Buffalo County, Nebraska

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Buffalo County, Nebraska
Buffalo County Courthouse (Nebraska) 3.jpg
Buffalo County Courthouse in Kearney
Map of Nebraska highlighting Buffalo County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded 1870
Named for American bison
Seat Kearney
Largest city Kearney
Area
 • Total 975 sq mi (2,525 km2)
 • Land 968 sq mi (2,507 km2)
 • Water 7.3 sq mi (19 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 46,102
 • Density 48/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.buffalogov.org

Buffalo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,102,[1] making it the fifth-most populous county in Nebraska. Its county seat is Kearney.[2] The county was created in 1855[3] and later organized in 1870.[4][5] It was named after the then-prevalent buffalo herds.[6]

Buffalo County is part of the Kearney, NE Micropolitan Statistical Area.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Buffalo County is represented by the prefix 9; when the license plate system was established in 1922, the county ranked ninth in number of registered vehicles.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 875 square miles (2,270 km2), of which 968 square miles (2,510 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (0.7%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 114
1870 193 69.3%
1880 7,531 3,802.1%
1890 22,162 194.3%
1900 20,254 −8.6%
1910 21,907 8.2%
1920 23,787 8.6%
1930 24,338 2.3%
1940 23,655 −2.8%
1950 25,134 6.3%
1960 26,236 4.4%
1970 31,222 19.0%
1980 34,797 11.5%
1990 37,447 7.6%
2000 42,259 12.9%
2010 46,102 9.1%
Est. 2013 47,893 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 42,259 people, 15,930 households, and 10,227 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 16,830 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.18% White, 0.55% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.20% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 4.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.5% were of German, 8.1% Irish, 7.8% English, 6.8% American and 5.3% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 15,930 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.80% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 17.80% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 19.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,782, and the median income for a family was $46,247. Males had a median income of $30,182 versus $21,977 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,510. About 6.30% of families and 11.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ (10 March 2009) Buffalo County says 1855 was the date, Kearney Hub, Retrieved November 10, 2010
  4. ^ Andreas, A. T. (1882). "Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska". The Kansas Collection. Retrieved December 13, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Buffalo County Nebraska Historic Buildings Survey". Nebraska State Historical Society. August 1, 1993. Retrieved December 13, 2014. 
  6. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lillian L. (1960). Nebraska Place-Names. University of Nebraska Press. p. 24. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 40°52′N 99°04′W / 40.86°N 99.07°W / 40.86; -99.07