Comilla District

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This article is about the district. For the city, see Comilla. For the municipality, see Comilla City Corporation.
Comilla
কুমিল্লা জেলা
District
Location of Comilla in Bangladesh
Location of Comilla in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°16′N 91°07′E / 23.27°N 91.12°E / 23.27; 91.12Coordinates: 23°16′N 91°07′E / 23.27°N 91.12°E / 23.27; 91.12
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
Area
 • Total 3,146.30 km2 (1,214.79 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Total 5,387,288
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total 55%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Website Banglapedia Article

Comilla (Bengali: কুমিল্লা জেলা, Comilla Jela also Comilla Zila) is a district of Bangladesh located about 100 kilometers south east of Dhaka. Comilla is bordered by Brahmanbaria and Narayanganj districts to the north, Noakhali and Feni districts to the south, Tripura of India to the east, and Munshiganj and Chandpur districts to the west.

History[edit]

The district was renamed Comilla in 1960.[2] Established as the Tippera or Tipperah district of Bengal by the British in 1790,[3] it included the Sub-divisions of Brahmanbaria and Chandpur which eventually became separate districts in 1984.

Geography and climate[edit]

Presently a part of Comilla's Court Road, the photographed street has been once an extension of historic Grand Trunk Road, to communicate with the port facilities of Chittagong.
Maynamati war cemetery comilla
World War II cemetery in Mainamati.

Comilla has a total area of 3085.17 square kilometers. It is bounded by Burchiganj and Tripura on the north, Laksham and Chauddagram on the south, and Barura on the west. Major rivers passing through Comilla include Gumti and Little Feni.

Administrative headquarters[edit]

The headquarters of Comilla are located in the city of Comilla which has a total area of 11.47 square kilometers. It consists of 18 mouzas and 3 wards. Comilla thana was officially converted into an upazilla in 1983 which contains one municipality 18 wards, 19 union parishads, 452 mouzas and 458 villages.

Administration[edit]

Administrator of Zila Porishod: M Omar Faruque [1]

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Md. Rezaul Ahsan [2]

Subdistricts[edit]

Comilla district consists of the following Upazilas:[4]

  1. Barura Upazila
  2. Brahmanpara Upazila
  3. Burichong Upazila
  4. Chandina Upazila
  5. Chauddagram Upazila
  6. Daudkandi Upazila
  7. Debidwar Upazila
  8. Homna Upazila
  9. Comilla Sadar Upazila
  10. Laksam Upazila
  11. Monohorgonj Upazila
  12. Meghna Upazila
  13. Muradnagar Upazila
  14. Nangalkot Upazila
  15. Comilla Sadar South Upazila
  16. Titas Upazila

Union Parishad List[edit]

Union Parishad List[5]

Chandina Upazila

  1. Keronkhal Union Parishad
  2. Barera Union Parishad
  3. Bara Karai Union Parishad
  4. Juag Union Parishad
  5. Borkuit Union Parishad
  6. Etbarpur Union Parishad
  7. Madhya Union Parishad
  8. Gallai Union Parishad
  9. Nawabpur Union Parishad
  10. Mahichail Union Parishad
  11. Maijkhar Union Parishad
  12. Batagashi Union Parishad
  13. Suhilpur Union Parishad


Daudkandi Upazila

  1. Barpara Union Parishad
  2. Uttar Daudkandi Union Parishad
  3. Gouripur Union Parishad
  4. Uttar Elliotganj Union Parishad
  5. Dakshin Elliotganj Union Parishad
  6. Jinglatali Union Parishad
  7. Goalmari Union Parishad
  8. Mohammadpur Purba Union Parishad
  9. Mohammadpur Paschim Union Parishad
  10. Purba Panchgachhia Union Parishad
  11. Paschim Panchgachhia Union Parishad
  12. Sundalpur Union Parishad
  13. Maruka Union Parishad
  14. Biteswar Union Parishad
  15. Padua Union Parishad


Debidwar Upazila

  1. Bhani Union Parishad
  2. Bara Shalghar Union Parishad
  3. Elahabad Union Parishad
  4. Barkamta Union Parishad
  5. Dhamti Union Parishad
  6. Sultanpur Union Parishad
  7. Fatehabad Union Parishad
  8. Gunaighar Union Parishad
  9. Bankot Union Parishad
  10. Mohonpur Union Parishad
  11. Jaforganj Union Parishad
  12. Rajmehar Union Parishad
  13. Rasulpur Union Parishad
  14. Subil Union Parishad
  15. Yusufpur Union Parishad


Barura Upazila

  1. Adda Union Parishad
  2. Adra Union Parishad
  3. Aganagar Union Parishad
  4. Bhabanipur Union Parishad
  5. Bhaukshar Union Parishad
  6. Deora Union Parishad
  7. Galimpur Union Parishad
  8. Chitodda Union Parishad
  9. Dakshin Jalam Union Parishad
  10. Uttar Khosbash Union Parishad
  11. Dakshin Khosbash Union Parishad
  12. Payalgachha Union Parishad
  13. Lakshmipur Union Parishad
  14. Uttar Shilmuri Union Parishad
  15. Dakshin Shilmuri Union Parishad
  16. Shakpur Union Parishad


Homna Upazila

  1. Bhasania Union Parishad
  2. Asadpur Union Parishad
  3. Chanderchar Union Parishad
  4. Gharmora Union Parishad
  5. Dulalpur Union Parishad
  6. Ghagutia Union Parishad
  7. Mathabhanga Union Parishad
  8. Nilakhi Union Parishad
  9. Joypur Union Parishad


Monohorganj Upazila

  1. Baishgaon Union Parishad
  2. Hasnabad Union Parishad
  3. Maisatua Union Parishad
  4. Uttar Jhalam Union Parishad
  5. Dakshin Jhalam Union Parishad
  6. Laxmanpur Union Parishad
  7. Nather Petua Union Parishad
  8. Bipulasar Union Parishad
  9. Sarashpur Union Parishad
  10. Khila Union Parishad
  11. Uttar Hawla Union Parishad


Brahmanpara Upazila

  1. Brahman Para Union Parishad
  2. Dulalpur Union Parishad
  3. Chandla Union Parishad
  4. Sidlai Union Parishad
  5. Madhabpur Union Parishad
  6. Malapara Union Parishad
  7. Sahebabad Union Parishad
  8. Shashidal Union Parishad


Burichong Upazila

  1. Bakshimul Union Parishad
  2. Bharella Union Parishad
  3. Burichang Union Parishad
  4. Mainamati Union Parishad
  5. Mokam Union Parishad
  6. Pir Jatrapur Union Parishad
  7. Rajapur Union Parishad
  8. Sholanal Union Parishad


Chouddagram Upazila

  1. Alkara Union Parishad
  2. Batisha Union Parishad
  3. Cheora Union Parishad
  4. Gholpasha Union Parishad
  5. Gunabati Union Parishad
  6. Jagannath Dighi Union Parishad
  7. Kalikapur Union Parishad
  8. Kankapait Union Parishad
  9. Kashinagar Union Parishad
  10. Munshirhat Union Parishad
  11. Shubhapur Union Parishad
  12. Sreepur Union Parishad
  13. Ujirpur Union Parishad


Comilla Sadar Upazila

  1. Amratali Union Parishad
  2. Dakshin Durgapur Union Parishad
  3. Jagannathpur Union Parishad
  4. Kalir Bazar Union Parishad
  5. Panchthubi Union Parishad
  6. Uttar Durgapur Union Parishad


Laksham Upazila

  1. Bakai Union Parishad
  2. Kandirpar Union Parishad
  3. Gobindapur Union Parishad
  4. Laksam Union Parishad
  5. Mudapfarganj Union Parishad
  6. Ajgara Union Parishad
  7. Uttardah Union Parishad


Nangalkot Upazila

  1. Adra Union Parishad
  2. Bangodda Union Parishad
  3. Bakshaganj Union Parishad
  4. Dhalua Union Parishad
  5. Daulkhar Union Parishad
  6. Jodda Union Parishad
  7. Mokara Union Parishad
  8. Nangalkot Union Parishad
  9. Peria Union Parishad
  10. Roykot Union Parishad
  11. Satbaria Union Parishad
  12. Heshakhal Union Parishad


Titas Upazila

  1. Balarampur Union Parishad
  2. Bitikandi Union Parishad
  3. Jiarkandi Union Parishad
  4. Karikandi Union Parishad
  5. Satani Union Parishad
  6. Jagatpur Union Parishad
  7. Kalakandi Union Parishad
  8. Majidpur Union Parishad
  9. Narandia Union Parishad


Comilla Sadar Daksin Upazila (South Sadar Comilla)

  1. Bara Para Union Parishad
  2. Bijoypur Union Parishad
  3. Chouara Union Parishad
  4. Galiara Union Parishad
  5. Purba Jorekanan Union Parishad
  6. Paschim Jorekanan Union Parishad
  7. Daksin Baghmara Union Parishad
  8. Uttar Baghmara Union Parishad
  9. Daksin Belghar Union Parishad
  10. Uttar Belghar Union Parishad
  11. Daksin Bholain Union Parishad
  12. Uttar Bholain Union Parishad
  13. Perul Union Parishad


Muradnagar Upazila

  1. Akubpur Union Parishad
  2. Andikot Union Parishad
  3. Purba Bangara Union Parishad
  4. Paschim Bangara Union Parishad
  5. Chapitala Union Parishad
  6. Darora (Purba) Union Parishad
  7. Chhaliakandi Union Parishad
  8. Dhamghar Union Parishad
  9. Kamalla Union Parishad
  10. Jahapur Union Parishad
  11. Jatrapur Union Parishad
  12. Muradnagar Union Parishad
  13. Purba Nabipur Union Parishad
  14. Paschim Nabipur Union Parishad
  15. Paharpur Union Parishad
  16. Purba Purbadhair Union Parishad
  17. Paschim Purbadhair Union Parishad
  18. Uttar Ramchandrapur Union Parishad
  19. Dakshin Ramchandrapur Union Parishad
  20. Sreekail Union Parishad
  21. Tonki Union Parishad
  22. Babutiparha Union Parishad


Meghna Upazila

  1. Barakanda Union Parishad
  2. Chandanpur Union Parishad
  3. Gobindapur Union Parishad
  4. Luterchar Union Parishad
  5. Radhanagar Union Parishad
  6. Manikerchar Union Parishad
  7. Chalibhanga Union Parishad

Economy[edit]

Manufacturers of popular Comilla sweetmeats are mostly based on this Manoharpur area of the main town.

Mainly based on agriculture, the economy of Comilla has been flourished through trade and cottage industries, especially the 'Khadi' textile. For the economic development of the region the "Bangladesh Export Promotion Zone Authority" has established the "Comilla Export Processing Zone" spread over an area of 104.44 hectares (258.1 acres) in the Comilla old Airport Area.

Education[edit]

Comilla is known as the hub of education in Bangladesh.[citation needed] With a moderate literacy rate comilla is always in domination in the education sector and the top rated educational institution like [Iswar Pathsala] Comilla Modern High School, Comilla Cadet College, Comilla Polytechnic Institute, Comilla Zilla School, Railway Public High School, Foyzunnesa School, Missionary School, Comilla Victoria College and Comilla University also located in Comilla. The Comilla Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education has headquarters in Comilla. This board is the central administration that conducts primary, secondary, and higher secondary education for several districts.

Religion[edit]

The district of Comilla has 4543 mosques, 379 temples, 98 churches, 34 Buddhist temples and six tombs.[citation needed]

Places of interest[edit]

Important landmarks include Kotbari, a cantonment, or military installation and Kandirpar, considered the heart of the Comilla district. Ancient Buddhist Monastery ruins are the major attraction of Mainamati, near Kotbari. There is an ancient Hindu Temple named Comilla Jagannath Temple located on East Bibirbazar Road.

There is also a Second World War cemetery located about 3.1 km away from Comilla Cantonment, which was a frontier military base in the fight against the Japanese who had occupied Burma. British Army soldiers killed during the fight with the Japanese Army at the Burma (Myanmar) frontier were buried here. Pashchimgaon Nawab Bari, the place of only lady Jaminder Nawab Faizunnesa, a poet, educationist and a great donor.

Kazi Nazrul Islam, the national poet of Bangladesh, passed significant time of his life in this town. Both his wives, Promila Devi and Nargis, hailed from this district.

Comilla Victoria College and Comilla Zilla School are two ancient and famous college and school in the country. Comilla Zilla School was established in the year of 1837. Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) is situated in Kotbari and it is one of the most beautiful place in Comilla and every year lot of tourist come to see this place.

Situated by the bank of the river Ghumti, Comilla is also famous for some tanks such as 'Dharmasagar (Pond)', 'Ranir Dighi', 'Nanuar Dighi', 'Ujir Dighi' etc.

Notable personalities[edit]

The following distinguished personalities were either born or stayed in this district for a significant span of their life time:

  • Dr. Zobaida Hannan: British educated doctor, philanthropist, founded two regional hospitals, women's advocate and recipient of high national honor─The Ekushey Padak award.
  • Mahasthabir Shilvadra (529-654): a great Buddhist monk & pundit, professor & chancellor of Nalanda University. Born in Koilain, Chandina Upazila of Comilla.
  • Nawab Faizunnesa Choudhurani (1834–1903): poet & philanthropist.
  • Dhirendranath Datta (1886–1971): Political leader, provincial minister of the than East Pakistan, Language Movement activist & lawyer.
  • Buddhadeb Basu (1908–1974): Bengali poet, novelist, essayist, translator & editor.
  • Kailashchandra singha (1851–1914): Historian & archaeologist (author of 'Rajmala' and many historic books on tippera, SylhetSylhet, Comilla).
  • Nowab Musharaf Hussen (1871–1966): politician, education minister, member of Bengal legislative assembly.
  • Maheshchandra Bhattacharyya (1858–1944): philanthropist and writer (founder of Iswar Patsala, ram mala hostel, library & 35 educational institutions and many other charitable organizations in Comilla & other parts of the then Bengal & India).
  • Kaminikumar Dutta (1878–1958): Provincial minister of East Pakistan.
  • Sachin Dev Burman (1906–1975): Singer, composer & music director.
  • Himanshu Dutta (1908-15 November 1944): Composer & singer. He was entitled as "Sur-Sagar" (in English: The Ocean of Music)
  • Mohamed Ali Azam (1908–1974): Educationist, translator & author (a contributor to Encyclopædia Britannica).
  • Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad (1919–1996): Ex-president of Bangladesh.
  • Dr Akhtar Hameed Khan (1914–1999): Social reformer and Development activist.He is from U.P -undivided India, but spent an important part of his life as Asst Magistrate (ICS) and thereafter as Principal Victoria College and creater of Co-operative programme and BARD at Comilla.
  • Professor Shamsul Haque: Educationist & ex-foreign minister of Bangladesh.
  • Shib Narayan Das: The designer of first national flag of Bangladesh in 1971, a freedom fighter & political activist.
  • Sabitri Chatterjee: Actress in Indian Bengali film, TV serial and theatre.
  • Lt. Col.(Ret) Akbar Hossain BP: Ex-Minister of Bangladesh Government.
  • Dr. Redwan Ahmed (born 1952): Ex-state Minister, Philanthropist, Freedom Fighter, Educationist, Lawyer.
  • Dr. Khondoker Mosharraf Hossain: Ex-minister of Bangladesh.
  • Kazi Shamsul Hoquen eminent journalist, founder editor of weekly Akhon Samoy, New York.
  • Harolal Roy: An author and educationist.
  • Munshi Faruque Ahmed: Born 12 Dec, 1955 in Rajapara, Sadar Dakkhin (Former Kotowali) Thana, Founder of Biman Bandar Munshi Faruque Ahmed Collage, Munshi M. Ali Girls High School,Munshi M. Ali Primary School, Munshi Foundation.
  • Professor Mojaffar Ahmed, Founder of National Awami Party.

References[edit]

External links[edit]