m (87 ft 10 in)
21.21 m (69 ft 7 in)
6.22 m (20 ft 5 in)
Wing area (net)
Fuselage maximum diameter
Turning circle
48.35 m2 (520.4 sq ft)
2.69 m (8 ft 10 in)
22.86 m (75 ft 0 in)
Engines (2x)
Takeoff thrust (2x)
Thrust APR (2x)
GE CF34-3A1
38.83 kN (8,729 lbf)
41.01 kN (9,220 lbf)
GE CF34-3B1
38.83 kN (8,729 lbf)
41.01 kN (9,220 lbf)
Max Zero Fuel Weight (ZFW) 19,958 kg (44,000 lb)
Max payload weight 6,124 kg (13,500 lb)
Max Take Off Weight (MTOW) 24,041 kg (53,000 lb)
Maximum range ER: 3,000 km (1,864 mi, 1,620 nmi)
LR: 3,710 km (2,305 mi, 2,003 nmi)
ER: 3,045 km (1,895 mi, 1,644 nmi)
LR: 3,713 km (2,307 mi, 2,004 nmi)
Basic cruising speed Mach .74 [488 mph, 424 knots]
Flight ceiling 12,496 m (41,000 ft)
Number of Orders 1054
Certification Date unknown July 1992

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  • Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.

The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite.

External links[edit]