Orenburg Oblast

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Orenburg Oblast
Оренбургская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 52°08′N 55°36′E / 52.133°N 55.600°E / 52.133; 55.600Coordinates: 52°08′N 55°36′E / 52.133°N 55.600°E / 52.133; 55.600
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Volga[1]
Economic region Urals[2]
Established December 7, 1934
Administrative center Orenburg
Government (as of March 2011)
 - Governor Yury Berg[3]
 - Legislature Legislative Assembly
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 124,000 km2 (48,000 sq mi)
Area rank 29th
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 2,033,072
 - Rank 23rd
 - Density[6] 16.4 /km2 (42 /sq mi)
 - Urban 59.7%
 - Rural 40.3%
Time zone(s) YEKT (UTC+06:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-ORE
License plates 56
Official languages Russian[8]
Official website

Orenburg Oblast (Russian: Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Orenburg. From 1938 to 1957, it bore the name Chkalov Oblast (Чка́ловская о́бласть) in honor of Valery Chkalov. Population: 2,033,072 (2010 Census).[5]

Geography[edit]

The most important river of the oblast is the Ural.

Orenburg is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population: 2,033,072 (2010 Census);[5] 2,179,551 (2002 Census);[9] 2,174,459 (1989 Census).[10]

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 29 736 (14.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 28 225 (13.9 per 1000) [11]
  • Total fertility rate:[12]

2009 - 1.76 | 2010 - 1.80 | 2011 - 1.80 | 2012 - 1.95 | 2013 - 2.00(e)


According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of the oblast was as follows:[5]

Religion[edit]


Circle frame.svg

Religion in Orenburg Oblast (2012)[14][15]

  Russian Orthodox (40.2%)
  Muslim (13%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (3%)
  Rodnovery (3%)
  Other Orthodox (2%)
  Spiritual but not religious (20%)
  Atheist and non-religious (12%)
  Other and undeclared (6.8%)

As of a 2012 official survey[14] 40.2% of the population of Orenburg Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% declares to be generically Christian (excluding Catholic and Protestant), 2% follows other Orthodox Churches. Muslims constitute 13% of the population. 3% of the population follows Rodnovery (Slavic Paganism), 6.8% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the survey. In addition, 20% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious" and 12% to be atheist.[14]

Economy[edit]

Orenburg Oblast is one of the major agricultural areas of Russia. Its climate is favorable for farming: humid spring, dry summer and a large number of sunny days make perfect conditions for cultivating hard wheat and rye, sunflowers, potatoes, peas, beans, corn, and gourds.

The range of the oblast's export commodities includes: oil and oil products, gas and gas produced products, rolled ferrous and non-ferrous metals, nickel, asbestos, chromium compounds, rough copper, electric engines, radiators, products of machine-building industry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Orenburg Oblast. Yury Alexandrovich Berg, Governor of Orenburg Oblast (Russian)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  12. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  13. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  14. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  15. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.