||This article has an unclear citation style. (July 2013)|
|City of Carlsbad|
Nighttime view of Carlsbad in 2006
|Nickname(s): Village by the Sea|
Location of Carlsbad within San Diego County, California.
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||July 16, 1952|
|• Mayor||Matt Hall|
|• Total||39.110 sq mi (101.295 km2)|
|• Land||37.722 sq mi (97.699 km2)|
|• Water||1.388 sq mi (3.596 km2) 3.55%|
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2014)||112,299|
|• Rank||5th in San Diego County
55th in California
|• Density||2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|ZIP codes||92008–92011, 92018|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660437, 2409984|
Carlsbad is an affluent seaside resort city occupying a 7-mile (11 km) stretch of Pacific coastline in northern San Diego County, California. The city is 87 miles (140 km) south of Los Angeles and 35 miles (56 km) north of downtown San Diego and is part of the San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Referred to as "The Village by the Sea" by locals, the city is a tourist destination. The city's estimated 2013 population was 112,299.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Carlsbad neighborhoods
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Politics and government
- 6 Economy
- 7 Schools
- 8 Public libraries
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 Attractions
- 11 Notable people
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Carlsbad's history begins with the Luiseño people (the Spanish name given to them because of their proximity to Mission San Luis Rey). Nearly every reliable fresh water creek had at least one native village, including one called Palamai. The site is located just south of today's Agua Hedionda Lagoon.
The first European land exploration of Alta California, the Spanish Portolà expedition of 1769, met native villagers while camped on Buena Vista Creek. During the Mexican period, in 1842, the southern portion of Carlsbad, was granted as Rancho Agua Hedionda to Juan María Marrón.
In the 1880s a former sailor named John Frazier dug a well in the area. He began offering his water at the train station and soon the whistle-stop became known as Frazier's Station. A test done on a second fresh-water well discovered the water to be chemically similar to that found in some of the most renowned spas in the world, and the town was named after the famed Spa in the Bohemian town of Karlsbad.
To take advantage of the find, the Carlsbad Land and Mineral Water Company was formed by a German-born merchant from the Midwest named Gerhard Schutte together with Samuel Church Smith, D. D. Wadsworth and Henry Nelson. The naming of the town followed soon after, along with a major marketing campaign to attract visitors. The area experienced a period of growth, with homes and businesses sprouting up in the 1880s. Agricultural development of citrus fruits, avocados and olives soon changed the landscape. By the end of 1887, land prices fell throughout San Diego County. However, the community survived on the back of its fertile agricultural lands.
The site of John Frazier's original well can still be found at Alt Karlsbad, a replica of a German Hanseatic house, located on Carlsbad Boulevard.
The single-runway Palomar Airport opened in 1959 after County of San Diego officials decided to replace the Del Mar Airport. The airport was annexed to the City of Carlsbad in 1978 and renamed McClellan-Palomar Airport in 1982 after a local civic leader, George McClellan.
The first modern skateboard park, Carlsbad Skatepark, was built in March 1976. It was located on the grounds of Carlsbad Raceway and was designed and built by inventors Jack Graham and John O'Malley. The site of the original Carlsbad Skatepark and Carlsbad Raceway was demolished in 2005 and is now an Industrial Park. However, two skateparks have since been developed.
In March 1999, the LEGOLAND California Resort was opened. It was the first Legoland theme park outside of Europe and is currently operated by Merlin Entertainments. Merlin Entertainments owns 70 percent of the shares, and the remaining 30 percent is owned by the LEGO group and Kirkbi A/S.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.1 square miles (101 km2) of which 37.7 square miles (98 km2) are land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) are (3.55%) water, the majority of which is contained within three lagoons and one lake.
Carlsbad has a Semi-Arid-Mediterranean Climate and averages 263 sunny days per year. Winters are mild with periodic rain. Frost is rare along the coast, but sometimes occurs in inland valleys in December and January. Summer is almost rain free, but sometimes overcast and cool with fog off the Pacific. While most days have mild and pleasant temperatures, hot dry Santa Ana winds bring high temperatures on a few days each year, mostly in the Fall.
|Climate data for Carlsbad, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||87
|Average high °F (°C)||64
|Average low °F (°C)||45
|Record low °F (°C)||20
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.42
For city planning and growth management purposes, Carlsbad is divided into four distinct quadrants.
The northwest quadrant of Carlsbad (ZIP code 92008) includes the downtown "Village," the Barrio, and "Old Carlsbad." It was the first part of Carlsbad to be settled. Homes range from 1950s cottages and bungalows to elegant mansions on the hill overlooking the ocean. It is also home to Hosp Grove Park, a grove of trees relatively untouched by development and now designated by the city for recreational use, in addition to the Buena Vista and Agua Hedionda Lagoons. It is located west of El Camino Real and north of Palomar Airport Road.
"The Barrio" area is near downtown Carlsbad bordered by Carlsbad Village Drive to the north, Tamarack Avenue to the south, Interstate 5 to the east and the railroad tracks to the west. It was settled by Latinos in the early 20th century. It is the site of the Centro de Aprendizaje, a Spanish division of the Carlsbad City Library.
This quadrant (ZIP code 92010) consists mostly of single-family homes, with larger lots found in the older area known as Chestnut Hills. It is located east of El Camino Real and north of Palomar Airport Road.
The southeast quadrant (ZIP code 92009) features several newer master-planned communities set among rolling hillsides, golf courses, and open space. Residents here are served by the Carlsbad Unified School District and the Encinitas Union School District. It is located east of El Camino Real and south of Palomar Airport Road. It includes the La Costa neighborhood, which in 1965 gave its name to the Gold Medal Golf Resort, La Costa Resort and Spa, now known as the Omni La Costa Resort and Spa.
This quadrant (ZIP code 92011) extends along the Pacific Ocean to the south of the center of Carlsbad. It includes the Aviara neighborhood. It is located west of El Camino Real and south of Palomar Airport Road.
As of the 2010 United States Census Carlsbad had a population of 105,328. The population density was 2,693.1 per square mile (1,039.8/km²). The racial makeup of Carlsbad was 87,205 (82.8%) White, 1,379 (1.3%) African American, 514 (0.5%) Native American, 7,460 (7.1%) Asian, 198 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 4,189 (4.0%) from other races, and 4,383 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,988 persons (13.3%).
The Census reported that 104,413 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 459 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 456 (0.4%) were institutionalized.
Out of 39,964 households in 2011, there were 26,992 (67.5%) families, of which 12,345 (30.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21,705 (54.3%) were married-couple families, 1,489 (3.7%) had a male householder with no wife present, and 3,798 (9.5%) had a female householder with no husband present. There were 12,972 (32.5%) nonfamily households, of which 10,198 (25.5%) were made up of a householder living alone and 3,299 (8.3%) were a householder living alone who was 65 years or over. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.10.
The population was spread out with 25,366 people (24.1%) under the age of 18, 6,718 people (6.4%) aged 18 to 24, 28,073 people (26.7%) aged 25 to 44, 30,373 people (28.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,798 people (14.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
There were 44,673 housing units at an average density of 1,142.2 per square mile (441.0/km²), of which 26,808 (64.8%) were owner-occupied, and 14,537 (35.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 69,855 people (66.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34,558 people (32.8%) lived in rental housing units.
In 2011, the median household income was $85,743 and the median family income was $102,254, with 11.9% of households and 14.9% of families earning $200,000 or more. Males had a median income of $80,590 versus $54,159 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,712. About 6.8% of families and 8.4% of the population reported income below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
Of the population 25 years and over, 95.7% graduated from high school and 51.3% held a bachelor's degree or higher. 65.2% of the population 16 years and over was in the labor force.
As of the census of 2000, there were 78,247 people, 31,521 households, and 20,898 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,090.2 people per square mile (806.9/km²). There were 33,798 housing units at an average density of 902.8 per square mile (348.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.6% Caucausian, 1.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 4.7% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.7% of the population.
There were 31,521 households out of which 30.7% contained children under the age of 18, 54.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of single individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The mean household size was 2.46 and the mean family size was 2.96.
23.3% of residents were under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. Among those 18 and older, there were 92.8 males for every 100 females.
Politics and government
Claude "Bud" Lewis had been mayor since 1986 and on the council since 1970. When he stepped down at the completion of his last four-year term in 2010, Carlsbad witnessed a heated battle pitting Matt Hall, a longtime city councilman, against fellow city councilman Keith Blackburn. Hall made pension reform the core issue of his campaign while Blackburn was supported by both the police and firefighter unions. Hall ultimately won by a significant margin, 46.5% to 40.7%, even though Blackburn had far more campaign signs and mailers, many of them funded by the unions. The council race for 2010 was won by incumbent Mark Packard  and planning commissioner Farrah Douglas, who had run in 2008 but narrowly lost. Jon Wantz, a newcomer to Carlsbad politics, and frequent council candidate Bill Jubb also ran.
The city has drafted ordinances protecting sensitive wildlife habitat, becoming one of the first municipalities in the U.S. state of California to do so. The city has also pledged to protect a specified amount of land within the city limits from development of any kind and spends significant funds to restore habitats destroyed by newer development projects.
Federal and state representation
According to March 2015 figures, the top employers in the city are:
|2||Life Technologies Corporation|
|4||Carlsbad Unified School District|
|5||Omni La Costa Resort and Spa|
|6||TaylorMade-Adidas Golf Company (TMaG)|
|8||Gemological Institute of America|
|9||City of Carlsbad|
Notable corporate headquarters
- Arkeia Software, network backup solutions
- Atticus Clothing, Apparel
- AutoClaims Direct, Insurance claims technology firm
- Business.com, online B2B marketing platform
- California Pacific Airlines, a planned airline
- Callaway Golf Company, Golf equipment and apparel manufacturer
- Cobra Golf, Golf equipment and apparel manufacturer
- Fallen Footwear, Shoe company
- Gemological Institute of America, gem nonprofit
- Hay House, new age publisher
- Hot Dog on a Stick, restaurants
- Islands Fine Burgers & Drinks, restaurant
- Jazzercise, International dance fitness program
- Jenny Craig, Inc., Weight management
- Kisco Senior Living, senior living
- Life Technologies, Biotechnology
- Macbeth Footwear, apparel
- MaxLinear, Semiconductors
- No Fear, apparel
- Osiris Shoes, Shoe company
- PC Power & Cooling, PC power supply manufacturer
- Razer USA Ltd, Computer peripherals manufacturer
- Rockstar San Diego, video game developer
- Rubio's Fresh Mexican Grill, Quick serve restaurants
- TaylorMade-adidas Golf Company, Golf equipment and apparel manufacturer
- Upper Deck, Sports and entertainment trading card manufacturer
- ViaSat, Inc, Satellite communications
- School Districts
- Carlsbad Unified School District
- Encinitas Union School District-for Elementary schools in South Carlsbad
- San Dieguito Union High School District-for Junior High and High schools in South Carlsbad
- San Marcos Unified School District-for schools in southeast Carlsbad
- Public High
- Public Intermediate
- Aviara Oaks Middle School
- Calavera Hills Middle School
- Valley Middle School
- Public Interlevel
- Carlsbad Seaside Academy (Independent Study)
- Public Elementary
- Aviara Oaks Elementary School
- Buena Vista Elementary School
- Calavera Hills Elementary School
- Carlsbad Seaside Academy (K-6 Alternative Education)
- El Camino Creek Elementary School
- Hope Elementary School
- Jefferson Elementary School
- Kelly Elementary School
- La Costa Heights Elementary School
- La Costa Meadows Elementary School
- Magnolia Elementary School
- Pacific Rim Elementary School
- Poinsettia Elementary School
- Mission Estancia Elementary School
- Olivenhain Pioneer Elementary School
- Private Schools
- Army and Navy Academy: Military Prep
- Beautiful Saviour Lutheran Elementary School
- Montessori Arts and Sciences School
- Pacific Ridge School
- Palisades Point Christian Academy
- St. Patrick School
- The Academy by the Sea: Camp Pacific
- Amusement Parks
- Sea Life Aquarium at Legoland California Resort
- Frank Alesia, character actor and television director
- Marcus Allen, college and professional football star
- Brian P. Bilbray, U.S. Congressman, claims to have lived in Carlsbad
- Ron Blair, bassist for Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
- David M. Brahms, Marine Corps Brigadier General, Military Lawyer
- Adam Brody, film and television actor; played Seth Cohen on The O.C.
- Chad Butler, drummer for Switchfoot
- Leo Carrillo, actor, cartoonist, conservationist and preservationist, and owner of Leo Carrillo Ranch in Carlsbad
- Brandon Chillar, linebacker for the Green Bay Packers
- Jim Cochran, pioneering organic strawberry farmer
- Jonathan Compas, center for Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- S.E. Cupp, journalist and political commentator
- David Díaz, Caldecott-winning illustrator/author
- Jon Foreman, lead singer of alternative band Switchfoot
- Tim Foreman, brother of Jon Foreman and bassist for Switchfoot
- Ryan Gallant, professional skateboarder
- Troy Glaus, baseball player
- LeRoy Grannis, photographer
- Ryan Guy, football player for St. Patricks Athletic
- Tony Hawk, professional skateboarder and entrepreneur
- Taylor Knox professional surfer
- Ted Johnson Professional Football Player
- Michellie Jones, triathlete, 2006 Ironman world champion, 2000 Olympic silver medalist
- Josh Kalis, professional skateboarder
- Rod Laver, former world #1 Australian tennis player, retired in La Costa
- Fred Lynn, baseball player
- Sal Masekela, son of musician Hugh Masekela. CHS graduate. TV host for Winter X Games on ESPN
- Dale D. Myers, former Deputy Administrator of NASA, three NASA Distinguished Service Medals
- Gregory R Nelson Sr., co-founder of DonJoy, Inc., CEO of United Orthopedic Group
- Emily O'Brien, The Young and the Restless actress; 2003 graduate CHS
- Ron Packard, U.S. Congressman
- Kevin Pearce, snowboarder, public speaker and advocate for traumatic brain injury and Down syndrome research and education; extreme sport commentator
- Jean Peters, actress and wife of Howard Hughes
- John Pugsley, libertarian political activist
- Bridget Regan, actress known for her role as Kahlan Amnell on Legend of the Seeker
- Allard Roen, co-founder and the on-site Manager of the La Costa Resort and Spa in Carlsbad, California.
- Gene Roddenberry, creator of Star Trek
- Boris Said, NASCAR Sprint Cup Series driver
- Steve Scott, champion miler
- Pancho Segura, former professional tennis player and coach
- Brian Simo, NASCAR Nationwide Series driver
- Staciana Stitts, 2000 Summer Olympics gold medalist swimmer; graduate CHS
- Victor Villaseñor, author
- Barbara Werle, actress and dancer
- Shaun White, professional snowboarder, skateboarder, 2006 and 2010 Winter Olympics gold medalist
- "City Hall". City of Carlsbad. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (WORD). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Elected Officials". City of Carlsbad. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Carlsbad". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "Carlsbad (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
- "American FactFinder - Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
- "All About Carlsbad". City of Carlsbad. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Mary Robbins-Wade, COASTAL LUISENO: REFINING THE SAN LUIS REY COMPLEX, Articles of the SCA Proceedings, Volume 1, Society for California Archaeology, 1988, p.75 "The site is located within Luiseno territory according to ethnographic maps by Kroeber(1925), White(1963), and True, Meighan, and Crew(1974). The site and nearby satellites may be the village of Palamai, mapped by Kroeber(1925)."
- Bolton, Herbert E. (1927). Fray Juan Crespi, Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774. HathiTrust Digital Library. p. 128. Retrieved April 2014.
- City of Carlsbad - History of Carlsbad, retrieved March 1, 2012.
- The Battle for Incorporation, at the Carlsbad Historical Society, retrieved January 12, 2014.
- Burge, Michael. "McClellan-Palomar Airport - Flying High at 50". California Pilots Association. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- Carlsbad Skatepark Memorial, retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Save Carlsbad Raceway http://www.savecarlsbadraceway.com. Retrieved 6 January 2015. Missing or empty
- Carlsbad Skate Park. Carlsbad Skate Park Memorial http://www.carlsbadskatepark.org/history/. Retrieved 6 January 2015. Missing or empty
- Kinsman, Michael (July 14, 2005). "Control of Legoland parks sold". The San Diego Union Tribune.
- "LEGO GROUP IN PARTNERSHIP WITH MERLIN ENTERTAINMENTS". LEGO Group. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- Rogers, Paul. "Nation's largest ocean desalination plant goes up near San Diego; Future of the California coast?". San Jose Mercury News.
- Average Weather for Carlsbad, CA
- Quadrant Map, available at the City of Carlsbad's Growth Management page, retrieved March 1, 2012.
- New effort begins on planning for Carlsbad's Barrio area, in North County Times, retrieved October 19, 2011.
- Las Bibliotecas de Carlsbad, retrieved October 19, 2011.
- The Omni La Costa Resort & Spa Story
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Carlsbad city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
-  factfinder.census.gov
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- CARLSBAD: City's labor groups have nearly $90,000
- Mark Packard: I am happy to announce...
- Notice of Nominees for Public Office
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
- "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- Carlsbad at a Glance, published by the City of Carlsbad
- Barnes, Mike (March 4, 2011). "Character actor, director Frank Alesia dies". Hollywood Reporter (Reuters Canada). Retrieved March 14, 2011.
- "Where Does Brian Bilbray Really Live?". ABC 10 News. 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
- Leo Carrillo Ranch
- Paris, Jay (June 17, 2005). "Federer is Laver's Wimbledon favorite". North County Times. Retrieved September 25, 2007.
- Los Angeles Times, August 19, 2012, page C5, "Fred Lynn's Cautionary Tale"
- SignOnSanDiego.com > Sports - Winter X marks surfer's spot
- Today’s Local News » Restless no more
- Kevin Pearce’s Recovery: Documentary Looks at Snowboarder’s Journey Back | Valley News
- David Alexander (March–April 1991). "Interview with Gene Roddenberry: Writer, Producer, Philosopher, Humanist Originally published in The Humanist, March/April 1991". DR. RAYMOND NIGHAN'S STAR TREK PAGE. DR. RAYMOND NIGHAN. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "Doris Hart and Francisco "Pancho" Segura inducted into USPTA’s Hall of Fame". United States Professional Tennis Association. September 25, 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- "Barbara May Theresa Werle Obituary". U-T San Diego. January 5, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
- "Shaun White". United States Olympic Committee. Retrieved April 6, 2015.