Dakota County, Nebraska
|Dakota County, Nebraska|
Dakota County courthouse in Dakota City
Location in the state of Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 7, 1855|
|Named for||Dakota people|
|Largest city||South Sioux City|
|• Total||267 sq mi (692 km2)|
|• Land||264 sq mi (684 km2)|
|• Water||4 sq mi (10 km2), 1.35%|
|• Density||78/sq mi (30/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
In the Nebraska license plate system, Dakota County is represented by the prefix 70 (it had the seventieth-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922). In August 2009, the Dakota County Board of Commissioners reversed an earlier decision to abandon this system for alphanumeric plates upon introduction of new license plates in 2011. Douglas, Lancaster, and Sarpy Counties remain the only counties with alphanumeric plates in the state.
The county is separated from South Dakota on the northeast and Iowa on the east by the Missouri River. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 267 square miles (691.5 km2), of which 264 square miles (683.8 km2) is land and 4 square miles (10.4 km2) (1.35%) is water. The surface consists of rolling prairies and bottom lands.
- Interstate 129
- U.S. Highway 20
- U.S. Highway 75
- U.S. Highway 77
- Nebraska Highway 9
- Nebraska Highway 12
- Nebraska Highway 35
- Nebraska Highway 110
- Union County, South Dakota - north
- Woodbury County, Iowa - east
- Thurston County, Nebraska - south
- Dixon County, Nebraska - west
||Union County, South Dakota|
|Dixon County||Woodbury County, Iowa|
Succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples lived along the Missouri River for thousands of years. By 1775, the Omaha people had migrated west of the Missouri, where they established a major settlement, which they called Ton-wa-tonga, meaning the Big Village. It had about 1100 residents. From here, the Omaha controlled fur trading on the upper Missouri River with other tribes and with French-Canadian traders, often called voyageurs. The Omaha were the first of the Northern Plains tribes to have adopted an equestrian culture.
Dakota County was formed by European-American settlers in 1855. They named it after the historic Dakota Sioux tribe, who were powerful in the area of Nebraska and South Dakota. By this time, the Omaha were concentrated further south in what became the state of Nebraska.
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,253 people, 7,095 households, and 5,087 families residing in the county. The population density was 77 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 7,528 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.84% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 1.86% Native American, 3.08% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 12.91% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. 22.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.0% were of German and 10.5% Irish ancestry according to the 2000 census.
There were 7,095 households out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the county the population was spread out with 30.50% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $38,834, and the median income for a family was $43,702. Males had a median income of $28,341 versus $22,035 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,125. About 9.20% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Dakota County license plates to keep No.70 Sioux City Journal August 18, 2009
- Plate math: 70 follows 1, 2, 59 Omaha World-Herald June 8, 2009
- "Dakota. II. A N. E. county of Nebraska". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Paulette W. Campbell, "Ancestral Bones: Reinterpreting the Past of the Omaha", Humanities, November/December 2002, Volume 23/Number 6, accessed 26 August 2011
- "Dakota County, Nebraska", National Association of County Executives, Retrieved on March 14, 2008.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 19, 2013.