Tambov Oblast

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Tambov Oblast
Тамбовская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: Farewell of Slavianka
Coordinates: 52°43′N 41°34′E / 52.717°N 41.567°E / 52.717; 41.567Coordinates: 52°43′N 41°34′E / 52.717°N 41.567°E / 52.717; 41.567
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Central[1]
Economic region Central Black Earth[2]
Established September 27, 1937
Administrative center Tambov
Government (as of March 2011)
 - Head of Administration Oleg Betin[3]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 34,300 km2 (13,200 sq mi)
Area rank 63rd
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 1,091,994
 - Rank 48th
 - Density[6] 31.84 /km2 (82.5 /sq mi)
 - Urban 58.7%
 - Rural 41.3%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-TAM
License plates 68
Official languages Russian[8]
Official website

Tambov Oblast (Russian: Тамбо́вская о́бласть, Tambovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Tambov. Population: 1,091,994 (2010 Census).[5]

Tambov Oblast is situated in forest steppe.

History[edit]

The oldest known population of the Tambov region, the Mordovians-Moksha, formed as a nation of local ethnic groups from the 6th century BC. The first Russian settlers arrived in the pre-Mongol period, but the final settlement occurred in the 17th century. To protect the southern borders of Russia from the raids of the Tatars and the further development of the Black Soil region, the Russian government built the walled cities of Kozlov (1635) and Tambov (1636). The cities protected the main path of nomad raids on Russian land and paved the way for a quick settlement of the region.

The Tambov Kozlowski Uyezd originally existed in the Tambov area. In the course of the administrative reforms of Peter I in 1708 and 1719, the region became part of the Azov (Voronezh) province. New administrative divisions established the Tambov vice-royalty in 1779 and from 1796 the Tambov Province, with an area of 66.5 thousand km2 divided into 12 counties. With almost no change to its boundaries, the Province remained in existence until 1928.

An attempt to establish Soviet control over the Tambov area led to the defeat and execution of "Red Sonya" (Sofia Nukhimovna Gel'berg) in the spring of 1918.[9]

During the Russian Civil War an anti-Bolshevik uprising, the Tambov Rebellion, broke out in the province of Tambov in 1920–1921.

On July 16, 1928 the transition to the regional, district and regional administrative division took place. On the territory of the former Voronezh, Kursk, Oryol and Tambov provinces arose the Central Black Earth Region. Tambov became the administrative center of the Tambov Region (abolished in 1930).

On June 13, 1934 the Central Black Earth region was divided into the Kursk and Voronezh Oblasts. Tambov Oblast was finally created from the oblasts of Voronezh and Kuybyshev on 27 September 1937. The oblast attained its present form after the separation of Penza Oblast (formerly part of Kuybyshev before joining Tambov) on 4 February 1939.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]






Circle frame.svg

Religion in Tambov Oblast (2012)[10][11]

  Russian Orthodox (78.4%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (1%)
  Atheist (10%)
  Spiritual but not religious (7%)
  Other or undeclared (3.6%)

Population: 1,091,994 (2010 Census);[5] 1,178,443 (2002 Census);[12] 1,320,763 (1989 Census).[13]

2012
  • Births: 10,394 (9.6 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 17,386 (16.1 per 1000) [14]
Total fertility rate[15]
  • 2009: 1.31
  • 2010: 1.34
  • 2011: 1.33
  • 2012: 1.42
  • 2013: 1.43(e)
Ethnic composition (2010)[5]
  • Russians: 97%
  • Ukrainians: 0.7%
  • Armenians: 0.4%
  • Romani people: 0.4%
  • Others: 1.5%
  • 22,708 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[16]

Religion[edit]

According to a 2012 official survey[10] 78.4% of the population of Tambov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, making it the federal subject with the highest percentage for this religion in the Russian Federation. In addition, 1% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 7% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 10% is atheist, and 3.6% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[10]

Economy[edit]

Southeastern Railway passes through Michurinsk and connects the central regions with the southern regions. Breeding cattle, sheep, pig, and chicken is a product of animal husbandry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Tambov Oblast. Oleg Ivanovich Betin, Head of Administration of Tambov Oblast (Russian)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ Сенников, Б.В. (2004). "Тамбовское восстание 1918-1921 гг. и раскрестьянивание России 1929-1933 гг." [The Tambov rebellion of 1918-1921 and de-peasantisation of Russia 1929-1933]. In Румянцев, Вячеслав. РУМЯНЦЕВСКИЙ МУЗЕЙ. Библиотечка россиеведения (in Russian). Moscow: Посев. ISBN 5-85824-152-2. Retrieved 2014-02-09. "Гельберг С.Н. ("Красная Соня") (?-1918). Акушерка. Командир летучего отряда Красной гвардии, действовавшего на территории Тамбовской губернии весной 1918 г., в задачу которого входило насаждение советской власти. Отряд "Красной Сони" отличался жестокостью, его появление сопровождалось многочисленными грабежами населения. Отряд был разбит крестьянами. Сама "Красная Соня" была казнена по приговору нескольких волостей губернии." 
  10. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  11. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.
  12. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  15. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  16. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936

External links[edit]