Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Ханты-Мансийский автономный округ — Югра (Russian)
—  Autonomous okrug  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 62°15′N 70°10′E / 62.250°N 70.167°E / 62.250; 70.167Coordinates: 62°15′N 70°10′E / 62.250°N 70.167°E / 62.250; 70.167
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Urals[1]
Economic region West Siberian[2]
Established December 10, 1930
Administrative center Khanty-Mansiysk
Government (as of March 2011)
 - Governor Natalya Komarova[3]
 - Legislature Duma
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 534,800 km2 (206,500 sq mi)
Area rank 9th
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 1,532,243
 - Rank 29th
 - Density[6] 2.87 /km2 (7.4 /sq mi)
 - Urban 91.5%
 - Rural 8.5%
Time zone(s) YEKT (UTC+06:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KHM
License plates 86
Official languages Russian[8]
Official website
Map of Khantia-Mansia

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, also known as Yugra (Russian: Ха́нты-Манси́йский автоно́мный о́круг — Югра́, Khanty-Mansiysky avtonomny okrug – Yugra), is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Tyumen Oblast). Population: 1,532,243 (2010 Census).[5]

The people native to the region are the Khanty and the Mansi, known collectively as Ob Ugric people. The local languages, Khanty language and Mansi language, enjoy special status in the autonomous okrug and are related to Uralic languages. Russian remains the only official language.

The majority (51%)[9] of the oil produced in Russia comes from Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, giving the region great economic importance.

History[edit]

The okrug was established on December 10, 1930, as Ostyak–Vogul National Okrug (Остя́ко-Вогу́льский национа́льный о́круг). In October 1940, it was renamed the Khanty–Mansi National Okrug. In 1977, along with other national okrugs of the Russian SFSR, it became an autonomous okrug (Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug). The administrative center is Khanty-Mansiysk. In 2003, the word "Yugra" was appended to the official name.

Geography[edit]

Principal rivers are the Ob and its tributary the Irtysh.

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population: 1,532,243 (2010 Census);[5] 1,432,817 (2002 Census);[10] 1,268,439 (1989 Census).[11]

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug has an area of 523,100 km², but the area is sparsely populated. The administrative center is Khanty-Mansiysk, but the largest cities are Surgut, Nizhnevartovsk, and Nefteyugansk.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The indigenous population (Khanty, Mansi, and Nenets) is only 2.2% of the total population in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. The exploitation of natural gas in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug has attracted immigrants from all over the former Soviet Union. The 2010 Census counted twenty-five ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each. The ethnic composition is as follows:

Population of Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug[12]
Russian 68.1% Mansi 0.8%
Ukrainian 6.4% Kumyk 1%
Tatar 7.6% Lezgin 0.9%
Bashkir 2.5% German 0.5%
Azeri 1.8% Uzbek 0.7%
Belarusians 1% Chechen 0.5%
Khanty 1.3% Armenian 0.4%
Chuvash 0.9% Other 3.4%
Moldovan 0.7%

Historical population figures are shown below:

Ethnic
group
1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census1
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Khanty 12,238 13.1% 11,435 9.2% 12,222 4.5% 11,219 2.0% 11,892 0.9% 17,128 1.2% 19,068 1.3%
Mansi 5,768 6.2% 5,644 4.6% 6,684 2.5% 6,156 1.1% 6,562 0.5% 9,894 0.7% 10,977 0.8%
Nenets 852 0.9% 815 0.7% 940 0.3% 1,003 0.2% 1,144 0.1% 1,290 0.1% 1,438 0.1%
Komi 2,436 2.6% 2,803 2.3% 3,150 1.2% 3,105 0.5% 3,000 0.2% 3,081 0.2% 2,364 0.2%
Russians 67,616 72.5% 89,813 72.5% 208,500 76.9% 423,792 74.3% 850,297 66.3% 946,590 66.1% 973,978 68.1%
Ukrainians 1,111 1.2% 4,363 3.5% 9,986 3.7% 45,484 8.0% 148,317 11.6% 123,238 8.6% 91,323 6.4%
Tatars 2,227 2.4% 2,938 2.4% 14,046 5.2% 36,898 6.5% 97,689 7.6% 107,637 7.5% 108,899 7.6%
Others 1,026 1.1% 6,115 4.9% 15,629 5.8% 43,106 7.6% 163,495 12.7% 223,959 15.6% 173,536 12.6%
1 102,138 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[13]

Vital statistics[edit]

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates
1970 281 5 959 2 025 3 934 21.2 7.2 14.0
1975 415 9 450 2 572 6 878 22.8 6.2 16.6
1980 649 13 901 4 116 9 785 21.4 6.3 15.1
1985 1 041 25 130 4 863 20 267 24.1 4.7 19.5
1990 1 274 21 812 5 354 16 458 17.1 4.2 12.9
1991 1 276 19 060 5 884 13 176 14.9 4.6 10.3
1992 1 270 15 849 7 132 8 717 12.5 5.6 6.9
1993 1 274 14 531 9 401 5 130 11.4 7.4 4.0 1,59
1994 1 286 15 120 9 937 5 183 11.8 7.7 4.0 1,59
1995 1 298 14 418 10 041 4 377 11.1 7.7 3.4 1,46
1996 1 310 14 469 9 508 4 961 11.0 7.3 3.8 1,39
1997 1 330 14 640 8 497 6 143 11.0 6.4 4.6 1,34
1998 1 351 15 600 8 164 7 436 11.5 6.0 5.5 1,39
1999 1 359 14 728 8 476 6 252 10.8 6.2 4.6 1,29
2000 1 372 15 579 9 426 6 153 11.4 6.9 4.5 1,34
2001 1 398 17 130 9 863 7 267 12.3 7.1 5.2 1,43
2002 1 426 19 051 9 829 9 222 13.4 6.9 6.5 1,54
2003 1 445 19 883 10 000 9 883 13.8 6.9 6.8 1,58
2004 1 456 20 377 9 828 10 549 14.0 6.8 7.2 1,59
2005 1 466 19 958 10 415 9 543 13.6 7.1 6.5 1,54
2006 1 476 20 366 10 077 10 289 13.8 6.8 7.0 1,56
2007 1 487 21 887 10 093 11 794 14.7 6.8 7.9 1,66
2008 1 500 23 197 10 215 12 982 15.5 6.8 8.7 1,74
2009 1 513 23 840 10 107 13 733 15.8 6.7 9.1 1,77
2010 1 527 25 089 10 447 14 642 16.4 6.8 9.6 1,84
2011 1 543 25 335 10 072 14 642 16.4 6.5 9.9 1,86
2012 1 558 27 686 9 949 17 737 17.6 6.3 11.3 2,02

Religion[edit]





Circle frame.svg

Religion in Yugra (2012)[14][15]

  Russian Orthodox (38.1%)
  Muslim (11%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (5%)
  Rodnover and Khanty-Mansi shaman (1%)
  Spiritual but not religious (23%)
  Atheist (11%)
  Other or undeclared (10.9%)

According to a 2012 official survey[14] 38.1% of the population of Yugra adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% of the population adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism) or to Khanty-Mansi shamanism. Muslims constitute 11% of the population. In addition, 23% of the population deems itself to be spiritual but not religious, 11% is atheist, and 10.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[14]

Transport[edit]

In Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra, primary transport of goods accounted for water and railway transport, 29% is transported by road, and 2% aviation. The total length of railway tracks 1106 km. The length of roads, more than 18000.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug. Natalya Vladimirovna Komarova, Governor of Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug (Russian)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ В Ханты-Мансийском автономном округе добыта 10-миллиардная тонна нефти
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation (XLS). 2010 Russian All-Population Census. 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  13. ^ Перепись-2010: русских становится больше. Perepis-2010.ru (2011-12-19). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  14. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  15. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.

External links[edit]