Crawford County, Wisconsin

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Crawford County, Wisconsin
CrawfordCountyWisconsinCourtHouse.jpg
Crawford County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1818
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat Prairie du Chien
Largest city Prairie du Chien
Area
 • Total 599 sq mi (1,551 km2)
 • Land 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (75 km2), 4.8%
Population
 • (2010) 16,644
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.crawfordcountywi.org

Crawford County is a county located in southwest part of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,644.[1] Its county seat is Prairie du Chien.[2]

Along with Brown County, Crawford County is one of Wisconsin's original counties, established by the Michigan Territorial legislature in 1818, and named after William H. Crawford,[3] James Monroe's Treasurer at the time. Originally, it covered the entire western half of Wisconsin's present area. In 1836 it was transferred to the newly formed Wisconsin Territory as Michigan prepared for statehood and has gradually been subdivided into its present area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 599 square miles (1,550 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (4.8%) is water.[4]

Three rivers run through the county:

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,502
1850 2,498 66.3%
1860 8,068 223.0%
1870 13,075 62.1%
1880 15,644 19.6%
1890 15,987 2.2%
1900 17,286 8.1%
1910 16,288 −5.8%
1920 16,772 3.0%
1930 16,781 0.1%
1940 18,328 9.2%
1950 17,652 −3.7%
1960 16,351 −7.4%
1970 15,252 −6.7%
1980 16,556 8.5%
1990 15,940 −3.7%
2000 17,243 8.2%
2010 16,644 −3.5%
Est. 2012 16,560 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2012[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Crawford County

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 16,644 people, 6,677 households, and 4,613 families residing in the county. The population density was 12/km² (30/sq mi). There were 8,480 housing units at an average density of 6/km² (15/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.61% White, 1.78% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.6% were of German, 16.0% Norwegian, 11.4% Irish, 7.2% Czech, 7.2% English and 6.4% United States or American ancestry.

There were 6,677 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.25% under the age of 20, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 20 to 44, 31.16% from 45 to 64, and 18.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males.

Communities[edit]

Cities, villages, and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°14′N 90°56′W / 43.23°N 90.93°W / 43.23; -90.93