Monroe County, Wisconsin

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Not to be confused with Monroe, Wisconsin.
Monroe County, Wisconsin
CourthouseMonroeCountyWI.JPG
Monroe County Courthouse in Sparta
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Monroe County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Named for James Monroe
Seat Sparta
Largest city Sparta
Area
 • Total 908 sq mi (2,352 km2)
 • Land 901 sq mi (2,334 km2)
 • Water 7 sq mi (18 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 44,673
 • Density 50/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.monroe.wi.us

Monroe County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,673.[1] Its county seat is Sparta.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 908 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 901 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18 km2) (0.8%) is water.[3]

United States Army posts[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Public airport[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Monroe County.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 8,410
1870 16,550 96.8%
1880 21,607 30.6%
1890 23,211 7.4%
1900 28,103 21.1%
1910 28,881 2.8%
1920 28,666 −0.7%
1930 28,739 0.3%
1940 30,080 4.7%
1950 31,378 4.3%
1960 31,241 −0.4%
1970 31,610 1.2%
1980 35,074 11.0%
1990 36,633 4.4%
2000 40,899 11.6%
2010 44,673 9.2%
Est. 2012 45,100 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2012[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 40,899 people, 15,399 households, and 10,794 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 16,672 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.52% White, 0.46% Black or African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.5% were of German, 13.4% Norwegian, 7.6% Irish, 6.3% American and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.9% spoke English, 3.1% German and 2.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 15,399 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.60 males.

Communities[edit]

Cities, villages, and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°57′N 90°37′W / 43.95°N 90.62°W / 43.95; -90.62