|• Revised Romanization||Nonsan-si|
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||2 eup, 11 myeon, and 2 dong|
|• Mayor||Lim Sung-kyu|
|• Total||554.82 km2 (214.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||246/km2 (640/sq mi)|
Nonsan is a city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. It is located at . Nonsan is also called Nolmoi, meaning dusk(y) or yellow mountain; "Nonsan" means rice paddies + mountain(s).
Nonsan has a significant history. During the Samhan period, Nonsan is believed to have been part of Mahan territory. In the Baekje period, the district belonged to Hwangdeungyasan-gun. The crucial battle in which Silla defeated Baekje is thought to have taken place in the general area of Nonsan. Later, in the Silla period, Nonsan was divided into two different towns: Deogeun and Hwangsan.
The train station was built in 1911, in the same year as the rail line through the Nonsan plain was completed.
During the Korean War, a POW camp was set up by the U.S. and South Korean forces. On June 18, 1953, at the Nonsan camp as well as at POW camps at Busan, Masan, and Kwangju, thousands of POWs swarmed out of the camps and melted into the local population in order to avoid being repatriated to North Korea.
Nonsan is served by the national railroad system and city, regional and national bus lines. An expressway connects the city to Daejeon and other cities. Many streets have bike paths, sharing pavement with sidewalks. The stream running through the city proper is not navigable, but downstream it joins the Geum River, and an outlying subdivision of the city serves as a significant fishing port.
Economics and industry
Nonsan is an agricultural city, with rice being the most important crop. Other important crops include strawberries, ginseng, napa cabbage, watermelons, and Korean pears. According to The Chosun Ilbo, the farmers are growing new varieties of strawberry produced in Japan without the producer's permission, while the JoongAng Daily says "Strawberries grown in Nonsan are of various types: seolhyang, maehyang, geumhyang, janghi (akihime) and yukbo (red pearl). The first three were developed in Nonsan while the latter two are from Japan. Janghi is the most commonly grown in Korea. However, seolhyang is the sweetest". Sesil [pronounced "say -shill"] company is the world's third leading producer of insects for natural pest control. The prominent yogurt company, Yakult, has its headquarters in Nonsan. Agro-Fisheries Trade Corp. is a regional supplier of food products.
The greater Nonsan area includes the ROK Army training center ( ).
- Konyang University,건양대학교 홈페이지 founded 1991, has its main campus in Nonsan. It has a university hospital with educational programs for medical technicians, nurses and doctors in Daejeon
- Hanmin University,한민학교 홈페이지 in Yeonsan-myeon
- Geumgang University,금강대학교 홈페이지 a recently founded Buddhist university, in rural Nonsan, near Gyeryongsan
- Korea Bio Polytechnic, 한국폴리텍특성화대학 바이오캠퍼스 홈페이지 is a two-year college run by the nation's Department of Labor.
Nonsan has a number of high schools, including a girls' high school, a technical high school, and two private schools which attract students from across the province and beyond. 쌘뽈여자고등학교 홈페이지
The city has a concert hall, where various cultural activities such as concerts and lectures are held. Konyang University's auditorium also hosts free cultural activities for the community.
- Hwang Myung-Sun, he is a mayor of Nonsan city.
- Lim Sung-kyu, South Korean Minister of Finance and Economy
- Noh Sang-Kyoon, contemporary artist 
- Rhee In-je, three-time South Korean presidential candidate, was born in Nonsan.
- Chun Sung-gwan, Head of the Seoul Central District Prosecutor's Office (2009)
- Yeom Hong-chul, Mayor of Daejeon
- Go Soo, film and television actor was born in Nonsan.
- Park Beom-shin, writer, is from Nonsan.
- Kim heo-soo, a university president in konyang university and konyangcyber university
- Choi Hyeon-soo, The dean of CICS(College of Interdisciplinary & Creative Studies in Konyang University 창의융합대학)
- 눈산의 어제이야기, Nonsan Moon-hoa ueon: Nonsan Naedong, 2007.
- Grager, Edwin H. (1994). (Questia - pay for view) Landownership under Colonial Rule: Korea's Japanese Experience, 1900-1935. University of Hawaii Press. p. 195. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
- Lee, Bong (2003). (pay site) The Unfinished War: Korea. new York: Algora. p. 222. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
- [dead link]
- (Japanese) http://japanese.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2005/03/22/20050322000063.html
- Limb Jae-un "Let Me Take You down to Nonsan," February 16, 2007
- [dead link]
- "Nonsan". Retrieved 2014-12-02.
- [dead link]
- "KT&G 상상마당". Sangsangmadang.com. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- accessed 2012.04.19
- Ignacio Villarreal (2011-05-01). "Solo Exhibition of Korean Artist Noh, Sang-Kyoon at Bryce Wolkowitz Gallery". Artdaily.org. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- (Korean) "Can Minor Candidates Become Major Leaguers," Korea Times online November 21, 2007: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2007/11/113_14066.html[dead link]
- INSIDE JoongAng Daily
- JoongAng Daily online, 22 June 2009 http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2906411
- "Profiles of Winners". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2010-06-02. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- Official government website
- Government site for foreginers: http://english.nonsan.go.kr/nsforeign/user.tdf?a=user.index.IndexApp&c=6002