Cheongju

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For similar names, see Chongju (disambiguation).
Cheongju
청주시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Cheongju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Ch'ŏngju-si
A front view of Sangdangsanseong
A front view of Sangdangsanseong
Official logo of Cheongju
Emblem of Cheongju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 36°38′N 127°29′E / 36.633°N 127.483°E / 36.633; 127.483
Country  South Korea
Region Hoseo
First mention 940
Founded 1949
Administrative divisions 4 gu 30 dong
Area
 • Total 940.3 km2 (363.1 sq mi)
Elevation 39 m (128 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 838,689
 • Density 890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Dialect Chungcheong
Postal code 360010 - 363967
Area code(s) (+82) 43-2xx
Website Official website

Cheongju (Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰʌŋdʑu]) is the capital and largest city of North Chungcheong Province in South Korea.

History[edit]

Cheongju has been an important provincial town since ancient times.

During Hideyoshi's Invasions of Korea, Cheongju was the site of the Battle of Chongju, during which the Korean forces re-took the city from the Japanese forces in an important early victory.

The government of the province relocated here from Chungju in 1908.

The opening of the Chungbuk-line in 1926 sparked regional development. In 1946, Cheongju and Cheongwon-gun were separated, and in 1949, Cheongju was upgraded to Cheongju City. Afterwards, it went through the separation of administrative dong and their transfer to Cheongwon-gun, with 2 branch offices (East and West)established in July 1989 that were upgraded to Sangdang-gu and Heungdeok-gu in January.[1]

Geography[edit]

Geum River goes through right center of Cheongju city. Additionally, the tributaries of Musim and Miho flow together in northern part of city. To east and west, there are mountains of Wuam and Bumo. Musimcheon River goes through the middle of Cheongju city.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Cheongju (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
6.0
(42.8)
11.9
(53.4)
19.5
(67.1)
24.4
(75.9)
27.9
(82.2)
29.8
(85.6)
30.5
(86.9)
26.3
(79.3)
20.7
(69.3)
12.7
(54.9)
5.6
(42.1)
18.2
(64.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
0.3
(32.5)
5.7
(42.3)
12.6
(54.7)
18.1
(64.6)
22.5
(72.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.8
(78.4)
20.7
(69.3)
14.0
(57.2)
6.7
(44.1)
0.3
(32.5)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
0.2
(32.4)
6.1
(43)
12.3
(54.1)
17.6
(63.7)
21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
16.2
(61.2)
8.5
(47.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
7.6
(45.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25.5
(1.004)
29.4
(1.157)
48.2
(1.898)
66.6
(2.622)
88.3
(3.476)
144.1
(5.673)
282.7
(11.13)
285.1
(11.224)
147.1
(5.791)
50.1
(1.972)
46.7
(1.839)
25.3
(0.996)
1,239.1
(48.783)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.0 7.0 8.8 7.9 8.5 9.6 15.9 14.1 9.1 6.5 8.6 9.1 113.1
 % humidity 67.2 63.3 60.3 56.6 61.5 68.0 76.4 76.1 74.2 70.4 69.1 69.1 67.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.0 171.1 200.2 222.7 234.1 195.5 153.1 178.3 177.5 200.0 158.2 158.0 2,212.6
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[2]

Administrative districts[edit]

From 1 July 2014, Cheongju and Cheongwon unified, and administrative districts were changed to the following:

Osong-eup, Gangne-myeon, Oksan-myeon, Uncheon-dong, Sinbong-dong, Bokdae1-dong, Bokdae2-dong, Gakyeong-dong, Bongmyeong1-dong, Bongmyeong2-dong, Songjeong-dong, Gangseo1-dong, Gangseo2-dong

Nangseong-myeon, Hyeondo-myeon, Sajik1-dong, Sajik2-dong, Sachang-dong, Mochooung-dong, Sugok1-dong, Sugok2-dong, Sannam-dong, Bunpyeong-dong, Seonghwa-dong, Geasin-dong, Jookrim-dong

Nangseong-myeon, Miwon-myeon, Gaduk-myeon, Namil-myeon, Mooni-myeon, Joongang-dong, Seongan-dong, Top-dong, Deasung-dong, Yeongun-dong, Geumcheon-dong, Yongam-dong, Myeongam-dong, Sinsung-dong, Yongam1-dong, Yongam2-dong

Nesoo-eup, Ochang-eup, Buki-myeon, Wooam-dong, Neduk1-dong, Neduk2-dong, Yoolang-dong, Sacheon-dong, Ogeunjang-dong[3]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The headquarters of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety are located in the Osong Health Technology Administration Complex.

Cultural properties[edit]

  • Sangdangsanseong (Sangdang Mountain Fortress) lies on the slopes of Mt. Uam within the city limits. The fortress is mainly a 3-4 metre tall wall that stretches over 4.2 kilometers in circumference. The present walls date to the 1716 restoration of the site. Within the walls lies a small tourist village that has several restaurants.
  • Cheongju National Museum also lies near Mt. Uam, and houses several exhibits of cultural artifacts from the nearby area.
  • Heungdeok Temple Site is the home to the Early Printing Museum, and is purported to be the site of the printing of Jikji, the oldest existent book printed using movable metal type. The museum itself contains exhibits related to the art of printing through the ages.
  • Yongdusaji Cheoldanggan (The Iron Flagpole of the Yongdu Temple Site) is designated Korean National Treasure number 41, and is located near Lotte Department Store in downtown Cheongju. Made of twenty iron cylinders, the flagpole stands 13.1 meters tall, and was formerly used to hang flags to honour the Buddha

Transport[edit]

Cheongju Airport provides scheduled flights to Korea and China. The main train station is located at Ogeunjang approximately 8 km north of the city hall. This station is on the Chungbuk Line. Chengju Bus Terminal provides almost of bus line for bus terminal located in other city. ticketing time is between 4:00 am and 11:40 pm. Cheongju Express Bus Terminal provides some bus lines for Seoul(Gangnam, Sangbong, South Seoul, East Seoul, Busan, East Deagu, Gwangju).

Education[edit]

Cheongju is the site of several tertiary institutions, including:

Festival[edit]

Cheongju International Craft Biennale is held once in two years. It's often held in September or October.[4]

Osong Cosmetic and Beauty Expo is held for showing New trends of the cosmetics & beauty industry and enhancement of national competitiveness[5]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

[6]

City Country Year
Tottori Japan Japan 1991
Wuhan China China 2000
Bellingham United States United States 2008

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°38′N 127°29′E / 36.633°N 127.483°E / 36.633; 127.483