Jeju City

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Jeju
제주시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Jeju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Cheju-si
Overview of Jeju City
Overview of Jeju City
Official logo of Jeju
Emblem of Jeju City
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Jeju
Administrative divisions 19 dong, 4 eup, 3 myeon
Area
 • Total 977.8 km2 (377.5 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 435,413
 • Density 418/km2 (1,080/sq mi)
 • Dialect Jeju

Jeju (Jeju-si) is the capital of Jeju province in South Korea and the largest city on the island of Jeju. The city is served by Jeju International Airport (IATA code CJU).

Located in a southern part of Korea, on an island off the Korean peninsula, the weather is mild and warm during much of the year. The city is a well-known resort, with prestigious hotels and public casino facilities. In 2011, 9.9 million passengers flew between the two cities of Seoul and Jeju, making the GimpoJeju route the world's busiest passenger air route.[1] Jeju welcomes over four million visitors from mainland Korea, Japan, and China every year.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The area of the city has played a central role in Jeju since before recorded history. The Samseonghyeol, holes from which the three ancestors of the Jeju people are said to have come, are located in downtown Jeju City.

The city has grown quite rapidly since the 1970s. Shin Jeju (신제주), or "new Jeju", was created some decades ago, up the hill from the airport and houses many government buildings. The thatched roof buildings that were common throughout the city until the 1970s are gradually disappearing.

The city was separated from Bukjeju County in 1955. However, in 2005 Jeju Province voters approved a proposal to merge the city with Bukjeju County, also merging Seogwipo with Namjeju County to create two large cities directly administered by the province. That change was put into effect in July 2006.

In 2012 Sang-Oh Kim became mayor; he was formerly the Jeju regional president of National Agricultural Cooperative Federation.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

Jeju City is the principal transportation center for Jeju Province. It is home to the island's sole airport, Jeju International Airport; the Jeju-Seoul route is one of the world's busiest airline routes

In addition, its port is the largest on the island, serving the great majority of passenger and cargo vessels that visit the island. It also stands at the center of the island's road network. To travel throughout the city and island, various buses are available and affordably priced, typically running approximately 1,000 won (0.90 USD) for one ride. A bus ride from Jeju City to Seogwipo (the second largest city on the island) is typically an hour.

Economy[edit]

Due to its central position in transportation, Jeju City sees the main share of tourist traffic to the island. Many tourists arrive at the city through the port terminal or airport, stay in the tourist hotels of the Sinjeju neighborhood, and stay within the city to visit various Jeju tourist attractions. These include Dragon's Head Rock (Yongduam, 용두암) along the coast, the Samseonghyeol holes in the downtown area, Hallasan National Park in the interior, the country's tallest mountain Halla-san, and world's largest botanical garden Bunjae Artpia.

The city also sells lots of oranges for which Jeju is famous. Jeju City is surrounded by orange and mandarin farms.[2][3]

Jeju Air has its headquarters in Jeju City.

Geography[edit]

In its former boundaries, Jeju City was 19.3 kilometers from east to west, and 10.2 kilometers from north to south. To the north, it looks across the Korea Strait at the southern coast of South Jeolla Province. To the south, it meets Seogwipo City at the top of Hallasan, the island's sole mountain.

Climate[edit]

Jeju City has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is much wetter in summer, with more than 180 millimetres (7.1 in) of rain falling in each month from June to September.

Climate data for Jeju City, South Korea (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.4
(48.9)
12.8
(55)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
24.8
(76.6)
29.0
(84.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.8
(78.4)
21.3
(70.3)
16.0
(60.8)
11.0
(51.8)
18.9
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
6.4
(43.5)
9.4
(48.9)
13.8
(56.8)
17.8
(64)
21.5
(70.7)
25.8
(78.4)
26.8
(80.2)
23.0
(73.4)
18.2
(64.8)
12.8
(55)
8.1
(46.6)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.6
(38.5)
6.1
(43)
10.2
(50.4)
14.4
(57.9)
18.7
(65.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.3
(75.7)
20.4
(68.7)
15.1
(59.2)
9.8
(49.6)
5.3
(41.5)
12.9
(55.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 65.2
(2.567)
62.6
(2.465)
88.6
(3.488)
89.6
(3.528)
96.4
(3.795)
181.4
(7.142)
239.9
(9.445)
262.5
(10.335)
221.6
(8.724)
80.3
(3.161)
61.9
(2.437)
47.7
(1.878)
1,497.6
(58.961)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.6 10.3 11.2 10.0 10.4 11.8 12.5 13.5 10.8 7.0 9.3 10.8 130.2
 % humidity 65.3 64.9 64.9 66.5 70.4 76.8 78.3 76.5 73.7 66.9 65.1 65.1 69.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 70.4 105.4 158.9 194.4 211.9 170.9 195.6 195.6 161.7 178.5 126.0 84.8 1,854.1
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Jeju is divided into 19 neighbourhoods (dong), 4 towns (eup), and 3 townships (myeon):[5]

Sister cities[edit]

Jeju has a "Memorandum of Understanding" with Ulm, Germany.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Top flights". Daily chart. The Economist. May 14, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-14. "Jeju, on the South Korean island of the same name, is not one of the country's 20 biggest cities. Yet the island's allure as a domestic tourist destination resulted in 9.9m passengers flying between Seoul and Jeju (in either direction) in 2011. This makes it the busiest airline route in the world, according to Amadeus, a company that provides technology to the travel industry." 
  2. ^ "Contact Us." Jeju Air. Retrieved on March 5, 2010.
  3. ^ "print_jeju.html." Jeju Air. Retrieved on March 5, 2010.
  4. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 제주(184)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-01. 
  5. ^ "제주시소개 - 지리정보 면적" (in Korean). Jeju City homepage. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  6. ^ "Ulm - International Contacts" (in German). City of Ulm. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°30′46″N 126°31′24″E / 33.5129°N 126.5232°E / 33.5129; 126.5232